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Seoul
SEOUL (/soʊl/ ; 서울; Korean: ( listen )), officially the SEOUL SPECIAL CITY – is the capital and largest metropolis of the Republic of Korea
Korea
(commonly known as South Korea). Seoul
Seoul
is the world's 16th largest city , and forms the heart of the Seoul Capital Area , which includes the surrounding Incheon
Incheon
metropolis and Gyeonggi province. The Seoul Capital Area houses about half of the country's population of 51.44 million people with 678,102 international residents. Situated on the Han River , Seoul's history stretches back more than two thousand years when it was founded in 18 BCE by Baekje
Baekje
, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea . It continued as the capital of Korea under the Joseon Dynasty . The Seoul Capital Area contains five UNESCO World Heritage
World Heritage
Sites : Changdeok Palace
Palace
, Hwaseong Fortress , Jongmyo Shrine , Namhansanseong and the Royal Tombs of the Joseon Dynasty . Seoul
Seoul
is surrounded by mountains, the tallest being Mt. Bukhan , the world's most visited national park per square foot
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Seoul (other)
SEOUL is the capital and largest city of South Korea. SEOUL may also refer to: * Seoul
Seoul
Capital Area , the metropolitan area of Seoul * FC Seoul
Seoul
, a South Korean professional football club * Seoul, a Montreal
Montreal
based bandSEE ALSO * Seul (other) This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title SEOUL. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Seoul_(other) additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
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Special Cities Of South Korea
SPECIAL CITIES are one of the first-level administrative divisions within South Korea
South Korea
. There are 8 first-level cities in South Korea: Busan
Busan
, Daegu
Daegu
, Daejeon
Daejeon
, Gwangju
Gwangju
, Incheon
Incheon
, Sejong , Seoul
Seoul
and Ulsan . CONTENTS * 1 Position in hierarchy and types * 2 Administration * 3 List of metropolitan cities * 3.1 Specific cities that meet the minimum requirements for Metropolitan city status but have not yet been nominated * 3.2 Specific cities with more than 900,000 * 4 See also * 5 References POSITION IN HIERARCHY AND TYPES Special
Special
cities are the highest-ranked administrative divisions in South Korea. These cities have equal status to the provinces . There are three kinds of first-level city in South Korea. TYPE HANGUL HANJA RR CITY NAMES NO
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Hangul
The KOREAN ALPHABET, 한글 , known as HANGUL in South Korea (also transcribed HANGEUL) and as 조선글(CHOSŏN\'GŭL) /조선문자(CHOSŏN MUNTCHA) in North Korea , is the alphabet that has been used to write the Korean language since the 15th century. It was created in 1443 under King Sejong the Great during the Joseon Dynasty . Now the alphabet is the official script of both South Korea and North Korea, and co-official in the Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture and Changbai Korean Autonomous County of China's Jilin Province . In South Korea, primarily Hangul is used to write the Korean language, as using Hanja ( Chinese characters ) in typical Korean writing fell out of common usage during the late 1990s. In its classical and modern forms, the alphabet has 19 consonant and 21 vowel letters. However, instead of being written sequentially like the letters of the Latin script, Hangul letters are grouped into blocks, such as 한 _han_, each of which transcribes a syllable . That is, although the syllable 한 _han_ may look like a single character, it is actually composed of three letters: _h_, _a_, and ㄴ _n_. Each syllabic block consists of two to six letters, including at least one consonant and one vowel . These blocks are then arranged horizontally from left to right or vertically from top to bottom
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Hanja
HANJA ( Hangul : 한자; Hanja: 漢字; Korean pronunciation: ) is the Korean name for Chinese characters (Chinese : 漢字; pinyin : _hànzì_). More specifically, it refers to those Chinese characters borrowed from Chinese and incorporated into the Korean language with Korean pronunciation . _Hanja-mal_ or _hanja-eo _ refers to words that can be written with hanja, and _hanmun_ (한문, 漢文) refers to Classical Chinese writing, although "hanja" is sometimes used loosely to encompass these other concepts. Because hanja never underwent major reform, they are almost entirely identical to traditional Chinese and _kyūjitai _ characters. Only a small number of hanja characters are modified or unique to Korean. By contrast, many of the Chinese characters currently in use in Japan and Mainland China have been simplified, and contain fewer strokes than the corresponding hanja characters. Although a phonetic Korean alphabet, now known as hangul , had been created by a team of scholars commissioned in the 1440s by King Sejong the Great , it did not come into widespread use until the late 19th and early 20th century. Thus, until that time it was necessary to be fluent in reading and writing hanja in order to be literate in Korean, as the vast majority of Korean literature and most other Korean documents were written in hanja
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Revised Romanization
The REVISED ROMANIZATION OF KOREAN (국어의 로마자 표기법; gugeoui romaja pyogibeop; lit. "Roman-letter notation of the national language") is the official Korean language romanization system in South Korea
South Korea
proclaimed by the Ministry of Culture and Tourism to replace the older McCune–Reischauer system. The new system eliminates diacritics in favor of digraphs and adheres more closely to Korean phonology than to a suggestive rendition of Korean phonetics for non-native speakers. The Revised Romanization limits itself to the ISO basic Latin alphabet , apart from limited, often optional use of the hyphen . It was developed by the National Academy of the Korean Language from 1995 and was released to the public on 7 July 2000 by South Korea's Ministry of Culture and Tourism in Proclamation No
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McCune–Reischauer
MCCUNE–REISCHAUER ROMANIZATION (/məˈkuːn ˈraɪʃaʊ.ər/ ) is one of the two most widely used Korean language romanization systems. A modified version of McCune–Reischauer
McCune–Reischauer
was the official romanization system in South Korea
South Korea
until 2000, when it was replaced by the Revised Romanization of Korean
Romanization of Korean
system. A variant of McCune–Reischauer
McCune–Reischauer
is still used as the official system in North Korea . The system was created in 1937 by George M. McCune and Edwin O. Reischauer . With a few exceptions, it attempts not to transliterate Korean hangul but to represent the phonetic pronunciation. McCune–Reischauer
McCune–Reischauer
is widely used outside Korea. CONTENTS * 1 Characteristics and criticism * 2 Guide * 2.1 Vowels * 2.2 Consonants * 2.3 Examples * 2.3.1 Exceptions that do not exactly follow pronunciation * 3 North Korean variant * 4 South Korean variant * 5 Other systems * 6 See also * 7 Footnotes * 8 External links CHARACTERISTICS AND CRITICISMKorean has phonologically no distinction between voiced and voiceless consonants, but it phonetically distinguishes them
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Namdaemun
Coordinates : 37°33′35.90″N 126°58′31.11″E / 37.5599722°N 126.9753083°E / 37.5599722; 126.9753083 Namdaemun Sungnyemun The gate in 2013 KOREAN NAME HANGUL 숭례문 / 남대문 HANJA 崇禮門 / 南大門 REVISED ROMANIZATION Sungnyemun / Namdaemun MCCUNE–REISCHAUER Sungnyemun / NamdaemunNAMDAEMUN ( Hangul
Hangul
: 남대문; Hanja
Hanja
: 南大門, South Great Gate), officially known as the SUNGNYEMUN ( Hangul
Hangul
: 숭례문; Hanja
Hanja
: 崇禮門, Gate of Exalted Ceremonies), is one of the Eight Gates in the Fortress Wall of Seoul , South Korea
South Korea
, which surrounded the city in the Joseon dynasty . The gate is located in Jung-gu between Seoul Station and Seoul
Seoul
Plaza , with the historic 24-hour Namdaemun
Namdaemun
market next to the gate. The gate, dating back to the 14th century, is a historic pagoda-style gateway, and is designated as the first National Treasure of South Korea . It was once one of the three major gateways through Seoul's city walls which had a stone circuit of 18.2 kilometres (11.3 mi) and stood up to 6.1 metres (20 ft) high. It was first built in the last year of King Taejo of Joseon 's reign in 1398, and rebuilt in 1447. In 2008, the wooden pagoda atop the gate was severely damaged by arson
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Myeongdong Cathedral
The CATHEDRAL CHURCH OF THE VIRGIN MARY OF THE IMMACULATE CONCEPTION, also known as MYEONGDONG CATHEDRAL, is cathedral of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Seoul . Located in the Myeongdong neighborhood of Jung-gu , Seoul , South Korea , it is the cathedra , or seat, of the Latin Rite Archbishop of Seoul Cardinal Andrew Yeom Soo-jung , the highest Roman Catholic prelate within Roman Catholicism in South Korea . Dedicated to Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception , the principal patron saint of Korea and the Korean people , the cathedral is a community landmark and a notable symbol of Catholicism in Korea . The cathedral church is one of the earliest and most notable examples of Gothic Revival architecture in Korea. CONTENTS * 1 Structural details * 2 History * 3 Patronage of the church * 4 Mass time * 5 Previous names * 6 References * 7 External links STRUCTURAL DETAILSThe original church was constructed with twenty types of locally fired red and gray bricks. The main building rises to 23m high, while the steeple , which contains a clock , rises to 45m. It was designated National Historic Site #258 on November 22, 1977. The interior of the church is ornately decorated with religious artwork
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Cheongyecheon
CHEONGGYECHEON ( Hangul
Hangul
: 청계천) is a 10.9-kilometre-long (6.8 mi), modern public recreation space in downtown Seoul
Seoul
, South Korea
South Korea
. The massive urban renewal project is on the site of a stream that flowed before the rapid post-war economic development caused it to be covered by transportation infrastructure . The $900 million project initially attracted much public criticism but, after opening in 2005, has become popular among residents and tourists . CONTENTS * 1 Geography * 2 History * 3 Restoration * 4 Achievements * 5 Cost * 6 Seoul
Seoul
Lantern Festival 2012 in Cheonggyecheon
Cheonggyecheon
* 6.1 Theme 1: The Seoul
Seoul
City Wall * 6.2 Theme 2: "The Ancestors Who Shaped the 600-year History of the Joseon Dynasty" * 6.3 Theme 3: "The Daily Lives of the People" * 7 Attractions and artwork * 8 Videoclip * 9 Photos * 10 See also * 11 Notes * 12 Further reading * 13 External links GEOGRAPHY Cheonggyecheon
Cheonggyecheon
is an 8.4 km (5.2 mi) creek flowing west to east through downtown Seoul, and then meeting Jungnangcheon , which connects to the Han River and empties into the Yellow Sea
Yellow Sea

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Gyeongbokgung
GYEONGBOKGUNG ( Hangul
Hangul
: 경복궁; Hanja
Hanja
: 景福宮), also known as GYEONGBOKGUNG PALACE or GYEONGBOK PALACE, was the main royal palace of the Joseon dynasty . Built in 1395, it is located in northern Seoul
Seoul
, South Korea
South Korea
. The largest of the Five Grand Palaces built by the Joseon dynasty, Gyeongbokgung
Gyeongbokgung
served as the home of Kings of the Joseon dynasty, the Kings' households, as well as the government of Joseon. Gyeongbokgung
Gyeongbokgung
continued to serve as the main palace of the Joseon dynasty until the premises were destroyed by fire during the Imjin War and abandoned for two centuries. However, in the 19th century, all of the palace's 7,700 rooms were later restored under the leadership of Prince Regent Heungseon during the reign of King Gojong . Some 500 buildings were restored on a site of over 40 hectares. The architectural principles of ancient Korea
Korea
were incorporated into the tradition and appearance of the Joseon royal court. In the early 20th century, much of the palace was systematically destroyed by Imperial Japan . Since then, the walled palace complex is gradually being reconstructed to its original form. Today, the palace is arguably regarded as being the most beautiful and grandest of all five palaces
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63 Building
The 63 BUILDING (Korean : 63 빌딩 or 육삼 빌딩), officially called 63 SQUARE (formerly HANHWA 63 CITY), is a skyscraper on Yeouido
Yeouido
island, overlooking the Han River in Seoul
Seoul
, South Korea
South Korea
. It was designed by Harry D Som and Helen W Som, principals of Som and Associates of San Francisco. (The building has been falsely attributed to the SOM design firm, which is inaccuarate.) url=http://news.khan.co.kr/kh_news/khan_art_view.html?artid=201107262143125"> * * at sunrise the 63 Building
63 Building
begins to glow * for twenty minutes at sunrise, the eastern side of the building is blindingly bright SEE ALSO * List of Korea-related topics * List of skyscrapers
List of skyscrapers
* Korean architecture
Korean architecture
* Hyperion Tower REFERENCES * ^ http://skyscrapercenter.com/seoul/kli-63-building/891/ * ^ "63스퀘어". www.63art.co.kr (in Korean). Retrieved 2017-06-01. * ^ "Mok-dong Hyperion Towers, Seoul". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved March 10, 2009
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N Seoul Tower
The N SEOUL TOWER ( Hangul
Hangul
: N서울타워), officially the YTN SEOUL TOWER and commonly known as the NAMSAN TOWER or SEOUL TOWER, is a communication and observation tower located on Namsan Mountain in central Seoul
Seoul
, South Korea. At 236m, it marks the second highest point in Seoul. Built in 1971, the N Seoul
Seoul
Tower is Korea's first general radio wave tower, providing TV and radio broadcasting in Seoul. Currently, the tower broadcasts signals for Korean media outlets, such as KBS , MBC and SBS . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Floors & Amenities * 3 Attractions * 4 Broadcasting use * 4.1 Television broadcasters * 4.2 Radio broadcasters * 5 Image gallery * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links HISTORYBuilt in 1969, and at a cost of approximately 2.5 million USD, the tower was opened to the public in 1980. Seoul
Seoul
Tower was completed on December 3, 1971, designed by architects at Jangjongryul though at the time the facility interior was not furnished. It took until August 1975, for the third floor of the observatory deck, museum, open hall, souvenir shop, in addition to bring the other facilities to completion. However, despite finalization of tower construction, the observatory was closed to the public until October 15, 1980. Since then, the tower has been a landmark of Seoul
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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Regions Of Korea
Korea
Korea
has traditionally been divided into a number of unofficial REGIONS that reflect historical, geographical, and dialect boundaries within the peninsula . Many of the names in the list below overlap or are obsolete today, with Honam , Yeongdong , Yeongnam , and the modern term Sudogwon being the only ones in wide use. The names of Korea's traditional Eight Provinces are often also used as regional monikers. LIST OF REGIONS RR MC KOREAN HANJA DIVISIONS TODAY Haeseo Haesŏ 해서 海西 N. Hwanghae and S. Hwanghae North Korea
Korea
Gwanseo Kwansŏ 관서 關西 Pyongyang
Pyongyang
, Nampo
Nampo
, N. Pyongan , S. Pyongan and Chagang North Korea
Korea
Gwandong Kwandong 관동 關東 Gangwon / Kangwon Both Gwannam Kwannam 관남 關南 S. Hamgyong and southern part of Ryanggang ; Southern part of Gwanbuk North Korea
Korea
Gwanbuk Kwanbuk 관북 關北 Rason , N. Hamgyong , S
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Seoul National Capital Area
South Korea
South Korea
------------------------- MAJOR CITIES Seoul
Seoul
Special
Special
City Incheon
Incheon
Metropolitan City Suwon
Suwon
Ansan
Ansan
Anyang Goyang Seongnam Bucheon Yongin
Yongin
POPULATION (2016) • METRO 25,514,000 • PERCENTAGE OF SOUTH KOREA\'S TOTAL POPULATION ~50% (50,100,000) SMA = Seoul
Seoul
(10 mil.) + Incheon
Incheon
(3 mil.) + Gyeonggi (12 mil.) GDP(NOMINAL) USD
USD
0.77 trillion(2015) GDP PER CAPITA(NOMINAL) USD
USD
30,000(2015) Seoul
Seoul
Capital Area HANGUL 수도권 HANJA 首都圈 REVISED ROMANIZATION Sudogwon MCCUNE–REISCHAUER Sudokwŏn THIS ARTICLE CONTAINS KOREAN TEXT
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