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Second Sudanese Civil War
Stalemate[4]Comprehensive Peace Agreement Eastern Sudan
Sudan
Peace Agreement Independence of the Republic of South Sudan
Republic of South Sudan
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Marginalization
Social exclusion, or social marginalization, is the social disadvantage and relegation to the fringe of society
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Janjaweed
The Janjaweed
Janjaweed
(Arabic: جنجويد janjawīd; also transliterated Janjawid[2]) are a militia that operate in western Sudan
Sudan
and eastern Chad.[3] Using the United Nations
United Nations
definition, the Janjaweed
Janjaweed
comprised Sudanese Arab tribes, the core of whom are from the Abbala (camel herder) background with significant recruitment from the Baggara (cattle herder) people. This UN definition may not necessarily be accurate, as instances of members from other tribes have been noted.[citation needed] In the past, they were at odds with Darfur's sedentary population over natural grazing grounds and farmland, as rainfall dwindled and water became scarce. They are currently in conflict with Darfur
Darfur
rebel groups—the Sudan
Sudan
Liberation Movement/Army and the Justice and Equality Movement
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Refugees
A refugee, generally speaking, is a displaced person who has been forced to cross national boundaries and who cannot return home safely (for more detail see legal definition). Such a person may be called an asylum seeker until granted refugee status by the contracting state or the UNHCR[2] if they formally make a claim for asylum.[3] The lead international agency coordinating refugee protection is the United Nations
United Nations
Office of the United Nations
United Nations
High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
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Dominic Dim Deng
Dominic
Dominic
is a name common among Roman Catholics and other Latin-Romans as a boys name. Originally from the late Roman-Italic name "Dominicus" its translation means, "Lordly", "Belonging to God" or "of the Master". Variations include: Dominicus, Dominik, Dominick, Domenic, Domenico (Italian rendition), Domanic, Domonic, Domingo, Domingos, Dominggus; the feminine forms Dominika, Dominica, Domenica, Dominga, Domingas; and the French unisex form Dominique. Dominic
Dominic
name mean live and care Saint Dominic
Saint Dominic
founded a well-known order of monks
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Eritrea
Coordinates: 15°N 39°E / 15°N 39°E / 15; 39State of Eritreaሃገረ ኤርትራ (Tigrinya) Hagere Ertra دولة إرتريا (Arabic) Dawlat IritriyáFlagEmblemAnthem: Ertra, Ertra, Ertra Eritrea, Eritrea, EritreaLocation within Africa
Africa
(dark gray) and the Eastern Hemisphere (gray)Capital and largest city Asmara 15°20′N 38°55′E / 15.333°N 38.917°E / 15.333; 38.917Official languages None[1] (see working languages)Recognised national languagesTigrinya Arabic[2] Tigre Kunama Saho Bilen Nara Afar[3]Working languagesTigrinya[4] Arabic[4] English[4]Ethnic groups (2012[5])55% Tigrinya 30% Tigre 4% Saho 2% Kunama 2% Bilen 2% Rashaida 5% othersDemonym EritreanGovernment Unitary one-party presidential republic• PresidentIsaias AfwerkiLegislature National AssemblyFormation• Dʿmtc. 980 BC• Kingdom of Aksumc
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Ethiopia
Coordinates: 8°N 38°E / 8°N 38°E / 8; 38Federal Democratic Republic
Republic
of Ethiopia የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዴሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ yeʾĪtiyoṗṗya Fēdēralawī Dēmokirasīyawī RīpebilīkFlagEmblemAnthem:  ወደፊት ገስግሺ፣ ውድ እናት ኢትዮጵያ March Forward, Dear Mother EthiopiaCapital and largest city Addis Ababa 9°1′N 38°45′E / 9.017°N 38.750°E / 9.017; 38.750Official languages
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Iran
Iran
Iran
(Persian: ایران‎ Irān [ʔiːˈɾɒːn] ( listen)), also known as Persia[10] (/ˈpɜːrʒə/),[11] officially the Islamic Republic
Islamic Republic
of Iran (Persian: جمهوری اسلامی ایران‎ Jomhuri-ye Eslāmi-ye Irān ( listen)),[12] is a sovereign state in Western Asia.[13][14] With over 81 million inhabitants,[6] Iran
Iran
is the world's 18th-most-populous country.[15] Comprising a land area of 1,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi), it is the second-largest country in the Middle East
Middle East
and the 17th-largest in the world
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Uganda
Coordinates: 1°N 32°E / 1°N 32°E / 1; 32 Republic
Republic
of Uganda[1] Jamhuri ya Uganda  (Swahili)FlagCoat of armsMotto: "For God and My Country" "kwa mungu na nchi yangu"Anthem: "Oh Uganda, Land of Beauty"Location of  Uganda  (dark green) – in Africa  (light blue & dark grey) – in the African Union  (light blue)Capital and largest city KampalaOfficial languages English Swahili[2]
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Blue Nile
The Blue Nile
Nile
is a river originating at Lake Tana
Lake Tana
in Ethiopia. With the White Nile, it is one of the two major tributaries of the Nile. The Blue Nile
Nile
supplies about 60% of the water in the Nile, more than two-thirds in flood season.Contents1 Course 2 Water flow 3 European exploration 4 See also 5 References 6 External linksCourse[edit] The Blue Nile
Nile
is so-called because floods during the summer monsoon erode a vast amount of fertile soil from the Ethiopian Highlands
Ethiopian Highlands
and carry it downstream as silt, turning the water dark brown or almost black.[1] The distance of the river from its source to its confluence has been variously reported as being between 1,460 kilometres (910 mi) and 1,600 kilometres (990 mi)
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History Of Sudan (1969–1985)
On May 25, 1969, several young officers calling themselves the Free Officers Movement seized power in Sudan
Sudan
and started the Nimeiri era in the history of Sudan. At the conspiracy's core were nine officers led by Colonel Jaafar an Nimeiri, who had been implicated in plots against the Abboud regime. Nimeiri's coup preempted plots by other groups, most of which involved army factions supported by the Sudanese Communist Party (SCP), Arab nationalists, or conservative religious groups
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History Of Sudan (1956–1969)
The Republic
Republic
of Sudan
Sudan
is a former state, from the 1950s to the 1960s. At that time, national parties, both federal and national, were demanding constitutional and political demands. Its efforts culminated in the 1953 autonomy agreement, in which the two countries recognized Britain and Egypt's right to self-determination.The first parliamentary elections were held in 1954, in which the parties competed to enter parliament and the NDP won the majority. And formed the first national government headed by Ismail al-Azhari, and on 19 December 1955, the Sudanese parliament, under the leadership of Azhari unanimously adopted the Declaration of Independence. And officially announced on January 1, 1956. Shortly after independence, the army took power on November 17, 1958, led by General Ibrahim Aboud in a military coup against the state authority. The revolution revolted against the coup d'état of the state
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South Sudanese Independence Referendum, 2011
A referendum took place in Southern Sudan
Sudan
from 9 to 15 January 2011,[1] on whether the region should remain a part of Sudan
Sudan
or
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Salva Kiir Mayardit
Salva Kiir Mayardit
Salva Kiir Mayardit
(born 13 September 1951) is a Dinka South Sudanese politician who has been President of South Sudan
South Sudan
since its independence in 2011
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Sudanese Civil War (other)
The term Sudanese Civil War refers to at least three separate conflicts: First Sudanese Civil War (1955–1972) Second Sudanese Civil War
Second Sudanese Civil War
(1983–2005)
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Anyanya II
Anyanya
Anyanya
II is the name taken in 1978 by a group of the 64 tribes of South Sudan dissidents who took up arms in All of Sudan. The name implies continuity with the Anyanya, or Anya-Nya, movement of the First Sudanese Civil War (1955-1972). When the Addis Ababa Agreement fell apart in 1983, marking the beginning of the Second Sudanese Civil War, the Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A) was founded
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