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Sealdah Rajdhani Express
SEALDAH RAJDHANI EXPRESS connects Sealdah
Sealdah
( Kolkata
Kolkata
) and Delhi
Delhi
. It is the second fastest train after Sealdah
Sealdah
- New Delhi
Delhi
Duronto Express on the Sealdah
Sealdah
- Delhi
Delhi
sector. It operates as train number 12313 from Sealdah
Sealdah
( Kolkata
Kolkata
) to New Delhi
Delhi
Railway Station and as train number 12314 in the reverse direction. The train is regularly hauled by a WAP 7 locomotive. Sometimes WAP-4 /WAP-5 locomotives can be seen as an offlink
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Rajdhani Express
The RAJDHANI EXPRESS is a series of express passenger train services in India operated by Indian Railways connecting New Delhi with other important destinations (mostly capital cities of other states). Rajdhani means "The Capital" in many Indian languages. The Rajdhanis are among the fastest trains in India along with Tejas Express , Gatimaan Express
Gatimaan Express
, Shatabdi Express and Duronto Express and get the highest priority on the Indian railway network. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 About * 3 Routes * 4 Gallery * 5 Incidents * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links HISTORY Rajdhani Express was introduced in 1969, for providing fast connections (up to 140 km/h or 87 mph, speed variation depending upon the particular track section) from New Delhi to the capital cities of various states in India. The first _Rajdhani Express_ left New Delhi station for Howrah station to cover a distance of 1,445 km in 17 hours 20 mins. ABOUTRajdhani express gets the highest priority on the Indian railway network. They are fully air-conditioned. Passengers are served complimentary meals during the journey. Depending on the duration and timings of the journey, these could include morning tea, breakfast, lunch, high tea and dinner
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West Bengal
WEST BENGAL (/wɛst bɛŋˈɡɔːl/ ) is an Indian state located in Eastern India
India
on the Bay of Bengal . It is India's fourth-most populous state, with over 91 million inhabitants (as of 2011). It has an area of 88,752 km2 (34,267 sq mi). A part of the ethno-linguistic Bengal region, it borders Bangladesh in the east, and Nepal and Bhutan in the north; it borders five Indian states, Odisha , Jharkhand , Bihar , Sikkim and Assam . The state capital is Kolkata
Kolkata
(Calcutta), the seventh-largest city in India
India
. The geography of West Bengal includes the Darjeeling Himalayan hill region in its extreme north, the Ganges delta , the Rarh region and the coastal Sundarbans . The main ethnic group are the Bengalis , with Bengali Hindus forming the demographic majority. Ancient Bengal was the site of several major _janapadas _. In the 2nd century BCE, the region was conquered by the emperor Ashoka . In the 4th century CE, it was absorbed into the Gupta Empire . From the 13th century onward, the region was ruled by several sultans , powerful Hindu states and Baro-Bhuyan landlords, until the beginning of British rule in the 18th century
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Jharkhand
JHARKHAND (lit. "Bushland" or The land of forest) is a state in eastern India carved out of the southern part of Bihar on 15 November 2000. The state shares its border with the states of Bihar to the north, Uttar Pradesh and Chhattisgarh to the west, Odisha to the south, and West Bengal to the east. It has an area of 79,710 km2 (30,778 sq mi). The industrial city of Ranchi is its capital and Dumka its sub capital. Dhanbad is the largest industrial city in the state. Jharkhand accounts for 40% of the mineral resources of India but it suffers widespread poverty as 39.1 per cent of the population is below the poverty line and 19.6 per cent of the children under five years of age are malnourished. The State is primarily a rural state as only 24 percent of the population resides in cities
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Bihar
BIHAR (/bᵻˈhɑːr/ ; Hindustani pronunciation: ) is an Indian state considered to be a part of Eastern as well as Northern India . It is the 13th-largest state of India, with an area of 94,163 km2 (36,357 sq mi). The third-largest state of India by population, it is contiguous with Uttar Pradesh to its west, Nepal to the north, the northern part of West Bengal to the east, with Jharkhand to the south. The Bihar plain is split by the river Ganges which flows from west to east. Bihar is an amalgamation of three main distinct regions, these are Magadh , Mithila and Bhojpur . On November 15, 2000, southern Bihar was ceded to form the new state of Jharkhand . Only 11.3% of the population of Bihar lives in urban areas, which is the lowest in India after Himachal Pradesh. Additionally, almost 58% of Biharis are below the age of 25, giving Bihar the highest proportion of young people of any Indian state. The official languages of the state are Hindi and Urdu . Other languages commonly used within the state include Bhojpuri , Maithili , Magahi , Bajjika , and Angika (Maithili is the only one of these to be officially accepted by the government)
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Uttar Pradesh
24 January 1950 CAPITAL Lucknow
Lucknow
DISTRICTS 75 GOVERNMENT • BODY Government of Uttar Pradesh
Government of Uttar Pradesh
• GOVERNOR Ram Naik • CHIEF MINISTER Yogi Adityanath
Yogi Adityanath
(BJP ) • DEPUTY CM 1. Keshav Prasad Maurya
Keshav Prasad Maurya
2. Dinesh Sharma
Dinesh Sharma
AREA • TOTAL 243,290 km2 (93,930 sq mi) AREA RANK 4th POPULATION (2011) • TOTAL 199,581,477 • RANK 1st • DENSITY 820/km2 (2,100/sq mi) DEMONYM(S) Uttar Pradeshi LANGUAGES • OFFICIAL Hindi
Hindi
• ADDITIONAL OFFICIAL Urdu
Urdu
TIME ZONE IST (UTC+05:30 ) UN/LOCODE IN-UP VEHICLE REGISTRATION UP 01—XX HDI 0.5415 (medium) HDI RANK 18th (2007-08) LITERACY * 67.7% (29th ) * 77.3% (male) * 57.4% (female) WEBSITE www.up.gov.inUTTAR PRADESH (/ˈʊttˈər prəˈdɛʃ/ ), abbreviated as UP, is the most populous state in the Republic of India
India
as well as the most populous country subdivision in the world . The densely populated state, located in the northern region of the Indian subcontinent, has over 200 million inhabitants. It was created on 1 April 1937 as the United Provinces during British rule, and was renamed _Uttar Pradesh_ in 1950
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Delhi
DELHI (/ˈdɛli/ , Hindustani pronunciation: _DILLI_), officially the NATIONAL CAPITAL TERRITORY OF DELHI or NCT, is a city and a union territory of India . It is bordered by Haryana on three sides and by Uttar Pradesh to the east. The NCT covers an area of 1,484 square kilometres (573 sq mi). According to 2011 census, Delhi's city population was about 11 million, the second highest in India after Mumbai , while the whole NCT population was about 16.8 million, making it the world's 3rd largest city proper by population . Delhi's urban area is now considered to extend beyond the NCT boundary to include an estimated population of over 26 million people making it the world's second largest urban area . As of 2016 recent estimates of the metro economy of its urban area have ranked Delhi either the top or second most productive metro area of India. Delhi is the second wealthiest city after Mumbai in India, with a total wealth of $450 billion and home to 18 billionaires and 23,000 millionaires. Delhi has been continuously inhabited since the 6th century BC. Through most of its history, Delhi has served as a capital of various kingdoms and empires
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Eastern Railway Zone
The EASTERN RAILWAY (ER) is one of the largest and High-Tech Zone in Indian Railways , it is among the 16 zones of the Indian Railways . Its headquarters is at Fairley Place, Kolkata
Kolkata
and comprises four divisions: Howrah
Howrah
, Malda , Sealdah , and Asansol
Asansol
. Each division is headed by a Divisional Railway Manager (DRM). The name of the division denotes the name of the city where the divisional headquarters is located. Eastern Railway Consists Most no. of A1 and A Category Stations like Howrah
Howrah
, Sealdah , Asansol
Asansol
, Durgapur etc. Eastern Railways operates one of the oldest trains of India
India
, Kalka Mail . 3 Popular Zones ECR , SER and NFR were part of ER before. It has three major workshops: Jamalpur , Liluah, and Kanchrapara
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Sealdah Railway Station
SEALDAH RAILWAY STATION is one of the major railway stations serving Kolkata
Kolkata
in India
India
, the others being Howrah Station
Howrah Station
, Shalimar Station , Santragachi Junction and Kolkata
Kolkata
Railway Station . Sealdah is one of the busiest railway stations in India
India
and an important suburban rail terminal. After completion, Kolkata
Kolkata
Metro Line 2 will pass through Sealdah. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Operations * 3 Trains * 4 Gallery * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links HISTORYSealdah Railway station
Railway station
was started in 1869. Before 1978, there was a tram terminus at Sealdah station. Trams departed from here towards Rajabazar, Howrah Station, High Court, Dalhousie Square, Park Circus and Dharmatala
Dharmatala
. The first horse tram service of Kolkata
Kolkata
was also started from Sealdah to Armenian Ghat, following the currently route 13, 14 & 16 between Lebutala & Dalhousie Square. The Sealdah-Lebutala & Dalhousie Square-Armenian Ghat (later extended to High Court) stretch is now closed. That terminus was demolished in 1978 also with the Sealdah-Lebutala tram track stretched through Boubazar Street for construction of the Sealdah flyover
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New Delhi Railway Station
Source: Google maps The NEW DELHI RAILWAY STATION (station code NDLS), situated between Ajmeri Gate and Paharganj is the main railway station in Delhi . It is the fourth busiest Railway Station in the country in terms of frequency of trains after Kanpur Central , Vijayawada Junction and Delhi Junction and most busiest Railway station in India in terms of passenger movement. Around 185 trains starts, ends, or passes through the station daily and handles 500,000 passengers daily with 16 platforms. The New Delhi railway station holds the record for the largest route interlocking system in the world along with the Kanpur Central Railway Station i.e. 48. The station is about two kilometres north of Connaught Place , in central Delhi . Most eastbound and southbound trains originate at New Delhi Railway Station; however, some important trains to other parts of the country also touch/originate at this station. Most pairs of Shatabdi Express originate and terminate at this station. It is also the main hub for the Rajdhani Express , hence making it the biggest and busiest railway station of Indian Railways. A total of 427 passenger trains originate, terminate, or pass through New Delhi Railway Station. Through 269 passenger trains, 867 stations across India are directly connected to New Delhi Railway Station
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Travel Class
A TRAVEL CLASS is a quality of accommodation on public transport . The accommodation could be a seat or a cabin for example. Higher travel classes are designed to be more comfortable and are typically more expensive. CONTENTS * 1 Airline
Airline
booking codes * 2 Buses * 3 Ocean liners * 4 Trains * 4.1 Taiwan * 4.2 Europe * 4.3 India * 4.4 Indonesia
Indonesia
* 4.5 Japan * 4.6 Great Britain * 4.7 North America * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links AIRLINE BOOKING CODES See also: Fare basis code , First class (aviation) , First class travel , Business class
Business class
, Economy class
Economy class
, and Premium economy class While an airline may only have two or three classes of service, they will use approximately ten to fifteen different booking codes in order to control the amount of each fare level sold. The booking code used by airlines and agents is typically (but not always) the first letter of the fare basis shown on the ticket and in industry fare displays. Historically, airlines only used a few codes, and these were almost identical across the industry. Typical examples were F or P for First Class, J or C for Business, and Y for economy
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Track Gauge
In rail transport , TRACK GAUGE is the spacing of the rails on a railway track and is measured between the inner faces of the load-bearing rails. All vehicles on a rail network must have running gear that is compatible with the track gauge, and in the earliest days of railways the selection of a proposed railway's gauge was a key issue. As the dominant parameter determining interoperability, it is still frequently used as a descriptor of a route or network. There is a distinction between the nominal gauge and actual gauge at some locality, due to divergence of track components from the nominal. Railway engineers use a device, like a caliper , to measure the actual gauge, and this device is also referred to as a track gauge. The terms _structure gauge _ and _loading gauge _ have little connection with track gauge. They are both widely used, but imprecise, terms. Structure gauge describes the cross-section envelope into which new or altered structures (bridges, lineside equipment etc.) must not encroach. Loading gauge is the corresponding cross-sectional profile within which rail vehicles and their loads must be contained. If an exceptional load or a new type of vehicle is being assessed to run, it must conform to the route's loading gauge
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Railway Electrification System
A RAILWAY ELECTRIFICATION SYSTEM supplies electric power to railway trains and trams without an on-board prime mover or local fuel supply. Electric railways use electric locomotives to haul passengers or freight in separate cars or electric multiple units , passenger cars with their own motors. Electricity is typically generated in large and relatively efficient generating stations, transmitted to the railway network and distributed to the trains. Some electric railways have their own dedicated generating stations and transmission lines but most purchase power from an electric utility . The railway usually provides its own distribution lines, switches and transformers . Power is supplied to moving trains with a (nearly) continuous conductor running along the track that usually takes one of two forms: overhead line , suspended from poles or towers along the track or from structure or tunnel ceilings; third rail mounted at track level and contacted by a sliding "pickup shoe". Both overhead wire and third-rail systems usually use the running rails as the return conductor but some systems use a separate fourth rail for this purpose. In comparison to the principal alternative, the diesel engine , electric railways offer substantially better energy efficiency, lower emissions and lower operating costs. Electric locomotives are also usually quieter, more powerful, and more responsive and reliable than diesels
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25 Kv Ac
25 KV ALTERNATING CURRENT ELECTRIFICATION is commonly used in railway electrification systems worldwide, especially for high-speed rail . CONTENTS * 1 Overview * 2 History * 3 Variations * 4 Distribution networks * 5 Standardisation * 6 Variations * 6.1 25 kV AC at 60 Hz * 6.2 20 kV AC at 60 Hz * 6.3 12.5 kV AC at 60 Hz * 6.4 6.25 kV AC * 6.5 50 kV AC * 6.6 2 x 25 kV autotransformer system * 6.7 Boosted voltage * 6.8 25 kV on narrow gauge lines * 7 Multi-system locomotives and trains * 8 See also * 9 References * 10 Further reading OVERVIEW A CSR EMU on the Roca Line in Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires
, using 25kV AC. This electrification is ideal for railways that cover long distances or carry heavy traffic. After some experimentation before World War II in Hungary and in the Black Forest in Germany, it came into widespread use in the 1950s. One of the reasons why it was not introduced earlier was the lack of suitable small and lightweight control and rectification equipment before the development of solid-state rectifiers and related technology. Another reason was the increased clearance distances required where it ran under bridges and in tunnels, which would have required major civil engineering in order to provide the increased clearance to live parts
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50 Hz
The UTILITY FREQUENCY, (POWER) LINE FREQUENCY ( American English ) or MAINS FREQUENCY ( British English ) is the nominal frequency of the oscillations of alternating current (AC) in an electric power grid transmitted from a power station to the end-user . In large parts of the world this is 50 Hz , although in the Americas and parts of Asia it is typically 60 Hz. Current usage by country or region is given in the list of mains power around the world . During the development of commercial electric power systems in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, many different frequencies (and voltages) had been used. Large investment in equipment at one frequency made standardization a slow process. However, as of the turn of the 21st century, places that now use the 50 Hz frequency tend to use 220–240 V , and those that now use 60 Hz tend to use 100–127 V. Both frequencies coexist today (Japan uses both) with no great technical reason to prefer one over the other and no apparent desire for complete worldwide standardization. Unless specified by the manufacturer to operate on both 50 and 60 Hz, appliances may not operate efficiently or even safely if used on anything other than the intended frequency. In practice, the exact frequency of the grid varies around the nominal frequency, reducing when the grid is heavily loaded, and speeding up when lightly loaded
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OHLE
An OVERHEAD LINE or OVERHEAD WIRE is used to transmit electrical energy to trams , trolleybuses , or trains . It is known variously as: * OVERHEAD CONTACT SYSTEM (OCS) * OVERHEAD LINE EQUIPMENT (OLE or OHLE) * OVERHEAD EQUIPMENT (OHE) * OVERHEAD WIRING (OHW) or OVERHEAD LINES (OHL) * CATENARY * TROLLEY WIRE * TRACTION WIREIn this article, the generic term overhead line is used, as used by the International Union of Railways . Overhead line is designed on the principle of one or more overhead wires (or rails, particularly in tunnels) situated over rail tracks , raised to a high electrical potential by connection to feeder stations at regular intervals. The feeder stations are usually fed from a high-voltage electrical grid . CONTENTS * 1 Overview * 2 Construction * 2.1 Parallel overhead lines * 3 Tensioning * 4 Breaks * 4.1 Section break * 4.2 Neutral section (phase break) * 4.3 Dead section * 4.4 Gaps * 5 Overhead conductor rails * 6 Crossings * 6.1 Australia * 6.2 Greece * 6.3 Italy * 7 Multiple overhead lines * 8 Overhead catenary * 8.1 Height * 9 Problems with overhead equipment * 10 History * 11 See also * 12 References * 13 Further reading * 14 External links OVERVIEWElectric trains that collect their current from overhead lines use a device such as a pantograph , bow collector or trolley pole
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