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Schweizerische Industrie Gesellschaft
Known by its initials SIG, SIG HOLDING AG was previously known as SCHWEIZERISCHE INDUSTRIE GESELLSCHAFT (German for SWISS INDUSTRIAL COMPANY, in French as SOCIéTé INDUSTRIELLE SUISSE, in Italian as SOCIETA INDUSTRIALE SVIZZERA ). SIG Holding AG has been active in various businesses during its more than 170 years of operation. Since 2000 the company has undergone strategic refocus, selling the SIG SAUER branches to L"> SIG P220 Upon receiving the contract to produce rifles the company name was changed to Schweizerische Industrie Gesellschaft (SIG), German for "Swiss Industrial Company" (in French regions of Switzerland
Switzerland
was known as SOCIéTé INDUSTRIELLE SUISSE). reflecting the new emphasis on their production. SIG produced other firearms and pioneered the first automatic rifle, the Mondragón Rifle , which was produced by SIG between 1908 and 1910. The first automatic rifle of the world—the Mondragón —was produced by SIG between 1908 and 1910. The SIG P210 pistol was developed in 1937 based on the French Modèle 1935 pistol (the Petter-Browning Design was licensed). It was adopted by the Swiss military in 1949 as the "Pistole 49". The single-action semi-automatic P210 brought SIG much acclaim, due to the precision manufacturing processes employed in its manufacture and its resultant accuracy and reliability
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List Of Business Entities
A BUSINESS ENTITY is an entity that is formed and administered as per commercial law in order to engage in business activities, charitable work, or other activities allowable. Most often, business entities are formed to sell a product or a service. There are many types of business entities defined in the legal systems of various countries. These include corporations , cooperatives , partnerships , sole traders , limited liability company and other specifically permitted and labelled types of entities. The specific rules vary by country and by state or province. Some of these types are listed below, by country. For guidance, approximate equivalents in the company law of English-speaking countries are given in most cases, ≈ public limited company (UK, Ireland and the Commonwealth) ≈ Ltd.
Ltd.
(UK, Ireland and the Commonwealth) ≈ limited partnership = unlimited partnership = chartered company = statutory company = holding company = subsidiary company = one man company (sole proprietor ) = NGOs However, the regulations governing particular types of entity, even those described as roughly equivalent, differ from jurisdiction to jurisdiction. When creating or restructuring a business, the legal responsibilities will depend on the type of business entity chosen
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Subsidiary
A SUBSIDIARY, SUBSIDIARY COMPANY or DAUGHTER COMPANY is a company that is owned or controlled by another company, which is called the _parent company _, _parent_, or _holding company _. The subsidiary can be a company, corporation , or limited liability company . In some cases it is a government or state-owned enterprise . In some cases, particularly in the music and book publishing industries, subsidiaries are referred to as imprints . In the United States railroad industry, an OPERATING SUBSIDIARY is a company that is a subsidiary but operates with its own identity, locomotives and rolling stock . In contrast, a NON-OPERATING SUBSIDIARY would exist on paper only (i.e., stocks, bonds, articles of incorporation) and would use the identity of the parent company . Subsidiaries are a common feature of business life, and most multinational corporations organize their operations in this way. Examples include holding companies such as Berkshire Hathaway
Berkshire Hathaway
, Leucadia National Corporation
Corporation
, Time Warner
Time Warner
, or Citigroup
Citigroup
; as well as more focused companies such as IBM
IBM
or Xerox . These, and others, organize their businesses into national and functional subsidiaries, often with multiple levels of subsidiaries
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Neuhausen Am Rheinfall
NEUHAUSEN AM RHEINFALL (abbrv. as NEUHAUSEN A. RHF.; which was called NEUHAUSEN until 1938) is a town and a municipality in the canton of Schaffhausen in Switzerland. The little town is well known for the Rhine Falls , a tourist attraction and mainland Europe's largest waterfall. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Coat of arms
Coat of arms
* 3 Geography * 4 Demographics * 5 Economy * 6 Transportation * 7 Cultural Heritage * 7.1 Wörth Castle * 7.2 Heritage sites of national significance * 8 Notable people * 9 References * 10 External links HISTORY Neuhausen am Rheinfall
Neuhausen am Rheinfall
is first mentioned in 900/910 as Niuhusen. In 1253 it was mentioned as Niuwenhusin. COAT OF ARMSThe German blazon reads: In gelb über grünem Kleeblatt weisses nach rechts gekehrtes Rebmesser mit braunem Griff. The municipality’s arms might in English heraldic language be described thus: Or in base a cloverleaf couped proper above which a billhook argent hafted proper. In 1569, Neuhausen bore arms with a gold field and a leaping silver salmon . This symbolized the importance of fishing to the municipality. Shortly thereafter, the arms appeared with different tinctures ; the field was now red. With the lessening importance of fishing, the arms, too, presumably ended up being forgotten, for in 1822, arms appeared bearing the current charges , the cloverleaf and the billhook
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Switzerland
SWITZERLAND (/ˈswɪtsərlənd/ ), officially the SWISS CONFEDERATION, is a federal republic in Europe
Europe
. It consists of 26 cantons , and the city of Bern
Bern
is the seat of the federal authorities. The country is situated in western -Central Europe
Europe
, and is bordered by Italy
Italy
to the south, France
France
to the west, Germany
Germany
to the north, and Austria
Austria
and Liechtenstein
Liechtenstein
to the east. Switzerland
Switzerland
is a landlocked country geographically divided between the Alps
Alps
, the Swiss Plateau and the Jura , spanning an area of 41,285 km2 (15,940 sq mi). While the Alps
Alps
occupy the greater part of the territory, the Swiss population of approximately eight million people is concentrated mostly on the plateau, where the largest cities are to be found: among them are the two global cities and economic centres Zürich
Zürich
and Geneva . The establishment of the Old Swiss Confederacy
Old Swiss Confederacy
dates to the late medieval period, resulting from a series of military successes against Austria
Austria
and Burgundy
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Graeme Hart
GRAEME RICHARD HART (born 1955) is a New Zealand businessman and the richest person in New Zealand. He prefers to stay out of the general media and makes few public appearances. Much like other leveraged buyout (LBO) private equity investors, Hart has a preference for buying underperforming and undervalued companies with steady cash flows which can be turned around through strong cash management, cost-cutting and restructuring with other businesses. Since his 2006 purchase of Carter Holt Harvey he has focused his acquisitions on the paper packaging sector. His largest acquisition to-date was for Alcoa 's Packaging & Consumer group in 2008 for US$2.7bn, later renamed Reynolds Packaging Group . He does not directly manage his businesses, and is focused mostly on the financing related to re-capitalization of the companies. Unlike other LBO investors however, Hart is not a believer of sharing the returns of the company, and does not allow any member of the board to get any share in the equity of the businesses. In this manner, he ensures that the risk and the substantial rewards of an LBO investment remain solely with him. Forbes stated that Hart was the 178th richest person in the world as of March 2016
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Packaging
PACKAGING is the technology of enclosing or protecting products for distribution, storage, sale, and use. Packaging also refers to the process of designing, evaluating, and producing packages. Packaging can be described as a coordinated system of preparing goods for transport, warehousing, logistics, sale, and end use. Packaging contains, protects, preserves, transports, informs, and sells. In many countries it is fully integrated into government, business, institutional, industrial, and personal use. PACKAGE LABELING ( American English
American English
) or LABELLING ( British English
British English
) is any written, electronic, or graphic communication on the package or on a separate but associated label . CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Ancient era * 1.2 Modern era * 1.2.1 Tinning
Tinning
* 1.2.2 Canning * 1.2.3 Paper-based packaging * 1.3 20th century * 2 The purposes of packaging and package labels * 3 Packaging types * 4 Symbols used on packages and labels * 4.1 Shipping container
Shipping container
labeling * 5 Package development considerations * 5.1 Environmental considerations * 6 Packaging machines * 7 See also * 8 References * 8.1 Books, general references * 9 Further reading HISTORYANCIENT ERA Bronze
Bronze
wine container from the 9th century BCE
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Carton
A CARTON is a box or container usually made of paperboard and sometimes of corrugated fiberboard . Many types of cartons are used in packaging . Sometimes a carton is also called a box . CONTENTS* 1 Types of cartons * 1.1 Folding cartons * 1.2 Egg carton * 1.3 Aseptic carton * 1.4 Gable top * 2 Packaging
Packaging
history * 3 Shape * 4 Materials * 5 Artistic design * 6 Carton-pierre * 7 See also * 8 Notes * 9 References TYPES OF CARTONSFOLDING CARTONS See also: Folding carton Typical blank for folding carton A carton is a type of packaging suitable for food, pharmaceuticals, hardware, and many other types of products. Folding cartons are usually combined into a tube at the manufacturer and shipped flat (knocked down) to the packager. Tray styles have a solid bottom and are often shipped as flat blanks and assembled by the packager. Some also are self-erecting. High-speed equipment is available to set up, load, and close the cartons. EGG CARTON Egg cartons Egg cartons or trays are designed to protect whole eggs while in transit. Traditionally these have been made of molded pulp . This uses recycled newsprint which is molded into a shape which protects the eggs. More recently egg cartons have also been made from expanded polystyrene (similar to styrofoam ) and PET
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Parent Company
A PARENT COMPANY is a company that owns enough voting stock in another firm to control management and operation by doing and influencing or electing its board of directors . The second company is deemed a subsidiary of the parent company. CONTENTS* 1 By country * 1.1 Australia (AU) * 1.2 Singapore * 1.3 United Kingdom (UK) * 2 See also * 3 References BY COUNTRYAUSTRALIA (AU)The parent company-subsidiary company relationship is defined by Part 1.2, Division 6, Section 46 of the Corporations Act 2001 (Cth) , which states: A body corporate (in this section called the first body ) is a subsidiary of another body corporate if, and only if: (a) the other body: (i) controls the composition of the first body's board; or (ii) is in a position to cast, or control the casting of, more than one-half of the maximum number of votes that might be cast at a general meeting of the first body; or (iii) holds more than one-half of the issued share capital of the first body (excluding any part of that issued share capital that carries no right to participate beyond a specified amount in a distribution of either profits or capital); or (b) the first body is a subsidiary of a subsidiary of the other body. SINGAPOREThe parent company-subsidiary company relationship is defined by Part 1, Section 5, Subsection 1 of the Companies Act , which states: 5
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ONEX Corporation
ONEX CORPORATION is a private equity investment firm and holding company based out of Toronto, Ontario . As of 2016, the firm has over $22 billion of assets under management. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Investments * 2 Office * 3 References * 4 External links HISTORY Gerry Schwartz had previously worked at Bear Stearns under the investor Jerome Kohlberg, Jr. Kohlberg left in 1976, where he was soon joined by Henry Kravis
Henry Kravis
and George Roberts , and they founded Kohlberg Kravis Roberts . Schwartz returned to Canada, where he started working with Izzy Asper . Schwartz later founded Onex on his own in 1983. Since its founding, the firm has generated a gross internal rate of return of 28%. INVESTMENTSThe firm invests in a wide array of industries. It has shown a particular interest in buying the high-cost manufacturing portion of companies and turning these into low cost suppliers. In the 1980s it played this role in the auto parts industry. In 1996 it bought IBM's manufacturing division Celestica . Although the firm has majority control over most of its subsidiaries, rarely does it have whole ownership. Onex is involved in the American health care industry, owning a number of firms there
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Division (business)
A DIVISION of a business , sometimes called a _BUSINESS SECTOR_, is one of the parts into which a business, organization or company is divided. The divisions are distinct parts of that business. If these divisions are all part of the same company, then that company is legally responsible for all of the obligations and debts of the divisions. However, in a large organization, various parts of the business may be run by different subsidiaries , and a business division may include one or many subsidiaries. Each subsidiary is a separate legal entity owned by the primary business or by another subsidiary in the hierarchy. Often a division operates under a separate name and is the equivalent of a corporation or limited liability company obtaining a fictitious name or "doing business as " certificate and operating a business under that fictitious name. Companies often set up business units to operate in divisions prior to the legal formation of subsidiaries. Generally, only an "entity", e.g. a corporation, public limited company (plc) or limited liability company, etc. would have a "division"; an individual operating in this manner would simply be "operating under a fictitious name". An example of this would be to look at Hewlett Packard
Hewlett Packard
(HP), the computer and printer company. HP has several divisions, with the printer division, that makes laser and inkjet printers, being the largest and most profitable division
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German Language
_No official regulation_ ( German orthography regulated by the Council for German Orthography ). LANGUAGE CODES ISO 639-1 de ISO 639-2 ger (B) deu (T) ISO 639-3 Variously: deu – German gmh – Middle High German goh – Old High German gct – Colonia Tovar German bar – Bavarian cim – Cimbrian geh – Hutterite German ksh – Kölsch nds – Low German sli – Lower Silesian ltz – Luxembourgish vmf – Mainfränkisch mhn – Mócheno pfl – Palatinate German pdc – Pennsylvania German pdt – Plautdietsch swg – Swabian German gsw – Swiss German uln – Unserdeutsch sxu – Upper Saxon wae – Walser German wep – Westphalian hrx – Riograndenser Hunsrückisch yec – Yenish GLOTTOLOG high1287 High Franconian uppe1397 Upper German LINGUASPHERE further information 52-AC (Continental West Germanic) > 52-ACB (Deutsch & Dutch) > 52-ACB-d ( Central German incl. 52-ACB–dl & -dm Standard/Generalised High German ) + 52-ACB-e & -f ( Upper German & Swiss German ) + 52-ACB-h (émigré German varieties incl
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Wagon
A WAGON (also alternatively and archaically spelt waggon in British and Commonwealth English) is a heavy four-wheeled vehicle pulled by draught animals or on occasion by humans (see below), used for transporting goods , commodities, agricultural materials, supplies and sometimes people. Wagons are immediately distinguished from carts (which have two wheels) and from lighter four-wheeled vehicles primarily for carrying people, such as carriages . Wagons are usually pulled by animals such as horses , mules or oxen . They may be pulled by one animal or by several, often in pairs or teams. However, there are examples of human-propelled wagons, such as mining corfs . A wagon was formerly called a wain and one who builds or repairs wagons is a wainwright . More specifically, a WAIN is a type of horse- or oxen-drawn, load-carrying vehicle, used for agricultural purposes rather than transporting people. A wagon or cart, usually four-wheeled; for example, a haywain, normally has four wheels, but the term has now acquired slightly poetical connotations, so is not always used with technical correctness. However, a two-wheeled "haywain" would be a hay cart, as opposed to a carriage. Wain is also an archaic term for a chariot. Wain can also be a verb, to carry or deliver, and has other meanings. The wagon has four wheels made out of wood and steel. The wagon wheel had an average weight of upwards of 300 pounds
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Friedrich Peyer Im Hof
JOHANN FRIEDRICH PEYER IM HOF (18 June 1817 – 18 May 1900) was a Swiss politician and President of the Swiss National Council (1859/1860).
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Mondragón Rifle
The MONDRAGóN RIFLE may refer to three rifle designs developed by Mexican artillery officer General
General
Manuel Mondragón . The initial designs were straight-pull bolt-action rifles (M1893 and M1894); those rifles served as a basis for developing Mexico
Mexico
's first self-loading rifle , the M1908, which was also one of the first such designs to see combat use. CONTENTS * 1 Straight-pull bolt-action rifles * 2 Self-loading
Self-loading
rifle * 3 Use during World War I
World War I
* 4 Additional notes * 5 Rifle scheme and operating procedure * 6 Users * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links STRAIGHT-PULL BOLT-ACTION RIFLESIn 1891 Mondragón began working on a rifle design. During his stay in Belgium he filed a patent application for which he had received a grant on March 23, 1892 (No. 98,947). During the same year, on April 20, Mondragón received also a grant from the French Patent Office (No. 221,035). In the following year, on February 8, he also filed an application in the United States Patent Office (No. 461, 476) and received a grant (No. 557,079) on March 24, 1896. The rifle, referred to as M1893, was of a straight-pull bolt action design, chambered for 6.5x48mm cartridge (also developed by Mondragón), with a fixed magazine fed with 8-round en-bloc clips
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Sig P210
The SIG P210 (Swiss Army designation PISTOLE 49) is a locked breech self loading, semi-automatic pistol designed and manufactured in Neuhausen am Rheinfall ( Canton of Schaffhausen , Switzerland
Switzerland
) by SIG . The former SIG P210 model is now the SIG SAUER P210. It is of all-steel construction chambered in 9×19mm Parabellum and 7.65×21mm Parabellum . It was used from 1949 to 1975 by the Swiss army and police units. It was also adopted and is still in service with the Military of Denmark
Denmark
(as M/49 Neuhausen or simply Neuhausen), in 1951 by the German Bundespolizei and in shooting sports. The pistols were decommissioned and replaced by the SIG Sauer
SIG Sauer
P220 (Swiss Army designation PISTOLE 75) which was designed as a replacement for the SIG P210 by the newly formed SIG Sauer
SIG Sauer
company in 1975. Second-hand P210s are greatly valued by shooting sports competitors. The SIG Sauer
SIG Sauer
P210 was made by SIG Sauer, GMBH in Eckenforde, Germany and was exported to SIG Sauer
SIG Sauer
of New Hampshire until recently when it was announced that SIG Sauer
SIG Sauer
in New Hampshire will produce the SIG Sauer