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Sawbuck
A sawbuck is a device for holding wood so that it may be cut into pieces.[1] Easily made in the field from rough material, it consists of an "X" form at each end which are joined by cross bars below the intersections of the X's. The stock to be cut is placed in the V's formed above the intersections of the X's. A sawbuck is very simple to build. The five "V" sawbuck was designed with 10 vertical 1.2 m-long (4-foot) 2×4s, and four horizontal, 1.5 m-long (5-foot) 2×6s, secured with 89 mm (3.5 inches) wood screws. It was designed this way in order to cut two or more smaller pieces (0.6–1.2 m or 2–4 feet in length) of firewood in rapid succession. A sawbuck should be heavy enough to negate any kickback from the saw while cutting
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Fir
See textFirs (Abies) are a genus of 48–56 species of evergreen coniferous trees in the family Pinaceae. They are found through much of North and Central America, Europe, Asia, and North Africa, occurring in mountains over most of the range. Firs are most closely related to the genus Cedrus
Cedrus
(cedar). Douglas firs are not true firs, being of the genus Pseudotsuga. They are large trees, reaching heights of 10–80 m (33–262 ft) tall and trunk diameters of 0.5–4 m (1 ft 8 in–13 ft 1 in) when mature
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Treen (wooden)
Treen, literally "of a tree" is a generic name for small handmade functional household objects made of wood. Treen is distinct from furniture, such as chairs, and cabinetry, as well as clocks and cupboards.[1][2] Before the late 17th-century, when silver, pewter, and ceramics were introduced for tableware, most small household items, boxes and tableware were carved from wood. Today, treen is highly collectable for its beautiful patina and tactile appeal. Anything from wooden plates and bowls, snuff boxes and needle cases, spoons and stay busks to shoehorns and chopping boards can be classed as treen. Domestic and agricultural wooden tools are also usually classed with treen. Before the advent of cheap metal wares in industrialized societies, and later plastic, wood played a much greater part as the raw material for common objects. Turning and carving were the key manufacturing techniques
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Parquetry
Parquet (from the French "a small compartment") is a geometric mosaic of wood pieces used for decorative effect in flooring. Parquet patterns are often entirely geometrical and angular—squares, triangles, lozenges—but may contain curves. The most popular parquet flooring pattern is herringbone.Contents1 Etymology 2 History 3 Materials 4 Cleaning 5 Repair 6 Domestic use 7 Basketball courts 8 See also 9 Notes and references 10 External linksEtymology[edit] The word derives from the Old French parchet (the diminutive of parc), literally meaning "a small enclosed space". History[edit]Parquet VersaillesLarge diagonal squares known as parquet de Versailles were introduced in 1684 as parquet de menuiserie ("woodwork parquet") to replace the marble flooring that required constant washing, which tended to rot the joists beneath the floors
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Pyrography
Pyrography
Pyrography
or pyrogravure is the art of decorating wood or other materials with burn marks resulting from the controlled application of a heated object such as a poker. It is also known as pokerwork or wood burning. The term means "writing with fire", from the Greek pur (fire) and graphos (writing).[1] It can be practiced using specialized modern pyrography tools, or using a metal implement heated in a fire, or even sunlight concentrated with a magnifying lens. " Pyrography
Pyrography
dates from the 17th century and reached its highest standard in the 19th century. In its crude form it is pokerwork." [2] A large range of tones and shades can be achieved. Varying the type of tip used, the temperature, or the way the iron is applied to the material all create different effects. After the design is burned in, wooden objects are often coloured
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Relief Carving
Relief
Relief
carving as a type of wood carving in which figures are carved in a flat panel of wood. The figures project only slightly from the background rather than standing freely. Depending on the degree of projection, reliefs may also be classified as high or medium relief. Relief
Relief
carving can be described as "carving pictures in wood". The process of relief carving involves removing wood from a flat wood panel in such a way that an object appears to rise out of the wood. Relief
Relief
carving begins with a design idea, usually put to paper in the form of a master pattern which is then transferred to the wood surface. Most relief carving is done with hand tools - chisels and gouges - which often require a mallet to drive them through the wood. As wood is removed from the panel around the objects traced onto it from the pattern, the objects themselves stand up from the background wood
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Root Carving
Root
Root
carving is a traditional Chinese art
Chinese art
form. It consists of carving and polishing tree roots into various artistic creations.Contents1 History 2 Features 3 Necessities 4 ReferencesHistory[edit] Using roots to make necessities has been practiced since primitive society. Like other artistic crafts, art of roots produced from primitive labor. The earliest root carvings are “辟邪” and “角形器” showing up in the Warring States period. In the Sui and Tang dynasties, root carving works not only prevailed in folk, but they were also cherished by the governing class
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Sawdust
Sawdust
Sawdust
or wood dust is a by-product or waste product of woodworking operations such as sawing, milling, planing, routing, drilling and sanding. It is composed of fine particles of wood. These operations can be performed by woodworking machinery, portable power tools or by use of hand tools. Wood
Wood
dust is also the byproduct of certain animals, birds and insects which live in wood, such as the woodpecker and carpenter ant. In some manufacturing industries it can be a significant fire hazard and source of occupational dust exposure. Sawdust
Sawdust
is the main component of particleboard. Wood
Wood
dust is a form of particulate matter, or particulates
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Segmented Turning
Segmented turning
Segmented turning
is turning on a lathe where the initial workpiece is composed of multiple glued-together parts. The process involves gluing up several pieces of wood to create patterns and visual effects in turned projects. Segmented turning
Segmented turning
is also known as polychromatic turning.A ring-constructed turningIn traditional wood turning, the template is a single piece of wood. The size, grain orientation and colors of the wood, will frame how it can be turned into an object like a bowl, platter, or vase. With segmented turning, the size and patterns are limited only by imagination, skill and patience. While the vast majority of segmented turnings are vessels of one sort or another, strictly speaking, any turned object comprising multiple pieces of glued wood could be classified as a segmented turning. Examples include pens, bowls, vases, salt mills, pepper mills, and rolling pins
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Shingle Weaving
A shingle weaver (US) or shingler[1] (UK) is an employee of a wood products mill who engages in the creation of wooden roofing shingles or the closely related product known as "shakes."[2] In the Pacific Northwest region of the United States, historically the leading producer of this product, such shingles are generally made of Western Red Cedar, an aromatic and disease-resistant wood indigenous to the area
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Shipbuilding
Shipbuilding
Shipbuilding
is the construction of ships and other floating vessels. It normally takes place in a specialized facility known as a shipyard. Shipbuilders, also called shipwrights, follow a specialized occupation that traces its roots to before recorded history. Shipbuilding
Shipbuilding
and ship repairs, both commercial and military, are referred to as "naval engineering"
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Spindle Turning
Spindle turning, or turning between centers, is a woodturning method referring to a piece of wood on a wood lathe that is being turned on its center axis.[1]Upholstered stool, with frame members made by spindle turningMethod[edit] For spindle turning, the wood is held on the lathe either by both ends (between the headstock and tailstock) or by one end only using a lathe chuck [2] Wood
Wood
is generally removed by running a turning tool down the slope of the wood from a larger diameter in the wood to a smaller diameter. Examples[edit] Spindle turning
Spindle turning
is the method used for items such as chair and table legs, lamps, cues, bats, pens, candlesticks etc. i.e. long and thin objects. References[edit]^ Clifford, Brian. " Woodturning
Woodturning
- Grain and other factors", 1999. Accessed April 30, 2007. ^ Raffan, Richard (1 January 1900). "A Woodturner's Guide to Chucks and Jaws". FineWoodworking.com
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Timber Framing
Timber framing
Timber framing
and "post-and-beam" construction are traditional methods of building with heavy timbers, creating structures using squared-off and carefully fitted and joined timbers with joints secured by large wooden pegs. It is commonplace in wooden buildings from the 19th century and earlier. If the structural frame of load-bearing timber is left exposed on the exterior of the building it may be referred to as half-timbered, and in many cases the infill between timbers will be used for decorative effect. The method comes from working directly from logs and tree rather than pre-cut dimensional lumber
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Whittling
Whittling
Whittling
may refer either to the art of carving shapes out of raw wood using a knife or a time-occupying, non-artistic (contrast wood carving for artistic process) process of repeatedly shaving slivers from a piece of wood.[1]:14[2]:10[3]:30Contents1 Background 2 Safety 3 Wood
Wood
Types 4 See also 5 References 6 External linksBackground[edit] Casual whittling is typically performed with a light, small-bladed knife, usually a pocket knife.Specialized whittling or carving knivesSpecialized whittling knives, with fixed single blades, are preferred for sculpting artistic work. They have thick handles which are easier to grip for long periods and have better leverage, allowing more precise control and pressure. Occasionally the terms "whittling" and "carving" are used interchangeably, but they are different arts
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Marquetry
Marquetry
Marquetry
(also spelled as marqueterie; from the French marqueter, to varigate) is the art and craft of applying pieces of veneer to a structure to form decorative patterns, designs or pictures. The technique may be applied to case furniture or even seat furniture, to decorative small objects with smooth, veneerable surfaces or to freestanding pictorial panels appreciated in their own right. Marquetry
Marquetry
differs from the more ancient craft of inlay, or intarsia, in which a solid body of one material is cut out to receive sections of another to form the surface pattern. The word derives from a Middle French word meaning "inlaid work".Contents1 Materials 2 History 3 New techniques 4 See also 5 References 6 External linksMaterials[edit] The veneers used are primarily woods, but may include bone, ivory, turtle-shell (conventionally called "tortoiseshell"), mother-of-pearl, pewter, brass or fine metals
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Wood Carving
Wood
Wood
carving is a form of woodworking by means of a cutting tool (knife) in one hand or a chisel by two hands or with one hand on a chisel and one hand on a mallet, resulting in a wooden figure or figurine, or in the sculptural ornamentation of a wooden object. The phrase may also refer to the finished product, from individual sculptures to hand-worked mouldings composing part of a tracery. The making of sculpture in wood has been extremely widely practiced, but survives much less well than the other main materials such as stone and bronze, as it is vulnerable to decay, insect damage, and fire. It therefore forms an important hidden element in the art history of many cultures.[1] Outdoor wood sculptures do not last long in most parts of the world, so it is still unknown how the totem pole tradition developed
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