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Saskatoon Berries
AMELANCHIER ALNIFOLIA, the SASKATOON, PACIFIC SERVICEBERRY, WESTERN SERVICEBERRY, ALDER-LEAF SHADBUSH, DWARF SHADBUSH, CHUCKLEY PEAR, or WESTERN JUNEBERRY, is a shrub with edible berry-like fruit, native to North America
North America
from Alaska
Alaska
across most of western Canada
Canada
and in the western and north-central United States
United States
. Historically, it was also called PIGEON BERRY. It grows from sea level in the north of the range, up to 2,600 m (8,530 ft) elevation in California and 3,400 m (11,200 ft) in the Rocky Mountains, and is a common shrub in the forest understory
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Spring (season)
SPRING is one of the four conventional temperate seasons , following winter and preceding summer . There are various technical definitions of spring, but local usage of the term varies according to local climate, cultures and customs. When it is spring in the Northern Hemisphere , it will be autumn in the Southern Hemisphere
Southern Hemisphere
and vice versa. At the spring equinox , days are approximately 12 hours long with day length increasing as the season progresses. Spring and "springtime" refer to the season, and also to ideas of rebirth, rejuvenation, renewal, resurrection and regrowth. Subtropical and tropical areas have climates better described in terms of other seasons, e.g. dry or wet, monsoonal or cyclonic. Often, cultures have locally defined names for seasons which have little equivalence to the terms originating in Europe. Spring is the time when many plants begin to grow and flower
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Raceme
A RACEME (/reɪˈsiːm/ or /rəˈsiːm/ ) is an unbranched, indeterminate type of inflorescence bearing _pedicellate_ flowers —flowers having short floral stalks called pedicels —along its axis. In botany , an _axis_ means a shoot, in this case one bearing the flowers. In indeterminate inflorescence-like racemes, the oldest flowers are borne towards the base and new flowers are produced as the shoot grows, with no predetermined growth limit. A plant that flowers on a showy raceme may have this reflected in its scientific name, e.g. _ Cimicifuga racemosa _. A compound raceme, also called a PANICLE , has a branching main axis. Examples of racemes occur on mustard (genus _ Brassica _) and radish (genus _ Raphanus _) plants. A SPIKE is an unbranched, indeterminate inflorescence, similar to a raceme, but bearing sessile flowers (sessile flowers are attached directly, without stalks)
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Fruit
In botany , a FRUIT is the seed -bearing structure in flowering plants (also known as angiosperms) formed from the ovary after flowering . Fruits are the means by which angiosperms disseminate seeds . Edible fruits, in particular, have propagated with the movements of humans and animals in a symbiotic relationship as a means for seed dispersal and nutrition ; in fact, humans and many animals have become dependent on fruits as a source of food. Accordingly, fruits account for a substantial fraction of the world's agricultural output, and some (such as the apple and the pomegranate ) have acquired extensive cultural and symbolic meanings. In common language usage, "fruit" normally means the fleshy seed-associated structures of a plant that are sweet or sour, and edible in the raw state, such as apples , bananas , grapes , lemons , oranges , and strawberries
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Pome
In botany, a POME (derived from Latin
Latin
pōmum, meaning "fruit ") is a type of fruit produced by flowering plants in the subtribe Malinae of the family Rosaceae . CONTENTS * 1 Etymology * 2 Morphology * 3 Examples * 4 See also * 5 References ETYMOLOGYThe word 'pome' entered English in the late 14th century, and referred to an apple or an apple-shaped object. It derived from the Old French word 'pome' apple (12th century), which in turn derived from the Late Latin
Latin
or Vulgar Latin
Latin
word 'poma' apple, originally the plural of Latin
Latin
'pomus' fruit, later apple. MORPHOLOGYA pome is an accessory fruit composed of one or more carpels surrounded by accessory tissue. The accessory tissue is interpreted by some specialists as an extension of the receptacle and is then referred to as "fruit cortex", and by others as a fused hypanthium
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Summer
SUMMER is the hottest of the four temperate seasons , falling between spring and autumn . At the summer solstice , the days are longest and the nights are shortest, with day-length decreasing as the season progresses after the solstice. The date of the beginning of summer varies according to climate , tradition and culture. When it is summer in the Northern Hemisphere , it is winter in the Southern Hemisphere , and vice versa. CONTENTS * 1 Summer timing * 2 Weather * 3 Holidays * 3.1 School breaks * 3.2 Public holidays * 4 Activities * 5 See also * 6 References SUMMER TIMINGFrom an astronomical view, the equinoxes and solstices would be the middle of the respective seasons, but sometimes astronomical summer is defined as starting at the solstice, the time of maximal insolation , or on the traditional date of June 21
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Flower
A FLOWER, sometimes known as a bloom or blossom , is the reproductive structure found in plants that are floral (plants of the division Magnoliophyta , also called angiosperms). The biological function of a flower is to effect reproduction, usually by providing a mechanism for the union of sperm with eggs. Flowers may facilitate outcrossing (fusion of sperm and eggs from different individuals in a population) or allow selfing (fusion of sperm and egg from the same flower). Some flowers produce diaspores without fertilization (parthenocarpy ). Flowers contain sporangia and are the site where gametophytes develop. Many flowers have evolved to be attractive to animals, so as to cause them to be vectors for the transfer of pollen . After fertilization, the ovary of the flower develops into fruit containing seeds
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Leaf Margin
A LEAF is an organ of a vascular plant and is the principal lateral appendage of the stem . The leaves and stem together form the shoot . Leaves are collectively referred to as FOLIAGE, as in "autumn foliage". Diagram of a simple leaf. * Apex * Midvein (Primary vein) * Secondary vein. * Lamina. * Leaf
Leaf
margin * Petiole * Bud * StemAlthough leaves can be seen in many different shapes, sizes and textures, typically a leaf is a thin, dorsiventrally flattened organ , borne above ground and specialized for photosynthesis . In most leaves, the primary photosynthetic tissue, the palisade mesophyll , is located on the upper side of the blade or lamina of the leaf but in some species, including the mature foliage of Eucalyptus , palisade mesophyll is present on both sides and the leaves are said to be isobilateral
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Tree
In botany , a TREE is a perennial plant with an elongated stem, or trunk , supporting branches and leaves in most species. In some usages, the definition of a tree may be narrower, including only woody plants with secondary growth , plants that are usable as lumber or plants above a specified height. Trees are not a taxonomic group but include a variety of plant species that have independently evolved a woody trunk and branches as a way to tower above other plants to compete for sunlight. In looser senses, the taller palms , the tree ferns , bananas and bamboos are also trees. Trees tend to be long-lived, some reaching several thousand years old. The tallest known tree, a coast redwood named Hyperion , stands 115.6 m (379 ft) high. Trees have been in existence for 370 million years. It is estimated that there are just over 3 trillion mature trees in the world. A tree typically has many secondary branches supported clear of the ground by the trunk
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Clonal Colony
A CLONAL COLONY or GENET is a group of genetically identical individuals, such as plants , fungi , or bacteria , that have grown in a given location, all originating vegetatively , not sexually , from a single ancestor. In plants, an individual in such a population is referred to as a RAMET. In fungi , "individuals" typically refers to the visible fruiting bodies or mushrooms that develop from a common mycelium which, although spread over a large area, is otherwise hidden in the soil . Clonal colonies are common in many plant species . Although many plants reproduce sexually through the production of seed , reproduction occurs by underground stolons or rhizomes in some plants. Above ground, these plants appear to be distinct individuals, but underground they remain interconnected and are all clones of the same plant. However, it is not always easy to recognize a clonal colony especially if it spreads underground and is also sexually reproducing
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Leaf
A LEAF is an organ of a vascular plant and is the principal lateral appendage of the stem . The leaves and stem together form the shoot . Leaves are collectively referred to as FOLIAGE, as in "autumn foliage". Diagram of a simple leaf. * Apex * Midvein (Primary vein) * Secondary vein. * Lamina. * Leaf
Leaf
margin * Petiole * Bud * StemAlthough leaves can be seen in many different shapes, sizes and textures, typically a leaf is a thin, dorsiventrally flattened organ , borne above ground and specialized for photosynthesis . In most leaves, the primary photosynthetic tissue, the palisade mesophyll , is located on the upper side of the blade or lamina of the leaf but in some species, including the mature foliage of _ Eucalyptus
Eucalyptus
_, palisade mesophyll is present on both sides and the leaves are said to be isobilateral
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Petiole (botany)
In botany , the PETIOLE (/ˈpiːtᵻoʊl/ ) is the stalk that attaches the leaf blade to the stem . :87 The petiole is the transition between the stem and the leaf blade. :171 Outgrowths appearing on each side of the petiole in some species are called stipules . Leaves lacking a petiole are called sessile or EPETIOLATE. CONTENTS * 1 Description * 2 Etymology * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links DESCRIPTION THIS SECTION NEEDS EXPANSION. You can help by adding to it . (June 2015) Harvested rhubarb petioles with leaves attached The petiole is a stalk that attaches a leaf to the plant stem. In PETIOLATE leaves, the leaf stalk (petiole) may be long, as in the leaves of celery and rhubarb, short or completely absent, in which case the blade attaches directly to the stem and is said to be SESSILE. SUBPETIOLATE leaves are nearly petiolate, or have an extremely short petiole, and may appear sessile
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Variety (biology)
In botanical nomenclature , VARIETY (abbreviated VAR.; in Latin : varietas) is a taxonomic rank below that of species and subspecies but above that of form . As such, it gets a three-part infraspecific name . It is sometimes recommended that the subspecies rank should be used to recognize geographic distinctiveness, whereas the variety rank is appropriate if the taxon is seen throughout the geographic range of the species. CONTENTS * 1 Example * 2 Definitions * 3 Other nomenclature uses * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 Bibliography EXAMPLEThe pincushion cactus, Escobaria vivipara (Nutt.) Buxb., is a wide-ranging variable species occurring from Canada to Mexico , and found throughout New Mexico below about 2,600 metres (8,500 ft). Nine varieties have been described. Where the varieties of the pincushion cactus meet, they intergrade
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Rocky Mountains
The ROCKY MOUNTAINS, commonly known as the ROCKIES, are a major mountain range in western North America . The Rocky Mountains stretch more than 3,000 miles (4,800 km) from the northernmost part of British Columbia , in western Canada , to New Mexico , in the Southwestern United States . Within the North American Cordillera , the Rockies are somewhat distinct from the Pacific Coast Ranges and the Cascade Range and Sierra Nevada which all lie further to the west. The Rocky Mountains were initially formed from 80 million to 55 million years ago during the Laramide orogeny , in which a number of plates began to slide underneath the North American plate . The angle of subduction was shallow, resulting in a broad belt of mountains running down western North America
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Cider
CIDER (/ˈsaɪdər/ _SY-dər_ ) is an alcoholic beverage made from the fermented juice of apples . The juice of any variety of apple can be used to make cider, but cider apples are best. The a