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Sadu (other)
SADU (German : Zood; Hungarian : Cód) is a commune in Sibiu County , Transylvania
Transylvania
, Romania
Romania
, at the foothills of the Cindrel Mountains , 27 km south of the county capital Sibiu
Sibiu
, in the Mărginimea Sibiului ethnographic area. It is composed of a single village, Sadu. In 1910 the village had 2,143 inhabitants
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Sadu (other)
SADU may refer to: * Sadu , commune in Romania * Sadu (Jiu) , a river in Romania, tributary of the Jiu * Sadu (Cibin) , a river in Romania, tributary of the Cibin * Kalateh-ye Sadu village in Iran * Sadu language from China * Sadashiv Shinde , known as "Sadu", an Indian cricketer * Al Sadu , or Sadu, an embroidery form in geometrical shapes hand-woven by Bedouin people * Sadu House in Kuwait, a museum of bedouin Sadu weaving, established by the Al Sadu society * Sadu-Hem, one of the Ogdru Hem fictional creatures in the Hellboy universe * Sadu Zai descendants of the Abakhel (Pashtun tribe) * Ramkali Sadu , a Sikh compositionSEE ALSO * Sadus , an American thrash metal band * Sadhu , a holy person in hinduism This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title SADU. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sadu_(other) additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
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Countries Of The World
This LIST OF SOVEREIGN STATES provides an overview of sovereign states around the world , with information on their status and recognition of their sovereignty . Membership within the United Nations system divides the 206 listed states into three categories: 193 member states , 2 observer states , and 11 other states. The _sovereignty dispute_ column indicates states whose sovereignty is undisputed (190 states) and states whose sovereignty is disputed (16 states, out of which there are 6 member states, 1 observer state and 9 other states). Compiling a list such as this can be a difficult and controversial process, as there is no definition that is binding on all the members of the community of nations concerning the criteria for statehood . For more information on the criteria used to determine the contents of this list, please see the _criteria for inclusion _ section below. The list is intended to include entities that have been recognized to have _de facto_ status as sovereign states, and inclusion should not be seen as an endorsement of any specific claim to statehood in legal terms
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Romania
Coordinates : 46°N 25°E / 46°N 25°E / 46; 25 Romania _România_ (Romanian ) _ Flag Coat of arms ANTHEM: Deșteaptă-te, române! _ '"Awaken thee, Romanian!" Location of Romania (dark green) – in Europe (green "> (green) – Capital and largest city Bucharest 44°25′N 26°06′E / 44.417°N 26.100°E / 44.417; 26.100 OFFICIAL LANGUAGES Romanian Recognised minority languages * Albanian * Armenian * Bulgarian * Czech * Croatian * German * Greek * Italian * Macedonian * Hungarian * Polish * Romani * Russian * Rusyn * Serbian * Slovak * Tatar * Turkish * Ukrainian * Yiddish ETHNIC GROUPS (2011 ) * 88.9%
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Counties Of Romania
A total of 41 COUNTIES (Romanian : _județe _), along with the municipality of Bucharest
Bucharest
, constitute the official administrative divisions of Romania
Romania
. They represent the country 's NUTS-3 ( Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics – Level 3) statistical subdivisions within the European Union
European Union
and each of them serves as the local level of government within its borders. Most counties are named after a major river , while some are named after notable cities within them, such as the county seat. The earliest organization into _județe_ of the Principalities of Wallachia and Moldavia
Moldavia
(where they were termed _ținuturi_) dates back to at least the late 14th century. For most of the time since modern Romania
Romania
was formed in 1859, the administrative division system has been similar to the French departments one. The system has been changed several times since then, and the number of counties has varied over time, from the 71 _județe_ that existed before World War II to only 39 after 1968. The current format has largely been in place since 1968 as only small changes have been made since then, the last of which was in 1997
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Subdivisions Of Romania
Romania
Romania
's administration is relatively centralised and administrative subdivisions are therefore fairly simplified. According to the Constitution
Constitution
of Romania
Romania
, its territory is organized administratively into communes, towns and counties: * At the county level: 41 counties , and one city with special status ( Bucharest
Bucharest
, the national capital) * At the town/commune level: 103 municipalities and 217 other cities (for urban areas), and 2856 communes (for rural areas). Municipality (municipiu) status is accorded to larger towns, but it does not give their administrations any greater powers.Below communal or town level, there are no further formal administrative subdivisions. However, communes are divided into villages (which have no administration of their own). There are 12,955 villages in Romania. The only exception is Bucharest, which has six sectors , each with an administration of its own
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Communes Of Romania
A COMMUNE (comună in Romanian ) is the lowest level of administrative subdivision in Romania
Romania
. There are 2,686 communes in Romania. The commune is the rural subdivision of a county . Urban areas, such as towns and cities within a county, are given the status of city or municipality . In principle, a commune can contain any size population, but in practice, when a commune becomes relatively urbanised and exceeds approximately 10,000 residents, it is usually granted city status. Although cities are on the same administrative level as communes, their local governments are structured in a way that gives them more power. Some urban or semi-urban areas of fewer than 10,000 inhabitants have also been given city status. Each commune is administered by a mayor (primar in Romanian). A commune is made up of one or more villages which do not themselves have an administrative function. Communes, like cities, correspond to the European Union\'s level 2 local administrative unit (LAU). Florești , in Cluj County
Cluj County
, in the largest commune, with over 22,000 inhabitants
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Mayor
In many countries, a MAYOR (/ˈmɛər/ or /ˈmeɪər/ , from the Latin
Latin
_maior_ , meaning "bigger") is the highest-ranking official in a municipal government such as that of a city or a town . Worldwide, there is a wide variance in local laws and customs regarding the powers and responsibilities of a mayor as well as the means by which a mayor is elected or otherwise mandated. Depending on the system chosen, a mayor may be the chief executive officer of the municipal government, may simply chair a multi-member governing body with little or no independent power, or may play a solely ceremonial role. Options for selection of a mayor include direct election by the public, or selection by an elected governing council or board
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Democratic Party (Romania)
The DEMOCRATIC PARTY (Romanian : Partidul Democrat, PD) was a social-democratic and, later, a centre-right political party in Romania . In January 2008, it merged with the Liberal Democratic Party , a splinter group of the National Liberal Party , to form the Democratic Liberal Party . From 1996 to 2005 the party was a member of the Socialist International . From 2004 to 2007 the PD was the junior member of the governing Justice and Truth Alliance , although according to many Romanian opinion polls it remained the most popular of the two parties. Although he had to formally suspend his leadership of the party when elected president in 2004, the PD was largely associated with Romanian president Traian Băsescu . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Ideology and policies * 3 Notable members * 4 References * 5 Bibliography HISTORYConflict broke out between FSN leaders Ion Iliescu and Petre Roman in early 1992, and this led to the separation of the Iliescu wing under the name of Democratic National Salvation Front (FDSN), which later became the Social Democratic Party (PSD). FSN was defeated by the FDSN in the 1992 legislative election and spent the next four years in opposition. In 1993 the FSN changed its name to the DEMOCRATIC PARTY (PD). In the 1996 legislative election , the PD ran jointly with the now-defunct Romanian Social Democratic Party (PSDR), under the Social Democratic Union (USD) banner
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Time Zone
A TIME ZONE is a region of the globe that observes a uniform standard time for legal, commercial, and social purposes. Timezones tend to follow the boundaries of countries and their subdivisions because it is convenient for areas in close commercial or other communication to keep the same time. Most of the time zones on land are offset from Coordinated Universal Time(UTC) by a whole number of hours ( UTC−12to UTC+14), but a few zones are offset by 30 or 45 minutes (for example Newfoundland Standard Timeis UTC−03:30, NepalStandard Timeis UTC+05:45, and Indian Standard Timeis UTC+05:30). Some higher latitude and temperate zone countries use daylight saving time for part of the year, typically by adjusting local clock time by an hour. Many land time zones are skewed toward the west of the corresponding nautical time zones . This also creates a permanent daylight saving time effect
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Eastern European Time
TIME IN AFRICA UTC−01:00 Cape Verde Time UTC±00:00 Greenwich Mean Time UTC±00:00 UTC+01:00 Greenwich Mean Time Greenwich Mean Time +1 UTC+01:00 West Africa Time / Central European Time UTC+01:00 UTC+02:00 West Africa Time West Africa Summer Time UTC+02:00 Central Africa Time / South African Standard Time / Eastern European Time UTC+03:00 East Africa Time UTC+04:00 Mauritius Time / Seychelles Time Light colors indicate where standard time is observed all year; dark colors indicate where daylight savings is observed. NOTE: The islands of Cape Verde are to the west of the African mainland
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UTC+2
UTC+02:00 is an identifier for a time offset from UTC of +02. In ISO 8601 the associated time would be written as 2017-08-09T10:11:53+02:00
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Daylight Saving Time
DAYLIGHT SAVING TIME (abbreviated DST), also sometimes erroneously referred to as DAYLIGHT SAVINGS TIME, is the practice of advancing clocks during summer months so that evening daylight lasts longer, while sacrificing normal sunrise times. Typically, regions that use daylight saving time adjust clocks forward one hour close to the start of spring and adjust them backward in the autumn to standard time. American inventor and politician Benjamin Franklin proposed a form of daylight time in 1784. He wrote an essay "An Economical Project for Diminishing the Cost of Light" to the editor of _The Journal of Paris _, suggesting, somewhat jokingly, that Parisians could economize candle usage by getting people out of bed earlier in the morning, making use of the natural morning light instead. New Zealander George Hudson proposed the idea of daylight saving in 1895. The German Empire and Austria-Hungary organized the first nationwide implementation, starting on April 30, 1916. Many countries have used it at various times since then, particularly since the energy crisis of the 1970s . The practice has both advocates and critics. Some early proponents of DST aimed to reduce evening use of incandescent lighting —once a primary use of electricity —today's heating and cooling usage patterns differ greatly, and research about how DST affects energy use is limited and contradictory
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Eastern European Summer Time
TIME IN THE MIDDLE EAST UTC+02:00 Eastern European Time UTC+02:00 UTC+03:00 Eastern European Time / Israel Standard Time Eastern European Summer Time / Israel Summer Time UTC+03:00 Turkey Time Arabia Standard Time UTC+03:30 UTC+04:30 Iran Standard Time Iran Daylight Time UTC+04:00 Gulf Standard Time Light colors indicate where standard time is observed all year; dark colors indicate where daylight savings is observed.EASTERN EUROPEAN SUMMER TIME (EEST) is one of the names of UTC+3 time zone , 3 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time . It is used as a summer daylight saving time in some European and Middle Eastern countries, which makes it the same as Arabia Standard Time , East Africa Time and Moscow Time . During the winter periods, Eastern European Time (UTC+2 ) is used. Since 1996 European Summer Time has been observed from the last Sunday in March to the last Sunday in October; previously the rules were not uniform across the European Union
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UTC+3
UTC+03:00 is an identifier for a time offset from UTC of +03. In areas using this time offset, the time is three hours later than the Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) . Following the ISO 8601 standard, a time with this offset would be written as, for example, 2017-08-10T00:39:25+03:00 (boldface only here to be clear). Some areas in the world use UTC+03:00 all year, other areas only part of the year. CONTENTS* 1 As standard time (all year round) * 1.1 Europe * 1.2 Africa * 1.3 Asia * 1.3.1 Arabia Standard Time
Arabia Standard Time
* 2 As daylight saving time (Northern Hemisphere summer only) * 2.1 Europe * 2.2 Western Asia * 3 See also * 4 Notes * 5 References AS STANDARD TIME (ALL YEAR ROUND)EUROPE Main articles: Further-eastern European Time , Moscow Time
Moscow Time
, and Time in Turkey
Turkey
Most of European Russia , including Moscow
Moscow
, St. Petersburg , Rostov on Don , Novaya Zemlya , Franz Josef Land . From October 26, 2014 Moscow
Moscow
and most other parts of European Russia started using UTC+3 again, all year around. Also on September 7, 2016, Turkey
Turkey
and Northern Cyprus
Cyprus
started using UTC+3 all year round
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German Language
_No official regulation_ ( German orthography regulated by the Council for German Orthography ). LANGUAGE CODES ISO 639-1 de ISO 639-2 ger (B) deu (T) ISO 639-3 Variously: deu – German gmh – Middle High German goh – Old High German gct – Colonia Tovar German bar – Bavarian cim – Cimbrian geh – Hutterite German ksh – Kölsch nds – Low German sli – Lower Silesian ltz – Luxembourgish vmf – Mainfränkisch mhn – Mócheno pfl – Palatinate German pdc – Pennsylvania German pdt – Plautdietsch swg – Swabian German gsw – Swiss German uln – Unserdeutsch sxu – Upper Saxon wae – Walser German wep – Westphalian hrx – Riograndenser Hunsrückisch yec – Yenish GLOTTOLOG high1287 High Franconian uppe1397 Upper German LINGUASPHERE further information 52-AC (Continental West Germanic) > 52-ACB (Deutsch & Dutch) > 52-ACB-d ( Central German incl. 52-ACB–dl & -dm Standard/Generalised