HOME TheInfoList.com
Providing Lists of Related Topics to Help You Find Great Stuff
[::MainTopicLength::#1500] [::ListTopicLength::#1500] [::ListLength::#15] [::ListAdRepeat::#3]

picture info

STS-30
Left to right: Grabe, Walker, Thagard, Cleave, Lee Space Shuttle program ← STS-29 STS-28 STS-30
STS-30
was the 29th NASA
NASA
Space Shuttle
Space Shuttle
mission and the fourth mission for Space Shuttle
Space Shuttle
Atlantis . It was the 4th shuttle launch since the Challenger Disaster
Challenger Disaster
and the first shuttle mission since the disaster to have a female astronaut on board. The mission launched from Kennedy Space Center , Florida
Florida
, on 4 May 1989, and landed four days later on 8 May. During the mission, Atlantis deployed the Venus
Venus
-bound Magellan probe into orbit. CONTENTS* 1 Crew * 1.1 Crew seating arrangements * 2 Shuttle processing * 3 Mission summary * 3.1 Payload and experiments * 4 Gallery * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links CREW POSITION ASTRONAUT COMMANDER David M. Walker Second spaceflight PILOT Ronald J. Grabe Second spaceflight MISSION SPECIALIST 1 Mark C. Lee First spaceflight MISSION SPECIALIST 2 Norman E. Thagard Third spaceflight MISSION SPECIALIST 3 Mary L. Cleave Second spaceflight CREW SEATING ARRANGEMENTS SEAT LAUNCH LANDING Seats 1–4 are on the Flight Deck. Seats 5–7 are on the Middeck
[...More...]

"STS-30" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

NASA
The NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION ( NASA
NASA
/ˈnæsə/ ) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program , as well as aeronautics and aerospace research. President Dwight D. Eisenhower established NASA
NASA
in 1958 with a distinctly civilian (rather than military) orientation encouraging peaceful applications in space science . The National Aeronautics
Aeronautics
and Space Act was passed on July 29, 1958, disestablishing NASA's predecessor, the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA). The new agency became operational on October 1, 1958. Since that time, most US space exploration efforts have been led by NASA, including the Apollo Moon landing missions, the Skylab space station, and later the Space Shuttle
Space Shuttle
. Currently, NASA
NASA
is supporting the International Space Station and is overseeing the development of the Orion Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle , the Space Launch System and Commercial Crew vehicles. The agency is also responsible for the Launch Services Program (LSP) which provides oversight of launch operations and countdown management for unmanned NASA
NASA
launches
[...More...]

"NASA" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

International Designator
The INTERNATIONAL DESIGNATOR, also known as COSPAR DESIGNATION, and in the United States as NSSDC ID, is an international naming convention for satellites . It consists of the launch year, a 3-digit incrementing launch number of that year and up to a 3-letter code representing the sequential identifier of a piece in a launch. For example, 1990-037A is the Space Shuttle Discovery on mission STS-31 , which carried the Hubble Space Telescope (1990-037B) into space. This launch was the 37th known successful launch worldwide in 1990. The number reveals that it was launched in 1990 and that it was the 37th launch made that year. Spacecraft which do not complete an orbit of the Earth, for example launches which fail to achieve orbit, are not usually assigned IDs. The designation system has been generally known as the COSPAR system, named for the Committee on Space Research (COSPAR) of the International Council for Science . COSPAR subsumed the first designation system, devised at Harvard University in 1958. That system used letters of the Greek alphabet to designate artificial satellites. For example, Sputnik 1 was designated 1957 Alpha 2. The Harvard designation system continued to be used for satellites launched up to the end of 1962, when it was replaced with the modern system
[...More...]

"International Designator" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Satellite Catalog Number
The SATELLITE CATALOG NUMBER (also known as NORAD CATALOG NUMBER, NASA CATALOG NUMBER, USSPACECOM OBJECT NUMBER or simply CATALOG NUMBER and similar variants) is a sequential 5-digit number assigned by USSPACECOM ( United States Space Command ) to all Earth orbiting satellites in order of identification. Before USSPACECOM, the catalog was maintained by NORAD . The first catalogued object, catalog number 1957-001A, is the final stage of the rocket which launched Sputnik 1 and remained in orbit for almost two months. (Sputnik itself is 1957-001B and lasted in orbit an additional month.) As of 22 September 2016, the National Space Science Data Center Master Catalog listed more than 40,000 tracked objects including 7,576 satellites launched into orbit since 1957
[...More...]

"Satellite Catalog Number" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Space Shuttle
The SPACE SHUTTLE was a partially reusable low Earth orbital spacecraft system operated by the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), as part of the Space Shuttle program . Its official program name was _ Space Transportation System (STS)_, taken from a 1969 plan for a system of reusable spacecraft of which it was the only item funded for development. The first of four orbital test flights occurred in 1981, leading to operational flights beginning in 1982. Five complete Shuttle systems were built and used on a total of 135 missions from 1981 to 2011, launched from the Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Florida. Operational missions launched numerous satellites, interplanetary probes, and the Hubble Space Telescope (HST); conducted science experiments in orbit; and participated in construction and servicing of the International Space Station . The Shuttle fleet's total mission time was 1322 days, 19 hours, 21 minutes and 23 seconds. Shuttle components included the Orbiter Vehicle (OV), a pair of recoverable solid rocket boosters (SRBs), and the expendable external tank (ET) containing liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen . The Shuttle was launched vertically , like a conventional rocket, with the two SRBs operating in parallel with the OV's three main engines , which were fueled from the ET
[...More...]

"Space Shuttle" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Space Shuttle Atlantis
SPACE SHUTTLE _ATLANTIS_ ( Orbiter Vehicle Designation : OV‑104) is a Space Shuttle orbiter belonging to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the spaceflight and space exploration agency of the United States. Constructed by the Rockwell International company in Southern California and delivered to the Kennedy Space Center in Eastern Florida in April 1985, _Atlantis_ is the fourth operational and the second-to-last Space Shuttle built. Its maiden flight was STS-51-J from 3 to 7 October 1985. _Atlantis_ embarked on its 33rd and final mission, also the final mission of a space shuttle, STS-135 , on 8 July 2011. STS-134 by _Endeavour_ was expected to be the final flight before STS-135 was authorized in October 2010. STS-135 took advantage of the processing for the STS-335 Launch On Need mission that would have been necessary if STS-134's crew became stranded in orbit. _Atlantis_ landed for the final time at the Kennedy Space Center on 21 July 2011. By the end of its final mission, _Atlantis_ had orbited the Earth a total of 4,848 times, traveling nearly 126,000,000 mi (203,000,000 km) or more than 525 times the distance from the Earth to the Moon
[...More...]

"Space Shuttle Atlantis" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

David M. Walker (astronaut)
DAVID MATHIESON "DAVE" WALKER (May 20, 1944 – April 23, 2001), (Capt , USN ), was an American naval officer and aviator , fighter pilot , test pilot , and a former NASA
NASA
astronaut . He flew aboard four Space Shuttle missions in the 1980s and 1990s. CONTENTS * 1 Personal data * 2 Education * 3 Military career * 4 NASA
NASA
career * 4.1 Spaceflights * 5 Business career * 6 Organizations * 7 Awards and honors * 8 See also * 9 References * 10 External links PERSONAL DATABorn May 20, 1944, in Columbus, Georgia
Columbus, Georgia
. He was a Boy Scout and earned its highest rank of Eagle Scout . Died on April 23, 2001 from cancer , Walker was 56 years old and was being treated at University of Texas
Texas
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center in Houston, Texas
Texas
. His wife, the former Paige Lucas, and two adult sons from a previous marriage, Michael and Mathieson, survive him. He was interred at Arlington National Cemetery on May 24, 2001. EDUCATION * 1962: Graduated from Eustis High School , Eustis, Florida * 1966: Received a Bachelor of Science degree from the United States Naval Academy MILITARY CAREERWalker graduated from the U.S
[...More...]

"David M. Walker (astronaut)" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Ronald J. Grabe
RONALD JOHN GRABE (born June 13, 1945 in New York , New York ), (Col , USAF , Ret.), is a former NASA
NASA
astronaut. He has earned the Air Force Distinguished Flying Cross , the Air Medal with 7 Oak Leaf Clusters, the Air Force Meritorious Service Medal , the Liethen-Tittle Award (for Outstanding Student at the USAF Test Pilot School), the Royal Air Force Cross , the NASA
NASA
Exceptional Service Medal , and NASA
NASA
Space Flight Medals . CONTENTS * 1 Education and early career * 2 NASA
NASA
experience * 3 Space flight experience * 4 References EDUCATION AND EARLY CAREERGrabe graduated from Stuyvesant High School , New York , New York , in 1962, received a Bachelor of Science degree in Engineering Science from the United States Air Force Academy in 1966, and studied Aeronautics as a Fulbright Scholar at the Technische Hochschule , Darmstadt
Darmstadt
, West Germany , in 1967. Upon graduating from the U.S. Air Force Academy in 1966, Grabe went to Darmstadt, West Germany, as a Fulbright Scholar. He returned to the United States in 1967 to complete pilot training at Randolph Air Force Base , Texas
Texas

[...More...]

"Ronald J. Grabe" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Mark C. Lee
MARK CHARLES LEE USAF
USAF
Colonel, (born August 14, 1952) is a former NASA
NASA
astronaut who flew on four Space Shuttle missions. He retired from the Air Force and NASA
NASA
on July 1, 2001. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Astronaut
Astronaut
career * 3 Personal life * 4 Medals and honors * 5 References * 6 External links EARLY LIFELee was born August 14, 1952, in Viroqua, Wisconsin
Viroqua, Wisconsin
, and graduated from Viroqua High School in 1970. Lee is an Eagle Scout . He later attended the United States Air Force Academy , where he received a bachelor of science degree in civil engineering in 1974. Following pilot training at Laughlin Air Force Base , Texas, and F-4 Phantom II upgrade at Luke Air Force Base
Luke Air Force Base
, Arizona
Arizona
, Lee spent 2-1/2 years at Kadena Air Base in Okinawa, Japan, flying F-4’s in the 25th Tactical Fighter Squadron . In 1979, after this assignment, he studied for a master of science degree in mechanical engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology , where he specialized in graphite /epoxy advanced composite materials
[...More...]

"Mark C. Lee" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Norman E. Thagard
NORMAN EARL THAGARD (born July 3, 1943), (Capt , USMC , Ret.), is an American scientist and former U.S. Marine Corps officer and naval aviator and NASA
NASA
astronaut . He is the first American to ride to space on board a Russian vehicle, and can be considered the first American cosmonaut . He did this on March 14, 1995, in the Soyuz TM-21 spacecraft for the Russian Mir-18 mission. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Education * 3 Experience * 4 NASA
NASA
career * 5 Current activities and positions * 6 Organizations * 7 Awards and honors * 8 References * 9 External links EARLY LIFEThagard was born July 3, 1943, in Marianna, Florida
Marianna, Florida
, but considers Jacksonville, Florida
Florida
, to be his hometown. He is married to Rex Kirby Johnson, formerly of South Ponte Vedra Beach, Florida. They have three sons. During his free time, he enjoys classical music and electronic design . Thagard has published articles on digital and analog electronic design. His father, ames E. Thagard, and his mother, Mary F. Key, are deceased
[...More...]

"Norman E. Thagard" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Mary L. Cleave
MARY LOUISE CLEAVE (born 5 February 1947) is an American engineer and a former NASA
NASA
astronaut . She also served from 2004 to 2007 as NASA Associate Administrator for the Science Mission Directorate . CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Education * 3 Academic career * 4 NASA
NASA
career * 5 Spaceflight experience * 6 Organizations * 7 References * 8 External links EARLY LIFECleave was born in Southampton, New York as the daughter of Howard Cleave and Barbara Cleave, both teachers. She grew up in Great Neck, New York , and has an older (Trudy Carter) and a younger sister (Barbara "Bobbie" Cleave Bosworth). EDUCATIONIn 1965 Cleave graduated from Great Neck North High School , Great Neck, New York . In 1969 she received a bachelor of science degree in Biological Sciences from Colorado State University , and in 1975 a master of science in Microbial Ecology from Utah State University . In 1979 she received a doctorate in Civil and Environmental Engineering from Utah
Utah
State University
[...More...]

"Mary L. Cleave" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Kennedy Space Center
The JOHN F. KENNEDY SPACE CENTER (KSC) is one of ten National Aeronautics and Space Administration field centers . Since December 1968, Kennedy Space Center has been NASA's primary launch center of human spaceflight. Launch operations for the Apollo , Skylab and Space Shuttle programs were carried out from Kennedy Space Center Launch Complex 39 and managed by KSC. Located on the east coast of Florida, KSC is adjacent to Cape Canaveral Air Force Station (CCAFS). The management of the two entities work very closely together, share resources, and even own facilities on each other's property. Though the first Apollo flights, and all Project Mercury and Project Gemini flights took off from CCAFS, the launches were managed by KSC and its previous organization, the Launch Operations Directorate. Starting with the fourth Gemini mission, the NASA launch control center in Florida ( Mercury Control Center , later the Launch Control Center ) began handing off control of the vehicle to the Mission Control Center shortly after liftoff; in prior missions it held control throughout the entire mission. Additionally, the center manages launch of robotic and commercial crew missions, researches food production and In-Situ Resource Utilization for off Earth exploration, and more
[...More...]

"Kennedy Space Center" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Kennedy Space Center Launch Complex 39
LAUNCH COMPLEX 39 (LC-39) is a rocket launch site at the John F. Kennedy Space Center on Merritt Island in Florida , United States. The site and its collection of facilities were originally built for the Apollo program , and later modified for the Space Shuttle program . As of 2017, only Launch Complex 39A is active, launching SpaceX 's Falcon 9 . LC-39 is also being modified to support launches of the SpaceX's Dragon 2 and Falcon Heavy , as well as NASA's Space Launch System , with a new, smaller pad, C, added to support smaller launches. Launch Complex 39 is composed of three launch pads—39A , 39B and 39C , a Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB), a Crawlerway used by crawler-transporters to carry Mobile Launcher Platforms between the VAB and the pads, Orbiter Processing Facility buildings, a Launch Control Center which contains the firing rooms, a news facility famous for the iconic countdown clock seen in television coverage and photos, and various logistical and operational support buildings. SpaceX leases Launch Pad 39A from NASA and has modified the pad to support Falcon Heavy launches in 2017 and beyond
[...More...]

"Kennedy Space Center Launch Complex 39" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Edwards Air Force Base
EDWARDS AIR FORCE BASE (AFB) (IATA : EDW, ICAO : KEDW, FAA
FAA
LID : EDW) is a United States Air Force
United States Air Force
installation in southern California
California
, located approximately 22 miles (35 km) northeast of Lancaster and 15 miles (24 km) east of Rosamond . It is the home of the Air Force Test Center
Air Force Test Center
and is the Air Force Materiel Command center of excellence for conducting and supporting research and development of flight, as well as testing and evaluation of aerospace systems from concept to combat. It operates the U.S. Air Force Test Pilot School
School
and is home to NASA
NASA
's Armstrong Flight Research Center and considerable test activities conducted by America's commercial aerospace industry. CONTENTS * 1 Overview * 2 Units * 2.1 Air Force Test Center
Air Force Test Center
* 2.2 Associate Units * 2.2.1 31st Test and Evaluation Squadron
31st Test and Evaluation Squadron
(Tail Code: OT) * 2.2.2 Air Force Operational Test and Evaluation Center, Detachment 1
[...More...]

"Edwards Air Force Base" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Geocentric Orbit
A GEOCENTRIC ORBIT or EARTH ORBIT involves any object orbiting Planet Earth , such as the Moon or artificial satellites . In 1997 NASA estimated there were approximately 2,465 artificial satellite payloads orbiting the Earth and 6,216 pieces of space debris as tracked by the Goddard Space Flight Center . Over 16,291 previously launched objects have decayed into the Earth's atmosphere . CONTENTS * 1 List of terms and concepts * 2 Geocentric orbit types * 2.1 Altitude classifications * 2.2 Inclination classifications * 2.3 Eccentricity classifications * 2.4 Directional classifications * 2.5 Geosynchronous classifications * 2.6 Special classifications * 2.7 Non-geocentric classifications * 3 Tangential velocities at altitude * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links LIST OF TERMS AND CONCEPTS The following words may have more than one definition or other non- Earth specific definition(s). In the spirit of brevity some of the definitions have been altered or truncated to reflect only their usage on this page. Altitude as used here, the height of an object above the average surface of the Earth's oceans. Analemma a term in astronomy used to describe the plot of the positions of the Sun on the celestial sphere throughout one year. Closely resembles a figure-eight
[...More...]

"Geocentric Orbit" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Low Earth Orbit
A LOW EARTH ORBIT (LEO) is an orbit around Earth with an altitude between the Earth's surface and 2,000 kilometers (1,200 mi), with an orbital period of between about 84 and 127 minutes. Objects below approximately 160 kilometers (99 mi) will experience very rapid orbital decay and altitude loss. With the exception of the 24 astronauts who flew lunar flights in the Apollo program during the four-year period spanning 1968 through 1972, all human spaceflights have taken place in LEO or below. The International Space Station conducts operations in LEO. The altitude record for a human spaceflight in LEO was Gemini 11 with an apogee of 1,374.1 kilometers (853.8 mi). All crewed space stations to date, as well as the majority of satellites , have been in LEO. CONTENTS * 1 Orbital characteristics * 2 Use of LEO * 2.1 Examples * 3 Space debris * 4 See also * 5 Notes * 6 References ORBITAL CHARACTERISTICSObjects in LEO encounter atmospheric drag from gases in the thermosphere (approximately 80–500 km up) or exosphere (approximately 500 km and up), depending on orbit height. Due to atmospheric drag, satellites do not usually orbit below 300 km. Objects in LEO, orbit Earth between the denser part of the atmosphere and below the inner Van Allen radiation belt
[...More...]

"Low Earth Orbit" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo