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Royal Society Of British Artists
The ROYAL SOCIETY OF BRITISH ARTISTS (RBA) is a British art body established in 1823 as the SOCIETY OF BRITISH ARTISTS, as an alternative to the Royal Academy
Royal Academy
. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Prominent members * 3 Presidents * 4 References * 5 External links HISTORYThe RBA commenced with twenty-seven members, and took until 1876 to reach fifty. Artists wishing to resign were required to give three months' notice and pay a fine of £100. The RBA's first two exhibitions were held in 1824, with one or two exhibitions held annually thereafter. The RBA currently has 115 elected members who participate in an annual exhibition currently held at the Mall Galleries in London. The Society's previous gallery was a building designed by John Nash in Suffolk Street . Queen Victoria
Queen Victoria
granted the Society the Royal Charter in 1887
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Joseph William Allen
JOSEPH WILLIAM ALLEN (1803 – August 29, 1852) was an English landscape painter and art teacher, who was also active in the founding of the Society of British Artists . LIFE AND WORKAllen was born in Lambeth
Lambeth
, London, the son of a schoolmaster, and attended St Paul\'s School . Later, he worked for a time as an usher at a school in Taunton
Taunton
in Somerset
Somerset
. Discovering a talent for art, he returned to London, determined to become a painter. He initially found employment as an assistant to an art dealer, under whom he acquired a considerable knowledge of the old masters, and the monetary value of their works
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Clarkson Stanfield
CLARKSON FREDERICK STANFIELD RA (3 December 1793 – 18 May 1867) was a prominent English marine painter ; he is often though inaccurately called WILLIAM CLARKSON STANFIELD. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Scenery * 3 Spectacles * 4 Mature career * 5 References * 6 External links EARLY LIFE The Battle of Trafalgar He was born at Sunderland , the son of James Field Stanfield (1749–1824) an Irish-born author, actor and former seaman. Clarkson was named after Thomas Clarkson
Thomas Clarkson
, the slave trade abolitionist , whom his father knew, and this was the only forename he used, although there is reason to believe Frederick was a second one. Stanfield probably inherited artistic talent from his mother, who is said to have been an artist but died in 1801
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Thomas Christopher Hofland
THOMAS CHRISTOPHER HOFLAND (1777–1843) was an English artist and teacher. CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Legacy * 3 Publications * 4 References BIOGRAPHYHofland was born in Worksop and he became a student of John Rathbone . He started teaching at Kew and moved to Derby
Derby
in 1805, where he worked until 1808. He became the second husband of the successful writer Barbara Hofland in 1810. Hofland exhibited 72 paintings at the Royal Academy
Royal Academy
but the main source of their income was his wife's writing. He was a founder member of the Society of British Artists where he exhibited over 100 paintings. It was said that he helped found the Society, because he had not been made a member of the Royal Academy. In 1819 Hofland illustrated a book written by his wife about the Duke of Marlborough's house. Hofland was a keen angler which he would combine with his skill for landscape painting
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Alfred Clint
ALFRED CLINT (1807–1883) was an English marine painter. LIFEClint was the fifth and youngest son by the first marriage of George Clint , A.R.A. He was born in Alfred Place, Bedford Square
Bedford Square
, London, on 22 March 1807. He acquired the technical knowledge of painting from his father, while he studied from the life at a students' society, which met first in Drury Lane
Drury Lane
and afterwards in the Savoy. In early life he painted portraits and landscapes. He exhibited for the first time in 1828 at the British Institution , sending in the folio wins year a 'Study from Nature' to the Royal Academy
Royal Academy
. In 1831 he began to exhibit at the Society of British Artists . He became a member of the society in 1843 and secretary from 1853 to 1859. He succeeded Frederick Yeates Hurlstone as president in 1869 and continued to fill that office until 1881
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William Linton (artist)
WILLIAM LINTON (1791–1876) was a British landscape artist. CONTENTS * 1 Life and artistic work * 2 Published works * 3 Literature * 4 References * 5 External links LIFE AND ARTISTIC WORKBorn in Liverpool, Linton grew up at Lancaster and Cartmel, and went to school at Windermere where later he spent holidays. At the age of sixteen he was placed in a merchant's office. He however did not like the job. For his own pleasure, he started to copy works by Claude Gellee (Lorrain, 1600–1682) and Richard Wilson (1714–1782). Eventually he made art his profession. Linton's later works still bear strong influence of Claude Lorrain's manner with its investigation of natural light effects, of Richard Wilson with his large-scale panoramic compositions, and particularly of Claude-Joseph Vernet (1714–1789) with his inclination to an idealised classical landscape
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David Roberts (painter)
DAVID ROBERTS RA (24 October 1796 – 25 November 1864) was a Scottish painter. He is especially known for a prolific series of detailed lithograph prints of Egypt
Egypt
and the Near East
Near East
that he produced from sketches he made during long tours of the region (1838–1840). These and his large oil paintings of similar subjects made him a prominent Orientalist painter. He was elected as a Royal Academician in 1841. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Move to London * 3 Travel to Spain * 4 Travel to Egypt
Egypt
and Holy Land
Holy Land
* 5 Return to Britain * 6 Later life * 7 Selected works * 7.1 Paintings * 7.2 Prints * 7.3 Journals * 8 Gallery * 9 Notes * 10 Sources * 11 External links EARLY LIFE Duncan's Land, Stockbridge, Edinburgh
Stockbridge, Edinburgh
The Great Sphinx (and) Pyramids of Girzeh (Giza) 17 July 1839, by David Roberts
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Edward Seago
EDWARD BRIAN (TED) SEAGO RBA ARWS RWS (31 March 1910 – 19 January 1974) was an English artist who painted in both oils and watercolours. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Wartime camoufleur * 3 Later career * 4 Legacy * 5 Bibliography * 6 Further reading * 7 References * 8 Bibliography * 9 External links EARLY LIFEThe son of a coal merchant, Seago was born in Norwich
Norwich
, and attended Norwich
Norwich
School . He was a self-taught artist, (although he received advice from Sir Alfred Munnings and Bernard Priestman), and enjoyed a wide range of admirers from the British Royal family and the Aga Khan to the common man. His works have been classified as either Impressionist or Post-Impressionist and included landscapes, seascapes, skyscapes, street scenes, his garden and portraits
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Thomas Heaphy
THOMAS HEAPHY the elder (1775–1835) was an English water-colour painter, known also for his portraits. CONTENTS * 1 Life * 2 Works * 3 Family * 4 Notes * 5 External links LIFEHeaphy was born in London on 29 December 1775. His father, John Gerrard Heaphy, was a merchant of Irish background, with a French wife. Heaphy was articled at an early age to R. M. Meadows the engraver, and attended a drawing-school run by John Boyne near Queen Square, Bloomsbury . Heaphy was a successful painter. He devoted much of his fortune to developing land in the neighbourhood of what is now Regent\'s Park , and a portion of St. John\'s Wood owes its origin to him. This took him temporarily away from painting. He then established the Society of British Artists , of which he was elected the first president, and to its first exhibition, in 1824, contributed nine works, but he resigned his membership the following year
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Elias Childe
ELIAS CHILDE (1778–1849) was a British landscape painter. He was a prolific artist, working both in oils and watercolours. CONTENTS * 1 Life * 2 Works * 3 Notes * 4 External links LIFEHe was elder brother to the artist James Warren Childe and Henry Langdon Childe who developed the magic lantern . He first exhibited in 1798 at the Royal Academy , when he was living at 29 Compton Street, Soho, with his brother James. He concentrated on landscape, a field in which he was a success. In 1825 he was elected a fellow of the Society of British Artists . Childe exhibited for the last time in 1848, and died in 1849. WORKS Moonlight: A Composition by Elias Childe
Elias Childe
Childe exhibited upwards of 500 pictures at the exhibitions of the Society of British Artists, the Royal Academy, and the British Institution . His pictures were popular, and sold well
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Edward Prentis
EDWARD PRENTIS (1797–1854) was an English genre painter . His scenes from contemporary domestic life were popular in his time. The Sick Bed (1836) by Edward Prentis
Edward Prentis
CONTENTS * 1 Life * 2 Works * 3 Notes * 4 External links LIFEin 1825 Prentis contributed three pictures to the first exhibition of the Society of British Artists , of which, in the following year, he was elected a member. From that time he was a steady supporter of the society, and all his works were shown in the Suffolk Street gallery. Prentis died in December 1854, leaving a widow and eleven children. WORKSPrentis first exhibited in 1823, at the Royal Academy , sending A Girl with Matches and A Boy with Oranges
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John Glover (artist)
JOHN GLOVER (18 February 1767 – 9 December 1849) was an English-born Australian artist during the early colonial period of Australian art . In Australia
Australia
he has been dubbed "the father of Australian landscape painting". CONTENTS * 1 Life in Britain * 2 Arrival in Australia
Australia
* 3 Art in Australia
Australia
* 4 Australian legacy * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links LIFE IN BRITAINGlover was born at Houghton-on-Hill in Leicestershire
Leicestershire
, England. His parents were farmer William Glover and Ann (née Bright). He showed a talent for drawing at an early age, and in 1794 was practicing as an artist and drawing-master at Lichfield
Lichfield
. The Countess of Harrington helped establish his practice as an art instructor, and may have taken lessons from him herself
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James Mcneill Whistler
JAMES ABBOTT MCNEILL WHISTLER (/ˈwɪslər/ ; July 10, 1834 – July 17, 1903) was an American artist, active during the American Gilded Age and based primarily in the United Kingdom. He was averse to sentimentality and moral allusion in painting, and was a leading proponent of the credo "art for art\'s sake ". His famous signature for his paintings was in the shape of a stylized butterfly possessing a long stinger for a tail. The symbol was apt, for it combined both aspects of his personality—his art was characterized by a subtle delicacy, while his public persona was combative. Finding a parallel between painting and music, Whistler entitled many of his paintings "arrangements ", "harmonies ", and "nocturnes ", emphasizing the primacy of tonal harmony. His most famous painting is _Arrangement in Grey and Black No. 1_ (1871), commonly known as _Whistler\'s Mother _, the revered and oft-parodied portrait of motherhood
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Walter Richard Sickert
WALTER RICHARD SICKERT (31 May 1860 – 22 January 1942) was an English painter and printmaker who was a member of the Camden Town Group in London. He was an important influence on distinctively British styles of avant-garde art in the 20th century. Sickert was a cosmopolitan and eccentric who often favoured ordinary people and urban scenes as his subjects. His oeuvre also included portraits of well-known personalities and images derived from press photographs. He is considered a prominent figure in the transition from Impressionism
Impressionism
to Modernism
Modernism

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Queen Victoria
VICTORIA (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death. From 1 May 1876, she adopted the additional title of Empress of India . Victoria was the daughter of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn , the fourth son of George III of the United Kingdom . Both the Duke of Kent and King George III died in 1820, and Victoria was raised under close supervision by her German-born mother, Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld . She inherited the throne at the age of 18, after her father's three elder brothers had all died, leaving no surviving legitimate children. The United Kingdom was already an established constitutional monarchy , in which the sovereign held relatively little direct political power
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John Nash (architect)
JOHN NASH (18 January 1752 – 13 May 1835) was an English architect responsible for much of the layout of Regency London under the patronage of the Prince Regent, and during his reign as George IV . Nash was also a pioneer in the use of the Picturesque in architecture. His best-known buildings are the Royal Pavilion
Royal Pavilion
, Brighton, and Buckingham Palace
Buckingham Palace
(though the facade facing The Mall is an early 20th-century remodelling by Aston Webb
Aston Webb
of an 1850s wing by Edward Blore , and thus is not Nash's work). Many of his buildings were built by the property developer James Burton , who also lent him financial assistance when he encountered financial problems during his projects on Regent Street
Regent Street

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