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Royal Academy Schools
The ROYAL ACADEMY OF ARTS (RA) is an art institution based in Burlington House on Piccadilly in London. It has a unique position as an independent, privately funded institution led by eminent artists and architects; its purpose is to promote the creation, enjoyment and appreciation of the visual arts through exhibitions, education and debate. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Activities * 3 Royal Academy Schools * 4 Library, archive, and collections * 4.1 Wall and ceiling paintings * 4.2 Michelangelo\'s Taddei Tondo * 5 War memorials * 6 Membership * 7 See also * 8 References and sources * 9 Further reading * 10 External links HISTORYThe Royal Academy of Arts was founded through a personal act of King George III on 10 December 1768 with a mission to promote the arts of design in Britain through education and exhibition. The motive in founding the Academy was twofold: to raise the professional status of the artist by establishing a sound system of training and expert judgement in the arts, and to arrange the exhibition of contemporary works of art attaining an appropriate standard of excellence. Supporters wanted to foster a national school of art and to encourage appreciation and interest in the public based on recognised canons of good taste
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Royal Academy (other)
ROYAL ACADEMY may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Language and literature * 2 Civilian education * 3 Art and architecture * 4 Music and dance * 5 Sciences * 5.1 Belgium * 5.2 United Kingdom * 5.3 France * 5.4 Spain * 5.5 Italy * 6 Other * 7 Military * 8 Other * 9 See also LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE * Real Academia Española ("Royal Spanish Academy" or "RAE"), the institution responsible for regulating the Spanish language * Royal Academy of Dramatic Art , a British drama school * Royal Academy of Dutch language and literature CIVILIAN EDUCATION * Royal Academy of Turku , founded 1640, now the University of Helsinki * Royal Irish Academy
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Royal Academy Of Art (The Hague)
The ROYAL ACADEMY OF ART (Dutch : Koninklijke Academie van Beeldende Kunsten, KABK) is an art academy in The Hague . Succeeding the Haagsche Teeken-Academie (part of the Confrerie Pictura ), the academy was founded on 29 September 1682, making it the oldest in the Netherlands . It has been training ground for a number of significant artists of the Hague School. And it was part of the art movement of Dutch Impressionism and was also in the immediate vicinity of the II. Golden Age of Dutch painting. However, in the 19th century the training for a long time was still strongly oriented towards the classic curriculum. At the end of the 19th century this academy had opened to Modernism, too. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Buildings * 3 Hague School and Modern Times * 4 Gallery of some famous members of the academy in the 19th century * 5 Faculty and emeriti faculty * 6 Notable alumni * 7 References * 8 External links HISTORY The old building of the Royal Academy of Art in the Prinsessegracht, Den Haag, 1930. Entrance area of the Royal Academy of Art, Prinsessegracht 3-4, 1930
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Piccadilly Circus
PICCADILLY CIRCUS is a road junction and public space of London
London
's West End in the City of Westminster , built in 1819 to connect Regent Street with Piccadilly
Piccadilly
. In this context, a circus, from the Latin word meaning "circle", is a round open space at a street junction. Piccadilly
Piccadilly
now links directly to the theatres on Shaftesbury Avenue , as well as the Haymarket , Coventry Street (onwards to Leicester Square ) and Glasshouse Street. The Circus is close to major shopping and entertainment areas in the West End. Its status as a major traffic junction has made Piccadilly
Piccadilly
Circus a busy meeting place and a tourist attraction in its own right. The Circus is particularly known for its video display and neon signs mounted on the corner building on the northern side, as well as the Shaftesbury memorial fountain and statue, which is popularly, though mistakenly, believed to be of Eros . It is surrounded by several notable buildings, including the London Pavilion and Criterion Theatre . Directly underneath the plaza is Piccadilly
Piccadilly
Circus tube station , part of the London
London
Underground system
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London
LONDON /ˈlʌndən/ ( listen ) is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom . Standing on the River Thames in the south east of the island of Great Britain , London has been a major settlement for two millennia. It was founded by the Romans , who named it _ Londinium _. London's ancient core, the City of London
City of London
, largely retains its 1.12-square-mile (2.9 km2) medieval boundaries. Since at least the 19th century, "London" has also referred to the metropolis around this core, historically split between Middlesex , Essex , Surrey , Kent , and Hertfordshire , which today largely makes up Greater London
Greater London
, a region governed by the Mayor of London and the London Assembly . London is a leading global city in the arts, commerce, education, entertainment, fashion, finance, healthcare, media, professional services, research and development, tourism, and transportation. It is crowned as the world's largest financial centre and has the fifth- or sixth-largest metropolitan area GDP in the world . London is a world cultural capital. It is the world's most-visited city as measured by international arrivals and has the world\'s largest city airport system measured by passenger traffic
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W Postcode Area
POSTCODE DISTRICT BOUNDARIES: Google Template:Attached KML/W postcode area KML is from Wikidata LONDON W POSTCODE AREA W POSTCODE AREA W POSTCODE AREA NAME London W POST TOWNS 1 POSTCODE DISTRICTS 35 POSTCODE SECTORS 217 POSTCODES (LIVE) 20,005 POSTCODES (TOTAL) 38,824 Statistics as at February 2012 "W1A" redirects here. For BBC television series, see W1A (TV series) . "W1G" redirects here. For Unicode subset, see World glyph set . The W (WESTERN AND PADDINGTON) POSTCODE AREA, also known as the LONDON W POSTCODE AREA is a group of postcode districts covering part of central and part of west London , England . The area originates from the Western (W1) and Paddington (W2-14) districts of the London postal district . CONTENTS* 1 Postal administration * 1.1 List of postcode districts * 2 Boundaries * 3 Map * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links POSTAL ADMINISTRATIONThe Western district consists of the single original W1 postal district. The area it covers is of very high density development and it has been subdivided into a number of smaller postcode districts. Where districts are used for purposes other than the sorting of mail, such as use as a geographic reference and on street signs, the W1 subdivisions continue to be classed as one 'district'
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Most Visited Museums In The United Kingdom
This article LISTS THE MOST VISITED MUSEUMS IN THE UNITED KINGDOM (including art galleries ). The list of 40 is based on the 2016 attendance numbers of the members of the Association of Leading Visitor Attractions unless otherwise noted
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Christopher Le Brun
CHRISTOPHER LE BRUN PRA (born 1951) is a British artist, known primarily as a painter. He was elected President of the Royal Academy of Arts in 2011. CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Exhibitions * 3 Posts * 4 Printmaking * 5 Works * 6 Public Collections * 7 References * 8 External links BIOGRAPHYLe Brun studied painting at the Slade School of Art (1970–74) and Chelsea School of Art (1974–1975). Since then he has taught and lectured extensively at art schools throughout the country, in particular until 1984 at Brighton , The Slade, Chelsea, and Wimbledon . In 1982 he participated in the influential "Zeitgeist" exhibition at the Martin-Gropius-Bau Berlin. Following this he had many solo exhibitions in galleries both in Europe and the United States, such as Sperone Westwater, Rudolf Zwirner, Nigel Greenwood , LA Louver and Marlborough Fine Art . Le Brun has exhibited in many significant surveys of international art, including "Nuova Immagine", Milan 1981, "An International Survey of Recent Painting and Sculpture", MoMA New York 1984, "Avant-garde in the Eighties", Los Angeles 1987 and "Contemporary Voices", MoMA New York 2005. He is also a printmaker, for which he was elected to the Royal Academy in 1996 (category engraver), coincidentally the year in which he made his first sculpture
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London Underground
The LONDON UNDERGROUND (also known simply as THE UNDERGROUND, or by its nickname THE TUBE) is a public rapid transit system serving London and some parts of the adjacent counties of Buckinghamshire , Essex and Hertfordshire in the United Kingdom. The world's first underground railway, the Metropolitan Railway , which opened in 1863, is now part of the Circle , Hammersmith the first line to operate underground electric traction trains , the City later, smaller, roughly circular tunnels – which gave rise to its nickname, the Tube – were dug through at a deeper level. The system has 270 stations and 250 miles (400 km) of track. Despite its name, only 45% of the system is actually underground in tunnels, with much of the network in the outer environs of London being on the surface. In addition, the Underground does not cover most southern parts of Greater London, with less than 10% of the stations located south of the River Thames . The early tube lines, originally owned by several private companies, were brought together under the "UndergrounD" brand in the early 20th century and eventually merged along with the sub-surface lines and bus services in 1933 to form _London Transport_ under the control of the London Passenger Transport Board (LPTB)
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Green Park Tube Station
GREEN PARK is a London Underground station located on the north side of Green Park , close to the intersection of Piccadilly and the pedestrian Queen's Walk. The station was originally named DOVER STREET due to its location in that street . It is in fare zone 1 . The station is served by the Jubilee line , between Bond Street and Westminster , the Piccadilly line , between Piccadilly Circus and Hyde Park Corner , and the Victoria line , between Victoria and Oxford Circus . The station is one of two tube stations serving Buckingham Palace, the other being St James\'s Park on the Circle and District lines. CONTENTS* 1 History and structure * 1.1 Step-free access project * 2 Platform level tiling * 3 In popular culture * 4 Gallery * 5 Connections * 6 Notes * 7 References * 8 External links HISTORY AND STRUCTUREThe station was opened on 15 December 1906 by the Great Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton Railway (GNP interchange between that line and the Piccadilly line was via the ticket hall (without having to pass through the exit barriers). Even today changing between the Jubilee and Victoria lines and the Piccadilly line involves a long walk
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Piccadilly Circus Tube Station
PICCADILLY CIRCUS is a London Underground
London Underground
station located directly beneath Piccadilly Circus
Piccadilly Circus
itself, with entrances at every corner. Located in Travelcard Zone 1
Travelcard Zone 1
, the station is on the Piccadilly line between Green Park and Leicester Square and on the Bakerloo line between Charing Cross and Oxford Circus . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Future * 3 Connections * 4 References * 5 External links HISTORYThe station was opened on 10 March 1906 by the Baker Street and Waterloo Railway (now the Bakerloo line) with the platforms of the Great Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton Railway (now the Piccadilly line) being opened on 15 December 1906. As originally built it had, like other stations, a surface booking hall (designed, like many in central London built at that time, by Leslie Green
Leslie Green
). The development of traffic before and after World War I
World War I
meant that the need for improved station facilities was acute – in 1907 1.5 million passengers used the station, by 1922 it had grown to 18 million passengers. It was decided to construct a sub-surface booking hall and circulating area, which would also provide public pedestrian subways. Work began in February 1925 and was completed in 1928
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Burlington House
Coordinates : 51°30′32″N 0°8′22″W / 51.50889°N 0.13944°W / 51.50889; -0.13944 Facade of Burlington House on Piccadilly, 2010 BURLINGTON HOUSE is a building on Piccadilly in Mayfair , London. It was originally a private Palladian mansion owned by the Earl of Burlington , and was expanded in the mid-19th century after being purchased by the British government. Burlington House is most familiar to the general public as the venue for temporary art exhibitions from the Royal Academy , which is housed in the main building at the northern end of the courtyard
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Piccadilly
PICCADILLY (/ˌpɪkəˈdɪli/ ) is a road in the City of Westminster , London to the south of Mayfair , between Hyde Park Corner in the west and Piccadilly Circus in the east. It is part of the A4 road that connects central London to Hammersmith , Earl\'s Court , Heathrow Airport and the M4 motorway westward. St James\'s is to the south of the eastern section, while the western section is built up only on the northern side. At just under 1 mile (1.6 km) in length, Piccadilly is one of the widest and straightest streets in central London. Piccadilly has been a main road since at least medieval times, and in the middle ages was known as "the road to Reading " or "the way from Colnbrook ". Around 1611 or 1612, a Robert Baker acquired land in the area and prospered by making and selling piccadills . Shortly after purchasing the land, he enclosed it and erected several dwellings, including his home, Pikadilly Hall. What is now Piccadilly was named Portugal Street in 1663 after Catherine of Braganza , wife of Charles II , and grew in importance after the road from Charing Cross to Hyde Park Corner was closed to allow the creation of Green Park in 1668. Some of the most notable stately homes in London were built on the northern side of the street during this period, including Clarendon House and Burlington House in 1664
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Visual Arts
The VISUAL ARTS are art forms such as ceramics , drawing , painting , sculpture , printmaking , design , crafts , photography , video , filmmaking , and architecture . Many artistic disciplines (performing arts , conceptual art , textile arts ) involve aspects of the visual arts as well as arts of other types. Also included within the visual arts are the applied arts such as industrial design , graphic design , fashion design , interior design and decorative art . Current usage of the term "visual arts" includes fine art as well as the applied, decorative arts and crafts , but this was not always the case. Before the Arts and Crafts Movement in Britain and elsewhere at the turn of the 20th century, the term 'artist' was often restricted to a person working in the fine arts (such as painting, sculpture, or printmaking) and not the handicraft , craft, or applied art media. The distinction was emphasized by artists of the Arts and Crafts Movement, who valued vernacular art forms as much as high forms. Art schools made a distinction between the fine arts and the crafts, maintaining that a craftsperson could not be considered a practitioner of the arts. The increasing tendency to privilege painting, and to a lesser degree sculpture, above other arts has been a feature of Western art as well as East Asian art
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George Iii Of The United Kingdom
GEORGE III (George William Frederick; 4 June 1738 – 29 January 1820) was King of Great Britain
Great Britain
and Ireland from 25 October 1760 until the union of the two countries on 1 January 1801, after which he was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain
Kingdom of Great Britain
and Ireland until his death. He was concurrently Duke and prince-elector of Brunswick- Lüneburg ("Hanover") in the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
until his promotion to King of Hanover on 12 October 1814. He was the third British monarch of the House of Hanover , but unlike his two predecessors, he was born in Britain, spoke English as his first language, and never visited Hanover. His life and with it his reign, which were longer than any other British monarch before him, were marked by a series of military conflicts involving his kingdoms, much of the rest of Europe, and places farther afield in Africa, the Americas and Asia. Early in his reign, Great Britain
Great Britain
defeated France in the Seven Years\' War , becoming the dominant European power in North America and India. However, many of Britain's American colonies were soon lost in the American War of Independence . Further wars against revolutionary and Napoleonic France from 1793 concluded in the defeat of Napoleon
Napoleon
at the Battle of Waterloo
Battle of Waterloo
in 1815
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Foundling Hospital
The FOUNDLING HOSPITAL in London
London
, England
England
was founded in 1739 by the philanthropic sea captain Thomas Coram . It was a children's home established for the "education and maintenance of exposed and deserted young children." The word "hospital " was used in a more general sense than it is today, simply indicating the institution's "hospitality" to those less fortunate. Nevertheless, one of the top priorities of the committee at the Foundling Hospital
Hospital
was children's health, as they combated smallpox, fevers, consumption, dysentery and even infections from everyday activities like teething that drove up mortality rates and risked epidemics. With their energies focused on maintaining a disinfected environment, providing simple clothing and fare, the committee paid less attention to and spent less on developing children's education. As a result, financial problems would hound the institution for years to come, despite the growing "fashionableness" of charities like the hospital
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