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Roog (story)
Philip K. Dick sold approximately fifteen short stories himself before becoming a client of literary agent Scott Meredith (through the Scott Meredith Literary Agency). "ROOG" was Dick's first sale but not his first published story. CONTENTS * 1 Story * 2 Publication * 3 Interpretation * 4 Trivia * 5 References * 6 External links STORY"Roog" is a story told from the point of view of a dog named Boris, who observes his master's carefully stored food in containers outside of their house day after day. Unbeknownst to the dog, these are the human's trash cans for garbage . The dog is later horrified to witness some food being 'stolen' by garbagemen who the dog knows are predatory carnivores from another planet. The dog comes to know these beings as 'Roogs', and tries to warn his master of each 'theft' with cries of 'Roog!' 'Roog!'. The humans, unable to comprehend the hound's message, think the dog is just being rowdy. Thus they attribute the sound the dog makes to be the sound that all dogs make when they are excited: 'Roog!' 'Roog!' The tale concludes with the animal being somewhat distraught, barking "ROOG!" very loudly at the garbagemen before they make off once more with trash in their garbage truck
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Serer Religion
The SERER RELIGION, or _A ƭAT ROOG_ ("the way of the Divine"), is the original religious beliefs, practices, and teachings of the Serer people of Senegal in western Africa . The Serer people believe in a universal supreme deity called Roog (or _Rog_). In the Cangin languages , Roog is referred to as _Koox_ (var : _Kooh_ ), Kopé Tiatie Cac , Kokh Kox , etc. The Serer people are found throughout the Senegambia region . Serer religious practices encompass ancient chants and poems, veneration of and offerings to deities as well as spirits (pangool ), astronomy , Initiation rites, medicine , cosmology and the history of the Serer people
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Roog
ROOG or ROG (KOOX in the Cangin languages ) is the Supreme God and Creator of the Serer religion of the Senegambia
Senegambia
region. CONTENTS * 1 Names and titles * 2 Beliefs * 2.1 Gender * 3 Further reading * 4 References * 5 Bibliography NAMES AND TITLESIn Serer , roog means sky or the heavens . Roog
Roog
is sometimes referred to as Roog
Roog
Sene (Rog Seen, Rog Sene, Rooh Seen, etc.) which means Roog
Roog
the Immensity, or by extension, the merciful god. Other titles which are used outside of prayers include Roog
Roog
Dangandeer Seen (" Roog
Roog
the omnipresent ", by extension it can also mean "the Omnipresent God"), Roog
Roog
o Caaci’in Seen ( Roog
Roog
our ancestor), Roog
Roog
o maak Seen ( Roog
Roog
is great), Roog
Roog
a yaal'in Seen ( Roog
Roog
our Lord), Roog
Roog
o Ndimaan Seen (Roog! The giver of the fruit ), and "The Master of the World". The name Roog
Roog
is probably a corruption of the deity Koox
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Philip K. Dick
PHILIP KINDRED DICK (December 16, 1928 – March 2, 1982) was an American writer notable for publishing works of science fiction . Dick explored philosophical, social, and political themes in novels with plots dominated by monopolistic corporations, authoritarian governments , alternate universes , and altered states of consciousness . His work reflected his personal interest in metaphysics and theology , and often drew upon his life experiences in addressing the nature of reality , identity , drug abuse , schizophrenia , and transcendental experiences. Born in Illinois before moving to California, Dick began publishing science fiction stories in the 1950s, initially finding little commercial success. His 1962 alternate history novel _The Man in the High Castle _ earned Dick early acclaim, including a Hugo Award for Best Novel . He followed with science fiction novels such as _Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? _ (1968) and _ Ubik _ (1969). His 1974 novel _ Flow My Tears, the Policeman Said _ won the John W. Campbell Memorial Award for best novel. Following a series of religious experiences in February–March 1974, Dick's work engaged more explicitly with issues of theology, philosophy, and the nature of reality, as in such novels as _ A Scanner Darkly _ (1977) and _ VALIS _ (1981)
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Short Story
A SHORT STORY is a piece of prose fiction that can be read in one sitting. Emerging from earlier oral storytelling traditions in the 17th century, the short story has grown to encompass a body of work so diverse as to defy easy characterization. At its most prototypical the short story features a small cast of named characters, and focuses on a self-contained incident with the intent of evoking a "single effect" or mood. In doing so, short stories make use of plot, resonance, and other dynamic components to a far greater degree than is typical of an anecdote , yet to a far lesser degree than a novel . While the short story is largely distinct from the novel, authors of both generally draw from a common pool of literary techniques . Short stories have no set length. In terms of word count there is no official demarcation between an anecdote , a short story, and a novel. Rather, the form's parameters are given by the rhetorical and practical context in which a given story is produced and considered, so that what constitutes a short story may differ between genres, countries, eras, and commentators. Like the novel, the short story's predominant shape reflects the demands of the available markets for publication, and the evolution of the form seems closely tied to the evolution of the publishing industry and the submission guidelines of its constituent houses
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Literary Agent
A LITERARY AGENT (sometimes _publishing agent_, or _writer's representative_) is an agent who represents writers and their written works to publishers , theatrical producers , film producers and film studios , and assists in the sale and deal negotiation of the same. Literary agents most often represent novelists , screenwriters and non-fiction writers. They are paid a fixed percentage (usually twenty percent on foreign sales and ten to fifteen percent for domestic sales) of the proceeds of sales they negotiate on behalf of their clients. CONTENTS * 1 Advantages * 2 Diversity * 3 Cost * 4 Querying * 5 Notable agents * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 Further reading * 9 External links ADVANTAGESLiterary agents perform various services for authors. They connect the author's work with appropriate publishers, negotiate contracts, ensure royalty payments, and mediating problems between author and publisher. Agents can help new authors get public recognition. Agents also help publishing houses and others expedite the process of review, publication, and distribution of authors' works. Many well-known, powerful, and lucrative publishing houses (such as the Big Five ) are generally less open than smaller publishers to unrepresented submissions. A knowledgeable agent knows the market, and can be a source of valuable career advice and guidance
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Scott Meredith
SCOTT MEREDITH, born Arthur Scott Feldman (1923, New York City , NY – 1993, Manhasset , NY ) was a prominent American literary agent, and founder of the Scott Meredith Literary Agency. His clients included famous and successful writers such as Richard S. Prather , Morris West , Norman Mailer , J.G. Ballard , Arthur C. Clarke , P.G. Wodehouse and Philip K. Dick . He wrote some short fiction himself as a young man. In 1946 he founded the Scott Meredith Literary Agency with his brother Sydney Meredith. Their first client was P.G. Wodehouse. During his career, he innovated many of the basic practices of his field. Such innovations included attention to foreign rights, tie-ins with movies, and auctioning rights to publishers. His book Writing to Sell was praised by Richard S. Prather
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Beyond Lies The Wub
"BEYOND LIES THE WUB" is a science fiction short story by Philip K. Dick . It was his first published genre story, originally appearing in Planet Stories in July 1952. It was first collected in The Preserving Machine in 1969, and was included in The Best of Philip K. Dick in 1977. It was the title story for the first volume of the original edition of Dick\'s collected stories . Translations of "Beyond Lies the Wub" have appeared in Dutch, French, German, Italian, Polish and Spanish; and the story has been included in more than a dozen anthologies. CONTENTS * 1 Plot * 2 References in other works * 3 Notes * 4 References * 5 External links PLOTPeterson, a crew member of a spaceship loading up with food animals on Mars , buys an enormous pig-like creature known as a "wub" from a native just before departure. Franco, his captain, is worried about the extra weight but seems more concerned about its taste, as his ship is short of food. However, after takeoff, the crew realizes that the wub is a very intelligent creature, capable of telepathy and maybe even mind control . Peterson and the wub spend time discussing mythological figures and the travels of Odysseus . Captain Franco, paranoid after an earlier confrontation with the Wub which left him paralyzed , bursts in and insists on killing and eating the wub. The crew becomes very much opposed to killing the sensitive creature after it makes a plea for understanding, but Franco still makes a meal out of him
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Dog
_ Canis
Canis
familiaris_ (Linnaeus ,1758) Montage showing the morphological variation of the dog. The DOMESTIC DOG (_ Canis
Canis
lupus familiaris_ or _ Canis
Canis
familiaris_) is a member of genus _ Canis
Canis
_ (canines) that forms part of the wolf-like canids , and is the most widely abundant carnivore . The dog and the extant gray wolf are sister taxa , with modern wolves not closely related to the wolves that were first domesticated, which implies that the direct ancestor of the dog is extinct. The dog was the first domesticated species and has been selectively bred over millennia for various behaviors, sensory capabilities, and physical attributes. New research seems to show that the dog's high sociability may be affected by "the same genes as in humans." Their long association with humans has led dogs to be uniquely attuned to human behavior and they are able to thrive on a starch -rich diet that would be inadequate for other canid species. Dogs vary widely in shape, size and colours. Dogs perform many roles for people, such as hunting , herding , pulling loads , protection , assisting police and military , companionship and, more recently, aiding handicapped individuals . This influence on human society has given them the sobriquet "man\'s best friend "
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Trash Cans
A WASTE CONTAINER is a container for temporarily storing waste, and is usually made out of metal or plastic . Some common terms are DUSTBIN, GARBAGE CAN, and TRASH CAN. The words "rubbish", "basket" and "bin" are more common in British English usage; "trash" and "can" are more common in American English usage. "Garbage" may refer to food waste specifically (when distinguished from "trash") or to municipal solid waste in general. In 1875, the first personal rubbish bins were introduced in Britain to create a regulated system of trash collection. CONTENTS * 1 Curbside dustbins * 2 Public litter bins * 3 Metaphors * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links CURBSIDE DUSTBINSIn many cities and towns, there is a public waste collection service which regularly collects household waste from the curbside. This will be loaded into a garbage truck and driven to a landfill , incinerator or crush facility to be disposed of. Household curbside waste containers are typically either: * trash cans, receptacles made of metal or plastic * wheelie bins, light, mobile plastic bins In some areas, each household has multiple bins separated into different categories (usually represented by colours) depending on its suitability for recycling . Commercial curbside waste containers are often larger dumpsters or skips
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Garbage
MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE (MSW), commonly known as TRASH or GARBAGE in the United States and as REFUSE or RUBBISH in Britain , is a waste type consisting of everyday items that are discarded by the public. "Garbage" can also refer specifically to food waste , as in a garbage disposal ; the two are sometimes collected separately. CONTENTS * 1 Composition * 2 Components of solid waste management * 2.1 Collection * 2.2 Waste handling and separation, storage and processing at the source * 2.3 Segregation and processing and transformation of solid wastes * 2.4 Transfer and transport * 2.5 Disposal * 2.6 Reusing * 2.7 Landfills * 2.8 Energy generation * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 Further reading * 6 External links COMPOSITIONThe composition of municipal solid waste varies greatly from municipality to municipality, and it changes significantly with time. In municipalities which have a well developed waste recycling system, the waste stream mainly consists of intractable wastes such as plastic film and non-recyclable packaging materials. At the start of the 20th century, the majority of domestic waste (53%) in the UK consisted of coal ash from open fires
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Garbagemen
A WASTE COLLECTOR is a person employed by a public or private enterprise to collect and remove refuse (waste) and recyclables from residential, commercial, industrial or other collection site for further processing and disposal . Specialised waste collection vehicles featuring an array of automated functions are often deployed to assist waste collectors in reducing collection and transport time and for protection from exposure. Waste and recycling pickup work is physically demanding and it exposes workers to a number of occupational hazards . CONTENTS * 1 Hazards * 2 Scavengers and recyclers * 3 Regional names * 4 Notable individuals * 4.1 Former waste collectors * 4.2 Fictional waste collectors * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 Further reading HAZARDSStatistics show waste collection to be one of the most dangerous jobs, at times even more dangerous than police work, but consistently less dangerous than commercial fishing and ranch and farm work. On-the-job hazards include broken glass; medical waste such as syringes ; caustic chemicals; falling objects from overloaded containers; diseases that may accompany solid waste; asbestos ; dog attacks and pests ; inhaling dust, smoke, and fumes; inclement weather, traffic accidents, and odors so foul that they can make one physically sick. SCAVENGERS AND RECYCLERSIn many developing countries, the first people to tackle the waste collection are pickers working in the informal economy , i.e
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The Magazine Of Fantasy & Science Fiction
THE MAGAZINE OF FANTASY & SCIENCE FICTION (usually referred to as F&SF) is a U.S. fantasy and science fiction magazine first published in 1949 by Fantasy
Fantasy
House, a subsidiary of Lawrence Spivak 's Mercury Press . Editors Anthony Boucher and J. Francis McComas had approached Spivak in the mid-1940s about creating a fantasy companion to Spivak's existing mystery title, Ellery Queen\'s Mystery Magazine . The first issue was titled The Magazine of Fantasy, but the decision was quickly made to include science fiction as well as fantasy, and the title was changed correspondingly with the second issue. F&SF was quite different in presentation from the existing science fiction magazines of the day, most of which were in pulp format: it had no interior illustrations, no letter column, and text in a single column format, which in the opinion of science fiction historian Mike Ashley "set F&SF apart, giving it the air and authority of a superior magazine". F most magazines were losing subscribers and F&SF was no exception. Gordon Van Gelder replaced Rusch in 1997, and bought the magazine from Ferman in 2001, but circulation continued to fall, and by 2011 it was below 15,000. Charles Coleman Finlay took over from Van Gelder as editor in 2015
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Record Shop
A RECORD SHOP or RECORD STORE is a retail outlet that sells recorded music . In the late 19th century and the early 20th century , record shops only sold gramophone records , but over the 20th century , record shops sold the new formats that were developed, such as eight track tapes , compact cassettes and compact discs (CDs). Today in the 21st century , record stores sell CDs, vinyl records and in some cases, DVDs of movies , TV shows , cartoons and concerts . Some record stores also sell music-related items such as posters of bands or singers and even clothing and items such as bags and coffee mugs. Even in the heyday of the CD during the 1990s, people in English-speaking countries still used the term "record shop" to describe a shop selling sound recordings such as CDs. Now that vinyl records have had a resurgence in the 21st century, often generating more income than CDs, the name has come full circle and is relevant once more. Prior to the 2000s, more record shops were privately run, independent businesses, meaning that prices could differ from town to town and store to store. In the 2000s, record shops are largely chain-owned and thus prices are fairly similar in different towns. In the United Kingdom the national chain style of selling records and tapes developed with Our Price , itself originally a small independent business founded in the early 1970s that expanded nationwide
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Plot (narrative)
PLOT refers to the sequence of events inside a story which affect other events through the principle of cause and effect . The causal events of a plot can be thought of as a series of sentences linked by "and so". Plots can vary from simple structures such as in a traditional ballad to complex interwoven structures sometimes referred to as an imbroglio. The term plot can serve as a verb and refer to a character planning future actions in the story. In the narrative sense, the term highlights the important points which have important consequences within the story, according to Ansen Dibell. The term is similar in meaning to the term storyline. CONTENTS* 1 Definition * 1.1 Fabula and syuzhet * 2 Structure * 3 Aristotle
Aristotle
* 4 Freytag * 4.1 Exposition * 4.2 Conflict * 4.3 Rising action * 4.4 Climax * 4.5 Falling action * 4.6 Resolution * 5 Plot devices * 6 Plot outline * 7 A-Plot * 8 See also * 9 References * 10 Further reading * 11 External links DEFINITIONEnglish novelist E. M. Forster described plot as the cause-and-effect relationship between events in a story
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Anthony Boucher
ANTHONY BOUCHER /ˈbaʊtʃər/ (born WILLIAM ANTHONY PARKER WHITE; August 21, 1911 – April 29, 1968) was an American crime and fantastic fiction editor and author of mystery novels and short stories and radio drama scripts in those fields. He was particularly influential as an editor. Between 1942 and 1947 he acted as reviewer of mostly mystery fiction for the _ San Francisco Chronicle
San Francisco Chronicle
_. In addition to "Anthony Boucher", White also employed the pseudonym "H. H. Holmes ", which was the pseudonym of a late-19th-century American serial killer; Boucher would also write light verse and sign it "Herman W. Mudgett" (another of the murderer's aliases). In a 1981 poll of 17 detective story writers and reviewers, his novel _Nine Times Nine_ was voted as the ninth best locked room mystery of all time. CONTENTS * 1 Background * 2 Fiction writing and editing * 3 Radio * 4 _Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction_ years * 5 Death * 6 Selected works * 6.1 Mystery novels * 6.2 Collections of short fiction and scripts of radio plays * 6.3 Collections of reviews * 6.4 Other * 7 References * 8 Sources * 9 External links BACKGROUNDWhite was born in Oakland, California , and went to college at the University of Southern California . He later received a master's degree from the University of California, Berkeley
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