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Rome
ROME (/ˈroʊm/ _ROHM_ ; Italian : _Roma_ (_ listen ), Latin : Rōma_) is the capital of Italy and a special comune (named _ Comune di Roma Capitale_). Rome also serves as the capital of the Lazio region . With 2,877,215 residents in 1,285 km2 (496.1 sq mi), it is also the country's most populated comune. It is the fourth-most populous city in the European Union by population within city limits. It is the center of the Metropolitan City of Rome , which has a population of 4.3 million residents. Rome is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula , within Lazio (Latium), along the shores of the Tiber . The Vatican City is an independent country inside the city boundaries of Rome, the only existing example of a country within a city: for this reason Rome has been often defined as capital of two states
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Ancient Rome
ANCIENT ROME was originally an Italic settlement dating from the 8th century BC that grew into the city of Rome and which subsequently gave its name to the empire over which it ruled and to the widespread civilisation the empire developed. The Roman empire expanded to become one of the largest empires in the ancient world , though still ruled from the city, with an estimated 50 to 90 million inhabitants (roughly 20% of the world's population ) and covering 5.0 million square kilometres at its height in AD 117. In its many centuries of existence, the Roman state evolved from a monarchy to a classical republic and then to an increasingly autocratic empire . Through conquest and assimilation , it eventually dominated the Mediterranean region, Western Europe , Asia Minor , North Africa , and parts of Northern and Eastern Europe
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Rome (other)
ROME is the capital city of Italy, formerly of the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
and seat of the papacy
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Comune
The _COMUNE_ (IPA: ; plural: _comuni_, IPA: ) is a basic administrative division in Italy , roughly equivalent to a township or municipality . CONTENTS * 1 Importance and function * 2 Subdivisions * 3 Homonymy * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links IMPORTANCE AND FUNCTIONThe _comune_ provides many of the basic civil functions: registry of births and deaths, registry of deeds , and contracting for local roads and public works. It is headed by a mayor (_sindaco_) assisted by a legislative body, the _consiglio comunale_ (communal council), and an executive body, the _giunta comunale_ (communal committee). The mayor and members of the _consiglio comunale_ are elected together by resident citizens: the coalition of the elected mayor (who needs an absolute majority in the first or second round of voting) gains three fifths of the _consiglio's_ seats
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Colosseum
The COLOSSEUM or COLISEUM (/kɒləˈsiːəm/ _kol-ə-SEE-əm_ ), also known as the FLAVIAN AMPHITHEATRE (Latin: _Amphitheatrum Flavium_; Italian: _Anfiteatro Flavio_ or _Colosseo_ ), is an oval amphitheatre in the centre of the city of Rome
Rome
, Italy
Italy
. Built of concrete and sand, it is the largest amphitheatre ever built. The Colosseum
Colosseum
is situated just east of the Roman Forum
Roman Forum
. Construction began under the emperor Vespasian
Vespasian
in AD 72, and was completed in AD 80 under his successor and heir Titus
Titus
. Further modifications were made during the reign of Domitian
Domitian
(81–96). These three emperors are known as the Flavian dynasty , and the amphitheatre was named in Latin for its association with their family name _(Flavius )_
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St. Peter's Basilica
The PAPAL BASILICA OF ST. PETER IN THE VATICAN (Italian : Basilica Papale di San Pietro in Vaticano), or simply ST. PETER\'S BASILICA (Latin : Basilica
Basilica
Sancti Petri), is an Italian Renaissance
Italian Renaissance
church in Vatican City
Vatican City
, the papal enclave within the city of Rome
Rome
. Designed principally by Donato Bramante
Donato Bramante
, Michelangelo
Michelangelo
, Carlo Maderno and Gian Lorenzo Bernini
Gian Lorenzo Bernini
, St. Peter's is the most renowned work of Renaissance architecture
Renaissance architecture
and the largest church in the world
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Castel Sant'Angelo
Coordinates : 41°54′11″N 12°27′59″E / 41.903064°N 12.466355°E / 41.903064; 12.466355 MAUSOLEUM OF HADRIAN Castel Sant'Angelo
Castel Sant'Angelo
BUILT IN 123 - 139 AD BUILT BY/FOR Hadrian
Hadrian
TYPE OF STRUCTURE Mausoleum
Mausoleum
RELATED List of ancient monuments in Rome
Rome
Mausoleum
Mausoleum
of Hadrian
Hadrian
The MAUSOLEUM OF HADRIAN, usually known as CASTEL SANT\'ANGELO (Italian pronunciation: ; English: Castle of the Holy Angel), is a towering cylindrical building in Parco Adriano , Rome
Rome
, Italy. It was initially commissioned by the Roman Emperor
Roman Emperor
Hadrian
Hadrian
as a mausoleum for himself and his family. The building was later used by the popes as a fortress and castle, and is now a museum
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Ponte Sant'Angelo
PONTE SANT\'ANGELO, once the AELIAN BRIDGE or PONS AELIUS, meaning the Bridge
Bridge
of Hadrian, is a Roman bridge
Roman bridge
in Rome
Rome
, Italy
Italy
, completed in 134 AD by Roman Emperor Hadrian
Hadrian
, to span the Tiber
Tiber
, from the city center to his newly constructed mausoleum, now the towering Castel Sant\'Angelo . The bridge is faced with travertine marble and spans the Tiber
Tiber
with five arches, three of which are Roman; it was approached by means of ramp from the river. The bridge is now solely pedestrian, and provides a scenic view of Castel Sant'Angelo. It links the rioni of Ponte (which was named after the bridge itself), and Borgo , to whom the bridge administratively belongs
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Trevi Fountain
The TREVI FOUNTAIN (Italian : Fontana di Trevi) is a fountain in the Trevi district in Rome
Rome
, Italy
Italy
, designed by Italian architect Nicola Salvi and completed by Pietro Bracci . Standing 26.3 metres (86 ft) high and 49.15 metres (161.3 ft) wide, it is the largest Baroque fountain in the city and one of the most famous fountains in the world. The fountain has appeared in several notable films, including Federico Fellini 's La Dolce Vita and the eponymous Three Coins in the Fountain
Fountain

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Pantheon, Rome
The PANTHEON (/ˈpænθiən/ or US : /ˈpænθiɒn/ ; Latin : Pantheon, from Greek Πάνθειον Pantheion meaning " of every god") is a former Roman temple
Roman temple
, now a church, in Rome
Rome
, Italy, on the site of an earlier temple commissioned by Marcus Agrippa
Marcus Agrippa
during the reign of Augustus
Augustus
(27 BC – 14 AD). The present building was completed by the emperor Hadrian
Hadrian
and probably dedicated about 126 AD. He retained Agrippa's original inscription, which has confused its date of construction as the original Pantheon burnt down so it is not certain when the present one was built. The building is circular with a portico of large granite Corinthian columns (eight in the first rank and two groups of four behind) under a pediment
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Italy
Coordinates : 43°N 12°E / 43°N 12°E / 43; 12 Italian Republic _Repubblica Italiana_ (Italian ) _ Flag Emblem ANTHEM: Il Canto degli Italiani _ (Italian ) "The Song of the Italians" Location of Italy (dark green) – in Europe (light green "> (light green) – Capital and largest city Rome 41°54′N 12°29′E / 41.900°N 12.483°E / 41.900; 12.483


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Europe
EUROPE —a concept dating back to classical antiquity — is a continent that comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia . Europe is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. The eastern boundary with Asia is an arbitrary historical and social construct , as there is no clear physical and geographical separation between them. The primarily physiographic term "continent" as applied to Europe also incorporates cultural and political elements whose discontinuities and lines of demarcation are not reflected by the continent's current overland boundaries with Asia
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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List Of Sovereign States
This LIST OF SOVEREIGN STATES provides an overview of sovereign states around the world , with information on their status and recognition of their sovereignty . Membership within the United Nations
United Nations
system divides the 206 listed states into three categories: 193 member states , two observer states , and 11 other states. The _sovereignty dispute_ column indicates states whose sovereignty is undisputed (190 states) and states whose sovereignty is disputed (16 states, out of which there are 6 member states, 1 observer state and 9 other states). Compiling a list such as this can be a difficult and controversial process, as there is no definition that is binding on all the members of the community of nations concerning the criteria for statehood . For more information on the criteria used to determine the contents of this list, please see the _criteria for inclusion _ section below
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Regions Of Italy
The REGIONS OF ITALY (Italian: _regioni_) are the first-level administrative divisions of Italy , constituting its second NUTS administrative level . There are 20 regions, of which five are constitutionally given a broader amount of autonomy granted by special statutes. Each region, except for the Aosta Valley , is divided into provinces . Regions are autonomous entities with powers defined in the Constitution
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Lazio
LAZIO (UK : /ˈlætsioʊ/ , US : /ˈlɑːtsioʊ/ ; Italian: ; Latin : _ Latium _) is one of the 20 administrative regions of Italy . Situated in the central peninsular section of the country, it has almost 5.9 million inhabitants – making it the second most populated region of Italy (after Lombardy and just a little ahead of Campania ) – and its GDP of more than 170 billion euros per annum means that it has the nation's second largest regional economy. The capital of Lazio is Rome , which is also Italy's capital and the country's largest city . CONTENTS * 1 Geography * 2 History * 3 Economy * 4 Demographics * 5 Government and politics * 6 Administrative divisions * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links GEOGRAPHY Relief map of Lazio. Panorama of the Aniene Valley
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