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Roman Catholic Church
The CATHOLIC CHURCH, also known as the ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH, is the largest Christian church , with more than 1.29 billion members worldwide. As one of the oldest religious institutions in the world, it has played a prominent role in the history and development of Western civilisation . Headed by the Bishop of Rome
Rome
, known as the Pope
Pope
, the church's doctrines are summarised in the Nicene Creed
Nicene Creed
. Its central administration, the Holy See
Holy See
, is in the Vatican City
Vatican City
, enclaved within Rome
Rome
, Italy
Italy

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Catholic Liturgy
The Catholic Church
Catholic Church
is fundamentally liturgical and sacramental in its public life of worship
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Jesus
JESUS (/ˈdʒiːzəs/ JEE-zuss ; c. 4 BC – c. 30/33 AD), also referred to as JESUS OF NAZARETH and JESUS CHRIST, was a Jewish preacher and religious leader. He is the central figure of Christianity
Christianity
. Christians believe him to be the Son of God
God
and the awaited Messiah (Christ ) prophesied in the Old Testament
Old Testament
. Virtually all modern scholars of antiquity agree that Jesus
Jesus
existed historically , although the quest for the historical Jesus
Jesus
has produced little agreement on the historical reliability of the Gospels and on how closely the biblical Jesus
Jesus
reflects the historical Jesus
Jesus

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Bishop (Catholic Church)
In the Catholic Church
Catholic Church
, a BISHOP is an ordained minister who holds the fullness of the sacrament of holy orders and is responsible for teaching doctrine, governing Catholics in his jurisdiction, sanctifying the world and representing the Church. Catholics trace the origins of the office of bishop to the apostles , who it is believed were endowed with a special charism by the Holy Spirit
Holy Spirit
at Pentecost
Pentecost
. Catholics believe this special charism has been transmitted through an unbroken succession of bishops by the laying on of hands in the sacrament of Holy Orders. Diocesan bishops —known as eparchs in the Eastern Catholic Churches —are assigned to govern local regions within the Catholic Church known as dioceses in the Latin Church
Latin Church
and eparchies in the Eastern Churches
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Judea (Roman Province)
The Roman province
Roman province
of JUDEA (Hebrew : יהודה, Standard Yehuda Tiberian Yehûḏāh; Arabic : يهودا‎‎; Greek : Ἰουδαία Ioudaia; Latin : Iūdaea), sometimes spelled in its original Latin forms of IUDæA or IUDAEA to distinguish it from the geographical region of Judea
Judea
, incorporated the regions of Judea, Samaria and Idumea , and extended over parts of the former regions of the Hasmonean and Herodian kingdoms of Israel. It was named after Herod Archelaus 's Tetrarchy of Judea
Judea
, but the Roman province encompassed a much larger territory. The name "Judea" was derived from the Kingdom of Judah
Kingdom of Judah
of the 6th century BCE
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Jesus Christ
JESUS (/ˈdʒiːzəs/ JEE-zuss ; Greek : Ἰησοῦς, translit. Iesous; Hebrew : ישוע‎, translit. Yēšū́aʿ ‎; c. 4 BC – c. 30/33 AD), also referred to as JESUS OF NAZARETH and JESUS CHRIST, was a Jewish preacher and religious leader who became the central figure of Christianity
Christianity
. Christians believe him to be the Son of God and the awaited Messiah (Christ ) prophesied in the Old Testament
Old Testament
. Virtually all modern scholars of antiquity agree that Jesus
Jesus
existed historically , although the quest for the historical Jesus
Jesus
has produced little agreement on the historical reliability of the Gospels and on how closely the biblical Jesus
Jesus
reflects the historical Jesus
Jesus

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Jerusalem
JERUSALEM (/dʒəˈruːsələm/ ; Hebrew
Hebrew
: יְרוּשָׁלַיִם‬ Yerushaláyim ; Arabic : القُدس‎ al-Quds ) is a city in the Middle East
Middle East
, located on a plateau in the Judaean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea
Dead Sea
. It is one of the oldest cities in the world , and is considered holy to the three major Abrahamic religions Judaism
Judaism
, Christianity
Christianity
and Islam
Islam
. Israelis and Palestinians both claim Jerusalem
Jerusalem
as their capital , as Israel
Israel
maintains its primary governmental institutions there and the State of Palestine
State of Palestine
ultimately foresees it as its seat of power; however, neither claim is widely recognized internationally
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Crucifixion Of Jesus
The CRUCIFIXION OF JESUS occurred in 1st century Judea , most likely between the years 30 and 33 AD. Jesus' crucifixion is described in the four canonical gospels , referred to in the New Testament
New Testament
epistles , attested to by other ancient sources , and is established as a historical event confirmed by non-Christian sources, although among historians, there is no consensus on the precise details of what exactly occurred. According to the canonical gospels, Jesus
Jesus
, the Christ , was arrested and tried by the Sanhedrin, and then sentenced by Pontius Pilate
Pontius Pilate
to be scourged , and finally crucified by the Romans . Jesus
Jesus
was stripped of his clothing and offered wine mixed with either myrrh or gall to drink before being crucified. He was then hung between two convicted thieves and according to Mark's Gospel, died some six hours later
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Resurrection Of Jesus
The RESURRECTION OF JESUS or RESURRECTION OF CHRIST is the Christian religious belief that, after being put to death , Jesus
Jesus
rose again from the dead . It is the central tenet of Christian theology and part of the Nicene Creed
Nicene Creed
: "On the third day he rose again in accordance with the Scriptures". According to the New Testament
New Testament
, after the Romans crucified Jesus, he was anointed and buried in a new tomb by Joseph of Arimathea
Joseph of Arimathea
but God raised him from the dead and he appeared to witnesses before he ascended into heaven , to sit at the right hand of God
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Canon Law (Catholic Church)
Corpus Juris Canonici
Corpus Juris Canonici
* Decretist * Regulæ Juris * Decretals of Gregory IX *
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Jesus In Christianity
In Christianity, Jesus
Jesus
is the Messiah
Messiah
( Christ
Christ
) and through his crucifixion and resurrection , humans can be reconciled to God and thereby are offered salvation and the promise of eternal life . These teachings emphasize that as the willing Lamb of God , Jesus
Jesus
chose to suffer on the cross at Calvary
Calvary
as a sign of his full obedience to the will of God the Father , as an "agent and servant of God". The choice Jesus
Jesus
made thus counter-positions him as a new man of morality and obedience, in contrast to Adam
Adam
's disobedience. Christians believe that Jesus
Jesus
was both human and divine—the Son of God
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Latin Church
The LATIN CHURCH, sometimes called the Western Church, is the largest part of the Catholic Church
Catholic Church
, governed directly by the Pope
Pope
, tracing its history to the earliest days of Christianity . It represents the largest particular church sui iuris in full communion with the Catholic Church. Employing the Latin liturgical rites
Latin liturgical rites
, with 1.197 billion members (2011), the Latin Church
Latin Church
is considered to form the original and still major part of Western Christianity
Western Christianity
. It is headquartered in the Vatican City
Vatican City
, enclaved in Rome
Rome
, Italy
Italy

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Catholic Ecumenical Councils
CATHOLIC ECUMENICAL COUNCILS include 21 councils over a period of 1700 years. While definitions changed throughout history, in today's Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
understanding Ecumenical Councils are assemblies of Patriarchs , Cardinals , residing Bishops , Abbots , male heads of religious orders and other juridical persons, nominated by the Pope
Pope
. The purpose of an ecumenical council is to define doctrine, reaffirm truths of the Faith, and extirpate heresy. Council decisions, to be valid, are approved by the popes. Participation is limited to these persons, who cannot delegate their voting rights. Ecumenical councils are different from provincial councils , where bishops of a Church province or region meet. Episcopal conferences and plenary councils are other bodies, meetings of bishops of one country, nation, or region, such as the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops
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Ascension Of Jesus
PORTALS: Christianity
Christianity
Bible
Bible
Book:Life of Jesus
Jesus
* v * t * e The ASCENSION OF JESUS (anglicized from the Vulgate Latin Acts 1:9-11 section title: Ascensio Iesu) is the departure of Christ
Christ
from Earth into the presence of God . The narrative in Acts 1 takes place 40 days after the Resurrection : Jesus, in the company of the disciples, is taken up in their sight after warning them to remain in Jerusalem until the coming of the Holy Spirit
Holy Spirit
; as he ascends a cloud hides him from their view, and two men in white appear to tell them that he will return "in the same way you have seen him go into heaven." Stories of Heavenly ascents were fairly common in the time of Jesus, signifying divine approval or the deification of an exceptional man
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Early Christianity
EARLY CHRISTIANITY is the period of Christianity
Christianity
preceding the First Council of Nicaea in 325. It is typically divided into the Apostolic Age and the Ante-Nicene Period (from the Apostolic Age until Nicea). The first Christians, as described in the first chapters of the Acts of the Apostles , were all Jews
Jews
either by birth or conversion , for which the biblical term "proselyte " is used, and referred to by historians as Jewish Christians
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Catholic Particular Churches And Liturgical Rites
A PARTICULAR CHURCH ( Latin
Latin
: ecclesia particularis) is a hierarchically ordered assembly of the faithful. Catholic canon law and ecclesiology define a particular church as an ecclesiastical community headed by a bishop or someone recognised as the equivalent of a bishop . There are two kinds of particular churches: * An AUTONOMOUS PARTICULAR CHURCH or CHURCH SUI IURIS : In this context the descriptors autonomous (Greek : αὐτόνομος, translit. autónomos) and sui iuris ( Latin
Latin
) are synonymous, each meaning "of its own law". These are aggregations of local diocesan churches that share a specific liturgical, theological and canonical tradition. They have also been called "particular Churches or rites"
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