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Roman Catholic Church
The CATHOLIC CHURCH, also known as the ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH, is the largest Christian Church
Christian Church
, with more than 1.29 billion members worldwide. As one of the oldest religious institutions in the world, it has played a prominent role in the history and development of Western civilisation . Headed by the Bishop of Rome
Rome
, known as the Pope
Pope
, the church's doctrines are summarised in the Nicene Creed . Its central administration, the Holy See
Holy See
, is in the Vatican City
Vatican City
, enclaved within Rome
Rome
, Italy
Italy
. The Catholic Church
Catholic Church
teaches that it is the one true church founded by Jesus Christ
Jesus Christ
, that its bishops are the successors of Christ's apostles , and that the Pope
Pope
is the successor to Saint
Saint
Peter ; the Prince of the Apostles
Apostles
. The Catholic Church
Catholic Church
maintains that the doctrine on faith and morals that it declares as definitive is infallible
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Pope
The POPE ( Latin : _papa_ from Greek : πάππας _pappas_, a child's word for "father"), also known as the PONTIFF, is the Bishop of Rome , and therefore ex officio the leader of the worldwide Catholic Church . The primacy of the Roman bishop is largely derived from his role as the apostolic successor to Saint Peter , to whom Jesus is supposed to have given the keys of Heaven and the powers of "binding and loosing", naming him as the "rock" upon which the church would be built. The Pope is also head of state of Vatican City , a sovereign city-state entirely enclaved within Rome. The current pope is Francis , who was elected on 13 March 2013, succeeding Benedict XVI . The office of the pope is the PAPACY. His ecclesiastical jurisdiction , the Diocese of Rome , is often called "the Holy See " or "the Apostolic See ", the latter name being based on the belief that the Bishop of Rome is the apostolic successor to Saint Peter. The pope is considered one of the world's most powerful people because of his diplomatic and cultural influence. The papacy is one of the most enduring institutions in the world and has had a prominent part in world history . The popes in ancient times helped in the spread of Christianity and the resolution of various doctrinal disputes
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Catholicism
CATHOLICISM (from Greek καθολικισμός, _katholikismos_, "universal doctrine") is a term which in its broadest sense refers to the beliefs and practices of Christian denominations that describe themselves as _Catholic _ in accordance with the Four Marks of the Church , as expressed in the Nicene Creed of the First Council of Constantinople in 381: "_ in one, holy, catholic, and apostolic Church._ The most frequent use is to refer to the faith and practices of the Catholic Church , consisting of the Latin Church and 23 Eastern Catholic Churches in full communion with the Pope in Rome . However, the description "Catholic" is also used by other denominations such as the Eastern Orthodox Church , the Oriental Orthodox Church , the Assyrian Church of the East . It also occurs in some Protestant denominations , notably Anglicanism , as well as Independent Catholicism . The term _Roman Catholic _ is sometimes used for the church in communion with Rome, especially in ecumenical contexts and in countries where other churches use the term _Catholic_, to distinguish it from broader meanings of the term
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Catholic Church (other)
Catholic Church, Catholic church, catholic Church and catholic church may refer to: Catholic Church
Catholic Church
in full communion with the Bishop of Rome, known as the Pope, including the Latin Church and the 23 Eastern Catholic Churches Other churches expressing apostolic origins or traditions of Catholicism, such as:Eastern Orthodox Church, according to its official name Orthodox Catholic Church Oriental Orthodox Church Anglican Communion Independent Catholic denominationsOld Catholic ChurchSee also[edit]Catholic (other) Roman Catholic Church
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Roman Catholic Church (other)
The term ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH may refer to: * The Catholic Church
Catholic Church
* The Latin Church in particular, the largest of the particular churches sui iuris that constitute the Catholic Church * The Diocese of Rome , the Catholic particular church of the city of Rome, including the Vatican City ("Roman Church" and "Holy Roman Church" are sometimes used in this specific sense instead of to the whole of the church) * The term "Roman Catholic " and its etymologySEE ALSO * Catholic (other) * Catholic (term) * Catholicism * Catholic Church
Catholic Church
(other) * Eastern Catholic (other) * Western Catholic (other) * Roman Rite This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Roman_Catholic_Church_(other) additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
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Latin Language
LATIN (Latin: _lingua latīna_, IPA: ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages . The Latin alphabet
Latin alphabet
is derived from the Etruscan and Greek alphabets , and ultimately from the Phoenician alphabet . Latin
Latin
was originally spoken in Latium , in the Italian Peninsula . Through the power of the Roman Republic , it became the dominant language, initially in Italy and subsequently throughout the Roman Empire . Vulgar Latin developed into the Romance languages , such as Italian , Portuguese , Spanish , French , and Romanian . Latin
Latin
and French have contributed many words to the English language . Latin
Latin
and Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
roots are used in theology , biology , and medicine . By the late Roman Republic (75 BC), Old Latin had been standardised into Classical Latin . Vulgar Latin was the colloquial form spoken during the same time and attested in inscriptions and the works of comic playwrights like Plautus
Plautus
and Terence
Terence

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Saint Peter's Basilica
The PAPAL BASILICA OF ST. PETER IN THE VATICAN (Italian : Basilica Papale di San Pietro in Vaticano), or simply ST. PETER\'S BASILICA (Latin : Basilica
Basilica
Sancti Petri), is an Italian Renaissance church in Vatican City , the papal enclave within the city of Rome
Rome
. Designed principally by Donato Bramante , Michelangelo
Michelangelo
, Carlo Maderno and Gian Lorenzo Bernini
Gian Lorenzo Bernini
, St. Peter's is the most renowned work of Renaissance architecture and the largest church in the world . While it is neither the mother church of the Catholic Church
Catholic Church
nor the cathedral of the Diocese
Diocese
of Rome
Rome
, St. Peter's is regarded as one of the holiest Catholic shrines. It has been described as "holding a unique position in the Christian world
Christian world
" and as "the greatest of all churches of Christendom ". Catholic tradition holds that the Basilica
Basilica
is the burial site of Saint Peter
Saint Peter
, one of Christ
Christ
's Apostles and also the first Pope
Pope
. Saint Peter\'s tomb is supposedly directly below the high altar of the Basilica
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Rome, Italy
ROME (/ˈroʊm/ _ROHM_ ; Italian : _Roma_ (_ listen ), Latin
Latin
: Rōma_) is the capital of Italy
Italy
and a special comune (named _ Comune
Comune
di Roma Capitale_). Rome
Rome
also serves as the capital of the Lazio
Lazio
region . With 2,877,215 residents in 1,285 km2 (496.1 sq mi), it is also the country's most populated comune. It is the fourth-most populous city in the European Union
European Union
by population within city limits. It is the center of the Metropolitan City of Rome , which has a population of 4.3 million residents. Rome
Rome
is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula , within Lazio
Lazio
(Latium), along the shores of the Tiber . The Vatican City
Vatican City
is an independent country inside the city boundaries of Rome, the only existing example of a country within a city: for this reason Rome
Rome
has been often defined as capital of two states. Rome\'s history spans more than 2,500 years. While Roman mythology dates the founding of Rome
Rome
at around 753 BC, the site has been inhabited for much longer, making it one of the oldest continuously occupied sites in Europe
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Ecclesiastical Polity
ECCLESIASTICAL POLITY is the operational and governance structure of a church or of a Christian denomination . It also denotes the ministerial structure of a church and the authority relationships between churches. Polity relates closely to ecclesiology , the study of doctrine and theology relating to church organization. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Use as a term * 3 Types of polity * 3.1 Episcopal polity * 3.2 Connexional polity * 3.3 Presbyterian polity * 3.4 Congregational polity * 4 Polity, autonomy, and ecumenism * 5 Plurality and singularity * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 Further reading * 9 External links HISTORYIssues of church governance appear in the first chapters of the Acts of the Apostles ; the first act recorded after the ascension is the election of Matthias as one of the Twelve Apostles , replacing Judas Iscariot . Over the years, a system of episcopal polity developed. During the Protestant Reformation , reformers asserted that the New Testament prescribed structures different from those of the Roman Catholic Church of the day and different Protestant bodies used different types of polity. During this period Richard Hooker wrote _Of the Laws of Ecclesiastical Polity _ (published 1594–1597) to defend the polity of the Church of England against views of the Puritans
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Episcopal Polity
An EPISCOPAL POLITY is a hierarchical form of church governance ("ecclesiastical polity") in which the chief local authorities are called bishops . (The word "bishop" derives, via the British Latin and Vulgar Latin term _*ebiscopus_/_*biscopus_, from the Ancient Greek επίσκοπος _epískopos_ meaning "overseer".) It is the structure used by many of the major Christian Churches and denominations , such as the Roman Catholic , Eastern Orthodox , Oriental Orthodox , Church of the East , Anglican and Lutheran churches or denominations, and other churches founded independently from these lineages. Churches with an episcopal polity are governed by bishops, practicing their authorities in the dioceses and conferences or synods . Their leadership is both sacramental and constitutional; as well as performing ordinations , confirmations , and consecrations , the bishop supervises the clergy within a local jurisdiction and is the representative both to secular structures and within the hierarchy of the church. Bishops are considered to derive their authority from an unbroken, personal apostolic succession from the Twelve Apostles of Jesus . Bishops with such authority are said to represent the historical episcopate or historic episcopate
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Pope Francis
POPE FRANCIS ( Latin : _Franciscus_; Italian : _Francesco_; Spanish : _Francisco_; born JORGE MARIO BERGOGLIO, 17 December 1936) is the 266th and current Pope of the Roman Catholic Church , a title he holds _ex officio _ as Bishop of Rome , and sovereign of Vatican City . He chose Francis as his papal name in honor of Saint Francis of Assisi . Francis is the first Jesuit pope, the first from the Americas, the first from the Southern Hemisphere and the first Pope from outside Europe since the Syrian Gregory III , who reigned in the 8th century. Born in Buenos Aires , Argentina, Bergoglio worked briefly as a chemical technologist and nightclub bouncer before beginning seminary studies. He was ordained a Catholic priest in 1969, and from 1973 to 1979 was Argentina's provincial superior of the Society of Jesus . He became the Archbishop of Buenos Aires in 1998 and was created a cardinal in 2001 by Pope John Paul II . He led the Argentine Church during the December 2001 riots in Argentina , and the administrations of Néstor Kirchner and Cristina Fernández de Kirchner considered him a political rival
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Hierarchy Of The Catholic Church
The HIERARCHY OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH consists of its bishops , priests , and deacons . In the ecclesiological sense of the term, "hierarchy" strictly means the "holy ordering" of the Church, the Body of Christ, so to respect the diversity of gifts and ministries necessary for genuine unity. (1 Cor 12) In canonical and general usage, it refers to those who exercise authority within a Christian church. In the Catholic Church , authority rests chiefly with the bishops, while priests and deacons serve as their assistants, co-workers or helpers. Accordingly, "hierarchy of the Catholic Church" is also used to refer to the bishops alone. As of 31 December 2014, the Catholic Church consisted of 2,998 dioceses or equivalent jurisdictions, each overseen by a bishop. Dioceses are divided into individual communities called parishes , each staffed by one or more priest, deacon, or lay ecclesial minister . Ordinarily, care of a parish is entrusted to a priest, though there are exceptions. Approximately 22% of all parishes do not have a resident pastor, and 3,485 parishes worldwide are entrusted to a deacon or lay ecclesial minister. All clergy, including deacons, priests, and bishops, may preach , teach, baptize , witness marriages , and conduct funeral liturgies
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Holy See
The HOLY SEE, also referred to as the SEE OF ROME, (Italian : _Santa Sede_; Latin : _Sancta Sedes_; Ecclesiastical Latin: ) is the ecclesiastical jurisdiction of the Catholic Church in Rome , the episcopal see of the Pope , and an independent sovereign entity . It serves as the central point of reference for the Catholic Church everywhere and the focal point of communion due to its position as the pre-eminent episcopal see of the universal church. Today, it is responsible for the governance of all Catholics, organised in their Particular Churches , Patriarchates and religious institutes . As an independent sovereign entity , holding the Vatican City enclave in Rome as sovereign territory , it maintains diplomatic relations with other states. It is viewed as analogous to a state while administered by the Roman Curia (_Latin_ for _Roman Court_), similar to a centralised government with the Cardinal Secretary of State as its chief administrator , and various dicasteries , comparable to ministries and executive departments. Diplomatically, the Holy See acts and speaks for the whole church. It is also recognised by other subjects of international law as a sovereign entity, headed by the Pope, with which diplomatic relations can be maintained
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Roman Curia
The ROMAN CURIA is the administrative apparatus of the Holy See and the central body through which the Roman Pontiff conducts the affairs of the universal Catholic Church. It acts in his name and with his authority for the good and for the service of the particular Churches and provides the necessary central organization for the correct functioning of the Church and the achievement of its goals. The structure and organization of responsibilities within the Curia is at present regulated by the apostolic constitution _ Pastor bonus _ issued by Pope John Paul II on 28 June 1988, which Pope Francis has decided to revise. Other bodies that play an administrative or consulting role in Church affairs are sometimes mistakenly identified with the Curia, though they are not in fact part of it, such as the Synod of Bishops and regional conferences of bishops. Cardinal Gerhard Müller , prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith , wrote in 2015 that "the Synod of Bishops is not a part of the Roman Curia in the strict sense: it is the expression of the collegiality of bishops in communion with the Pope and under his direction
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College Of Cardinals
The COLLEGE OF CARDINALS, formerly styled SACRED COLLEGE OF CARDINALS, is the body of all cardinals of the Catholic Church . Its membership was 225 as of 28 June 2016. Most cardinals exit the College only by death, although a few leave it by election to the papacy , and still fewer leave by resignation or dismissal. Changes in life expectancy partly account for the increases in the size of the College. Since the emergence of the College of Cardinals in the Early Middle Ages , the size of the body has historically been limited by popes , ecumenical councils , and even the College itself. From 1099 to 1986, the total number of cardinals was approximately 2,900 (excluding possible undocumented 12th century cardinals, cardinals appointed during the Western Schism by pontiffs now considered to be antipopes , and subject to some other sources of uncertainty), nearly half of which were created after 1655. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Historical data * 2 Organisation * 3 Functions * 3.1 Officials * 3.2 Choosing the pope * 4 Current members of the College of Cardinals * 5 Demographics * 5.1 By appointing pope * 5.2 By continent vs
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List Of Catholic Dioceses (structured View)
The Catholic Church
Catholic Church
in its entirety comprises 2,988 ecclesiastical jurisdictions, including over 640 archdioceses and 2,206 dioceses, as well as apostolic vicariates, apostolic exarchates, apostolic administrations, apostolic prefectures, military ordinariates, personal ordinariates, personal prelatures, territorial prelatures, territorial abbacies and missions sui juris around the world. In addition to these jurisdictions, there are 2,091 titular sees (bishoprics, archbishoprics and metropolitanates). This is a structural list to show the relationships of each diocese to one another, grouped by ecclesiastical province, within each episcopal conference, within each continent or other geographical area. The list needs regular updating and is incomplete, but as articles are written up, more will be added, and various aspects need to be regularly updated. This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it.Contents1 Map 2 Types of Catholic Dioceses 3 Ex