HOME TheInfoList.com
Providing Lists of Related Topics to Help You Find Great Stuff
[::MainTopicLength::#1500] [::ListTopicLength::#1500] [::ListLength::#15] [::ListAdRepeat::#3]

picture info

Robert Fico
ROBERT FICO (Slovak pronunciation: ; born 15 September 1964) is a Slovak politician who has been Prime Minister of Slovakia since 4 April 2012; previously he was Prime Minister from 4 July 2006 to 8 July 2010. He has been the leader of the Direction – Social Democracy (SMER-SD) party since 1999. First elected to Parliament in 1992 (whilst within Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
), he was later appointed to the Council of Europe . Following his party's victory in the 2006 parliamentary election , he formed the first Fico Cabinet . While later in opposition, Fico again sat as a member of parliament, effectively as leader of the opposition. Following a motion of confidence against the Iveta Radičová cabinet, Fico was re-appointed as Prime Minister after leading SMER-SD to a landslide election victory in the 2012 parliamentary election , winning 83 seats and forming a government with an absolute majority in Parliament, the first such since 1989. In 2013, Fico officially declared his candidacy for the 2014 presidential election , but he lost to Andrej Kiska in the second round of voting on 29 March 2014
[...More...]

"Robert Fico" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Prime Minister Of Slovakia
The CHAIRMAN OF THE GOVERNMENT OF THE SLOVAK REPUBLIC (Slovak : Predseda vlády Slovenskej republiky), also known as the PRIME MINISTER (Slovak : Premiér), is the head of the Government of Slovakia
Slovakia
. On paper he is the third highest constitutional official in Slovakia
Slovakia
after the President of Slovakia and the Speaker of the National Council . In practice, he is the country's leading political figure. The office itself was created in 1969 and since then there has been 14 prime ministers serving in the office. Since 1993 , when independent Slovakia
Slovakia
emerged, seven prime ministers (five individuals only) have been serving in the office. On April 4, 2012, Robert Fico became the 7th and current prime minister
[...More...]

"Prime Minister Of Slovakia" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Incumbent
The INCUMBENT is the current holder of a political office . This term is usually used in reference to elections , in which races can often be defined as being between an incumbent and non-incumbent(s). For example, in the 2012 United States presidential election , Barack Obama was the incumbent, because he had been the president in the previous term while the election sought to determine the president for the current term. A race without an incumbent is referred to as an OPEN SEAT. CONTENTS * 1 Etymology * 2 Incumbency advantage * 2.1 Sophomore surge * 3 Anti-incumbency * 4 See also * 5 Further reading * 6 References ETYMOLOGYThe word "incumbent" is derived from the Latin verb _incumbere_, literally meaning "to lean or lay upon" with the present participle stem _incumbent-_, "leaning a variant of _encumber,_ while encumber is derived from the root _cumber_, most appropriately defined: "To occupy obstructively or inconveniently; to block fill up with what hinders freedom of motion or action; to burden, load." INCUMBENCY ADVANTAGEIn general, incumbents have structural advantages over challengers during elections . The timing of elections may be determined by the incumbent instead of a set schedule. For most political offices, the incumbent often has more name recognition due to their previous work in the office
[...More...]

"Incumbent" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Ivan Gašparovič
IVAN GAšPAROVIč (Slovak pronunciation: ; born 27 March 1941) is a Slovak politician and lawyer who was President of Slovakia
President of Slovakia
from 2004 to 2014. He was also the first Slovak president to be re-elected. President George W. Bush and Slovak President Ivan Gašparovič
Ivan Gašparovič
in Grassalkovich Palace
Grassalkovich Palace
in Bratislava
Bratislava
CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Early career * 3 President of Slovakia
President of Slovakia
* 3.1 Controversies * 4 Private life * 5 Honours and awards * 5.1 Foreign honours * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links BIOGRAPHY Ivan Gašparovič
Ivan Gašparovič
was born in Poltár , near Lučenec
Lučenec
and Banská Bystrica in present-day south-central Slovakia
Slovakia
, that time in the first Slovak Republic . His father, Vladimir Gašparović, emigrated to Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
from Rijeka
Rijeka
in Croatia
Croatia
at the end of World War I and was a teacher at a secondary school in Bratislava
Bratislava
, and at one point its Headmaster. Gašparovič studied at the Law Faculty of the Comenius University in Bratislava, which is the main university in Slovakia, from 1959 to 1964
[...More...]

"Ivan Gašparovič" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Andrej Kiska
ANDREJ KISKA (Slovak pronunciation: ; born 2 February 1963) is a Slovak entrepreneur and philanthropist who has been President of Slovakia
Slovakia
since 2014. He ran as an independent candidate in the 2014 presidential election and was elected as President in a second round of voting. CONTENTS * 1 Entrepreneurial career * 2 Philanthropy * 3 Election as President * 4 Foreign policy * 5 References * 6 External links ENTREPRENEURIAL CAREERKiska was born in Poprad . He studied electrical engineering . In 1990, after the Velvet Revolution , he moved to the United States. Later he founded Triangel and Quatro, two Slovakia-based hire-purchase companies that give the buyer the possibility to pay for goods in several installments over a number of months instead of paying the full price at once. PHILANTHROPYIn 2006, Kiska co-founded a non-profit charitable organization called Dobrý anjel (translated as Good Angel), in which donors help families that have found themselves in a difficult financial situation as a result of a family member contracting a serious disease (such as cancer ). By 2016, more than 170,000 people have donated to this organization in Slovakia. In 2014 Good Angel expanded their activities also to Czech Republic, where 60.000 are paying their monthly contributions in 2016. In addition to that, Kiska donates his monthly presidential salary to people in need
[...More...]

"Andrej Kiska" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Iveta Radičová
IVETA RADIčOVá (Slovak pronunciation: ; born 7 December 1956) was the first woman Prime Minister of Slovakia from 2010 to 2012. She led a coalition government, in which she also briefly held the post of Minister of Defence in the last five months of the coalition. Previously, she served as Minister of Labour from 2005 to 2006 in the second Dzurinda government. In the 2009 presidential election Iveta Radičová
Iveta Radičová
unsuccessfully ran for the office of President of Slovakia
Slovakia
. As of March 2012 , she stated that she is retired from politics. CONTENTS * 1 Personal life * 2 Academic career * 3 Political career * 3.1 Prime Minister * 4 Publications * 5 References * 6 External links PERSONAL LIFERadičová was born in Bratislava
Bratislava
on 7 December 1956. She has one daughter and is the widow of Stano Radič , a famous Slovak comedian and actor who died in 2005. In addition to her native Slovak , Radičová speaks Russian fluently and has good knowledge of English, German and Polish . ACADEMIC CAREERRadičová began her academic career studying sociology at the Comenius University
Comenius University
in Bratislava
Bratislava
, earning a PhD at the Slovak Academy of Sciences in 1981. Radičová worked as a sociologist at the Academy from 1979–1989, coordinating a research team for family policies
[...More...]

"Iveta Radičová" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Mikuláš Dzurinda
MIKULáš DZURINDA (Slovak pronunciation: ( listen ); born 4 February 1955) is a Slovak politician who was Prime Minister of Slovakia
Slovakia
from 30 October 1998 to 4 July 2006. He is the founder and leader of the Slovak Democratic Coalition (SDK) and then the Slovak Democratic and Christian Union . From 2002 to 2006, his party formed a coalition government with the Christian Democratic Movement , the Alliance of the New Citizen and the Party of the Hungarian Coalition . Mikuláš Dzurinda's 2nd government was labelled as a reformist one, pro-market and most effective one in economic matters in Slovakia since 1993. Carried out reforms included flat tax 19%, pension reform (second pillar), education financing reform (except colleges and universities). During his term Slovakia
Slovakia
joined both the European Union and NATO
NATO
. Dzurinda later served as Minister of Foreign Affairs in Prime Minister Iveta Radičová 's coalition government from 2010 to 2012. On 3 December 2013, Dzurinda was elected as President of the Centre for European Studies , the think-tank of the European People\'s Party , succeeding Wilfried Martens
[...More...]

"Mikuláš Dzurinda" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Direction – Social Democracy
DIRECTION – SOCIAL DEMOCRACY (Slovak : Smer–sociálna demokracia, Smer-SD) is a social-democratic political party in Slovakia
Slovakia
. It is led by Robert Fico , the current Prime Minister of Slovakia . Smer-SD is the largest party in the National Council , with a plurality of 49 seats (out of 150) following the Parliamentary Election held on 5 March 2016 . CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Foundation * 1.2 Government * 2 Election results * 2.1 National Council * 2.2 Presidential * 2.3 European Parliament
European Parliament
* 3 Current representatives * 4 See also * 5 Footnotes * 6 External links HISTORYOriginally named DIRECTION, the party emerged as a breakaway from the Party of the Democratic Left (SDĽ) on 8 November 1999. Under Fico, at the time one of the most popular politicians in the country, it quickly surpassed the SDĽ. In 2003 it changed its formal name to DIRECTION (THIRD WAY) (Slovak : Smer (tretia cesta)). In 2005, it absorbed SDĽ and several other centre-left parties and adopted its current name. Following the party's victory in 2006, Smer entered into a coalition with the nationalist Slovak National Party (SNS). For this, it was suspended from membership of the Party of European Socialists (PES)
[...More...]

"Direction – Social Democracy" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Topoľčany
TOPOľčANY ( ( listen ); Slovak : Veľké Topoľčany
Topoľčany
before 1920; Hungarian : Nagytapolcsány) is a town in the Nitra Region
Nitra Region
of Slovakia . The population as of 2006 was 28,685. The town's population is nicknamed Žochári (sing. Žochár) (producers, or owners of "mosses"). The Nitra
Nitra
river flows through a wide valley between the two mountain ranges which are visible from the town - Tribeč
Tribeč
(east) and Považský Inovec (west). CONTENTS * 1 Name * 2 History * 3 Population * 4 Sights * 5 Industry * 6 Education * 7 Twin towns — sister cities * 8 Famous residents * 9 References * 10 External links NAMEThe name Topoľčany
Topoľčany
was assumed to be derived from Slovak : topoľ (poplar tree). Groves of these trees were once abundant on the banks of the Nitra River
Nitra River
, thus the local settlers get the name *Topoľčane - "those who live between poplars". However recent studies have shown that the name is derived from the Old Slavonic word topol meaning "warm, hot", for there were hot springs in the region in early medieval times. HISTORYFounded in the 9th century, Topoľčany
Topoľčany
was a regional market centre during the Middle Ages located on the western bank of the Nitra
Nitra
River and on a crossroads of trade routes
[...More...]

"Topoľčany" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Czechoslovakia
CZECHOSLOVAKIA or CZECHO-SLOVAKIA /ˌtʃɛkoʊsloʊˈvækiə, -kə-, -slə-, -ˈvɑː-/ (Czech and Slovak : _Československo_, _Česko-Slovensko_) was a sovereign state in Central Europe that existed from October 1918, when it declared its independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire , until its peaceful dissolution into the Czech Republic and Slovakia on 1 January 1993. From 1939 to 1945, following its forced division and partial incorporation into Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
, the state did not _de facto _ exist but its government-in-exile continued to operate. From 1948 to 1990, Czechoslovakia was part of the Soviet bloc with a command economy . Its economic status was formalized in membership of Comecon from 1949, and its defense status in the Warsaw Pact of May 1955. A period of political liberalization in 1968, known as the Prague Spring , was forcibly ended when the Soviet Union, assisted by several other Warsaw Pact countries, invaded . In 1989, as Marxist–Leninist governments and communism were ending all over Europe, Czechoslovaks peacefully deposed their government in the Velvet Revolution ; state price controls were removed after a period of preparation. In 1993, Czechoslovakia split into the two sovereign states of the Czech Republic and Slovakia
[...More...]

"Czechoslovakia" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Slovakia
Coordinates : 48°40′N 19°30′E / 48.667°N 19.500°E / 48.667; 19.500 Slovak Republic _Slovenská republika_ (Slovak ) Flag Coat of arms ANTHEM: " Nad Tatrou sa blýska " "Lightning Over the Tatras" Location of Slovakia
Slovakia
(dark green) – in Europe
Europe
(green "> (green) – Capital and largest city Bratislava
[...More...]

"Slovakia" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Communist Party Of Czechoslovakia
The COMMUNIST PARTY OF CZECHOSLOVAKIA (Czech and Slovak : Komunistická strana Československa, KSČ) was a Communist and Marxist–Leninist political party in Czechoslovakia that existed between 1921 and 1992. It was a member of the Comintern . Between 1929 and 1953 it was led by Klement Gottwald . After its election victory in 1946 it seized power in the 1948 Czechoslovak coup d\'état and established a one-party state allied with the Soviet Union . Nationalization of virtually all private enterprises followed. In 1968, party leader Alexander Dubček proposed reforms that included a democratic process and this led to the invasion of Czechoslovakia by the Soviet Union . Under pressure from the Kremlin , all reforms were repealed, party leadership became taken over by its more authoritarian wing and a massive non-bloody purge of party members was conducted. In 1989 the party leadership bowed to popular pressure during the Velvet revolution and agreed to call the first contested election since 1946. In 1990, the centre-based Civic Forum won the election and the Communist party stood down. In October 1990, the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia became a federation of the Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia and the Communist Party of Slovakia
[...More...]

"Communist Party Of Czechoslovakia" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Party Of The Democratic Left (slovakia)
The PARTY OF THE DEMOCRATIC LEFT (Slovak : Strana demokratickej ľavice, SDĽ) was a social-democratic political party in Slovakia from 1990 to 2004. It was founded in 1990 out of the Communist Party of Slovakia
Slovakia
. From 1994 to 1997, SDĽ was a member of a coalition called "Common Choice " (Spoločná voľba) that gained 10.18% (18 seats) in the Slovak parliament. They did not form a part of the government. Since the 2002 elections, it has had no place in the Slovak legislature. It was a member of the Party of European Socialists and the Socialist International . On 4 December 2004, the party membership voted to merge with Direction – Social Democracy from 1 January 2005. The latter party had broken off from the SDL five years earlier. CONTENTS* 1 Election results * 1.1 National Council * 2 See also * 3 References * 4 External links ELECTION RESULTSNATIONAL COUNCIL YEAR VOTE VOTE % SEATS PLACE GOVERNMENT 1992 453,203 14.7 29 / 150 2nd No 1994 299,469 10.4 18 / 150 2nd No 1998 492,507 14.7 23 / 150 3rd Yes 2002 39,163 1.4 0 / 150 12th NoSEE ALSO * Party of the Democratic Left (2005) * Politics of Slovakia * List of political parties in Slovakia
List of political parties in Slovakia
REFERENCES * ^ Harry Harmer (1999)
[...More...]

"Party Of The Democratic Left (slovakia)" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Alma Mater
ALMA MATER ( Latin : _alma_ "nourishing/kind", _mater_ "mother"; pl. _almae matres_) is an allegorical Latin phrase for a university or college . In modern usage, it is a school or university which an individual has attended, or a song or hymn associated with a school . The phrase is variously translated as "nourishing mother", "nursing mother", or "fostering mother", suggesting that a school provides intellectual nourishment to its students. Fine arts will often depict educational institutions using a robed woman as a visual metaphor. Before its modern usage, _Alma mater_ was an honorific title for various Latin mother goddesses , especially Ceres or Cybele , and later in Catholicism for the Virgin Mary . It entered academic usage when the University of Bologna adopted the motto "_Alma Mater Studiorum_" ("nurturing mother of studies"), which describes its heritage as the oldest operating university in the Western world . It is related to _alumnus _, a term used for a university graduate that literally means a "nursling" or "one who is nourished"
[...More...]

"Alma Mater" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Comenius University In Bratislava
COMENIUS UNIVERSITY IN BRATISLAVA (Slovak : Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave) is the largest university in Slovakia
Slovakia
, with most of its faculties located in Bratislava
Bratislava
. It was founded in 1919, shortly after the creation of Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
. It is named after Jan Amos Comenius , a 17th-century Czech teacher and philosopher . In 2006, Comenius University
University
had more than 30,000 students and 2,000 faculty members. As are most universities in Slovakia, it is funded mostly by the government. Although there have been plans to establish tuition fees for university students in Slovakia
Slovakia
for years, another attempt failed to gain sufficient support in parliament in May 2005. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 List of faculties * 3 Notable alumni * 4 Notable faculty * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links HISTORYThe Comenius University
University
was established in 1919 with assistance from the more established University
University
of Prague . It was meant to replace the former Elisabeth University
University
which was located in Bratislava
Bratislava
since 1912 as the latter has been forcefully disbanded in 1919 by Samuel Zoch , plenipotentiary župan of Slovakia
[...More...]

"Comenius University In Bratislava" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Politician
A POLITICIAN (from "politics" + "-ian", from the Greek title of Aristotle\'s book Πολιτικά "Politika", meaning "Civic Affairs") is a person active in party politics , or a person holding or seeking office in government. In democratic countries, politicians seek elective positions within a government through elections or, at times, temporary appointment to replace politicians who have died, resigned or have been otherwise removed from office. In non-democratic countries, they employ other means of reaching power through appointment, bribery, revolutions and intrigues. Some politicians are experienced in the art or science of government. Politicians propose, support and create laws or policies that govern the land and, by extension, its people. Broadly speaking, a "politician" can be anyone who seeks to achieve political power in any bureaucratic institution. CONTENTS * 1 Identity * 2 Media and rhetoric * 3 Bureaucracy and spoils * 4 Careers * 5 Characteristics * 6 Criticism * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 Further reading * 10 External links IDENTITYPoliticians are people who are politically active, especially in party politics. Positions range from local offices to executive, legislative, and judicial offices of regional and national governments. Some elected law enforcement officers, such as sheriffs , are considered politicians
[...More...]

"Politician" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo
.