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Republic Of China
TAIWAN (/ˌtaɪˈwɑːn/ ( listen )), officially the REPUBLIC OF CHINA (ROC), is a state in East Asia . Its neighbors include China (officially the People's Republic of China, PRC) to the west, Japan
Japan
to the northeast, and the Philippines
Philippines
to the south. Taiwan
Taiwan
is the most populous state that is not a member of the United Nations
United Nations
and the largest economy outside the UN. The island of Taiwan
Taiwan
, formerly known as Formosa, was inhabited by Taiwanese aborigines
Taiwanese aborigines
before the 17th century, when Dutch and Spanish colonies opened the island to mass Han immigration. After a brief rule by the Kingdom of Tungning
Kingdom of Tungning
, the island was annexed by the Qing dynasty , the last dynasty of China
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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Ethnic Groups
An ETHNIC GROUP or ETHNICITY is a category of people who identify with each other based on similarities such as common ancestral , language , social , cultural or national experiences . Ethnicity is often an inherited status based on the society in which one lives. In some cases, it can be adopted if a person moves into another society. Membership of an ethnic group tends to be defined by a shared cultural heritage , ancestry , origin myth , history , homeland , language or dialect , symbolic systems such as religion , mythology and ritual , cuisine , dressing style, art , and physical appearance . Ethnic groups, derived from the same historical founder population , often continue to speak related languages and share a similar gene pool
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Yami Language
YAMI (Chinese : 雅美), also known as TAO (Chinese : 達悟語), is a Malayo-Polynesian language. It is a member of the Ivatan dialect continuum spoken by the Yami people of Taiwan
Taiwan
. It is spoken on Orchid Island , 46 kilometers southeast of the main island of Taiwan
Taiwan
. Yami is known as ciriciring no Tao, or "human speech," by its native speakers. Yami is the only native language of Taiwanese aborigines that is not a member of the Formosan grouping of Austronesian; it is one of the Batanic languages found in the northern Philippines
Philippines

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Unitary State
A UNITARY STATE is a state governed as a single power in which the central government is ultimately supreme and any administrative divisions (sub-national units) exercise only the powers that the central government chooses to delegate. The majority of states in the world have a unitary system of government. Of the 192 UN member states , 165 are governed as unitary states. In a unitary state, sub-national units are created and abolished (an example being the 22 mainland regions of France
France
being merged into 13), and their powers may be broadened and narrowed, by the central government. Although political power may be delegated through devolution to local governments by statute , the central government remains supreme; it may abrogate the acts of devolved governments or curtail their powers. The United Kingdom
United Kingdom
of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
is an example of a unitary state
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Demonym
A DEMONYM (/ˈdɛmənɪm/ ; δῆμος dẽmos "people, tribe", ὄνομα ónoma "name") is a word that identifies residents or natives of a particular place, which is derived from the name of that particular place. It is a neologism (i.e., a recently minted term); previously GENTILIC was recorded in English dictionaries, e.g., the Oxford English Dictionary and Chambers Twentieth Century Dictionary. Examples of demonyms include a Pakistani for a person from Pakistan
Pakistan
, Swahili for a person of the Swahili coast , the colloquial Kiwi for a person from New Zealand
New Zealand
, and a Cochabambino for a person from the city of Cochabamba . Demonyms do not always clearly distinguish place of origin or ethnicity from place of residence or citizenship, and many demonyms overlap with the ethnonym for the ethnically dominant group of a region
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Semi-presidential System
A SEMI-PRESIDENTIAL SYSTEM is a system of government in which a president exists alongside a prime minister and a cabinet, with the latter two being responsible to the legislature of a state . A semi-presidential system differs from a parliamentary republic in that it has a popularly elected head of state , who is more than a purely ceremonial figurehead , and from the presidential system in that the cabinet , although named by the president, is responsible to the legislature , which may force the cabinet to resign through a motion of no confidence . While the German Weimar Republic
Republic
(1919–1933) exemplified an early semi-presidential system, the term "semi-presidential" was introduced by a 1959 article by journalist Hubert Beuve-Méry and popularized by a 1978 work by political scientist Maurice Duverger , both of which intended to describe the French Fifth Republic
Republic
(established in 1958)
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Official Script
An OFFICIAL SCRIPT is a writing system that is specifically designated to be official in the constitutions or other applicable laws of countries, states, and other jurisdictions . Akin to an official language , an official script is much rarer. It is used primarily where an official language is in practice written with two or more scripts. As, in these languages, use of script often has cultural or political connotations, proclamation of an official script is sometimes criticised as having a goal of influencing culture or politics or both. Desired effects also may include easing education , communication and some other aspects of life. CONTENTS * 1 List of official scripts * 2 Historical * 3 See also * 4 References LIST OF OFFICIAL SCRIPTSBelow is a partial list of official scripts used in different countries. Those in italics are states that have limited international recognition
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Formosan Languages
The FORMOSAN LANGUAGES are the languages of the indigenous peoples of Taiwan
Taiwan
. Taiwanese aborigines (those recognized by the government) currently comprise about 2.3% of the island's population. However, far fewer can still speak their ancestral language, after centuries of language shift . Of the approximately 26 languages of the Taiwanese aborigines, at least ten are extinct , another four (perhaps five) are moribund , and several others are to some degree endangered . The aboriginal languages of Taiwan
Taiwan
have significance in historical linguistics , since in all likelihood Taiwan
Taiwan
was the place of origin of the entire Austronesian
Austronesian
language family
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Taiwanese Hakka
TAIWANESE HAKKA is a group of Hakka dialects spoken in Taiwan
Taiwan
, and mainly used by people of Hakka ancestry . Taiwanese Hakka
Taiwanese Hakka
is divided into five main dialects: Sixian (四縣腔), Hailu (海陸腔), Dabu (大埔腔), Raoping (饒平腔), and Zhao'an (詔安腔). The most widely spoken of the five Hakka dialects in Taiwan
Taiwan
are Sixian and Hailu. The former, possessing 6 tones, originates from Meizhou
Meizhou
, Guangdong
Guangdong
, and is mainly spoken in Miaoli , Pingtung and Kaohsiung
Kaohsiung
, while the latter, possessing 7 tones, originates from Haifeng and Lufeng , Guangdong
Guangdong
, and is concentrated around Hsinchu
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Tsai Chi-chang
TSAI CHI-CHANG (Chinese : 蔡其昌; pinyin : Cài Qíchāng) is a Taiwanese politician. He was elected to the Legislative Yuan
Legislative Yuan
in Taichung's first constituency in 2012 and re-elected in 2016. He is currently the Deputy Speaker of Legislative Yuan
Legislative Yuan
, having served in this role since 1 February 2016. EDUCATIONTsai obtained his bachelor and master's degrees in history from Tunghai University and master's degree in executive business administration from National Chung Hsing University . REFERENCES * ^ Hsu, Stacy (2 February 2016). "First non-KMT legislative speaker is Su". Taipei Times. Retrieved 2 February 2016. * ^ "LY elects first-ever pan-green leaders". China Post. Retrieved 2 February 2016. * ^ "The Legislative Yuan
Legislative Yuan
Republic of China-Tsai, Chi-Chang-Brief Introduction"
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Constitutional Republic
A REPUBLIC (Latin : res publica ) is a form of government in which the country is considered a "public matter" – not the private concern or property of the rulers – and where offices of state are elected or appointed, rather than inherited. It is a government where the head of state is not a monarch . In American English, the definition of a republic can also refer specifically to a government in which elected individuals represent the citizen body, known elsewhere as a representative democracy (a democratic republic ), and exercise power according to the rule of law (a constitutional republic). As of 2017 , 159 of the world's 206 sovereign states use the word "republic" as part of their official names; not all of these are republics in the sense of having elected governments, nor do all nations with elected governments use the word "republic" in their names. Both modern and ancient republics vary widely in their ideology, composition, and practicality
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Taiwanese Hokkien
/ (coastal) / (inland) NATIVE TO Taiwan
Taiwan
NATIVE SPEAKERS 15 million (1997) LANGUAGE FAMILY Sino-Tibetan * Chinese * Min * Southern Min * Hokkien * TAIWANESE HOKKIEN WRITING SYSTEM Latin (pe̍h-ōe-jī ),
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Traditional Chinese
TRADITIONAL CHINESE CHARACTERS (traditional Chinese: 正體字/繁體字; simplified Chinese : 正体字/繁体字; Pinyin : Zhèngtǐzì/Fántĭzì) are Chinese characters
Chinese characters
in any character set that does not contain newly created characters or character substitutions performed after 1946. They are most commonly the characters in the standardized character sets of Taiwan
Taiwan
, of Hong Kong and Macau
Macau
or in the Kangxi Dictionary
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Waishengren
MAINLAND CHINESE or MAINLANDERS are Chinese people
Chinese people
who live in a region considered a "mainland". It is frequently used in the context of areas ruled by the People\'s Republic of China , referring to people from mainland China as opposed to other areas controlled by the state such as Hong Kong
Hong Kong
or Macau
Macau

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Taiwan (other)
TAIWAN , officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia primarily located on the island of the same name
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