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Regions Of Italy
The REGIONS OF ITALY (Italian: _regioni_) are the first-level administrative divisions of Italy , constituting its second NUTS administrative level . There are 20 regions, of which five are constitutionally given a broader amount of autonomy granted by special statutes. Each region, except for the Aosta Valley , is divided into provinces . Regions are autonomous entities with powers defined in the Constitution . CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Regional control * 2 Regions * 3 Macroregions * 4 Status * 4.1 Regions with ordinary statute * 4.2 Autonomous regions with special statute * 5 Institutions * 6 Representation in the Senate * 7 Economy of regions and macroregions * 8 See also * 8.1 Other administrative divisions * 9 References * 10 External links * 10.1 Italian HISTORYAs the administrative districts of the central state during the Kingdom of Italy , regions were granted a measure of political autonomy by the 1948 Constitution of the Italian Republic . The original draft list comprised the Salento region (which was eventually included in the Apulia). _Friuli_ and _Venezia Giulia_ were separate regions, and Basilicata was named _Lucania_. Abruzzo and Molise were identified as separate regions in the first draft. They were later merged into _ Abruzzo e Molise_ in the final constitution of 1948. They were separated in 1963
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Apulia
Coordinates : 41°0′31″N 16°30′46″E / 41.00861°N 16.51278°E / 41.00861; 16.51278 Apulia _Puglia_ Region of Italy FLAG COAT OF ARMS COUNTRY Italy CAPITAL Bari GOVERNMENT • PRESIDENT Michele Emiliano (PD ) AREA • TOTAL 19,358 km2 (7,474 sq mi) POPULATION (31-12-2016) • TOTAL 4,063,888 • DENSITY 210/km2 (540/sq mi) DEMONYM(S) English: Apulian(s), Puglian(s) Italian : _Pugliese_, pl. _Pugliesi_ TIME ZONE CET ( UTC+1 ) • SUMMER (DST ) CEST ( UTC+2 ) GDP/ NOMINAL €69.5 billion (2008) GDP PER CAPITA €16,900 (2008) NUTS REGION ITF WEBSITE www.regione.puglia.itAPULIA (/əˈpuːliə/ _ə-POO-lee-ə_ ; Italian : _Puglia_ ; Neapolitan : _Pùglia_ ; Albanian : _Pulia_; Ancient Greek : Ἀπουλία, Apoulia) is a region of Italy in Southern Italy bordering the Adriatic Sea to the east, the Ionian Sea to the southeast, and the Strait of Òtranto and Gulf of Taranto to the south. Its southernmost portion, known as the Salento peninsula, forms a "stiletto" heel on the "boot" of Italy. The region comprises 19,345 square kilometers (7,469 sq mi), and its population is about four million
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Basilicata
Coordinates : 40°30′N 16°30′E / 40.5°N 16.5°E / 40.5; 16.5 BASILICATA Region of Italy FLAG COAT OF ARMS COUNTRY Italy CAPITAL Potenza GOVERNMENT • PRESIDENT Marcello Pittella (PD ) AREA • TOTAL 9,995 km2 (3,859 sq mi) POPULATION (2012-10-3) • TOTAL 575,902 • DENSITY 58/km2 (150/sq mi) DEMONYM(S) Lucano (sing.), Lucani (pl.) TIME ZONE CET ( UTC+1 ) • SUMMER (DST ) CEST ( UTC+2 ) GDP/ NOMINAL €11.4 billion (2008) GDP PER CAPITA €19,100 (2008) NUTS REGION ITF WEBSITE www.regione.basilicata.itBASILICATA (Italian pronunciation: or ), also known as LUCANIA , is a region in Southern Italy , bordering on Campania to the west, Apulia (_Puglia_) to the north and east, and Calabria to the south. It also has two coastlines, one on the Tyrrhenian Sea between Campania and Calabria, and a longer coastline along the Gulf of Taranto between Calabria and Apulia. The region can be thought of as the "instep" of Italy, with Calabria functioning as the "toe" and Apulia the "heel". The region covers about 10,000 km2 (3,900 sq mi) and in 2010 had a population slightly under 600,000. The regional capital is Potenza . The region is divided into two provinces: Potenza and Matera
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Calabria
CALABRIA (Italian pronunciation: ; _Calàbbria_ in Calabrian , _Calavría_ in Calabrian Greek , Καλαβρία in Greek , _Kalavrì_ in Arbëresh ), known in antiquity as BRUTTIUM, is a region in Southern Italy
Italy
. It forms the traditionally conceptualized "toe" of the Italian Peninsula which resembles a boot. The capital city of Calabria
Calabria
is Catanzaro . The Regional Council of Calabria
Calabria
is based at the Palazzo Campanella in the city of Reggio Calabria
Calabria
. The region is bordered to the north by the Basilicata Region, to the west by the Tyrrhenian Sea , and to the east by the Ionian Sea
Ionian Sea
. The region covers 15,080 km2 (5,822 sq mi) and has a population of just under 2 million. The demonym of Calabria
Calabria
in English is Calabrian
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Sicily
SICILY (/ˈsɪsᵻli/ _SISS-i-lee_ ; Italian : _Sicilia_ , Sicilian : _Sicìlia_) is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea . It is an autonomous region of Italy
Italy
, along with surrounding minor islands, officially referred to as _Regione Siciliana_ (in Italian , Sicilian Region). Sicily
Sicily
is located in the central Mediterranean Sea, south of the Italian Peninsula , from which it is separated by the narrow Strait of Messina
Messina
. Its most prominent landmark is Mount Etna , the tallest active volcano in Europe, and one of the most active in the world, currently 3,329 m (10,922 ft) high. The island has a typical Mediterranean climate . The earliest archaeological evidence of human activity on the island dates from as early as 12,000 BC. By around 750 BC, Sicily
Sicily
had three Phoenician and a dozen Greek colonies and, for the next 600 years, it was the site of the Sicilian Wars and the Punic Wars . After the fall of the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
in the 5th century AD, Sicily
Sicily
was ruled during the Early Middle Ages by the Vandals
Vandals
, the Ostrogoths , the Byzantine Empire , and the Emirate of Sicily
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Molise
Coordinates : 41°41′59″N 14°36′40″E / 41.6997°N 14.6111°E / 41.6997; 14.6111 MOLISE (pronounced ) is a region of Southern Italy . Until 1963, it formed part of the region of _ Abruzzi e Molise _, alongside the region of Abruzzo . The split, which did not become effective until 1970, makes Molise the youngest region in Italy. The region covers 4,438 square kilometres (1,714 sq mi) (the Aosta Valley is the only smaller region) and has a population of 313,348 (as of 1 January 2015) The region is split into two provinces, named after their respective capitals Campobasso and Isernia . Campobasso also serves as the regional capital. CONTENTS * 1 Geography * 2 Main sights and monuments * 2.1 Campobasso * 2.2 Isernia * 2.3 Termoli * 2.4 Province of Campobasso * 2.5 Province of Isernia * 3 Economy * 4 Demographics * 5 Administrative divisions * 6 Culture * 6.1 Cuisine * 7 International relations * 7.1 Twin towns — sister cities * 8 See also * 9 References * 10 External links GEOGRAPHY Molise is bordered by Abruzzo to the north, Puglia to the east, Lazio to the west and Campania to the south
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Campania
CAMPANIA (Italian pronunciation: ) is a region in Southern Italy
Italy
. The region at the end of 2014 had a population of around 5,869,000 people, making it the third-most-populous region of Italy; its total area of 13,590 km2 (5,247 sq mi) makes it the most densely populated region in the country. Located on the Italian Peninsula , with the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
to the west, it includes the small Phlegraean Islands and Capri
Capri
for administration as part of the region. Campania
Campania
was colonised by Ancient Greeks and was part of _Magna Græcia _. During the Roman era , the area maintained a Greco-Roman culture. The capital city of Campania
Campania
is Naples
Naples
. Campania
Campania
is rich in culture, especially in regard to gastronomy , music , architecture , archeological and ancient sites such as Pompeii
Pompeii
, Herculaneum
Herculaneum
, Paestum and Velia
Velia
. The name of Campania
Campania
itself is derived from Latin , as the Romans knew the region as _ Campania
Campania
felix_, which translates into English as "fertile countryside "
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Abruzzo
ABRUZZO (pronounced ) is a region of Italy
Italy
in Southern Italy
Italy
, with an area of 10,763 square km (4,156 sq mi) and a population of 1.3 million. Its western border lies 80 km (50 mi) east of Rome
Rome
. The region is divided into the four provinces of L\'Aquila , Teramo
Teramo
, Pescara
Pescara
, and Chieti . Abruzzo
Abruzzo
borders the region of Marche
Marche
to the north, Lazio
Lazio
to the west and south-west, Molise to the south-east, and the Adriatic Sea
Adriatic Sea
to the east. Geographically, Abruzzo
Abruzzo
is divided into a mountainous area to the west, which includes the Gran Sasso D\'italia , and a coastal area to the east with beaches on the Adriatic sea
Adriatic sea
. Abruzzo
Abruzzo
is considered culturally, linguistically, historically, and economically a region of Southern Italy
Italy
, although geographically it may also be considered central . The Italian Statistical Authority (ISTAT ) deems it to be part of Southern Italy, partially because of Abruzzo's historic association with the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies
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Lazio
LAZIO (UK : /ˈlætsioʊ/ , US : /ˈlɑːtsioʊ/ ; Italian: ; Latin : _ Latium _) is one of the 20 administrative regions of Italy . Situated in the central peninsular section of the country, it has almost 5.9 million inhabitants – making it the second most populated region of Italy (after Lombardy and just a little ahead of Campania ) – and its GDP of more than 170 billion euros per annum means that it has the nation's second largest regional economy. The capital of Lazio is Rome , which is also Italy's capital and the country's largest city . CONTENTS * 1 Geography * 2 History * 3 Economy * 4 Demographics * 5 Government and politics * 6 Administrative divisions * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links GEOGRAPHY Relief map of Lazio. Panorama of the Aniene Valley. Lazio comprises a land area of 17,236 km2 (6,655 sq mi) and it has borders with Tuscany , Umbria , and Marche to the north, Abruzzo and Molise to the east, Campania to the south, and the Tyrrhenian Sea to the west. The region is mainly flat and hilly, with small mountainous areas in the most eastern and southern districts
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Umbria
UMBRIA (/ˈʌmbriə/ _UM-bree-ə_ ; Italian pronunciation: ), is a region of historic and modern central Italy . It is the only Italian region having neither a coastline nor a border with other countries. It includes the Lake Trasimeno , Marmore\'s Falls , and is crossed by the River Tiber . The regional capital is Perugia . Umbria is known for its landscapes, traditions, history, culinary delights, artistic legacy, and influence on culture. The region is characterized by hills, mountains, valleys and historical towns such as Perugia (known as an important university centre), Assisi (a World Heritage Site associated with St. Francis of Assisi , the Basilica of San Francesco and other Franciscan sites, works by Giotto and Cimabue ), Terni (the hometown of St. Valentine ), Norcia (the hometown of St. Benedict ), Città di Castello , Renaissance center of the Tiber High Valley, Gubbio (the hometown of St
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Marche
MARCHE (Italian pronunciation: ), or the MARCHES /ˈmɑːrtʃᵻz/ , is one of the twenty regions of Italy
Italy
. The name of the region derives from the plural name of _marca _, originally referring to the medieval March of Ancona
Ancona
and nearby marches of Camerino and Fermo . Marche
Marche
is well known for its shoemaking tradition, with the finest and most luxurious Italian footwear being manufactured in this region. The region is located in the Central area of the country, bordered by Emilia-Romagna
Emilia-Romagna
and the republic of San Marino
San Marino
to the north, Tuscany
Tuscany
to the west, Umbria
Umbria
to the southwest, Abruzzo
Abruzzo
and Lazio
Lazio
to the south and the Adriatic Sea
Adriatic Sea
to the east. Except for river valleys and the often very narrow coastal strip, the land is hilly. A railway from Bologna to Brindisi
Brindisi
, built in the 19th century, runs along the coast of the entire territory. Inland, the mountainous nature of the region, even today, allows relatively little travel north and south, except by twisting roads over the passes
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Tuscany
TUSCANY (/ˈtʌskəni/ _TUSK-ə-nee_ ; Italian : _Toscana_, pronounced ) is a region in central Italy
Italy
with an area of about 23,000 square kilometres (8,900 square miles) and a population of about 3.8 million inhabitants (2013). The regional capital is Florence (_Firenze_). Tuscany
Tuscany
is known for its landscapes, traditions, history, artistic legacy and its influence on high culture . It is regarded as the birthplace of the Italian Renaissance and has been home to many figures influential in the history of art and science, and contains well-known museums such as the Uffizi
Uffizi
and the Pitti Palace
Pitti Palace
. Tuscany produces wines , including Chianti , Vino Nobile di Montepulciano , Morellino di Scansano and Brunello di Montalcino . Having a strong linguistic and cultural identity, it is sometimes considered "a nation within a nation". Tuscany
Tuscany
is traditionally a popular destination in Italy
Italy
, and the main tourist destinations by number of tourist arrivals are Florence
Florence
, Pisa
Pisa
, Montecatini Terme , Castiglione della Pescaia and Grosseto
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Sardinia
SARDINIA (/sɑːrˈdɪniə/ _sar-DIN-ee-ə_ ; Italian : _Sardegna_ , Sardinian : _Sardìgna/Sardìnnia_ / , Sassarese : _Sardhigna_, Gallurese : _Saldigna_, Catalan : _Sardenya_, Tabarchino : _Sardegna_) is the second largest island in the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
(after Sicily and before Cyprus
Cyprus
) and an autonomous region of Italy
Italy
. It is located in the Western Mediterranean, to the immediate south of the French island of Corsica . The region's official name is _Regione Autonoma della Sardegna_ / _Regione Autònoma de Sardigna_ (Autonomous Region of Sardinia), and its capital and largest city is Cagliari
Cagliari
. It is divided into four provinces and a metropolitan city . Its indigenous language and the other minority languages (Sassarese , Corsican Gallurese , Algherese Catalan and Ligurian Tabarchino ) spoken by the Sardinians enjoy "equal dignity" with Italian under regional law
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Emilia-Romagna
EMILIA-ROMAGNA (pronounced , Emilian : _Emélia-Rumâgna_, Romagnol : _Emélia-Rumâgna_) is an administrative Region of Northeast Italy
Italy
, comprising the historical regions of Emilia and Romagna . Its capital is Bologna
Bologna
. It has an area of 22,446 km2 (8,666 sq mi), and about 4.4 million inhabitants. Emilia- Romagna is one of the wealthiest and most developed regions in Europe, with the third highest GDP
GDP
per capita in Italy. Bologna, its capital, has one of Italy's highest quality of life indices and advanced social services. Emilia- Romagna is also a cultural and tourist centre, being the home of the University of Bologna
Bologna
, the oldest university in the world, containing Romanesque and Renaissance cities (such as Modena
Modena
, Parma
Parma
and Ferrara ), being a centre for food and automobile production (home of automotive companies such as Ferrari
Ferrari
, Lamborghini
Lamborghini
, Maserati
Maserati
, Pagani , De Tomaso
De Tomaso
and Ducati
Ducati
) and having popular coastal resorts such as Cervia
Cervia
, Cesenatico
Cesenatico
, Rimini and Riccione
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Liguria
LIGURIA (Italian pronunciation: , Ligurian : _Ligûria_ ) is a coastal region of north-western Italy
Italy
; its capital is Genoa
Genoa
. The region is popular with tourists for its beaches, towns and cuisine. CONTENTS * 1 Etymology * 2 Geography * 3 History * 3.1 Prehistory and Roman times * 3.2 Middle Ages * 3.3 Early modern * 3.4 Late modern and contemporary * 4 Demographics * 5 Economy * 6 Government and politics * 7 Administrative divisions * 8 Cuisine * 9 Gallery * 10 References * 11 External links ETYMOLOGYThe name _Liguria_ predates Latin
Latin
and is of obscure origin, however the Latin
Latin
adjectives _Ligusticum_ (as in _Mare Ligusticum_) and _Liguscus_ reveal the original -sc- in the root ligusc-, which shortened to -s- and turned into -r- in the Latin
Latin
name _Liguria_ according to rhotacism . The formant -sc- (-sk-) is present in the names Etruscan , Basque , Gascony and is believed by some researchers to relate to maritime people or sailors. GEOGRAPHY A view of Cinque Terre . Liguria
Liguria
is bordered by France
France
(Provence-Alpes-Côte d\'Azur ) to the west, Piedmont
Piedmont
to the north, and Emilia-Romagna
Emilia-Romagna
and Tuscany
Tuscany
to the east
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Piedmont
PIEDMONT (/ˈpiːdmɒnt/ _PEED-mont_ ; Italian : _Piemonte_, pronounced ; Piedmontese , Occitan and Arpitan : _Piemont_; French : _Piémont_) is one of the 20 regions of Italy . It has an area of 25,402 square kilometres (9,808 sq mi) and a population of 4 396 293 (31-7-2016). The capital of Piedmont is Turin . CONTENTS* 1 Toponymy * 1.1 Major towns and cities * 2 Geography * 3 History * 4 Economy * 5 Education * 6 Demographics * 7 Government and politics * 7.1 Administrative divisions * 8 Culture * 8.1 Languages * 9 Sport * 10 See also * 11 References * 12 External links TOPONYMYThe name Piedmont comes from medieval Latin Pedemontium or Pedemontis, i.e., _ad pedem montium_, meaning “at the foot of the mountains” (attested in documents of the end of the 12th century). MAJOR TOWNS AND CITIES POPULATION RANK CITY NAME Population (ab) Surface (km² ) Density (ab/km² ) Altitude (m m.s.l
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