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Civil Defence

Civil defense (civil defence in UK English) or civil protection is an effort to protect the citizens of a state (generally non-combatants) from military attacks and natural disasters. It uses the principles of emergency operations: prevention, mitigation, preparation, response, or emergency evacuation and recovery. Programs of this sort were initially discussed at least as early as the 1920s and were implemented in some countries during the 1930s as the threat of war and aerial bombardment grew. It became widespread after the threat of nuclear weapons was realized. Since the end of the Cold War, the focus of civil defense has largely shifted from military attack to emergencies and disasters in general
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Hexham

Hexham (/ˈhɛksəm/ HEKS-əm) is a market town and civil parish in the south west of Northumberland, England, on the south bank of the River Tyne which forms by the confluence of two rivers: the North Tyne and the South Tyne. These two rivers converge at Warden Rock near Hexham at a place dubbed 'The Meeting of the Waters'. Hexham area has part of the Hadrian's wall. Hexham was the administrative centre for the Tynedale district from 1974 to 2009. In 2011, it had a population of 11,829.[1] Smaller towns and villages around Hexham include Corbridge, Riding Mill, Stocksfield and Wylam to the east, Acomb and Bellingham to the north, Allendale to the south and Haydon Bridge, Bardon Mill and Haltwhistle to the west
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Shipton, North Yorkshire

Shipton (also known as Shipton-by-Beningbrough) is a village and civil parish in the Hambleton district of North Yorkshire, England, about 5 miles (8 km) north-west of York.

The village was in existence at the time of the Norman invasion, as shown in the OpenDomesday on-line.[2] In the 11th century it was known as Hipton from the Old English words heope and -tun, meaning Rose-hip settlement.[3] Land in the area was held by Count Alan of Brittany around 1086 and by Richard de Camera. Various landowners over the next 150 years gave land to nearby St Mary's Abbey. After the dissolution, John Shipton had leased the manor which John Redman eventually bought from the Crown outright in 1557
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Grantham

Grantham (/ˈɡrænθəm/ GRAN-thəm) is a market and industrial town in the South Kesteven district of Lincolnshire, England. It straddles the London–Edinburgh East Coast Main Line and the River Witham and is bounded to the west by the A1 north–south trunk road. It lies about 23 miles (37 kilometres) south of the county town, Lincoln, and 22 miles (35 kilometres) east of Nottingham. The population in 2016 was put at 44,580.[1] Grantham is known as the birthplace of former UK Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, for educating Isaac Newton at the King's School, as the workplace of the UK's first female police officer, Edith Smith in 1914, and for making the UK's first running diesel engine in 1892 and tractor in 1896
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Llandrindod Wells

Llandrindod Wells (Welsh: Llandrindod, lit. "Trinity Parish") is a town and community in Powys, within the historic boundaries of Radnorshire, Wales.[2] It serves as the seat of Powys County Council and thus the administrative centre of Powys. It was developed as a spa town[2] in the 19th century, with a boom in the late 20th century as a centre of local government. Before the 1860s the site of the town was common land in Llanfihangel Cefn-llys parish. Llandrindod Wells is the fifth largest town in Powys and the largest in Radnorshire.

A gathering of people at the Rock Park Pump House, Llandrindod, 1920s
During the mid-18th century, the 'healing qualities' of the local spring waters attracted visitors to the area resulting in an economic boom with the building of a 'splendid' hotel at Llandrindod Hall
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