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Record Producer
A RECORD PRODUCER or TRACK PRODUCER or MUSIC PRODUCER oversees and manages the sound recording and production of a band or performer's music , which may range from recording one song to recording a lengthy concept album . A producer has many roles during the recording process. The roles of a producer vary. They may gather musical ideas for the project, collaborate with the artists to select cover tunes or original songs by the artist/group, work with artists and help them to improve their songs, lyrics or arrangements. A producer may also: * Select session musicians to play rhythm section accompaniment parts or solos * Co-write. * Propose changes to the song arrangements, and * Coach the singers and musicians in the studioThe producer typically supervises the entire process from preproduction, through to the sound recording and mixing stages, and, in some cases, all the way to the audio mastering stage. The producer may perform these roles himself, or help select the engineer, and provide suggestions to the engineer. The producer may also pay session musicians and engineers and ensure that the entire project is completed within the record companies' budget
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Hip Hop Production
HIP HOP PRODUCTION is the creation of hip hop music in a recording studio . While the term encompasses all aspects of hip hop music creation, including recording the rapping of an MC , a turntablist or DJ providing a beat, playing samples and "scratching " using record players, and the creation of a rhythmic backing track, using a drum machine , sequencer and synthesizers , it is most commonly used to refer to recording the instrumental, non-lyrical and non-vocal aspects of hip hop. HIP HOP PRODUCERS are the instrumentalists and creative directors involved in guiding a recording session, which can range from a single song to a major album. Although 1970s-era hip hop focused on turntables and a DJ mixer
DJ mixer
, in the 2010s, hip hop production uses a range of digital samplers , sequencers , drum machines , and synthesizers . Sometimes hip hop producers use traditional instruments, such as a drum kit or electric bass . A hip hop instrumental is colloquially referred to as a BEAT, and its composer is referred to as a PRODUCER or BEATMAKER. In the studio, however, a hip hop producer also functions as a traditional record producer , being the person who is ultimately responsible for the final sound of a recording, for guiding the artists and performers and giving advice to the audio engineer on the selection of microphones and effects processors and on how to mix the levels of the rapping and beats
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Talk
TALK may refer to: * Conversation , interactive communication between two or more people * Speech , the production of a spoken language * Interaction , face to face conversations * Compulsive talking , beyond the bounds of what is considered to be a socially acceptable amount of talking * Communication , the encoding and decoding of exchanged messages between peopleCONTENTS * 1 Software * 2 Books * 3 Film and TV * 4 Music * 4.1 Albums * 4.2 Songs SOFTWARE * Google Talk , a Windows- and web-based instant messaging program * talk (software) , a Unix messaging program * AppleTalk , an early networking protocol designed by Apple for their Macintosh computersBOOKS * _Talk_ (play) , a play by Carl Hancock Rux * _Talk_ (magazine) , an American magazineFILM AND TV * _Talk_ (film) , a 1994 Australian film * Talk show , a broadcast program format * Talk radio , a radio formatMUSIC * Talk Talk , a British rock group active from 1981 to 1991ALBUMS * _Talk_ (Yes album) , 1994 * _Talk_ (Paul Kelly album) , 1981SONGS * "Talk" (Coldplay song) * "Talk" (DJ Snake song) * "Talk", by Kreesha Turner on the album _Passion _ * "Talk", by Tracy Bonham on the album _ The Liverpool Sessions _ * "Talk", by M.I.A
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Denmark
DENMARK (/ˈdɛnmɑːrk/ (_ listen ); Danish : Danmark_ ( listen )), officially the KINGDOM OF DENMARK, is a Scandinavian country in Europe and a sovereign state . The southernmost of the Nordic countries , it is south-west of Sweden and south of Norway , and bordered to the south by Germany . The Kingdom of Denmark also comprises two autonomous constituent countries in the North Atlantic Ocean : the Faroe Islands and Greenland . Denmark itself has a total area of 42,924 square kilometres (16,573 sq mi),; total area including Greenland and the Faroe Islands is 2,210,579 square kilometres (853,509 sq mi), and a population of 5.75 million. European Denmark consists of a peninsula, Jutland , and an archipelago of 443 named islands , with the largest being Zealand , Funen and the North Jutlandic Island . The islands are characterised by flat, arable land and sandy coasts, low elevation and a temperate climate. The unified kingdom of Denmark emerged in the 10th century as a proficient seafaring nation in the struggle for control of the Baltic Sea
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Profession
A PROFESSION is a vocation founded upon specialized educational training , the purpose of which is to supply disinterested objective counsel and service to others, for a direct and definite compensation, wholly apart from expectation of other business gain. The term is a truncation of the term "liberal profession", which is, in turn, an Anglicization of the French term "profession libérale". Originally borrowed by English users in the 19th century, it has been re-borrowed by international users from the late 20th, though the (upper-middle) class overtones of the term do not seem to survive retranslation: "liberal professions" are, according to the European Union
European Union
's Directive on Recognition of Professional
Professional
Qualifications (2005/36/EC) "those practiced on the basis of relevant professional qualifications in a personal, responsible and professionally independent capacity by those providing intellectual and conceptual services in the interest of the client and the public"
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Music Industry
The MUSIC INDUSTRY consists of the companies and individuals that earn money by creating new songs and pieces and selling live concerts and shows, audio and video recordings, compositions and sheet music , and the organizations and associations that aid and represent creators. Among the many individuals and organizations that operate in the industry are: the songwriters and composers who create new songs and musical pieces; the singers , musicians , conductors and bandleaders who perform the music; the companies and professionals who create and sell recorded music and/or sheet music (e.g., music publishers , music producers , recording studios , engineers , record labels , retail and online music stores , performance rights organizations ); and those that help organize and present live music performances (sound engineers , booking agents , promoters , music venues , road crew ). The industry also includes a range of professionals who assist singers and musicians with their music careers (talent managers , artists and repertoire managers, business managers , entertainment lawyers ); those who broadcast audio or video music content (satellite , Internet radio stations , broadcast radio and TV stations ); music journalists and music critics ; DJs ; music educators and teachers ; musical instrument manufacturers; as well as many others
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Musical Instrument
A MUSICAL INSTRUMENT is an instrument created or adapted to make musical sounds . In principle, any object that produces sound can be considered a musical instrument—it is through purpose that the object becomes a musical instrument. The history of musical instruments dates to the beginnings of human culture. Early musical instruments may have been used for ritual, such as a trumpet to signal success on the hunt, or a drum in a religious ceremony. Cultures eventually developed composition and performance of melodies for entertainment. Musical instruments evolved in step with changing applications. The date and origin of the first device considered a musical instrument is disputed. The oldest object that some scholars refer to as a musical instrument, a simple flute , dates back as far as 67,000 years. Some consensus dates early flutes to about 37,000 years ago. However, most historians believe that determining a specific time of musical instrument invention is impossible due to the subjectivity of the definition and the relative instability of materials used to make them. Many early musical instruments were made from animal skins, bone, wood, and other non-durable materials. Musical instruments developed independently in many populated regions of the world. However, contact among civilizations caused rapid spread and adaptation of most instruments in places far from their origin
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Keyboard Instrument
A KEYBOARD INSTRUMENT is a musical instrument played using a keyboard , a row of levers which are pressed by the fingers. The most common of these are the piano , organ , and various electronic keyboards , including synthesizers and digital pianos . Other keyboard instruments include celestas , which are struck idiophones operated by a keyboard, and carillons , which are usually housed in bell towers or belfries of churches or municipal buildings. Today, the term _keyboard_ often refers to keyboard-style synthesizers . Under the fingers of a sensitive performer, the keyboard may also be used to control dynamics , phrasing , shading, articulation , and other elements of expression—depending on the design and inherent capabilities of the instrument. Another important use of the word _keyboard_ is in historical musicology, where it means an instrument whose identity cannot be firmly established. Particularly in the 18th century, the harpsichord, the clavichord, and the early piano were in competition, and the same piece might be played on more than one. Hence in a phrase like "Mozart excelled as a keyboard player" the word _keyboard_ is usefully noncommittal
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Songwriting
A SONGWRITER is a professional who is paid to write lyrics and melodies for songs , typically for a popular music genre such as rock or country music . A songwriter can also be called a composer , although the latter term tends to be used mainly for individuals from the classical music genre. The pressure from the music industry to produce popular hits means that songwriting is often an activity for which the tasks are distributed between a number of people. For example, a songwriter who excels at writing lyrics might be paired with a songwriter with the task of creating original melodies. Pop songs may be written by group members from the band or by staff writers – songwriters directly employed by music publishers . Some songwriters serve as their own music publishers, while others have outside publishers. The old-style apprenticeship approach to learning how to write songs is being supplemented by university degrees and college diplomas and "rock schools". Knowledge of modern music technology (sequencers, synthesizers, computer sound editing), songwriting elements and business skills are now often necessary requirements for a songwriter. Several music colleges offer songwriting diplomas and degrees with music business modules. Since songwriting and publishing royalties can be substantial sources of income, particularly if a song becomes a hit record , legally, in the US, songs written after 1934 may be copied only by the authors
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Vocal Coach
A VOCAL COACH (also known as VOCAL STILOGERIZERIST, though this term generally applies to those working with speech and communication rather than singing) is a music teacher who instructs singers on how to improve their singing technique, take care of and develop their voice, and prepare for the performance of a song or other work. Vocal coaches may give private music lessons or group workshops or masterclasses to singers. They may also coach singers who are rehearsing on stage, or who are singing during a recording session. Vocal coaches are used in both Classical music
Classical music
and in popular music styles such as rock and gospel . While some vocal coaches provide a range of instruction on singing techniques, others specialize in areas such as breathing techniques or diction and pronunciation. CONTENTS* 1 Roles * 1.1 Other roles * 2 Training and experience * 3 Methods of instruction * 4 Nomenclature: Vocal Coach vs. Voice Teacher * 5 See also * 6 References ROLESOTHER ROLESA vocal coach is sometimes responsible for writing and producing vocal arrangements for four-part harmony for backup vocalists or helping to develop counter melodies for a secondary vocalist. Some vocal coaches may also advise singers or bands on lyric-writing for a music production
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Audio Engineering
An AUDIO ENGINEER (also sometimes RECORDING ENGINEER or a VOCAL ENGINEER) works on the recording , manipulating the record using equalization and electronic effects , mixing , reproduction, and reinforcement of sound. Audio engineers work on the "...technical aspect of recording—the placing of microphones , pre-amp knobs, the setting of levels. The physical recording of any project is done by an engineer ... the nuts and bolts." Many audio engineers creatively use technologies to produce sound for film , radio , television , music , and video games . Audio engineers also set up, sound check and do live sound mixing using an audio console and a sound reinforcement system for music concerts, theatre , sports games and corporate events. Alternatively, the term "audio engineer" can refer to a scientist or professional engineer who holds a B.Sc. or M.Sc. who designs, develops and builds new audio technologies working within the field of acoustical engineering . Audio engineering concerns the creative and practical aspects of sounds including speech and music , as well as the development of new audio technologies and advancing scientific understanding of audible sound
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Executive Producer
EXECUTIVE PRODUCER (EP) is a position in the making of a commercial entertainment product. Depending on the medium , the executive producer may be concerned with management accounting or with associated legal issues (like copyrights or royalties ). In films, the executive producer generally contributes to the film's budget and usually does not work on set, in contrast to most other producers . CONTENTS * 1 Motion pictures * 2 Television * 3 Music * 4 Video games * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links MOTION PICTURES Main article: Film producer In films, an executive producer finances the film or participates in the creative effort, but does not work on the set. His/her responsibilities vary from funding or attracting investors into the movie project to legal , scripting , marketing , advisory and supervising capacities. The crediting of executive producers in the film industry has risen over time. In the mid-to-late 1990s, there were an average of just under two executive producers per film. In 2000, the number jumped to 2.5 (more than the number of standard 'producers '). In 2013, there were an average of 4.4 executive producers per film, compared with 3.2 producers. TELEVISION Main article: Television producer In television, an executive producer usually supervises the creative content and the financial aspects of a production. Some writers (for example Stephen J
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Film Producer
FILM PRODUCERS fill a variety of roles depending upon the type of producer. Either employed by a production company or independent , producers plan and coordinate various aspects of film production, such as selecting script, coordinating writing, directing and editing, and arranging financing. During the "discovery stage", the producer has to find and acknowledge promising material. Then, unless the film is supposed to be based on an original script, the producer has to find an appropriate screenwriter . For various reasons, producers cannot always supervise all of the production. In this case, the main producer may appoint executive producers , line producers , or unit production managers who represent the main producer's interests. The producer has the last word on whether sounds or music have to be changed, including deciding if scenes have to be cut. They are in charge of selling the film or arranging distribution rights as well. The producer's role can vary significantly from project to project, based on the circumstances and funding. They generally are in charge of things like hiring staff, creating filming schedules, checking and approving locations, and much more
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Artists And Repertoire
ARTISTS AND REPERTOIRE (A every activity involving artists to the point of album release is generally considered under the purview, and responsibility, of A&R. CONTENTS* 1 Responsibilities * 1.1 Finding talent * 1.2 Overseeing the recording process * 1.3 Assisting with marketing and promotion * 2 History and influence * 3 Regional variations * 4 Recent changes * 5 See also * 6 Citations * 7 References RESPONSIBILITIESFINDING TALENTThe A&R division of a record label is responsible for finding new recording artists and bringing those artists to the record company. Personnel in the A&R division are expected to understand the current tastes of the market and to be able to find artists that will be commercially successful. For this reason, A&R people are often young and many are musicians, music journalists or record producers . An A&R executive is authorized to offer a record contract , often in the form of a "deal memo": a short informal document that establishes a business relationship between the recording artist and the record company. The actual contract negotiations will typically be carried out by rival entertainment lawyers hired by the musician's manager and the record company. A&R executives rely mostly on the word of mouth of trusted associates, critics and business contacts, rather than on unsolicited demo tapes. They also tend to favor the bands that play in the same city as the record label's offices
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Sound Recording
SOUND RECORDING AND REPRODUCTION is an electrical , mechanical , electronic, or digital inscription and re-creation of sound waves, such as spoken voice, singing, instrumental music , or sound effects. The two main classes of sound recording technology are analog recording and digital recording . Prior to the development of sound recording, there were mechanical systems for encoding and reproducing instrumental music, such as wind-up music boxes and, later, player pianos . Acoustic analog recording is achieved by a microphone diaphragm that can detect and sense the changes in atmospheric pressure caused by acoustic sound waves and record them as a mechanical representation of the sound waves on a medium such as a phonograph record (in which a stylus cuts grooves on a record). In magnetic tape recording, the sound waves vibrate the microphone diaphragm and are converted into a varying electric current , which is then converted to a varying magnetic field by an electromagnet , which makes a representation of the sound as magnetized areas on a plastic tape with a magnetic coating on it. Analog sound reproduction is the reverse process, with a bigger loudspeaker diaphragm causing changes to atmospheric pressure to form acoustic sound waves
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Music
MUSIC is an art form and cultural activity whose medium is sound organized in time . The common elements of music are pitch (which governs melody and harmony ), rhythm (and its associated concepts tempo , meter , and articulation ), dynamics (loudness and softness), and the sonic qualities of timbre and texture (which are sometimes termed the "color" of a musical sound). Different styles or types of music may emphasize, de-emphasize or omit some of these elements. Music is performed with a vast range of instruments and vocal techniques ranging from singing to rapping ; there are solely instrumental pieces , solely vocal pieces (such as songs without instrumental accompaniment ) and pieces that combine singing and instruments. The word derives from Greek μουσική (_mousike_; "art of the Muses "). In its most general form, the activities describing music as an art form or cultural activity include the creation of works of music (songs, tunes, symphonies , and so on), the criticism of music , the study of the history of music , and the aesthetic examination of music . Ancient Greek and Indian philosophers defined music as tones ordered horizontally as melodies and vertically as harmonies. Common sayings such as "the harmony of the spheres " and "it is music to my ears" point to the notion that music is often ordered and pleasant to listen to
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