HOME TheInfoList.com
Providing Lists of Related Topics to Help You Find Great Stuff
[::MainTopicLength::#1500] [::ListTopicLength::#1500] [::ListLength::#15] [::ListAdRepeat::#3]

Record Label
A RECORD LABEL or RECORD COMPANY is a brand or trademark associated with the marketing of music recordings and music videos . Sometimes, a record label is also a publishing company that manages such brands and trademarks, coordinates the production, manufacture , distribution , marketing, promotion, and enforcement of copyright for sound recordings and music videos; also conducting talent scouting and development of new artists ("artists and repertoire" or "A and maintains contracts with recording artists and their managers. The term "record label" derives from the circular label in the center of a vinyl record which prominently displays the manufacturer's name, along with other information
[...More...]

"Record Label" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Recorded Sound
SOUND RECORDING AND REPRODUCTION is an electrical , mechanical , electronic, or digital inscription and re-creation of sound waves, such as spoken voice, singing, instrumental music , or sound effects. The two main classes of sound recording technology are analog recording and digital recording . Prior to the development of sound recording, there were mechanical systems for encoding and reproducing instrumental music, such as wind-up music boxes and, later, player pianos . Acoustic analog recording is achieved by a microphone diaphragm that can detect and sense the changes in atmospheric pressure caused by acoustic sound waves and record them as a mechanical representation of the sound waves on a medium such as a phonograph record (in which a stylus cuts grooves on a record). In magnetic tape recording, the sound waves vibrate the microphone diaphragm and are converted into a varying electric current , which is then converted to a varying magnetic field by an electromagnet , which makes a representation of the sound as magnetized areas on a plastic tape with a magnetic coating on it. Analog sound reproduction is the reverse process, with a bigger loudspeaker diaphragm causing changes to atmospheric pressure to form acoustic sound waves
[...More...]

"Recorded Sound" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Music Videos
A MUSIC VIDEO is a short film integrating a song and imagery, produced for promotional or artistic purposes. Modern music videos are primarily made and used as a marketing device intended to promote the sale of music recordings . There are also cases where songs are used in tie in marketing campaigns that allow them to become more than just a song. Tie ins and merchandising could be used in toys or marketing campaigns for food and other products. Although the origins of music videos date back to musical short films that first appeared in the 1920s, they came into prominence in the 1980s when MTV based their format around the medium. Prior to the 1980s, these works were described by various terms including "illustrated song ", "filmed insert", "promotional (promo) film", "promotional clip", "promotional video", "song video", "song clip" or "film clip". Music videos use a wide range of styles of contemporary videomaking techniques, including animation , live action filming, documentaries , and non-narrative approaches such as abstract film . Some music videos blend different styles, such as animation, music, and live action. Combining these styles and techniques has become more popular because of the variation it presents to the audience. Many music videos interpret images and scenes from the song's lyrics, while others take a more thematic approach
[...More...]

"Music Videos" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Publisher
PUBLISHING is the dissemination of literature , music , or information —the activity of making information available to the general public. In some cases, authors may be their own publishers, meaning originators and developers of content also provide media to deliver and display the content for the same. Also, the word publisher can refer to the individual who leads a publishing company or an imprint or to a person who owns/heads a magazine. Traditionally, the term refers to the distribution of printed works such as books (the "book trade") and newspapers . With the advent of digital information systems and the Internet , the scope of publishing has expanded to include electronic resources such as the electronic versions of books and periodicals, as well as micropublishing , websites , blogs , video game publishers , and the like. Publishing includes the following stages of development: acquisition, copy editing , production, printing (and its electronic equivalents ), and marketing and distribution
[...More...]

"Publisher" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Manufacturing
MANUFACTURING is the production of merchandise for use or sale using labour and machines , tools , chemical and biological processing, or formulation. The term may refer to a range of human activity, from handicraft to high tech , but is most commonly applied to industrial production, in which raw materials are transformed into finished goods on a large scale. Such finished goods may be sold to other manufacturers for the production of other, more complex products, such as aircraft , household appliances , furniture , sports equipment or automobiles , or sold to wholesalers , who in turn sell them to retailers , who then sell them to end users and consumers . Manufacturing engineering or MANUFACTURING PROCESS are the steps through which raw materials are transformed into a final product. The manufacturing process begins with the product design, and materials specification from which the product is made. These materials are then modified through manufacturing processes to become the required part. Modern manufacturing includes all intermediate processes required in the production and integration of a product's components. Some industries, such as semiconductor and steel manufacturers use the term _fabrication_ instead. The manufacturing sector is closely connected with engineering and industrial design
[...More...]

"Manufacturing" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Distribution (business)
DISTRIBUTION (or PLACE) is one of the four elements of the marketing mix . Distribution is the process of making a product or service available for the consumer or business user that needs it. This can be done directly by the producer or service provider, or using indirect channels with intermediaries . The other three parts of the marketing mix are product , pricing , and promotion . CONTENTS * 1 Distribution strategies * 2 Channels and intermediaries * 3 Channel design * 4 Channel mix * 5 Managing channels * 5.1 Channel motivation * 5.2 Channel conflict * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links DISTRIBUTION STRATEGIESPrior to designing a distribution system, the planner needs to determine what the distribution channel is to achieve in broad terms. The overall approach to distributing products or services depends on a number of factors including the type of product, especially perishability; the market served; the geographic scope of operations and the firm's overall mission and vision. The process of setting out a broad statement of the aims and objectives of a distribution channel is a strategic level decision
[...More...]

"Distribution (business)" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Copyright
COPYRIGHT is a legal right created by the law of a country that grants the creator of an original work exclusive rights for its use and distribution. This is usually only for a limited time. The exclusive rights are not absolute but limited by limitations and exceptions to copyright law, including fair use. A major limitation on copyright is that copyright protects only the original expression of ideas, and not the underlying ideas themselves. Copyright is a form of intellectual property , applicable to certain forms of creative work. Some, but not all jurisdictions require "fixing" copyrighted works in a tangible form. It is often shared among multiple authors, each of whom holds a set of rights to use or license the work, and who are commonly referred to as rights holders. These rights frequently include reproduction, control over derivative works , distribution, public performance , and "moral rights " such as attribution. Copyrights are considered _territorial rights_, which means that they do not extend beyond the territory of a specific jurisdiction. While many aspects of national copyright laws have been standardized through international copyright agreements , copyright laws vary by country. Typically, the duration of a copyright spans the author's life plus 50 to 100 years (that is, copyright typically expires 50 to 100 years after the author dies, depending on the jurisdiction)
[...More...]

"Copyright" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

A&R
ARTISTS AND REPERTOIRE (A every activity involving artists to the point of album release is generally considered under the purview, and responsibility, of A&R. CONTENTS* 1 Responsibilities * 1.1 Finding talent * 1.2 Overseeing the recording process * 1.3 Assisting with marketing and promotion * 2 History and influence * 3 Regional variations * 4 Recent changes * 5 See also * 6 Citations * 7 References RESPONSIBILITIESFINDING TALENTThe A&R division of a record label is responsible for finding new recording artists and bringing those artists to the record company. Personnel in the A&R division are expected to understand the current tastes of the market and to be able to find artists that will be commercially successful. For this reason, A&R people are often young and many are musicians, music journalists or record producers . An A&R executive is authorized to offer a record contract , often in the form of a "deal memo": a short informal document that establishes a business relationship between the recording artist and the record company. The actual contract negotiations will typically be carried out by rival entertainment lawyers hired by the musician's manager and the record company. A&R executives rely mostly on the word of mouth of trusted associates, critics and business contacts, rather than on unsolicited demo tapes. They also tend to favor the bands that play in the same city as the record label's offices
[...More...]

"A&R" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Recording Contract
A RECORDING CONTRACT (commonly called a RECORD CONTRACT or RECORD DEAL) is a legal agreement between a record label and a recording artist (or group), where the artist makes a record (or series of records) for the label to sell and promote. Artists under contract are normally only allowed to record for that label exclusively; guest appearances on other artists' records will carry a notice "By courtesy of (the name of the label)", and that label may receive a percentage of sales. CONTENTS * 1 Copyrights, payment and royalties * 2 Termination * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 Bibliography COPYRIGHTS, PAYMENT AND ROYALTIESLabels typically own the copyright in the records their artists make, and also the master copies of those records. An exception is when a label makes a distribution deal with an artist; in this case, the artist, their manager, or another party may own the copyright (and masters), while the record is licensed exclusively to the label for a set period of time. Promotion is a key factor in the success of a record, and is largely the label's responsibility, as is proper distribution of records. While initial recording deals usually yield a smaller percentage of royalties to the artists, subsequent (or renegotiated) deals can result in much greater profit, or profit potential. A few acts, such as Madonna , Michael Jackson , R.E.M. , U2 , and Janet Jackson , among others, have signed multimillion-dollar deals
[...More...]

"Recording Contract" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Music Industry
The MUSIC INDUSTRY consists of the companies and individuals that earn money by creating new songs and pieces and selling live concerts and shows, audio and video recordings, compositions and sheet music , and the organizations and associations that aid and represent creators. Among the many individuals and organizations that operate in the industry are: the songwriters and composers who create new songs and musical pieces; the singers , musicians , conductors and bandleaders who perform the music; the companies and professionals who create and sell recorded music and/or sheet music (e.g., music publishers , music producers , recording studios , engineers , record labels , retail and online music stores , performance rights organizations ); and those that help organize and present live music performances (sound engineers , booking agents , promoters , music venues , road crew ). The industry also includes a range of professionals who assist singers and musicians with their music careers (talent managers , artists and repertoire managers, business managers , entertainment lawyers ); those who broadcast audio or video music content (satellite , Internet radio stations , broadcast radio and TV stations ); music journalists and music critics ; DJs ; music educators and teachers ; musical instrument manufacturers; as well as many others
[...More...]

"Music Industry" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Publicist
A PUBLICIST is a person whose job it is to generate and manage publicity for a public figure , especially a celebrity or for a work such as a book , film or album . Most top-level publicists work in private practice, handling multiple clients. The term "publicist" was coined by Columbia law professor Francis Lieber (1800–1872) to describe the public-like role of internationalists during the late nineteenth century. (While the term "publicist" is used with regard to those handling publicity within the entertainment realm, the term "public relations practitioner" is generally assigned to those publicizing businesses or non-profit organizations.) CONTENTS * 1 Description * 2 Types of publicists * 3 Publicists in the Hollywood industry * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links DESCRIPTIONIn the world of celebrities, unlike agents or managers, publicists typically take a monthly fee for serving a client (whereas agents and managers tend to take a percentage of their client's gross income ). Publicists can be local, regional or national level. For example, a small restaurant seeking only local publicity would want a local publicist - whereas an author seeking nationwide visibility would want to search for a national publicist. One of the publicist's main functions is to generate press coverage on behalf of clients and to serve as the bridge between clients, their public and media outlets
[...More...]

"Publicist" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Music Video
A MUSIC VIDEO is a short film integrating a song and imagery, produced for promotional or artistic purposes. Modern music videos are primarily made and used as a marketing device intended to promote the sale of music recordings . There are also cases where songs are used in tie in marketing campaigns that allow them to become more than just a song. Tie ins and merchandising could be used in toys or marketing campaigns for food and other products. Although the origins of music videos date back to musical short films that first appeared in the 1920s, they came into prominence in the 1980s when MTV based their format around the medium. Prior to the 1980s, these works were described by various terms including "illustrated song ", "filmed insert", "promotional (promo) film", "promotional clip", "promotional video", "song video", "song clip" or "film clip". Music videos use a wide range of styles of contemporary videomaking techniques, including animation , live action filming, documentaries , and non-narrative approaches such as abstract film . Some music videos blend different styles, such as animation, music, and live action. Combining these styles and techniques has become more popular because of the variation it presents to the audience. Many music videos interpret images and scenes from the song's lyrics, while others take a more thematic approach
[...More...]

"Music Video" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Independent Record Label
An INDEPENDENT RECORD LABEL (or "INDIE LABEL") is a record label that operates without the funding of or outside major record labels . Many commercial bands and musical acts begin their careers on independent labels. CONTENTS * 1 Overview * 2 History * 3 See also * 4 References OVERVIEWThe boundaries between major and independent labels, and the definitions of each, differ from commentator to commentator. The traditional definition of a "major" record label is one that owns its own distribution channel. Some independent record labels, in particular those with successful performing artists, sign dual-release agreements (and make other deals) with major labels and may rely to some extent on international licensing deals, distribution agreements, and other arrangements with major record labels. Major labels may also wholly or partially acquire independent labels. Other nominally "independent" labels are started (and sometimes run) by major label artists but are still owned at least in part by the major label parent. These spin-off labels are also frequently referred to as vanity labels or "boutique labels" and are intended to appease established, powerful artists and/or to give them latitude in discovering and promoting new talent
[...More...]

"Independent Record Label" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Multinational Corporation
A MULTINATIONAL CORPORATION or WORLDWIDE ENTERPRISE is a corporate organization that owns or controls production of goods or services in two or more countries other than their home country. CONTENTS * 1 Names * 2 Overview * 3 Theoretical background * 4 Transnational corporations * 5 Multinational enterprise * 6 Multinational corporation and colonialism * 7 Criticism of multinationals * 8 See also * 9 References * 10 External links NAMESA multinational corporation can also be referred to as an MULTINATIONAL ENTERPRISE (MNE), a INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION, a TRANSNATIONAL CORPORATION, or a STATELESS CORPORATION. There are subtle but real differences between these three labels, as well as those labels of MULTINATIONAL CORPORATION and a WORLDWIDE ENTERPRISE. OVERVIEW Toyota is one of the world's largest multinational corporations with their headquarters in Toyota City , Japan . A multinational corporation (MNC) is usually a large corporation incorporated in one country which produces or sells goods or services in various countries. The two main characteristics of MNCs are their large size and the fact that their worldwide activities are centrally controlled by the parent companies
[...More...]

"Multinational Corporation" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Universal Music Group
UNIVERSAL MUSIC GROUP (also known in the United States
United States
as UMG RECORDINGS, INC. and abbreviated as UMG) is an American global music corporation that is a subsidiary of the French media conglomerate Vivendi . UMG's global corporate headquarters are in Santa Monica
Santa Monica
, California
California
. It is considered one of the "Big Three " record labels, along with Sony Music and Warner Music Group
[...More...]

"Universal Music Group" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Sony Music Entertainment
SONY MUSIC ENTERTAINMENT (known professionally as SONY MUSIC and abbreviated as SME) is an American music company owned by Sony
Sony
that is incorporated as a general partnership of Sony
Sony
Music Holdings Inc. through Sony
Sony
Entertainment, a subsidiary of Sony
Sony
Corporation of America . The company was first founded in 1929 as American Record Corporation and renamed Columbia Recording Corporation in 1938, following its acquisition by the Columbia Broadcasting
Broadcasting
System . In 1966, the company was reorganized to become CBS
CBS
Records. Sony Corporation bought the company in 1987 and renamed it Sony
Sony
Music Entertainment in 1991. In 2004, Sony
Sony
and Bertelsmann established a 50-50 joint venture called Sony
Sony
BMG Music Entertainment and transferred businesses of Sony Music Entertainment (former CBS
CBS
Records) and Bertelsmann Music Group (BMG; Ariola , Arista , RCA Records , etc.) into the joint venture, although later in 2008, Sony
Sony
acquired Bertelsmann's stake and the company reverted to the SME name. The buyout led to the dissolution of BMG, which relaunched as BMG Rights Management
BMG Rights Management

[...More...]

"Sony Music Entertainment" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo