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Ramesh Bikal
RAMESHWOR SHARMA CHALISE better known as Ramesh Bikal
Ramesh Bikal
(Nepali : रमेश बिकल) (born 1932-2008, near Gokarna, Nepal
Nepal
in the Kathmandu Valley ) is a Nepalese writer and painter who is known for his works portraying rural life and the lives of common people in Nepal. He received a B.Ed. in 1960, and worked in education. His early stories had socialist and anti-establishment themes. As a result, he was imprisoned three times between 1949 and 1960. In more recent work, he has focused on sexual relations. Bikal was the first short story writer to be given the Madan Puraskar award. He received the Daulat Bikram Bista Aakhyan Samman Award in 2008 for six decades of contributions to fiction writing in Nepal
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Balbhadra Kunwar
BALBHADRA KUNWAR (30 January 1789 – 13 March 1823) is a National Hero of Nepal
Nepal
. He is famous for his service in the Anglo-Nepalese War (1814-1816). CONTENTS * 1 Early life and Rise to power * 2 The Anglo- Nepal
Nepal
War 1814–1816 * 3 Later life * 4 References * 5 External links EARLY LIFE AND RISE TO POWERFather Chandra Bir Kunwar home in Bhanwarkot, Dhulikhel . Subba of Garhwal 1808–1811, Subba of the Bhot Madhesh, and hill regions of Doti 1809, Sardar of Garhaun 1811–1812 and of Doti 1812–1814. He died at Garhwal, 1814, having had issue, three sons; Bir Bhadra Kunwar, Bal Bhadra Kunwor. His maternal grandfather was Amar Singh Thapa (Sardar)
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Anglo-Nepalese War
22,000 men, with sixty cannon (First campaign) 17,000 (Second campaign) Unknown number of Indian mercenaries during both campaigns. a little more than 11,000 CASUALTIES AND LOSSES Unknown, presumed to be extremely heavy UnknownThe ANGLO-NEPALESE WAR (Nepali : नेपाल-अङ्ग्रेज युद्ध) (1814–16), also known as the GURKHA WAR, was fought between the Kingdom of Gorkha (present-day Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal ) and the East India Company as a result of border disputes and ambitious expansionism of both the belligerent parties. The war ended with the signing of the Treaty of Sugauli in 1816, which ceded around a third of Nepal's territory to the British . The British were the invading forces, while the Nepalese maintained a defensive position. The British attacked in two successive waves of invasion. It was the most expensive war waged during the governorship of Lord Moira
Lord Moira

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Treaty Of Sugauli
The TREATY OF SUGAULI (also spelled SUGOWLEE, SAGAULI and SEGQULEE), the treaty that established the boundary line of Nepal, was signed on 2 December 1815 and ratified by 4 March 1816 between the East India Company and King of Nepal
Nepal
following the Anglo-Nepalese War
Anglo-Nepalese War
of 1814-16. The signatory for Nepal
Nepal
was Raj Guru Gajraj Mishra aided by Chandra Sekher Upadhayaya , the signatory for the Company was Lieutenant Colonel Paris Bradshaw . The treaty called for territorial concessions in which some of the territories controlled by Nepal
Nepal
would be given to British India, the establishment of a British representative in Kathmandu
Kathmandu
, and allowed Britain to recruit Gurkhas for military service
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Rana Dynasty
RANA DYNASTY (Nepali : राणा वंश Rāņā bamsa) is a Khas Rajput ( Chhetri ) dynasty and were autocratic leaders which ruled the Kingdom of Nepal from 1846 until 1951, reducing the Shah monarch to a figurehead and making Prime Minister and other government positions hereditary. This changed in 1951 with the promulgation of a new constitution, when power shifted back to the monarchy of King Tribhuvan . The dynasty is descended from Bal Narsingh Kunwar who was the son-in-law of Thapa Kaji Nain Singh Thapa of powerful Thapa dynasty . The Kunwar family (now Rana dynasty) came to power being relatives powerful Mukhtiyar Bhimsen Thapa . The founder of this dynasty Jung Bahadur Rana murdered his own maternal uncle Prime Minister Mathabarsingh Thapa and consolidated power after Kot Parva (Kot massacre) and Bhandarkhal Parva
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Kot Massacre
The KOT MASSACRE (Nepali : कोत पर्वkot parva) took place on 19 September 1846 when Jung Bahadur Rana and his brothers killed about 40 members of the Nepalese palace court including the Prime Minister and a relative of the King, Chautariya Fateh Jung Shah , at the palace armoury (the kot) of Kathmandu
Kathmandu
. This led to the loss of power by King Rajendra Bikram Shah and the Shah family , resulting in the monarchy by Surendra Bikram Shah and the establishment of the Rana autocracy . CONTENTS * 1 Background * 2 Overview * 3 Aftermath * 4 See also * 5 References BACKGROUNDAt the peak of instability in Nepalese politics, a coalition ministry was formed in September 1845, headed by Fateh Jang Chautaria, but the real power behind the throne was General Gagan Singh Bhandari , who controlled seven regiments in the army compared to the three under the prime minister
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Bhimsen Thapa
BHIMSEN THAPA listen (help ·info ) (Nepali : भीमसेन थापा; August 1775 – 5 August 1839) was the mukhtiyar of Nepal
Nepal
(equivalent to prime minister) from 1806 to 1837. The legacy still continues via Thapa's great great grand son , His excellency , shree shree shree col. general. Aayush Jung Bahadur Shrestha (Thapa){{:ne:श्री ३ कर्नेल जर्नेल आयुष जंग बहादुर श्रेष्ठ (थापा)}} who currently resides in academic asylum in India as a bonafied college UG student in NIT Kurukshetra. Bhimsen rose to power by initially serving as a bodyguard and personal secretary of King Rana Bahadur Shah
Rana Bahadur Shah
. Bhimsen had accompanied Rana Bahadur Shah
Rana Bahadur Shah
to Varanasi
Varanasi
after his abdication and subsequent exile in 1800
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Sino-Nepalese War
Nepalese victory * Treaty of Kerung BELLIGERENTS Tibet
Tibet
Kingdom of Nepal
Kingdom of Nepal
COMMANDERS AND LEADERS
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Unification Of Nepal
Before Shah dynasty
Shah dynasty
took over Nepal
Nepal
, Nepal
Nepal
was limited to Kathmandu valley and surrounding territories which consist many kingdoms. After conquering the valley in the mid-eighteenth century, King Prithvi Narayan Shah moved his ruling state to Nepal
Nepal
from Gorkha. He then started his conquering campaign with the banner of Nepal
Nepal
than Gorkha
Gorkha
. CONTENTS * 1 Establishment of expanded Gorkha
Gorkha
kingdom * 2 See also * 3 References * 4 Further reading ESTABLISHMENT OF EXPANDED GORKHA KINGDOMAfter his conquest of the Kathmandu
Kathmandu
Valley, Prithvi Narayan Shah conquered other smaller territories south of the valley to keep other smaller fiefdoms near his Gurkha
Gurkha
state out of the influence and control of British rule
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Kalu Pande
KALU PANDE (Nepali : कालु पाँडे born as BANSHIDHAR PANDE) was born in 1713 A.D in Gorkha. He was the commander of the gorkhali forces during the Unification Campaign of Nepal
Nepal
. He died in the first Battle of Kirtipur
Kirtipur
in 1757 A.D. His real name was Banshidhar Pande. He was a son of Kaji Bhimraj Pande who was minister during reign of King Prithivipati Shah of Gorkha
Gorkha
. He was descendent of Minister of Gorkha
Gorkha
and Dravya Shah's accomplice Ganesh Pande . He had three sons: Dewan Kajisaheb Bamsa Raj Pande , Sardar Ranasur Pande and Mulkaji Sahib Damodar Pande (1st PM of Nepal). BATTLE OF KIRTIPUR Kalu Pande
Kalu Pande
was made the Commander-in-Chief of the Gorkhali Army after Biraj Thapa Magar and his first major Battle was the Battle of Kirtipur
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Kingdom Of Nepal
The HINDU KINGDOM OF NEPAL (Nepali : नेपाल अधिराज्य), also known as the KINGDOM OF GORKHA (Nepali : गोर्खा अधिराज्य), was a Hindu kingdom formed in 1768 by the unification of Nepal . Founded by King Prithvi Narayan Shah , a Gorkhali monarch of Rajput origin, it existed for 240 years until the abolition of the Nepalese monarchy in 2008. During this period, Nepal was formally under the rule of the Shah dynasty , which exercised varying degrees of power during the kingdom's existence. After the invasion of Tibet and plundering of Digarcha by Nepali forces under Prince Regent Bahadur Shah in the 1792, the Dalai Lama and Chinese Ambans reported to Chinese administration for military support. The Chinese and Tibetan forces under Fu Kang An attacked Nepal but went for negotiation after failure at Nuwakot
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Shah Dynasty
The SHAH DYNASTY was the ruling Khas
Khas
Rajput
Rajput
( Thakuri
Thakuri
) dynasty of the Kingdom of Gorkha
Gorkha
until 1768, the growing Nepalese Empire and finally of the Kingdom of Nepal
Kingdom of Nepal
from 1768 to 28 May 2008
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Jung Bahadur Rana
Maharaja
Maharaja
' Jung Bahadur Rana
Jung Bahadur Rana
(NEPALI : जङ्ग बहादुर राणा) (OR Bir Narsingh Kunwar (NEPALI : बिर नरसिंह कुंवर), GCB , GCSI , 18 JUNE 1817, KATHMANDU , NEPAL – 25 FEBRUARY 1877, BORLANG, GORKHA ) was a (Khas Rajput) Chhetri ruler of Nepal
Nepal
and founder of the Rana Dynasty of Nepal. His real name was Bir Narsingh Kunwar but he became famous by the name Junga Bahadur, given to him by Mathabar Singh Thapa , his maternal uncle. His mother was daughter of Kaji Nayan Singh Thapa, brother of PM Bhimsen Thapa
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Nepalese–Tibetan War
Nepalese victory * Treaty of Thapathali BELLIGERENTS Qing Dynasty
Qing Dynasty
* Tibet
Tibet
Kingdom of Nepal
Kingdom of Nepal
COMMANDERS AND LEADERS Sethya Kaji Jang Bahadur Rana
Jang Bahadur Rana
Bam Bahadur Kunwar Dhir Shumsher Kunwar Krishna Dhoj Kunwar Prithvi Dhoj Kunwar STRENGTH 98,000 34,906 CASUALTIES AND LOSSES Unknown UnknownThe NEPALESE–TIBETAN WAR (Nepali : नेपाल-भोट युध्द) was fought from 1855 to 1856 in Tibet
Tibet
between the forces of the Tibetan government ( Ganden Phodrang
Ganden Phodrang
, then under administrative rule of the Qing dynasty
Qing dynasty
) and the invading Nepalese army resulting victory of Nepal
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People's Movement I (1990)
The 1990 PEOPLE\'S MOVEMENT (Nepali : जनआन्दोलन (Jana Andolan)) was a multiparty movement in Nepal
Nepal
that brought an end to absolute monarchy and the beginning of constitutional democracy . It also eliminated the Panchayat system. The movement was marked by a unity between the various political parties. Not only did various Communist parties group together in the United Left Front , but they also cooperated with parties such as Nepali Congress
Nepali Congress
. One result of this unity was the formation of the Communist Party of Nepal
Nepal
(Unified Marxist-Leninist) . HISTORYIn 1989, two groups, the Nepali Congress, a pro-democracy group and the largest illegal political party in the country, and the United Left Front, a coalit