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Rab Butler
Hugh GaitskellPersonal detailsBorn Richard Austen Butler (1902-12-09)9 December 1902 Attock
Attock
Serai, British India (now Attock, Pakistan)Died 8 March 1982(1982-03-08) (aged 79) Great Yeldham, Essex, England, UKPolitical party ConservativeAlma mater Pembroke College, CambridgeRichard Austen Butler, Baron Butler of Saffron Walden, KG, CH, PC, DL (9 December 1902 – 8 March 1982), generally known as R. A. Butler and familiarly known from his initials as Rab, was a prominent British Conservative politician
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Richard A. Butler
Richard A. Butler was an Irish politician. He was an independent member of Seanad Éireann
Seanad Éireann
from 1922 to 1925 and from 1929 to 1931.[1] He was first elected at the 1922 Seanad election and lost his seat at the 1925 Seanad election.[1] He was re-elected to Seanad at a by-election on 23 October 1929, replacing Sir Nugent Everard. He was defeated at the 1931 Seanad election.[1] References[edit]^ a b c "Mr. Richard A. Butler"
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Members Of The House Of Lords
This is a list of members of the House of Lords, the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.Contents1 Current sitting members1.1 Lords Spiritual 1.2 Lords Temporal2 Current non-sitting members2.1 Peers on leave of absence 2.2 Peers temporarily disqualified3 Recently deceased 4 Ceased to be members4.1 Resigned 4.2 Removed for non-attendance 4.3 Permanently disqualified5 See also 6 References 7 External linksCurrent sitting members[edit]Current composition of the House of LordsGroupSitting membersConservative Party 245Labour Party 191Crossbench 181Liberal Democrats 98Non-affiliated 29Democratic Unionist Party 3UK Independence Party 3Ulster Unionist Party 2Green Party 1Plaid Cymru


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Knight Of The Order Of The Garter
The Order of the Garter
Order of the Garter
(formally the Most Noble Order of the Garter) is an order of chivalry founded by Edward III
Edward III
in 1348 and regarded as the most prestigious British order of chivalry (though in precedence inferior to the military Victoria Cross
Victoria Cross
and George Cross) in England and the United Kingdom. It is dedicated to the image and arms of Saint George, England's patron saint. Appointments are made at the Sovereign's sole discretion. Membership of the Order is limited to the Sovereign, the Prince of Wales, and no more than 24 living members, or Companions. The order also includes supernumerary knights and ladies (e.g., members of the British Royal Family and foreign monarchs)
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Companion Of Honour
The Order of the Companions of Honour
Order of the Companions of Honour
is an order of the Commonwealth realms
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Privy Council Of The United Kingdom
Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, usually known simply as the Privy Council, is a formal body of advisers to the Sovereign of the United Kingdom. Its membership mainly comprises senior politicians, who are current or former members of either the House of Commons or the House of Lords. The Privy Council formally advises the sovereign on the exercise of the Royal Prerogative, and corporately (as Queen-in-Council) it issues executive instruments known as Orders in Council, which among other powers enact Acts of Parliament. The Council also holds the delegated authority to issue Orders of Council, mostly used to regulate certain public institutions
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Deputy Lieutenant
In the United Kingdom, a Deputy Lieutenant is a Crown appointment and one of several deputies to the Lord Lieutenant
Lord Lieutenant
of a lieutenancy area: an English ceremonial county, Welsh preserved county, Scottish lieutenancy area, or Northern Irish
Northern Irish
county borough or county. In formal style, the postnominal letters DL may be added: e.g. John Brown, CBE, DL
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Shadow Cabinet
The Shadow Cabinet is a feature of the Westminster system
Westminster system
of government. It consists of a senior group of opposition spokespeople who, under the leadership of the Leader of the Opposition, form an alternative cabinet to that of the government, and whose members shadow or mirror the positions of each individual member of the Cabinet.[1] It is the Shadow Cabinet's responsibility to scrutinise the policies and actions of the government, as well to offer an alternative program. In most countries, a member of the shadow cabinet is referred to as a Shadow Minister. In Canada, however, the term Opposition Critic is more common
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Member Of Parliament (United Kingdom)
A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the voters to a parliament. In many countries with bicameral parliaments, this category includes specifically members of the lower house, as upper houses often have a different title
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Life Peer
In the United Kingdom, life peers are appointed members of the peerage whose titles cannot be inherited, in contrast to hereditary peers. In modern times, life peerages, always created at the rank of baron, are created under the Life Peerages Act 1958
Life Peerages Act 1958
and entitle the holders to seats in the House of Lords, presuming they meet qualifications such as age and citizenship
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The Right Honourable
The Right Honourable (The Rt Hon. or Rt Hon.) is an honorific style traditionally applied to certain persons and to certain collective bodies in the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Fiji, India, some other Commonwealth realms, the Anglophone Caribbean, Mauritius, and occasionally elsewhere
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Lords Temporal
In the Parliament of the United Kingdom, the Lords Temporal
Lords Temporal
are secular members of the House of Lords. The term is used to differentiate these members—who are either life peers or hereditary peers, although the hereditary right to sit in the House of Lords
House of Lords
was abolished for all but ninety-two peers in 1999—from the Lords Spiritual, who sit in the House as a consequence of being bishops in the Church of England. Before the enactment of the House of Lords
House of Lords
Act 1999, all peers were (potentially) members of the House of Lords, and all were Lords Temporal in this sense. Membership of the Lords is now limited to life peers and a number of elected hereditary peers. The Lords Temporal
Lords Temporal
are all members of the Peerage. Formerly, they were all hereditary peers
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House Of Lords
The House of Lords
House of Lords
of the United Kingdom, also known as the House of Peers, is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Like the House of Commons, it meets in the Palace of Westminster.[2] Officially, the full name of the house is the Right Honourable the Lords Spiritual
Lords Spiritual
and Temporal of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
in Parliament assembled. Unlike the elected House of Commons, all members of the House of Lords (excluding 90 hereditary peers elected among themselves and two peers who are ex officio members) are appointed.[3] The membership of the House of Lords
House of Lords
is drawn from the peerage and is made up of Lords Spiritual and Lords Temporal
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Lord Privy Seal
The Lord Privy Seal
Lord Privy Seal
(or, more formally, the Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal) is the fifth of the Great Officers of State
Great Officers of State
in the United Kingdom, ranking beneath the Lord President of the Council
Lord President of the Council
and above the Lord Great Chamberlain. Originally, its holder was responsible for the monarch's personal (privy) seal (as opposed to the Great Seal of the Realm, which is in the care of the Lord Chancellor) until the use of such a seal became obsolete. The office is currently one of the traditional sinecure offices of state. Today, the holder of the office is invariably given a seat in the Cabinet of the United Kingdom. Though one of the oldest offices in government anywhere, it has no particular function today because the use of a privy seal has been obsolete for centuries; thus the office has generally been used as a kind of minister without portfolio
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Secretary Of State For Employment
The Secretary of State for Employment was a position in the Cabinet of the United Kingdom
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Herwald Ramsbotham, 1st Viscount Soulbury
Herwald Ramsbotham, 1st Viscount Soulbury GCMG GCVO OBE MC PC DL (6 March 1887 – 30 January 1971) was a British Conservative politician. He served as a government minister between 1931 and 1941 and served as Governor-General of Ceylon
Governor-General of Ceylon
between the years 1949 and 1954.Contents1 Background 2 Military career 3 Political career 4 Family 5 Styles 6 References 7 External linksBackground[edit] Ramsbotham was the son of Herwald Ramsbotham, of Crowborough Warren (son of James Ramsbotham and Jane Fielden), and Ethel Margaret Bevan.[1] Military career[edit] Ramsbotham was commissioned a Temporary Lieutenant in 1915 and was promoted to temporary Captain later the same year. He was promoted to temporary Major by 1918 and received the Military Cross
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