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Pyrrho
Pyrrho
Pyrrho
of Elis[1] (/ˈpɪroʊ/; Greek: Πύρρων ὁ Ἠλεῖος Pyrron ho Eleios, c. 360 – c. 270 BC) was a Greek philosopher of Classical antiquity
Classical antiquity
and is credited as being the first Greek skeptic philosopher.Contents1 Life 2 Sources on Pyrrho 3 Philosophy3.1 Pyrrhonism4 Indian influences on Pyrrho 5 Influence 6 See also 7 Notes 8 References 9 External linksLife[edit] Pyrrho
Pyrrho
of Elis
Elis
is estimated to have lived from around 365-360 BC until 275-270 BC.[2] Pyrrho
Pyrrho
was from Elis, on the Ionian Sea. Diogenes Laërtius, quoting from Apollodorus of Athens, says that Pyrrho
Pyrrho
was at first a painter, and that pictures by him were exhibited in the gymnasium at Elis
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Ionian Sea
The Ionian Sea
Sea
(Greek: Ιόνιο Πέλαγος, Greek pronunciation: [iˈonio ˈpelaɣos], Italian: Mar Ionio, Italian pronunciation: [mar ˈjɔːnjo], Albanian: Deti Jon, Albanian pronunciation: [dɛti jɔ:n]) is an elongated bay of the Mediterranean Sea, south of the Adriatic Sea. It is bounded by southern Italy
Italy
including Calabria, Sicily, and the Salento
Salento
peninsula to the west, southern Albania
Albania
to the north, and the west coast of Greece. All major islands in the sea belong to Greece. They are collectively named the Ionian Islands, the main ones being Corfu, Zakynthos, Kephalonia, Ithaca, and Lefkada
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Crates Of Athens
Crates of Athens
Crates of Athens
(Greek: Κράτης ὁ Ἀθηναῖος; died 268–264 BC)[1] was a Greek philosopher.Contents1 Biography 2 See also 3 Notes 4 References 5 External linksBiography[edit] Crates was the son of Antigenes of the Thriasian deme, the pupil and eromenos[2] of Polemo, and his successor as scholarch of the Platonic Academy,[3] in 270/69 BC
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Eusebius
Eusebius
Eusebius
of Caesarea (/juːˈsiːbiəs/; Greek: Εὐσέβιος τῆς Καισαρείας, Eusébios tés Kaisareías; AD 260/265 – 339/340), also known as Eusebius
Eusebius
Pamphili (from the Greek: Εὐσέβιος τοῦ Παμϕίλου), was a historian of Christianity, exegete, and Christian polemicist. He became the bishop of Caesarea Maritima
Caesarea Maritima
about 314 AD. Together with Pamphilus, he was a scholar of the Biblical canon
Biblical canon
and is regarded as an extremely learned Christian of his time.[1] He wrote Demonstrations of the Gospel, Preparations for the Gospel, and On Discrepancies between the Gospels, studies of the Biblical text
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Antigonus Of Carystus
Antigonus of Carystus
Carystus
(/ænˈtɪɡənəs/;[1][2] Greek Ἀντίγονος ὁ Καρύστιος; Latin: Antigonus Carystius), Greek writer on various subjects, flourished in the 3rd century BC. After some time spent at Athens
Athens
and in travelling, he was summoned to the court of Attalus I
Attalus I
(241 BC–197 BC) of Pergamum. His chief work is the Successions of Philosophers
Successions of Philosophers
drawn from personal knowledge, with considerable fragments preserved in Athenaeus and Diogenes Laërtius. We still possess his Ἱστοριῶν παραδόξων συναγωγή (Latin: Historiae Mirabiles, "Collection of Wonderful Tales"), a paradoxographical work chiefly extracted from the Περὶ θαυμασίων ἀκουσμάτων (On Marvellous Things Heard) attributed to Aristotle
Aristotle
and the Θαυμάσια of Callimachus
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Achaemenid Empire
The Achaemenid Empire
Empire
(/əˈkiːmənɪd/ c. 550–330 BC), also called the First Persian Empire,[11] was an empire based in Western Asia, founded by Cyrus the Great. Ranging at its greatest extent from the Balkans
Balkans
and Eastern Europe
Eastern Europe
proper in the west to the Indus Valley in the east, it was larger than any previous empire in history, spanning 5.5 million square kilometers. Incorporating various peoples of different origins and faiths, it is notable for its successful model of a centralised, bureaucratic administration (through satraps under the King of Kings), for building infrastructure such as road systems and a postal system, the use of an official language across its territories, and the development of civil services and a large professional army
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Magi
Magi
Magi
(/ˈmeɪdʒaɪ/; singular magus /ˈmeɪɡəs/; from Latin
Latin
magus) denotes followers of Zoroastrianism
Zoroastrianism
or Zoroaster. The earliest known use of the word Magi
Magi
is in the trilingual inscription written by Darius the Great, known as the Behistun Inscription. Old Persian texts, pre-dating the Hellenistic period, refer to a Magus as a Zurvanic, and presumably Zoroastrian, priest. Pervasive throughout the Eastern Mediterranean and Western Asia
Western Asia
until late antiquity and beyond, mágos, "magician", was influenced by (and eventually displaced) Greek goēs (γόης), the older word for a practitioner of magic, to include astrology, alchemy and other forms of esoteric knowledge
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India
India, officially the Republic
Republic
of India
India
(IAST: Bhārat Gaṇarājya),[e] is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country (with over 1.2 billion people), and the most populous democracy in the world. It is bounded by the Indian Ocean
Indian Ocean
on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal
Bay of Bengal
on the southeast. It shares land borders with Pakistan
Pakistan
to the west;[f] China, Nepal, and Bhutan
Bhutan
to the northeast; and Myanmar
Myanmar
and Bangladesh
Bangladesh
to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India
India
is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
and the Maldives
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Alexander The Great
Alexander
Alexander
III of Macedon
Macedon
(20/21 July 356 BC – 10/11 June 323 BC), commonly known as Alexander
Alexander
the Great (Ancient Greek: Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Μέγας, translit. Aléxandros ho Mégas, Koine
Koine
Greek: [a.lék.san.dros ho mé.gas]), was a king (basileus) of the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon[a] and a member of the Argead
Argead
dynasty. He was born in Pella
Pella
in 356 BC and succeeded his father Philip II to the throne at the age of twenty
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Apollodorus Of Athens
Apollodorus of Athens
Athens
(Greek: Ἀπολλόδωρος ὁ Ἀθηναῖος, Apollodōros ho Athēnaios; c. 180 BC – after 120 BC) son of Asclepiades, was a Greek scholar, historian and grammarian. He was a pupil of Diogenes of Babylon, Panaetius
Panaetius
the Stoic, and the grammarian Aristarchus of Samothrace. He left (perhaps fled) Alexandria
Alexandria
around 146 BC, most likely for Pergamon, and eventually settled in Athens. Literary works[edit]Chronicle (Χρονικά), a Greek history in verse from the fall of Troy
Troy
in the 12th century BC to roughly 143 BC (although later it was extended as far as 109 BC), and based on previous works by Eratosthenes
Eratosthenes
of Cyrene. Its dates are reckoned by its references to the archons of Athens
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Classical Antiquity
Classical antiquity
Classical antiquity
(also the classical era, classical period or classical age) is the long period of cultural history centered on the Mediterranean
Mediterranean
Sea, comprising the interlocking civilizations of ancient Greece and ancient Rome, collectively known as the Greco-Roman world. It is the period in which Greek and Roman society flourished and wielded great influence throughout Europe, North Africa
North Africa
and Western Asia. Conventionally, it is taken to begin with the earliest-recorded Epic Greek poetry of Homer
Homer
(8th–7th century BC), and continues through the emergence of Christianity
Christianity
and the decline of the Roman Empire (5th century AD)
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Greek Language
Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά [eliniˈka], elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα [eliniˈci ˈɣlosa] ( listen), ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece
Greece
and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean
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Timon Of Phlius
Phlius
Phlius
(/ˈflaɪəs/; Ancient Greek: Φλειοῦς, Phleious) was a Greek city in the northwestern Argolid
Argolid
(now in modern Corinthia, near Nemea), in the Peloponnese, said to be named after the Greek hero
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Philosopher
A philosopher is someone who practices philosophy, which involves rational inquiry into areas that are outside either theology or science.[1] The term "philosopher" comes from the Ancient Greek φιλόσοφος (philosophos) meaning "lover of wisdom". The coining of the term has been attributed to the Greek thinker Pythagoras
Pythagoras
(6th century BC).[2] In the classical sense, a philosopher was someone who lived according to a certain way of life, focusing on resolving existential questions about the human condition, and not someone who discourses upon theories or comments upon authors.[3] Typically, these particular brands of philosophy are Hellenistic ones and those who most arduously commit themselves to this lifestyle may be considered philosophers. A philosopher is one who challenges what is thought to be common sense, doesn’t know when to stop asking questions, and reexamines the old ways of thought
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Aristocles Of Messene
Aristocles of Messene (/əˈrɪstəˌkliːz/; Greek: Ἀριστοκλῆς ὁ Μεσσήνιος), in Sicily,[1] was a Peripatetic philosopher, who probably lived in the 1st century AD.[2] He may have been the teacher of Alexander of Aphrodisias.[3] According to the Suda[1] and Eudokia, he wrote several works:Πότερον σπουδαιότερος Ὅμηρος ἢ Πλάτων – Whether Homer or Plato is more Worthy. Τέχναι ῥητορικαί – Arts of Rhetoric. A work on the god Serapis. A work on Ethics, in nine books. A work on Philosophy, in ten books.The last of these works appears to have been a history of philosophy, in which he wrote about the philosophers, their schools, and doctrines
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Greece
Greece
Greece
(Greek: Ελλάδα), officially the Hellenic Republic (Ελληνική Δημοκρατία), historically also known as Hellas, is a country located in Southern Europe,[10] with a population of approximately 11 million as of 2016. Athens
Athens
is the nation's capital and largest city, followed by Thessaloniki. Greece
Greece
is located at the crossroads of Europe, Asia, and Africa. Situated on the southern tip of the Balkan Peninsula, it shares land borders with Albania
Albania
to the northwest, the Republic of Macedonia
Republic of Macedonia
and Bulgaria
Bulgaria
to the north, and Turkey
Turkey
to the northeast
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