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James Madison

James Madison (March 16, 1751[b] – June 28, 1836) was an American statesman, diplomat, expansionist, philosopher, and [b] – June 28, 1836) was an American statesman, diplomat, expansionist, philosopher, and Founding Father who served as the fourth president of the United States from 1809 to 1817. He is hailed as the "Father of the Constitution" for his pivotal role in drafting and promoting the Constitution of the United States and the United States Bill of Rights. He co-wrote The Federalist Papers, co-founded the Democratic-Republican Party, and served as the fifth United States Secretary of State from 1801 to 1809. Born into a prominent Virginia planter family, Madison served as a member of the Virginia House of Delegates and the Continental Congress during and after the American Revolutionary War
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State Legislature (United States)
As a legislative branch of government, a legislature generally performs state duties for a state in the same way that the United States Congress performs national duties at the national level. Generally, the same system of checks and balances that exists at the Federal level also exists between the state legislature, the state executive officer (governor) and the state judiciary, though the degree to which this is so varies from one state to the next. During a legislative session, the legislature considers matters introduced by its members or submitted by the governor. Businesses and other special interest organizations often lobby the legislature to obtain beneficial legiPrior to the United States Supreme Court decisions Baker v. Carr (1962) and Reynolds v. Sims (1964), the basis of representation in most state legislatures was modeled on that of the U.S
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New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°00′N 74°30′W / 40°N 74.5°W / 40; -74.5 In 1976, a referendum of New Jersey voters approved casino gambling in Atlantic City, where the first legalized casino opened in 1978.[152] At that time, Las Vegas was the only other casino resort in the country.[153] Today, several casinos lie along the Atlantic City Boardwalk,[citation needed] the first and longest boardwalk in the world.[casino gambling in Atlantic City, where the first legalized casino opened in 1978.[152] At that time, Las Vegas was the only other casino resort in the country.[153] Today, several casinos lie along the Atlantic City Boardwalk,[citation needed] the first and longest boardwalk in the world.[
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New York (state)
Coordinates: 43°N 75°W / 43°N 75°W / 43; -75 (New York) New York is a state in the Northeastern United States. New York was one of the original thirteen colonies that formed the United States. With more than 19 million residents in 2019,[6] it is the fourth-most-populous state. To distinguish it from New York City, which is the largest city in the state, it is sometimes referred to as New York State. Two-thirds of the state's population lives in the New York metropolitan area (including nearly 40% on Long Island).[9] The state and city were named for the 17th-century Duke of York, the future King James II of England
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First Amendment To The United States Constitution

Note that "community" standards—not national standards—are applied whether the material appeals tNote that "community" standards—not national standards—are applied whether the material appeals to the prurient interest, leaving the question of obscenity to local authorities.[205] Child pornography is not subject to the Miller test, as the Supreme Court decided in New York v. Ferber (1982) and Osborne v. Ohio (1990),[214][215] ruling that the government's interest in protecting children from abuse was paramount.[216][217] Personal poPersonal possession of obscene material in the home may not be prohibited by law. In Stanley v
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Freedom Of The Press
Freedom of the press or freedom of the media is the principle that communication and expression through various media, including printed and electronic media, especially published materials, should be considered a right to be exercised freely. Such freedom implies the absence of interference from an overreaching state; its preservation may be sought through constitution or other legal protection and security. With respect to governmental information, any government may distinguish which materials are public or protected from disclosure to the public. State materials are protected due to either of two reasons: the classification of information as sensitive, classified or secret, or the relevance of the information to protecting the national interest
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