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Psychedelia
PSYCHEDELIC FILM * Acid Western * Stoner film * PSYCHEDELIC LITERATURE Culture
Culture
* Counterculture
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Acid Jazz
ACID JAZZ, also known as CLUB JAZZ, is a musical genre that combines elements of jazz , soul , funk , and disco . Acid jazz originated in the London club scene of the mid-1980s in the rare groove movement and spread to the US, Japan, Eastern Europe, and Brazil. Major acts included Brand New Heavies , Incognito , Us3 , and Jamiroquai from the UK and Buckshot LeFonque and Digable Planets from the US. The rise of electronic club music in the mid to late 1990s led to a decline in interest, and in the twenty-first century, the movement became indistinct as a genre. Many acts that might have been defined as acid jazz are now seen as jazz-funk , neo soul , or jazz rap
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Huichol People
The HUICHOL or WIXáRITARI (Huichol pronunciation: /wiˈraɾitaɾi/) are Native Americans , living in the Sierra Madre Occidental
Sierra Madre Occidental
range in the Mexican states of Nayarit
Nayarit
, Jalisco
Jalisco
, Zacatecas
Zacatecas
, and Durango
Durango
. They are best known to the larger world as the Huichol, however, they refer to themselves as Wixáritari ("the people") in their native Huichol language . The adjectival form of Wixáritari and name for their own language is Wixárika
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Entheogen
An ENTHEOGEN (/en·the·o·gen/), from Greek, literally meaning "generating the divine within", is any psychoactive substance that induces a spiritual experience and is aimed at spiritual development . This terminology is often chosen to contrast with recreational use of the same drugs. The religious , shamanic , or spiritual significance of entheogens is well established in anthropological and modern contexts; entheogens have traditionally been used to supplement many diverse practices geared towards achieving transcendence , including sensory deprivation , divinatory , meditation , yoga , prayer , trance , chanting , hymns like peyote songs , and drumming . The use of entheogens was kept secret by native societies to the Western world until the 1950s
1950s
, which quickly developed into psychedelic therapy
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Acid Western
ACID WESTERN is a subgenre of the Western film that emerged in the 1960s and 1970s that combines the metaphorical ambitions of critically acclaimed Westerns, like Shane and The Searchers , with the excesses of the Spaghetti Westerns and the outlook of the 1960s counter-culture . Acid Westerns subvert many of the conventions of earlier Westerns to "conjure up a crazed version of autodestructive white America at its most solipsistic , hankering after its own lost origins". ORIGIN OF THE TERMThe term "Acid Western" was coined by film critic Pauline Kael
Pauline Kael
in a review of Alejandro Jodorowsky 's film, El Topo , published in the November 1971 issue of The New Yorker
The New Yorker

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Counterculture
A COUNTERCULTURE (also written COUNTER-CULTURE) is a subculture whose values and norms of behavior differ substantially from those of mainstream society, often in opposition to mainstream cultural mores . A countercultural movement expresses the ethos and aspirations of a specific population during a well-defined era. When oppositional forces reach critical mass , countercultures can trigger dramatic cultural changes. Prominent examples of countercultures in Europe
Europe
and North America include Romanticism
Romanticism
(1790–1840), Bohemianism
Bohemianism
(1850–1910), the more fragmentary counterculture of the Beat Generation
Beat Generation
(1944–1964), and perhaps most prominently, the counterculture of the 1960s (1964–1974), usually associated with the hippie subculture
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Ayahuasca
AYAHUASCA (UK : /ˌaɪjəˈwæskə/ ; US : /ˌaɪjəˈwɑːskə/ ), or iowaska, or YAGé (/jɑːˈheɪ/ or /jæˈheɪ/ ), is an entheogenic brew made out of Banisteriopsis caapi vine and other ingredients. The brew is used as a traditional spiritual medicine in ceremonies among the Indigenous peoples of the Amazon basin
Amazon basin
. It can be mixed with the leaves of the Psychotria viridis (chacruna) leaf or chagropanga , or mimosa tenuiflora rootbark; dimethyltryptamine (DMT)-containing plant species. It has been reported that some psychoactive effects can be felt from consuming the ayahuasca vine alone. The hallucinogen DMT will be digested in the stomach and remain inactive without the inclusion of a monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI) such as Banisteriopsis caapi. Therefore, a combination of both a MAOI-containing plant and DMT-containing substance is necessary for full hallucinogenic effects
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Phosphene
A PHOSPHENE is a phenomenon characterized by the experience of seeing light without light actually entering the eye . The word phosphene comes from the Greek words phos (light) and phainein (to show). Phosphenes that are induced by movement or sound may be associated with optic neuritis . Phosphenes can be directly induced by mechanical, electrical, or magnetic stimulation of the retina or visual cortex as well as by random firing of cells in the visual system . Phosphenes have also been reported by meditators (commonly called nimitta ), people who go for long periods without visual stimulation (also known as the prisoner\'s cinema ), or those who are using psychedelic drugs
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Fractal Art
FRACTAL ART is a form of algorithmic art created by calculating fractal objects and representing the calculation results as still images, animations, and media . Fractal art developed from the mid-1980s onwards. It is a genre of computer art and digital art which are part of new media art . The mathematical beauty of fractals lies at the intersection of generative art and computer art . They combine to produce a type of abstract art . Fractal art (especially in the western world) is rarely drawn or painted by hand. It is usually created indirectly with the assistance of fractal-generating software , iterating through three phases: setting parameters of appropriate fractal software; executing the possibly lengthy calculation; and evaluating the product. In some cases, other graphics programs are used to further modify the images produced. This is called post-processing. Non-fractal imagery may also be integrated into the artwork
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Diffraction
DIFFRACTION refers to various phenomena that occur when a wave encounters an obstacle or a slit. It is defined as the bending of light around the corners of an obstacle or aperture into the region of geometrical shadow of the obstacle. In classical physics , the diffraction phenomenon is described as the interference of waves according to the Huygens–Fresnel principle . These characteristic behaviors are exhibited when a wave encounters an obstacle or a slit that is comparable in size to its wavelength . Similar effects occur when a light wave travels through a medium with a varying refractive index , or when a sound wave travels through a medium with varying acoustic impedance . Diffraction
Diffraction
occurs with all waves, including sound waves , water waves , and electromagnetic waves such as visible light , X-rays and radio waves
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Liquid Light Show
LIQUID LIGHT SHOWS (or PSYCHEDELIC LIGHT SHOWS) are a form of light art that surfaced in the early 1960s as accompaniment to electronic music and avant-garde theatre performances. They were later adapted for performances of rock or psychedelic music. Leading names included The Joshua Light Show /Joe's Lights/Sensefex located in NY), Tony Martin (SF, NYC), Elias Romero (SF), Mike Leonard (lights for Pink Floyd ) (UK), The Heavy Water Light Show, Mark Boyle 's Lights/Joan Hill (UK), Lymbic System (Mark Hanau) (UK), Glen McKay’s Headlights, The Pig Light Show (NY), Lights by Pablo (NY), The Brotherhood of Light (SF), Little Princess 109 (SF), LSD, Ed's Amazing Liquid Light Show, Abercrombe Lights (SF), and the Single Wing Turquoise Bird light show
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Timeline Of 1960s Counterculture
The following is a CHRONOLOGICAL CAPSULE HISTORY OF 1960S COUNTERCULTURE . Influential events and milestones beginning decades ahead of the 1960s are included for context relevant to the subject period of the early 1960s through the mid 1970s. CONTENTS* 1 Pre-1950 * 1.1 1909 * 1.2 1920 * 1.3 1938 * 1.4 1942 * 1.5 1944 * 1.6 1945 * 1.7 1946 * 1.8 1947 * 1.9 1948 * 1.10 1949 * 2 1950s * 2.1 1950 * 2.2 1951 * 2.3 1952 * 2.4 1953 * 2.5 1954 * 2.6 1955 * 2.7 1956 * 2.8 1957 * 2.9 1958 * 2.10 1959 * 3 1960s * 3.1 1960 * 3.2 1961 * 3.3 1962 * 3.4 1963 * 3.5 1964 * 3.6 1965 * 3.7 1966 * 3.8 1967 * 3.9 1968 * 3.10 1969 * 4 1970s * 4.1 1970 * 4.2 1971 * 4.3 1972 * 4.4 1973 * 4.5 1974 * 4.6 1975 * 4.7 1977 * 4.8 1980 * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links PRE-19501909 * February 12: The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is founded in the US
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Paisley (design)
PAISLEY or PAISLEY PATTERN is a term in English for a design using the buta or boteh, a droplet-shaped vegetable motif of Persian origin that resembles a twisted teardrop. Paisley designs became very popular in the West in the 18th and 19th centuries, following imports of post- Mughal Empire versions of the design from India, especially in the form of Kashmir shawls , and were then imitated locally. Although the fig -shaped paisley is of Persian origin, its western name derives from the town of Paisley , in West Scotland , a centre for textiles where paisley designs were produced. Persian silk brocade with gold and silver thread (golabetoon), woven in 1963
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Trip Hop
TRIP HOP (sometimes called "downtempo " ) is a musical genre that originated in the early 1990s in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
, especially Bristol
Bristol
. It has been described as "a fusion of hip hop and electronica until neither genre is recognizable," and may incorporate a variety of styles, including funk , dub , soul , psychedelia , R Andy Pemberton, a music journalist writing for Mixmag , used it to describe Mo Wax Records Artist (U.K.) RPM and (American) DJ Shadow 's "In/Flux" single. In Bristol, once one of the most important ports in the Atlantic slave-trade and as of 2012 among Britain's most racially diverse cities, hip hop began to seep into the consciousness of a subculture already well-schooled in Jamaican forms of music
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