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Provinces Of Italy
In Italy , a province (_provincia_) is an administrative division of intermediate level between a municipality (_comune _) and a region (_regione_). There are currently 107 provinces in Italy. On 3 April 2014, the Italian Chamber of Deputies gave its final approval to the Law n.56/2014 which involves the transformation of the Italian provinces into "institutional bodies of second level" and the birth of 10 special Metropolitan cities . A further 4 such cities were added later. The reorganization of the Italian provinces became operative by January 2015. The new law which transforms the provinces is preliminary to their abolition, as a revision of the second part of the Italian Constitution is needed in order to change the current bicameral parliamentary system and to abolish. CONTENTS * 1 Overview * 2 List of provinces * 3 History * 3.1 Kingdom of Italy * 3.2 Between the two World Wars * 3.3 After World War II * 3.4 Recent history * 4 Former provinces * 4.1 Historical abolished provinces * 4.2 Provinces of Istria and Dalmatia * 4.3 Provinces established during World War II * 4.4 Colonial provinces * 4.5 Theoretical provinces * 5 Controversies * 6 See also * 7 Notes * 8 References * 9 External links OVERVIEW Provinces of Italy in 2012, within related regions A province of the Italian Republic is composed of many municipalities (_comune_)
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Italian Republic
Coordinates : 43°N 12°E / 43°N 12°E / 43; 12 Italian Republic Repubblica Italiana (Italian ) Flag Emblem ANTHEM: Il Canto degli Italiani
Il Canto degli Italiani
(Italian ) "The Song of the Italians" Location of Italy
Italy
(dark green) – in Europe
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Politics Of Italy
POLITICS OF ITALY is conducted through a Parliamentary Republic with a multi-party system . Italy
Italy
has been a democratic republic since 2 June 1946 , when the monarchy was abolished by popular referendum and a constituent assembly was elected to draft a constitution, which was promulgated on 1 January 1948. The executive power is exercised collectively by the Council of Ministers , which is led by the Prime Minister , officially referred to as President of the Council ("Presidente del Consiglio"). Legislative power
Legislative power
is vested in the two houses of parliament primarily, and secondarily on the Council of Ministers, which can introduce bills and holds the majority in the parliament. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislative branches. It is headed by the High Council of the Judiciary. The president is the head of state , though his position is separate from all branches. The current President is Sergio Mattarella and the current Prime Minister of Italy is Paolo Gentiloni
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Constitution Of Italy
The CONSTITUTION OF THE ITALIAN REPUBLIC (Italian : Costituzione della Repubblica Italiana) was enacted by the Constituent Assembly on 22 December 1947, with 453 votes in favour and 62 against. The text, which has since been amended 15 times, was promulgated in the extraordinary edition of Gazzetta Ufficiale No. 298 on 27 December 1947. The Constituent Assembly was elected by universal suffrage on 2 June 1946, at the same time as a referendum on the abolition of the monarchy. The Constitution
Constitution
came into force on 1 January 1948, one century after the Statuto Albertino had been enacted. Although the latter remained in force after Benito Mussolini 's March on Rome
March on Rome
in 1922, it had become devoid of substantive value
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President Of Italy
The PRESIDENT OF THE ITALIAN REPUBLIC (Italian : Presidente della Repubblica Italiana) is the head of state of Italy
Italy
and, in that role, represents national unity and guarantees that Italian politics comply with the Constitution . The president's term of office lasts for seven years. The 11th President
President
of the Republic, Giorgio Napolitano
Giorgio Napolitano
, was elected on 10 May 2006, and elected to a second term for the first time in Italian Republic
Italian Republic
history, on 20 April 2013. On 31 January 2015, the incumbent President, former Constitutional judge Sergio Mattarella , was elected at the fourth ballot with 665 votes out of 1,009. CONTENTS * 1 Qualifications for office * 2 Election * 3 Presidential mandate * 4 Role * 5 Succession * 6 Residence * 7 Timeline * 8 Living former Presidents * 9 See also * 10 References * 11 External links QUALIFICATIONS FOR OFFICEThe framers of the Constitution of Italy
Constitution of Italy
intended for the President to be an elder statesman of some stature. Article 84 states that any citizen who is fifty or older on election day and enjoys civil and political rights can be elected President. Those citizens who already hold any other office are prohibited from becoming President
President
unless they resign their previous office once they are elected
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List Of Presidents Of Italy
This is the LIST OF THE PRESIDENTS OF THE ITALIAN REPUBLIC with the title PRESIDENTE DELLA REPUBBLICA since 1948. The Quirinal Palace (known in Italian as the Quirinale) in Rome is the official residence of the President of the Italian Republic. The twelve Presidents came from only six of the twenty Regions : three each from Campania (all born in Naples) and Piedmont , two each from Sardinia (both born in Sassari) and Tuscany , and one each from Liguria and Sicily . CONTENTS * 1 Election * 2 Presidents of the Italian Republic (1946–present) * 3 Substitution of the Head of State * 4 Timeline * 5 Living former Presidents * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links ELECTIONThe President of the Republic is elected by Parliament in a joint session of the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate . In addition, the 20 regions of Italy appoint 58 representatives as special electors. Three representatives come from each region , save for the small Aosta Valley which appoints one, so as to guarantee representation for all localities and minorities. According to the Constitution , the election must be held in the form of secret ballot, with the 315 senators, the 630 deputies and the 58 regional representatives all voting. A two-thirds vote is required to elect on any of the first three rounds of balloting; after that, a majority suffices
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Sergio Mattarella
SERGIO MATTARELLA, OMRI , OMCA (Italian pronunciation: ; born 23 July 1941) is an Italian politician, lawyer and judge who is the 12th and current President of Italy since 2015. He was a member of Parliament from 1983 to 2008, serving as Minister of Education from 1989 to 1990 and as Minister of Defence from 1999 to 2001. In 2011, he became an elected judge on the Constitutional Court . On 31 January 2015, he was elected by parliament to be the 12th President of the Italian Republic . He is the first Sicilian to have held the post. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Political career * 3 President of Italy * 3.1 2016 political crisis * 4 Personal life * 5 References * 6 External links EARLY LIFE Sergio Mattarella
Sergio Mattarella
was born in Palermo
Palermo
of a prominent Sicilian family. His father, Bernardo Mattarella , was an anti-fascist who, alongside Alcide De Gasperi and other prominent Catholic politicians, helped found the Christian Democracy (DC) party, which dominated the Italian political scene for almost fifty years, with Bernardo serving as a minister several times. Sergio Mattarella's brother, Piersanti Mattarella , was also a Christian Democratic politician and President of Sicily
Sicily
from 1978 until his death in 1980, when he was killed by the Sicilian Mafia
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Prime Minister Of Italy
The PRESIDENT OF THE COUNCIL OF MINISTERS OF THE ITALIAN REPUBLIC (Italian : Presidente del Consiglio dei ministri della Repubblica Italiana), commonly referred to in Italy
Italy
as PRESIDENTE DEL CONSIGLIO and known in English as the PRIME MINISTER OF ITALY, is the head of government of the Italian Republic
Italian Republic
. The office of Prime Minister is established by Articles 92 through to 96 of the Constitution of Italy . The Prime Minister is appointed by the President of the Republic after each general election and must have the confidence of the Parliament of Italy to stay in office. Prior to the establishment of the Italian Republic, the position was called "President of the Council of Ministers of the Kingdom of Italy" (Presidente del Consiglio dei ministri del Regno d'Italia). From 1925 to 1943 during the Fascist regime, the position was transformed into the dictatorial position of "Head of the Government, Prime Minister, Secretary of State" (Capo del Governo, Primo ministro, Segretario di Stato) held by Benito Mussolini
Benito Mussolini
, Duce
Duce
of Fascism , who officially governed on the behalf of the King of Italy
Italy
. King Victor Emmanuel III removed Mussolini from office in 1943 and the position was restored with Marshal Pietro Badoglio
Pietro Badoglio
becoming Prime Minister in 1943
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List Of Prime Ministers Of Italy
The PRIME MINISTER OF ITALY , officially PRESIDENT OF THE COUNCIL OF MINISTERS, is the political leader of Italy since 1861. The Palazzo Chigi in Rome is the official residence of the Prime Minister . The Prime Minister is the President of the Council of Ministers (which holds effective executive power) and he must receive a vote of approval from it to execute most political activities. The office is similar to those in most other parliamentary systems , but the leader of the Italian government is not authorized to request the dissolution of the Parliament or to dismiss the ministers (that are appointed by him). The office was established by Articles 92 through to 96 of the current Constitution of Italy . The Prime Minister is appointed by the President of the Republic after each general election . Commonly referred to in Italy as _ Premier _, the right title of the office holder is _Presidente del Consiglio dei Ministri_, or just _Presidente del Consiglio_. The formal Italian order of precedence lists the office as being ceremonially the fourth most important Italian state office
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Paolo Gentiloni
PAOLO GENTILONI SILVERI (Italian pronunciation: ; born 22 November 1954) is an Italian politician who has been Prime Minister of Italy since 12 December 2016. Gentiloni, a member of the Democratic Party , served as Minister of Foreign Affairs from 31 October 2014 until December 2016, when President Sergio Mattarella asked him to form a new government. Previously, he was Minister of Communications from 2006 to 2008, during the second government of Romano Prodi . CONTENTS * 1 Early life and family * 2 Early political career * 2.1 Rome City Council * 2.2 Member of Parliament and Minister * 3 Minister of Foreign Affairs * 4 Prime Minister of Italy * 4.1 Immigration * 4.2 Labour policies * 4.3 Social policies * 4.4 Foreign policies * 5 Health * 6 References * 7 External links EARLY LIFE AND FAMILYA descendant of Count Gentiloni Silveri, he is related to the Italian politician Vincenzo Ottorino Gentiloni , who was the leader of the conservative Catholic Electoral Union and a key ally of the long-time Prime Minister Giovanni Giolitti . Gentiloni has the titles of Nobile of Filottrano , Nobile of Cingoli , and Nobile of Macerata . Born in Rome , he attended the Classical Lyceum Torquato Tasso in the city and graduated in political sciences at the La Sapienza University
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Cabinet Of Italy
The COUNCIL OF MINISTERS (Italian : _Consiglio dei Ministri_, CDM) is the principal executive organ of the Government of Italy . It comprises the President of the Council (_i.e._ the prime minister), all the ministers , and the undersecretary to the President of the Council. Junior ministers (Italian : _sottosegretari_) are part of the government, but are not members of the Council of Ministers. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Organisation * 3 Relationship with other parts of the political system * 4 Functions * 5 List of Italian Ministers * 6 References HISTORYThe Council of Ministers' origins date to the production of the Albertine Statute by the Kingdom of Sardinia in 1848. The Statute, which subsequently became the Constitution of the Kingdom of Italy , did not envision collegial meetings of individual ministers, but simply the existence of ministers as heads of their ministries, responsible for their operations. The Council of Ministers subsequently developed as a constitutional convention and the office of the President of the Council emerged from the need to co-ordinate the activities of the individual ministers. Currently the Council of Ministers is governed by the Constitution and Law no.400 of 23 August 1988
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Renzi Cabinet
The RENZI CABINET, led by Matteo Renzi , was the 63rd cabinet of the Italian Republic . The government, in office from February 2014 to December 2016, was composed of members of the Democratic Party (PD), the New Centre-Right (NCD), the Union of the Centre (UdC), Civic Choice (SC), the Populars for Italy (PpI, until June 2015), Solidary Democracy (Demo.S, since July 2014), the Italian Socialist Party (PSI), Democratic Centre (CD, since October 2015) and non-party independents . At its formation, the Renzi Cabinet was the youngest government of Italy to date, with an average age of forty-seven. It was also the first Italian cabinet in which the number of female ministers was equal to the number of male ministers, not including the prime minister. That later changed, as eventually three female ministers resigned, each replaced by a male minister
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Parliament Of Italy
The ITALIAN PARLIAMENT (Italian : _Parlamento Italiano_) is the national parliament of the Italian Republic
Italian Republic
. The Parliament is the representative body of Italian citizens and is the successor to the Parliament of the Kingdom of Sardinia(1848-1861) and the Parliament of the Kingdom of Italy
Italy
(1861-1946). It is a bicameral legislature with 945 elected members and a small number of unelected members (_parlamentari_). It is composed of the Chamber of Deputies , with 630 members (_deputati_) elected on a national basis, and the Senate of the Republic , with 315 members (_senatori_) elected on a regional basis, plus a small number (currently 5) of senators for life (_senatori a vita_), either appointed or _ex officio_. The two houses are independent from one another and never meet jointly except under circumstances specified by the Constitution. By the Republican Constitution of 1948, the two houses of the Italian Parliament possess the same powers: this particular form of parliamentary democracy (so-called _perfect bicameralism_) has been coded in the current form since the adoption of the Albertine Statute and resurged after the dismissal of the fascist dictatorship of the 1920s and 1930s during World War II
World War II

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Senate Of The Republic (Italy)
GOVERNMENT (169) * PD 99 * AP 27 * AUT 19 * MDP 14 * Mixed Group 10OPPOSITION PARTIES (151) * FI 43 * M5S 35 * ALA – SC 16 * GAL 14 * LN 12 * CR 9 * Mixed Group 23 ELECTIONS LAST ELECTION 24–25 February 2013 MEETING PLACE Palazzo Madama
Palazzo Madama
, Rome
Rome
WEBSITE http://www.senato.it ITALIAN REPUBLIC This article is part of a series on the politics and gove
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Chamber Of Deputies (italy)
GOVERNMENT (394) * PD 284 * MDP 38 * AP 26 * CI 16 * Demo.S –CD 14 * Mixed Group 16OPPOSITION PARTIES (236) * M5S 91 * FI 50 * LN 19 * SC –ALA 16 * SI 13 * FdI 11 * Mixed Group 36 ELECTIONS VOTING SYSTEM Partially-open list proportional representation with majority bonus (current house was elected under a semi-proportional system ) LAST ELECTION 24–25 February 2013 NEXT ELECTION 2018 or earlier MEETING PLACE Palazzo Montecitorio , Rome
Rome
WEBSITE http://en.camera.it/ and http://www.camera.it/leg17/46 The CHAMBER OF DEPUTIES (Italian : Camera dei deputati) is a house of the bicameral Parliament of Italy (the other being the Senate of the Republic ). The two houses together form a perfect bicameral system, meaning they perform identical functions, but do so separately. Pursuant to article 56 of the Italian Constitution , the Chamber of Deputies has 630 seats, of which 618 are elected from Italian constituencies, and 12 from Italian citizens living abroad. Deputies are styled The Honourable
The Honourable
(Italian: Onorevole) and meet at Palazzo Montecitorio
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