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Provinces Of Argentina
Argentina
Argentina
is subdivided into twenty-three provinces (Spanish: provincias, singular provincia) and one autonomous city (ciudad autónoma), Buenos Aires, which is the federal capital of the nation (Spanish: Capital Federal) as decided by Congress.[2] The provinces and the capital have their own constitutions, but exist under a federal system.Contents1 History 2 Political organization 3 List of provinces 4 See also 5 Notes 6 References 7 Bibliography 8 External linksHistory[edit] Main article: History of Argentina During the War of Independence the main cities and their surrounding countrysides became provinces though the intervention of their cabildos. The Anarchy of the Year XX completed this process, shaping the original thirteen provinces. Jujuy seceded from Salta
Salta
in 1834, and the thirteen provinces became fourteen
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Argentine Law
The Legal system
Legal system
of Argentina
Argentina
is a Civil law legal system. The pillar of the Civil system is the Constitution of Argentina
Constitution of Argentina
(1853). The Argentine Constitution of 1853
Argentine Constitution of 1853
was an attempt to unite the unstable and young country of the United Provinces of the Rio de la Plata under a single law, creating as well the different organisms needed to run a country. This constitution was finally approved after failed attempts in 1813 (see Assembly of 1813), 1819 and 1831 (Pacto Federal).Contents1 Judicial system 2 Structure of the Law in Argentina 3 See also 4 References 5 External linksJudicial system[edit] Justice is administered by both federal and provincial courts
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List Of Attorneys General Of Argentina
The Attorney General of Argentina (Spanish: Procurador General de la Nación Argentina) is the chief of all the prosecutors who act before national courts, while he himself is the prosecutor in the Supreme Court.1863–1875 Francisco Pico 1875–1878 Carlos Tejedor 1878–1890 Eduardo Costa 1890–1892 Antonio Malaver 1892–1905 Sabiniano Kier 1905–1917 Julio Botet 1917–1922 José Nicolás Matienzo 1923–1935 Horacio Rodríguez Larreta (attorney general) 1935–1947 Juan Álvarez 1947–1955 Carlos Gabriel Delfino 1955–1958 Sebastián Soler 1958–1966 Ramón Lascano 1966–1973 Eduardo Marquardt 1973–1976 Enrique C. Petracchi 1976–1980 Elías P
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State Government
A state government or provincial government is the government of a country subdivision in a federal form of government, which shares political power with the federal or national government. A state government may have some level of political autonomy, or be subject to the direct control of the federal government. This relationship may be defined by a constitution. The reference to "state" denotes country subdivisions which are officially or widely known as "states", and should not be confused with a "sovereign state". Provinces are usually divisions of unitary states. Their governments, which are also provincial governments, are not the subject of this article. The United States
United States
and Australia
Australia
are the main examples of federal systems in which the term "state" is used for the subnational components of the federation. In addition, the Canadian provinces fulfil a similar role
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Barrios And Communes Of Buenos Aires
A commune (the French word appearing in the 12th century from Medieval Latin
Latin
communia, meaning a large gathering of people sharing a common life; from Latin
Latin
communis, things held in common)[1] is an intentional community of people living together, sharing common interests, often having common values and beliefs, as well as shared property, possessions, resources, and, in some communes, work, income or assets. In addition to the communal economy, consensus decision-making, non-hierarchical structures and ecological living have become important core principles for many communes
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Mauricio Macri
Pontifical Catholic University of Argentina Columbia Business SchoolProfession Civil engineerSignatureWebsite Official website Mauricio Macri
Mauricio Macri
(Spanish pronunciation: [mauˈɾisjo ˈmakɾi]; born 8 February 1959) is the current President of Argentina
President of Argentina
and has been in office since 2015. A former civil engineer, Macri won the first presidential runoff ballotage in Argentina's history (the runoff system had been introduced in 1994) and is the first democratically-elected non-Radical or Peronist president since 1916.[1] He was chief of government of Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires
from 2007 to 2015, and represented the city in the lower house of the Congress of Argentina
Argentina
from 2005 to 2007
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Falkland Islands Sovereignty Dispute
Sovereignty
Sovereignty
over the Falkland Islands
Falkland Islands
(Spanish: Islas Malvinas) is disputed by Argentina
Argentina
and the United Kingdom. The British claim to sovereignty dates from 1690, and the United Kingdom has exercised de facto sovereignty over the archipelago almost continuously since 1833. Argentina
Argentina
has long disputed this claim, having been in control of the islands for a few years prior to 1833. The dispute escalated in 1982, when Argentina
Argentina
invaded the islands, precipitating the Falklands War. Contemporary Falkland Islanders
Falkland Islanders
overwhelmingly prefer to remain British
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Ministries Of The Argentine Republic
The Ministries of the Argentine Republic, which form the cabinet, currently consist of sixteen ministries under a ministerial chief of staff.[1] The ministers are appointed by and serve at the pleasure of the president.[1] The current organization derives from the constitutional revision of 1994,[1] and is governed by "The Law on Ministries".[2] History[edit] Prior to independence, the administration of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata was organized under the Royal Ordinance of Administrators issued 28 January 1782 (la Real Ordenanza de Intendentes),[3] under which there were eight intendencias[4] each with a governor reporting to the viceroy
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Gabriela Michetti
Marta Gabriela Michetti
Gabriela Michetti
Illia (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈmarta ɣaˈβɾjela miˈketi]; born 28 May 1965) is an Argentine
Argentine
politician, currently serving as Vice President of Argentina
Argentina
since 10 December 2015.[1] Before her, the only woman to serve as Vice President of Argentina
Argentina
was Isabel Martínez de Perón. Michetti is member of the Republican Proposal
Republican Proposal
(PRO) and Cambiemos (Let's change) coalition. She was Deputy Head of Government in Buenos Aires from 2009 to 2013 during the first tenure of Mayor Mauricio Macri and served as Senator for Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires
since 2013 to 2016. She is great-grandniece of former President of Argentina, Dr
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Council Of Magistrates Of The Nation
The Council of Magistrates of the Nation
Council of Magistrates of the Nation
(Spanish: Consejo de la Magistratura de la Nación) is an organ of the Judicial Branch of the Government of Argentina
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Argentine Senate
The Argentine Senate
Argentine Senate
(Spanish: Honorable Senado de la Nación Argentina) is the upper house of the Argentine National Congress.Contents1 Overview1.1 Requirements2 Composition 3 Senate leadership 4 See also 5 References 6 External linksOverview[edit] The National Senate was established by the Argentine Confederation
Argentine Confederation
on July 29, 1854, pursuant to Articles 46 to 54 of the 1853 Constitution.[1] There are 72 members: three for each province and three for the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires
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List Of Vice Presidents Of Argentina
The office of Vice President of Argentina
Argentina
is the second highest political position in Argentina, and first in the line of succession to the Presidency of Argentina. The office was established with the enactment of the Argentine Constitution of 1853. The Vice President assumes presidential duties in a caretaker in case of absence or temporary incapacity of the head of state, and may succeed to the Presidency in case of resignation, permanent incapacity, or death of the President. The longest Vice Presidential tenure as caretaker in Argentine history took place between 1865 and 1868, while President Bartolomé Mitre
Bartolomé Mitre
was preoccupied with the Paraguayan War
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List Of Heads Of State Of Argentina
Argentina
Argentina
has had many different types of heads of state, as well as many different types of government. During Pre-Columbian times the territories that today form Argentina
Argentina
were inhabited by nomadic tribes, without any defined government. During the Spanish colonization of the Americas, the King of Spain retained the ultimate authority over the territories conquered in the New World, appointing viceroys for local government. The territories that would later become Argentina
Argentina
were first part of the Viceroyalty of Peru, and then the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata. The May Revolution
May Revolution
started the Argentine War of Independence
Argentine War of Independence
by replacing the viceroy Baltasar Hidalgo de Cisneros with the first national government
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President Of Argentina
The President of the Argentine Nation (Spanish: Presidente de la Nación Argentina), usually known as the President of Argentina, is both head of state and head of government of Argentina. Under the national Constitution, the President is also the chief executive of the federal government and Commander-in-Chief
Commander-in-Chief
of the armed forces. Through Argentine history, the office of the Head of State has undergone many changes, both in its title as in its features and powers
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Politics Of Argentina
The politics of Argentina
Argentina
takes place in the framework of what the Constitution defines as a federal presidential representative democratic Republic, where the President of Argentina
Argentina
is both Head of State and Head of Government. Legislative power
Legislative power
is vested in the two chambers of the Argentine
Argentine
National Congress. The Judiciary
Judiciary
is independent of the Executive and the Legislature. Elections take place regularly on a multi-party system
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