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Province Of Vibo Valentia
The PROVINCE OF VIBO VALENTIA (Italian : PROVINCIA DI VIBO VALENTIA) is a province in the Calabria
Calabria
region of southern Italy
Italy
, set up by a national law of 6 March 1992 which came into effect on 1 January 1996, and formerly part of the Province of Catanzaro . Its capital is the city of Vibo Valentia and its vehicle licence plate code is VV . The province has an area of 1,139 square kilometres (440 sq mi) (7.6% of the total surface of Calabria), and a total population of 168,894 (ISTAT 2005); the city Vibo Valentia has a population of 35,405. There are 50 comuni (singular: comune ) in the province, see list of communes of the Province of Vibo Valentia . It was first settled by Italic tribe the Sicels and Vibo Valentia was established as a city in the 6th or 7th century, known as Hipponion by the Greeks of Messina and Reggio
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Bruttii
The BRUTTIANS (Greek : Βρέττιοι, translit. Bréttioi, Latin
Latin
: Bruttii) were an ancient Italic tribe of Lucanian descent. They inhabited the southern extremity of Italy
Italy
, from the frontiers of Lucania to the Sicilian Straits and the promontory of Leucopetra . This roughly corresponds to the modern region of Calabria
Calabria
. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 See also * 3 References * 4 Sources HISTORY Southern Italy
Italy
in antiquity. The Bruttii spoke Oscan , as attested by several finds of Oscan script , though this may have been a later influence from their Sabellic neighbors, the Lucani
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Locrians
The LOCRIANS (Greek : Λοκροί, Locri) were an ancient Greek tribe that inhabited the region of Locris
Locris
in Central Greece
Central Greece
, around Parnassus . They spoke the Locrian dialect, a Doric-Northwest dialect , and were closely related to their neighbouring tribes, the Phocians and the Dorians
Dorians
. They were divided into two geographically distinct tribes, the western Ozolians and the eastern Opuntians; their primary towns were Amphissa and Opus respectively, and their most important colony was the city of Epizephyrian Locris
Locris
in Magna Graecia , which still bears the name "Locri"
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Ancient Rome
In historiography , ANCIENT ROME refers to the Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome
Rome
in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire
Roman Empire
in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom , Roman Republic and Roman Empire
Roman Empire
until the fall of the western empire. The term is sometimes used to just refer to the kingdom and republic periods, excluding the subsequent empire . The civilization began as an Italic settlement in the Italian peninsula , dating from the 8th century BC, that grew into the city of Rome
Rome
and which subsequently gave its name to the empire over which it ruled and to the widespread civilisation the empire developed
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Ancient Carthage
CARTHAGE (Punic : 𐤒𐤓𐤕•𐤇𐤃𐤔𐤕, Qart-ḥadašt "new city") was the Phoenician city-state of Carthage
Carthage
and during the 7th to 3rd centuries BC, included its sphere of influence, the CARTHAGINIAN EMPIRE. The empire extended over much of the coast of North Africa
North Africa
as well as encompassing substantial parts of coastal Iberia
Iberia
and the islands of the western Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
. Carthage
Carthage
was founded in 814 BC. A dependency of the Phoenician state of Tyre at the time, Carthage
Carthage
gained independence around 650 BC and established its political hegemony over other Phoenician settlements throughout the western Mediterranean
Mediterranean
, this lasting until the end of the 3rd century BC
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Dionysius I Of Syracuse
DIONYSIUS I or DIONYSIUS THE ELDER (Greek : Διονύσιος ὁ Πρεσβύτερος; c. 432 – 367 BC) was a Greek tyrant of Syracuse , in what is now Sicily
Sicily
, southern Italy. He conquered several cities in Sicily
Sicily
and southern Italy, opposed Carthage
Carthage
's influence in Sicily
Sicily
and made Syracuse the most powerful of the Western Greek colonies. He was regarded by the ancients as an example of the worst kind of despot—cruel, suspicious and vindictive. CONTENTS * 1 Early life of Dionysius the Elder * 2 Mercenaries
Mercenaries
and autocracy * 3 Conquests * 4 Death * 5 Intellectual tastes * 6 Walls of Syracuse * 7 Fictional references * 8 See also * 9 Notes * 10 Further reading * 11 External links EARLY LIFE OF DIONYSIUS THE ELDERDionysius began his working life as a clerk in a public office
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Sicels
The SICELS (Latin : Siculi; Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
: Σικελοί Sikeloi) were an Italic tribe who inhabited eastern Sicily
Sicily
during the Iron Age . Their neighbours to the west were the Sicani . The Sicels
Sicels
gave Sicily
Sicily
the name it has held since antiquity, but they rapidly fused into the culture of Magna Graecia . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Language * 3 Mythology * 4 See also * 5 Notes * 6 Sources * 7 Further reading * 8 External links HISTORYArchaeological excavation has shown some Mycenean influence on Bronze Age Sicily. The earliest literary mention of Sicels
Sicels
is in the Odyssey . Homer also mentions Sicania , but makes no distinctions: "they were (from) a faraway place and a faraway people and apparently they were one and the same" for Homer, Robin Lane Fox notes
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Locri
LOCRI is a town and comune (municipality) in the province of Reggio Calabria , Calabria , southern Italy. The name derives from the ancient Greek town Locris . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Modern Locri * 2.1 Locri Today * 3 Main sights * 3.1 Ionic temple of Marasà * 3.2 The theatre * 4 Notable people * 5 Mass media * 6 Notes * 7 External links HISTORYEPIZEPHYRIAN LOCRIS (from Greek Ἐπιζεφύριοι Λοκροί; from ἐπί epi, "on", Ζέφυρος (Zephyros, "West Wind , and the plural of Λοκρός, Lokros, "a Locrian," thus "The Locrians upon the West Wind "). was founded about 680 BC on the Italian shore of the Ionian Sea , near modern Capo Zefirio, by the Locrians , apparently by Opuntii (East Locrians) from the city of Opus , but including Ozolae (West Locrians) and Lacedaemonians
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Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor
FREDERICK II (26 December 1194 – 13 December 1250; German : Friedrich II., Italian : Federico II) was a Holy Roman Emperor
Holy Roman Emperor
and King of Sicily in the Middle Ages, a member of the House of Hohenstaufen . His political and cultural ambitions, based in Sicily and stretching through Italy to Germany, and even to Jerusalem, were enormous. However, his enemies, especially the popes, prevailed, and his dynasty collapsed soon after his death. Viewing himself as a direct successor to the Roman emperors of antiquity, he was Emperor of the Romans from his papal coronation in 1220 until his death; he was also a claimant to the title of King of the Romans from 1212 and unopposed holder of that monarchy from 1215. As such, he was King of Germany , of Italy , and of Burgundy
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Ferdinand I Of Naples
FERDINAND I (2 June 1423 – 25 January 1494), also called FERRANTE, was the King of Naples from 1458 to 1494. He was the son of Alfonso V of Aragon and his mistress, Giraldona Carlino. CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Ferdinand\'s reputation * 3 Ancestors * 4 Marriages and children * 5 Notes * 6 References * 7 External links BIOGRAPHYHis mother was Gueraldona Carlino. In order to arrange a good future for Ferdinand, King Alfonso had him married in 1444 to a feudal heiress, Isabella of Clermont , who besides being the elder daughter of Tristan di Chiaramonte (Tristan de Clermont-Lodeve), Count of Copertino
Copertino
, and Catherine of Baux Orsini, was the niece and heiress presumptive of childless prince Giovanni Antonio del Balzo Orsini of Taranto
Taranto
. She was a granddaughter of Mary of Enghien , who had been queen consort of Naples between 1406 and 1414
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Politics Of Calabria
The POLITICS OF CALABRIA , Italy
Italy
takes place in a framework of a presidential representative democracy , whereby the President of Regional Government is the head of government , and of a pluriform multi-party system . Executive power is exercised by the Regional Government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Regional Council. CONTENTS* 1 Executive branch * 1.1 List of Presidents * 2 Legislative branch * 3 Parties and elections * 3.1 Latest regional election * 4 References * 5 External links EXECUTIVE BRANCH Main article: Government of Calabria The Regional Government (Giunta Regionale) is presided by the President of the Region (Presidente della Regione), who is elected for a five-year term, and is composed by the President and the Ministers (Assessori), who are currently 11, including a Vice President (Vice Presidente)
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Elections In Calabria
This page gathers the results of ELECTIONS IN CALABRIA . REGIONAL ELECTIONSLATEST REGIONAL ELECTION Main article: Calabrian regional election, 2014 In the latest regional election, which took place on 23 November 2014, Mario Oliverio of the Democratic Party was elected President by a landslide
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Special
SPECIAL or SPECIALS may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Music * 2 Film and television * 3 Other uses * 4 See also MUSIC * Special (album) , a 1992 album by Vesta Williams * "Special" (Garbage song) , 1998 * "Special" (Mew song) , 2005 * "Special" (Stephen Lynch song) , 2000 * The Specials
The Specials
, a British band * "Special", a song by Violent Femmes on The Blind Leading the Naked * "Special", a song on
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International Standard Book Number
The INTERNATIONAL STANDARD BOOK NUMBER (ISBN) is a unique numeric commercial book identifier. An ISBN is assigned to each edition and variation (except reprintings) of a book. For example, an e-book , a paperback and a hardcover edition of the same book would each have a different ISBN. The ISBN is 13 digits long if assigned on or after 1 January 2007, and 10 digits long if assigned before 2007. The method of assigning an ISBN is nation-based and varies from country to country, often depending on how large the publishing industry is within a country. The initial ISBN configuration of recognition was generated in 1967 based upon the 9-digit STANDARD BOOK NUMBERING (SBN) created in 1966. The 10-digit ISBN format was developed by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and was published in 1970 as international standard ISO 2108 (the SBN code can be converted to a ten digit ISBN by prefixing it with a zero)
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1905 Calabria Earthquake
Striking southern Italy on September 8, the 1905 CALABRIA EARTHQUAKE had a moment magnitude of 7.2 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of XI (Extreme). The first major earthquake of the 20th century, it severely damaged parts of Lipari
Lipari
and Messina Province , and killed between 557 and 2,500 people. CONTENTS * 1 Damage * 2 See also * 3 References * 4 External links DAMAGEThe earthquake affected the Calabria
Calabria
region, destroying as many as 25 villages, and 14,000 homes
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Tyrrhenian Sea
The TYRRHENIAN SEA (/tᵻˈriːniən ˈsiː/ ; Corsican : Mari Tirrenu, French : Mer Tyrrhénienne , Italian : Mar Tirreno , Neapolitan : Mar Tirreno, Sardinian : Mare Tirrenu, Sicilian : Mari Tirrenu) is part of the Mediterranean Sea off the western coast of Italy . It is named for the Tyrrhenian people , identified since the 6th century BCE with the Etruscans of Italy. CONTENTS* 1 Geography * 1.1 Extent * 1.2 Exits * 1.3 Basins * 2 Name * 3 Ports * 4 Winds * 5 Image gallery * 6 References GEOGRAPHYThe sea is bounded by the islands of Corsica and Sardinia (to the west), the Italian peninsula (regions of Tuscany , Lazio , Campania , Basilicata , and Calabria ) to the east, and the island of Sicily (to the south). The Tyrrhenian sea also includes a number of small islands like Capri, Elba and Ustica
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