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Proto-punk
PROTO-PUNK (or "PROTOPUNK") is the rock music played by garage bands from the 1960s and early 1970s that presaged the punk rock movement. A retroactive label, the musicians involved were not originally associated with each other, coming from a variety of backgrounds and styles, but together they anticipated many of punk's musical and thematic attributes. CONTENTS * 1 Definition * 2 Origins and etymology * 3 List of artists * 4 References * 5 Bibliography * 6 Further reading DEFINITION For more details on this topic, see Punk ideologies . According to the Allmusic guide: Proto-punk was never a cohesive movement, nor was there a readily identifiable proto-punk sound that made its artists seem related at the time. What ties proto-punk together is a certain provocative sensibility that didn't fit the prevailing counterculture of the time ... It was consciously subversive and fully aware of its outsider status ... In terms of its lasting influence, much proto-punk was primitive and stripped-down, even when it wasn't aggressive, and its production was usually just as unpolished. It also frequently dealt with taboo subject matter, depicting society's grimy underbelly in great detail, and venting alienation that was more intense and personal than ever before
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Origins Of Punk Rock
PUNK ROCK (or simply "PUNK") is a rock music genre that developed in the early to mid-1970s in the United States, United Kingdom, and Australia. Rooted in 1960s garage rock and other forms of what is now known as "proto-punk " music, punk rock bands rejected perceived excesses of mainstream 1970s rock. Punk bands typically produced short or fast-paced songs, with hard-edged melodies and singing styles, stripped-down instrumentation, and often political, anti-establishment lyrics. Punk embraces a DIY ethic ; many bands self-produce recordings and distribute them through informal channels. The term "punk" was first used in relation to rock music by some American critics in the early 1970s, to describe garage bands and their devotees. By late 1976, bands such as the New York Dolls , Television , and the Ramones in New York City , and the Sex Pistols , the Clash , and the Damned in London were recognized as the vanguard of a new musical movement. The following year saw punk rock spreading around the world, and it became a major cultural phenomenon in the United Kingdom. For the most part, punk took root in local scenes that tended to reject association with the mainstream
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Garage Rock
GARAGE ROCK (sometimes called \'60S PUNK or GARAGE PUNK) is a raw and energetic style of rock and roll that flourished in the mid-1960s, most notably in the United States and Canada . The style is characterized by basic chord structures played on electric guitars and other instruments , sometimes distorted through a fuzzbox , as well as often unsophisticated and occasionally aggressive lyrics and delivery. The term "garage rock" derives from the perception that groups were often made up of young amateurs who rehearsed in the family garage, although many were professional. In the US and Canada, surf rock —and later the Beatles and other beat groups of the British Invasion —motivated thousands of young people to form bands between 1963 and 1968. Hundreds of acts produced regional hits, and some had national hits. Though largely associated with North America, counterparts were present elsewhere as part of the worldwide "beat boom" of the era. With the advent of psychedelia , a number of garage bands incorporated exotic elements into the genre's primitive stylistic framework, but after 1968, as more elaborate forms of rock music overtook the marketplace, garage rock records largely disappeared from national and regional charts, and the garage band movement faded
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Pub Rock (united Kingdom)
ROCK or ROCKS may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Common meanings * 2 Places * 2.1 United Kingdom * 2.2 United States * 2.3 Multiple countries * 2.4 Elsewhere * 3 People * 4 Fictional characters * 5 Music * 6 Publications * 7 Computing * 8 Food * 9 Sports * 10 Slang * 11 Other uses * 12 See also COMMON MEANINGS * Rock (geology) , a naturally occurring solid aggregate of minerals or mineraloids * Rock music , a form of popular musicPLACESUNITED KINGDOM * Rock, Cornwall , a village in England * Rock, County Tyrone , a village in Northern Ireland * Rock, Northumberland , a village in England *
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Rhythm And Blues
RHYTHM AND BLUES, often abbreviated as R&B or RNB, is a genre of popular African-American music that originated in the 1940s. The term was originally used by record companies to describe recordings marketed predominantly to urban African Americans , at a time when "urbane, rocking, jazz based music with a heavy, insistent beat" was becoming more popular. In the commercial rhythm and blues music typical of the 1950s through the 1970s, the bands usually consisted of piano, one or two guitars, bass, drums, saxophone, and sometimes background vocalists. R&B lyrical themes often encapsulate the African-American experience of pain and the quest for freedom and joy. The lyrics in this genre of music focus heavily on the themes of triumphs and failures in terms of relationships, freedom, economics, aspirations, and sex. The term _rhythm and blues_ has undergone a number of shifts in meaning. In the early 1950s it was frequently applied to blues records. Starting in the mid-1950s, after this style of music contributed to the development of rock and roll , the term "R posters for The Who's residency at the Marquee Club in 1964 contained the slogan, "Maximum R&B". This tangent of RnB is now known as "British rhythm and blues ". By the 1970s, the term _rhythm and blues_ changed again and was used as a blanket term for soul and funk
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Punk Rock
PUNK ROCK (or simply "PUNK") is a rock music genre that developed in the early to mid-1970s in the United States, United Kingdom, and Australia. Rooted in 1960s garage rock and other forms of what is now known as "proto-punk " music, punk rock bands rejected perceived excesses of mainstream 1970s rock. Punk
Punk
bands typically produced short or fast-paced songs, with hard-edged melodies and singing styles, stripped-down instrumentation, and often political, anti-establishment lyrics. Punk
Punk
embraces a DIY ethic ; many bands self-produce recordings and distribute them through informal channels. The term "punk" was first used in relation to rock music by some American critics in the early 1970s, to describe garage bands and their devotees. By late 1976, bands such as the New York Dolls , Television , and the Ramones
Ramones
in New York City
New York City
, and the Sex Pistols
Sex Pistols
, the Clash , and the Damned in London
London
were recognized as the vanguard of a new musical movement. The following year saw punk rock spreading around the world, and it became a major cultural phenomenon in the United Kingdom. For the most part, punk took root in local scenes that tended to reject association with the mainstream
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Garage Punk (fusion Genre)
GARAGE PUNK is a rock music fusion genre combining punk rock and garage rock that took shape in the indie rock underground between the late 1980s and early 1990s. Bands drew heavily from stripped-down 1970s punk rock and Detroit proto-punk , and incorporated numerous other styles into their approach, such as power pop , 1960s girl groups and garage rock, hardcore punk , early blues and R"> The term "garage punk" is sometimes used interchangeably with "garage rock" or "garage revival ", and it dates as early as 1972, although "punk" was not solidified as a genre until 1976. After the 1980s, groups who were labelled as "garage punk" stood in contrast to the nascent retro garage revival scene, moving past a strictly mid-1960s influence. Associated bands from that period contributed to the development of stoner rock , a more psychedelic variation of the genre. CONTENTS * 1 Etymology and usage * 2 Development and characteristics * 2.1 1960s: Original garage bands * 2.2 1980s–2000s: Fusion with 1970s punk * 3 List of artists * 4 See also * 5 Notes * 6 References * 7 Bibliography ETYMOLOGY AND USAGE"Punk" was first used to describe the music of American garage bands of the mid 1960s, and was not solidified as a genre until 1976. When referring to 1960s groups, the term "garage punk" is usually deployed interchangeably with "garage rock"
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Acid Rock
PSYCHEDELIC FILM * Acid Western * Stoner film * PSYCHEDELIC LITERATURE Culture * Counterculture * Counterculture of the 1960s * Drug culture * Entheogen * Hippie * Huichol people * Native American Church
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Hard Rock
HARD ROCK is a loosely defined subgenre of rock music that began in the mid-1960s, with the garage , psychedelic and blues rock movements. It is typified by a heavy use of aggressive vocals, distorted electric guitars , bass guitar , drums , and often accompanied with keyboards . Hard rock developed into a major form of popular music in the 1970s, with bands such as The Who , Led Zeppelin , Queen , Black Sabbath , Deep Purple , Aerosmith , KISS , AC/DC and Van Halen . During the 1980s, some hard rock bands moved away from their hard rock roots and more towards pop rock , while others began to return to a hard rock sound. Established bands made a comeback in the mid-1980s and it reached a commercial peak in the 1980s, with glam metal bands like Bon Jovi and Def Leppard and the rawer sounds of Guns N\' Roses , which followed up with great success in the later part of that decade. Hard rock began losing popularity with the commercial success of R"> Drum notation for a back beat . Hard rock is a form of loud, aggressive rock music. The electric guitar is often emphasised, used with distortion and other effects, both as a rhythm instrument using repetitive riffs with a varying degree of complexity, and as a solo lead instrument
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Punk Blues
PUNK BLUES (or BLUES PUNK) is a fusion genre of punk rock and blues . Punk blues musicians and bands usually incorporate elements of related styles, such as protopunk and blues rock . Its origins lie strongly within the garage rock sound of the 1960s and 1970s. Punk blues can be said to favor the common rawness, simplicity and emotion shared between the punk and blues genres. Chet Weise, singer/guitarist of The Immortal Lee County Killers stated, "Punk and blues are both honest reactions to life. It's blues, it's our blues. It's just a bit turned up and a bit faster." Jon Spencer CONTENTS * 1 Origins * 2 Related bands * 3 See also * 4 Notes ORIGINSBefore the beginning of the punk movement of the late 1970s, several important forerunners such as The MC5 , The Stooges , The Who , The Sonics , Captain Beefheart and the New York Dolls displayed a fascination with American blues
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Rock And Roll
ROCK AND ROLL (often written as ROCK "> Sign commemorating the role of Alan Freed and Cleveland , Ohio in the origins of rock and roll The term "rock and roll" now has at least two different meanings, both in common usage. The _ American Heritage Dictionary _ and the _ Merriam-Webster Dictionary _ both define rock and roll as synonymous with rock music . _ Encyclopædia Britannica _, on the other hand, regards it as the music that originated in the mid-1950s and later developed "into the more encompassing international style known as rock music". The phrase "rocking and rolling" originally described the movement of a ship on the ocean, but was used by the early twentieth century, both to describe the spiritual fervor of black church rituals and as a sexual analogy. Various gospel, blues and swing recordings used the phrase before it became used more frequently – but still intermittently – in the 1940s, on recordings and in reviews of what became known as "rhythm and blues" music aimed at a black audience. In 1934, the song "Rock and Roll" by the Boswell Sisters appeared in the film _ Transatlantic Merry-Go-Round _. In 1942, _Billboard _ magazine columnist Maurie Orodenker started to use the term "rock-and-roll" to describe upbeat recordings such as "Rock Me" by Sister Rosetta Tharpe
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Rock Music
ROCK MUSIC is a genre of popular music that originated as "rock and roll " in the United States in the early 1950s, and developed into a range of different styles in the 1960s and later, particularly in the United Kingdom and the United States. It has its roots in 1940s and 1950s rock and roll, a style which drew heavily on the African-American genres of blues and rhythm and blues , and from country music . Rock music also drew strongly on a number of other genres such as electric blues and folk , and incorporated influences from jazz , classical and other musical styles. Musically, rock has centered on the electric guitar , usually as part of a rock group with electric bass and drums and one or more singers . Typically, rock is song -based music usually with a 4/4 time signature using a verse–chorus form , but the genre has become extremely diverse. Like pop music , lyrics often stress romantic love but also address a wide variety of other themes that are frequently social or political. By the late 1960s "classic rock" period, a number of distinct rock music subgenres had emerged, including hybrids like blues rock , folk rock , country rock , raga rock , and jazz-rock , many of which contributed to the development of psychedelic rock , which was influenced by the countercultural psychedelic and hippie scene
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Garage Band
GARAGE ROCK (sometimes called \'60S PUNK or GARAGE PUNK) is a raw and energetic style of rock and roll that flourished in the mid-1960s, most notably in the United States
United States
and Canada
Canada
. The style is characterized by basic chord structures played on electric guitars and other instruments , sometimes distorted through a fuzzbox , as well as often unsophisticated and occasionally aggressive lyrics and delivery. The term "garage rock" derives from the perception that groups were often made up of young amateurs who rehearsed in the family garage, although many were professional. In the US and Canada, surf rock —and later the Beatles and other beat groups of the British Invasion
British Invasion
—motivated thousands of young people to form bands between 1963 and 1968. Hundreds of acts produced regional hits, and some had national hits. Though largely associated with North America, counterparts were present elsewhere as part of the worldwide "beat boom" of the era. With the advent of psychedelia , a number of garage bands incorporated exotic elements into the genre's primitive stylistic framework, but after 1968, as more elaborate forms of rock music overtook the marketplace, garage rock records largely disappeared from national and regional charts, and the garage band movement faded
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Punk Ideologies
PUNK IDEOLOGIES are a group of varied social and political beliefs associated with the punk subculture and punk rock . In its original incarnation, the punk subculture originated out of working class angst and the frustrations many youth were feeling about economic inequality and the bourgeois hypocrisy and neglect of working people and their struggles. It was primarily concerned with concepts such as pro working-class, anti-establishment , equality, freedom, anti-authoritarianism , anti-corporate culture/corruption, anti-war , free-thought and non-conformity . One of its main tenets was a rejection of mainstream, corporate mass culture and its values. It continued to evolve its ideology as the movement spread throughout North America from its origins in England and New York and embrace a range anti-racist and anti-sexist belief systems. Punk ideologies range from left wing views (e.g., The Clash ) to right wing beliefs (e.g., Nazi punk ). Punk ideologies
Punk ideologies
are usually expressed through punk rock music and lyrics, punk literature such as amateur zines , spoken word performances or recordings, punk fashion , or punk visual art . Some punks have participated in direct action , such as protests , boycotts , squatting , vandalism , or property destruction . Punk fashion was originally an expression of nonconformity, as well as opposition to both mainstream culture and the statu quo
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Allmusic
ALLMUSIC (previously known as ALL MUSIC GUIDE or AMG) is an online music guide. The largest music database on the web, it catalogs more than 3 million album entries and 30 million tracks. It was launched in 1991, predating the World Wide Web . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 The All Music Guide series * 3 Reception * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links HISTORY AllMusic was launched as _All Music Guide_ by Michael Erlewine , a "compulsive archivist, noted astrologer, Buddhist scholar and musician." He became interested in using computers for his astrological work in the mid-70s, and founded a software company, Matrix, in 1977. In the early '90s, as CDs replaced vinyl as the prevalent format for recorded music, Erlewine purchased what he thought was a CD of early recordings by Little Richard CD. After buying it he discovered it was a "flaccid latter day rehash." Frustrated with the labeling, he researched using meta data to create a music guide. In 1990, in Big Rapids, Michigan, he founded All Music Guide with a goal to create an open access database that included every recording "since Enrico Caruso gave the industry its first big boost"
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Art Rock
ART ROCK is a subgenre of rock music that generally reflects a challenging or avant-garde approach to rock, or which makes use of modernist , experimental, or unconventional elements. Art rock aspires to elevate rock from teen entertainment to an artistic statement, opting for a more experimental and conceptual outlook on music. Influences may be drawn from genres such as experimental rock , avant-garde music , classical music , and jazz . Its music was created with the intention of listening and contemplation rather than for dancing , and is often distinguished by the use of electronic effects and easy listening textures far removed from the propulsive rhythms of early rock. The term may sometimes be used interchangeably with "progressive rock ", though the latter is instead characterized in particular by its employment of classically trained instrumental technique and symphonic textures. The genre's greatest level of popularity was in the early 1970s through British artists. The music, as well as the theatrical nature of performances associated with the genre, was able to appeal to artistically inclined adolescents and younger adults, especially due to its virtuosity and musical/lyrical complexity. Art rock is most associated with a certain period of rock music, beginning in 1966–67 and ending with the arrival of punk in the mid 1970s. After, the genre would be infused within later popular music genres of the 1970s–90s
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