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Protestantism
PROTESTANTISM is the second largest form of Christianity
Christianity
with collectively more than 900 million adherents worldwide or nearly 40% of all Christians
Christians
. It originated with the Reformation , a movement against what its followers considered to be errors in the Roman Catholic Church
Catholic Church
. Ever since, Protestants reject the Roman Catholic
Catholic
doctrine of papal supremacy and sacraments , but disagree among themselves regarding the real presence of Christ in the Eucharist
Eucharist
. They emphasize the priesthood of all believers , justification by faith alone (sola fide) rather than by good works , and the highest authority of the Bible
Bible
alone (rather than with sacred tradition ) in faith and morals (sola scriptura )
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Plymouth Brethren
The PLYMOUTH BRETHREN are a conservative , low church , nonconformist , Evangelical Christian
Christian
movement whose history can be traced to Dublin , Ireland
Ireland
in the late 1820s, originating from Anglicanism
Anglicanism
. Among other beliefs, the group emphasizes sola scriptura , the belief that the Bible
Bible
is the supreme authority for church doctrine and practice over and above any other source of authority. Plymouth Brethren
Plymouth Brethren
generally see themselves as a network of like-minded independent churches, not as a denomination. They would generally prefer that their gatherings be referred to as "assemblies" rather than "churches" but, in the interests of simplicity, this article uses both terms interchangeably. An influential figure among the early Plymouth Brethren
Plymouth Brethren
was John Nelson Darby (1800–82)
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Protestant (album)
PROTESTANT is the second and final studio album by American hardcore punk band Rorschach . It was released in 1993 through Wardance Records and Gern Blandsten . The most of the tracks off the album were written during the band's Europe tour. The band's complex combination of metal and hardcore influenced many artists in the metalcore genre, including Converge guitarist Kurt Ballou . The tracks on the album were featured on the 1995 compilation album, Autopsy . The track "Traditional" was covered by Krallice. CONTENTS * 1 Critical reception * 2 Track listing * 3 Personnel * 4 References * 5 External links CRITICAL RECEPTIONThe album was inducted to Decibel 's Hall of Fame
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Neo-charismatic Movement
The NEO-CHARISMATIC MOVEMENT is a category of Christian churches that emphasize the gifts provided to Christians, by the person of the Christian Trinity
Trinity
termed the Holy Spirit
Holy Spirit
. The traditional charismatic Christian categories incorporate historic Pentecostal
Pentecostal
congregations (the "first wave"), the evangelical charismatic movement (the "second wave"), and now the neo-charismatic churches (the "third wave "). Neo-charismatis are now believed to be more numerous than the first and second wave categories, combined, as a result of the growth of postdenominational and independent charismatic groups. As of 2002, there were estimated to be approximately 295 million adherents or participants in the neo-charismatic movement
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Eucharist
The EUCHARIST /ˈjuːkərɪst/ (also called HOLY COMMUNION or the LORD\'S SUPPER, among other names) is a Christian
Christian
rite that is considered a sacrament in most churches and an ordinance in others. According to the New Testament
New Testament
, the rite was instituted by Jesus Christ
Christ
during his Last Supper
Last Supper
; giving his disciples bread and wine during the Passover meal , Jesus
Jesus
commanded his followers to "do this in memory of me" while referring to the bread as "my body" and the wine as "my blood". Through the Eucharistic celebration Christians remember Christ\'s sacrifice of himself on the cross. The elements of the Eucharist, bread (leavened or unleavened) and wine (or grape juice ), are consecrated on an altar (or table ) and consumed thereafter
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Papal Supremacy
PAPAL SUPREMACY is the doctrine of the Roman Catholic Church
Catholic Church
that the pope , by reason of his office as Vicar of Christ and as pastor of the entire Christian Church
Christian Church
, has full, supreme, and universal power over the whole Church, a power which he can always exercise unhindered: that, in brief, "the Pope
Pope
enjoys, by divine institution, supreme, full, immediate, and universal power in the care of souls." The doctrine had the most significance in the relationship between the church and the temporal state, in matters such as ecclesiastic privileges, the actions of monarchs and even successions
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Sacred Tradition
SACRED TRADITION or HOLY TRADITION is a theological term used in some Christian traditions , primarily those claiming apostolic succession such as the Catholic , Eastern Orthodox , Oriental Orthodox , Assyrian , and Anglican traditions, to refer to the foundation of the doctrinal and spiritual authority of the Christian Church
Christian Church
and of the scriptures . The word "tradition" is taken from the Latin
Latin
trado, tradere meaning "to hand over, to deliver, to bequeath". The teachings of Jesus Christ and the holy Apostles are preserved in writing in the Scriptures as well as word of mouth and are handed on. This perpetual handing-on of the Tradition is called a living Tradition; it is the faithful and constant transmission of the teachings of the Apostles from one generation to the next
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Good Works
In Christian theology
Christian theology
, GOOD WORKS, or simply WORKS, are a person's (exterior) actions or deeds, in contrast to inner qualities such as grace or faith . CONTENTS * 1 Old Testament * 2 New Testament
New Testament
* 3 Principle of Sola fide
Sola fide
* 4 The Latter Day Saints (Mormon) view * 5 See also * 6 References OLD TESTAMENTProverbs 21:3 says that "To do what is right and just is more acceptable to the LORD than sacrifice ." NEW TESTAMENTThe New Testament
New Testament
exhibits a tension between two aspects of grace: the idea that grace is from God is sufficient to cover any sin as well as offer redemption (except the Unforgivable sin ) and the idea that grace does not free humans from their responsibility to behave morally
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Holiness Movement
The HOLINESS MOVEMENT refers to a set of beliefs and practices which emerged from 19th-century Methodism
Methodism
, and to a number of Evangelical Christian
Christian
denominations, parachurch organizations , and movements which emphasize those beliefs as central doctrine. The movement is Wesleyan-Arminian in theology, and is defined by its emphasis on John Wesley 's doctrine of a second work of grace leading to Christian perfection . As of 2015 Holiness-movement churches had an estimated 12 million adherents
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Charismatic Movement
The CHARISMATIC MOVEMENT is the international trend of historically mainstream Christian congregations adopting beliefs and practices similar to Pentecostalism
Pentecostalism
. Fundamental to the movement is the use of spiritual gifts (charismata ). Among Protestants , the movement began around 1960. Among Roman Catholics , it originated around 1967
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Hussites
The HUSSITES (Czech : Husité or Kališníci; "Chalice People") were a pre- Protestant
Protestant
Christian movement which began in the Kingdom of Bohemia
Bohemia
and followed the teachings of Czech reformer Jan Hus
Jan Hus
, who became the best known representative of the Bohemian Reformation
Bohemian Reformation
. Hussites
Hussites
emerged as majority Utraquist with a significant Taborite faction, and smaller regional ones that included Adamites
Adamites
, Orebites and Orphans
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Liberal Christianity
LIBERAL CHRISTIANITY, also known as LIBERAL THEOLOGY, covers diverse philosophically and biblically informed religious movements and ideas within Christianity
Christianity
from the late 18th century onward. Liberal does not refer to Progressive Christianity
Christianity
or to a political philosophy but to the philosophical and religious thought that developed and grew as a consequence of the Enlightenment . Liberal Christianity, broadly speaking, is a method of biblical hermeneutics , an undogmatic method of understanding God through the use of scripture by applying the same modern hermeneutics used to understand any ancient writings, symbols and scriptures. Liberal Christianity
Christianity
did not originate as a belief structure, and as such was not dependent upon any Church dogma or creedal doctrine
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Sacraments In The Catholic Church
There are seven SACRAMENTS OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH, which according to Catholic theology
Catholic theology
were instituted by Jesus
Jesus
and entrusted to the Church. Sacraments are visible rites seen as signs and efficacious channels of the grace of God to all those who receive them with the proper disposition. The sevenfold list of sacraments is often organized into three groups: the sacraments of initiation (into the Church , the body of Christ ), consisting of Baptism
Baptism
, Confirmation , and the Eucharist ; the sacraments of healing, consisting of Penance and Anointing
Anointing
of the Sick ; and the sacraments of service: Holy Orders and Matrimony
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Real Presence Of Christ In The Eucharist
The REAL PRESENCE OF CHRIST IN THE EUCHARIST is a term used in Christian theology
Christian theology
to express the doctrine that Jesus is really or substantially present in the Eucharist
Eucharist
, not merely symbolically or metaphorically. There are a number of different views in the understanding of the meaning of the term "reality" in this context between contemporary Christian confessions which accept it, including the Catholic Church
Catholic Church
, the Eastern Orthodox Church
Eastern Orthodox Church
, Oriental Orthodoxy , the Church of the East , Lutheranism
Lutheranism
, Anglicanism
Anglicanism
and Methodism
Methodism

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Jesus In Christianity
In Christianity, Jesus
Jesus
is the Messiah
Messiah
( Christ
Christ
) and through his crucifixion and resurrection , humans can be reconciled to God and thereby are offered salvation and the promise of eternal life . These teachings emphasize that as the willing Lamb of God , Jesus
Jesus
chose to suffer on the cross at Calvary
Calvary
as a sign of his full obedience to the will of God the Father , as an "agent and servant of God". The choice Jesus
Jesus
made thus counter-positions him as a new man of morality and obedience, in contrast to Adam
Adam
's disobedience. Christians believe that Jesus
Jesus
was both human and divine—the Son of God
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Paleo-orthodoxy
PALEO-ORTHODOXY (from Ancient Greek παλαιός "ancient" and Koine Greek ὀρθοδοξία "correct belief") is a Protestant Christian theological movement of the late 20th and early 21st centuries which focuses on the consensual understanding of the faith among the Ecumenical councils and Church Fathers . While it understands this consensus of the church fathers as Orthodoxy proper, it calls itself paleo-orthodoxy to distinguish itself from neo-orthodoxy , a movement that was influential among Protestant churches in the mid-20th century
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