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Protected Areas Of The United States
The protected areas of the United States
United States
are managed by an array of different federal, state, tribal and local level authorities and receive widely varying levels of protection. Some areas are managed as wilderness, while others are operated with acceptable commercial exploitation. As of 2015[update], the 25,800 protected areas covered 1,294,476 km2 (499,800 sq mi), or 14 percent of the land area of the United States.[2] This is also one-tenth of the protected land area of the world. The U.S. also had a total of 787 National Marine Protected Areas, covering an additional 1,271,408 km2 (490,893 sq mi), or 12 percent of the total marine area of the United States.[2] Some areas are managed in concert between levels of government
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Yellowstone National Park
 United StatesPark County, Wyoming Teton County, Wyoming Gallatin County, Montana Park County, Montana Fremont County, IdahoCoordinates 44°36′N 110°30′W / 44.600°N 110.500°W / 44.600; -110.500Coordinates: 44°36′N 110°30′W / 44.600°N 110.500°W / 44.600; -110.500Area 2,219,791 acres (8,983.18 km2)[1]Established March 1, 1872 (1872-March-01)Visitors 4,116,524 (in 2017)[2]Governing body U.S. National Park ServiceWebsite Official website UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage SiteType NaturalCriteria vii, viii, ix, xDesignated 1978 (2nd session)Reference no. 28[3]Region The AmericasEndangered 1995–2003 Yellowstone National Park
Yellowstone National Park
is a national park located in the U.S. states of Wyoming, Montana, and Idaho. It was established by the U.S. Congress and signed into law by President Ulysses S
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National Wild And Scenic River
The National Wild and Scenic River
River
is a designation for certain protected areas in the United States.Contents1 History 2 Classifications 3 Proposed additions 4 See also 5 References 6 External linksHistory[edit] The National Wild and Scenic Rivers Act was an outgrowth of the recommendations of a Presidential commission, the Outdoor Recreation Resources Review Commission (ORRRC). Among other things, the commission recommended that the nation protect wild rivers and scenic rivers from development that would substantially change their wild or scenic nature. The act was sponsored by Sen. Frank Church
Frank Church
(D-Idaho) and signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson
Lyndon B. Johnson
on October 2, 1968. A river or river section may be designated by the U.S. Congress or the Secretary of the Interior
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National Preserve
A national preserve is a type of National Park Service
National Park Service
protected area designated by the United States Congress
United States Congress
that has characteristics normally associated with U.S. national parks but where certain natural resource-extractive activities such as fishing, hunting, mining, and oil/gas exploration and extraction are permitted.[1] The types of activities permitted in each national preserve varies depending on the enabling legislation of the unit.[2] The first national preserve in the U.S
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List Of United States National Lakeshores And Seashores
The United States
United States
has ten protected areas known as national seashores and four known as national lakeshores, which are operated by the National Park Service, an agency of the Department of the Interior. National seashores and lakeshores must be established by an act of the United States
United States
Congress. National seashores and lakeshores are coastal areas federally designated as being of natural and recreational significance as a preserved area. The first national seashore, Cape Hatteras, was established in 1953, and the first national lakeshore, Pictured Rocks, was established in 1966. The newest national lakeshore or seashore is Canaveral, established in 1975
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National Forest System
National Forest
Forest
is a classification of protected and managed federal lands in the United States. National Forests are largely forest and woodland areas owned collectively by the American people through the federal government, and managed by the United States
United States
Forest
Forest
Service, a division of the United States
United States
Department of Agriculture.Contents1 History 2 Geography 3 Management 4 See also 5 External linksHistory[edit] The National Forest
Forest
System was created by the Land Revision Act of 1891, which was signed under the presidency of Benjamin Harrison. It was the result of concerted action by Los Angeles-area businessmen and property owners who were concerned by the harm being done to the watershed of the San Gabriel Mountains
San Gabriel Mountains
by ranchers and miners
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List Of U.S. National Forests
The United States
United States
has 154 protected areas known as National Forests covering 188,336,179 acres (762,169 km2/294,275 sq. mi).[1] The National Forests are managed by the U.S. Forest Service, an agency of the U.S. Department of Agriculture.[2] The first National Forest was established as the Yellowstone Park Timber and Land Reserve on March 30, 1891, then in the Department of the Interior. In 1897, the Organic Act provided purposes for which forest reserves could be established, including to protect the forest, secure water supplies, and supply timber. With the Forest Reserve Act of 1891, the President of the United States
United States
was given the power to set aside forest reserves in the public domain. With the Transfer Act of 1905, forest reserves became part of the U.S. Department of Agriculture
U.S

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List Of Largest National Forests
The United States
United States
has 154 protected areas known as National Forests covering 188,336,179 acres (762,169 km2/294,275 sq. mi).[1] The National Forests are managed by the U.S. Forest Service, an agency of the U.S. Department of Agriculture.[2] The first National Forest was established as the Yellowstone Park Timber and Land Reserve on March 30, 1891, then in the Department of the Interior. In 1897, the Organic Act provided purposes for which forest reserves could be established, including to protect the forest, secure water supplies, and supply timber. With the Forest Reserve Act of 1891, the President of the United States
United States
was given the power to set aside forest reserves in the public domain. With the Transfer Act of 1905, forest reserves became part of the U.S. Department of Agriculture
U.S

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United States National Grassland
National Grassland
Grassland
is a classification of protected and managed federal lands in the United States
United States
authorized by Title III of the Bankhead–Jones Farm Tenant Act of 1937. For administrative purposes, they are essentially identical to United States
United States
National Forests, except that grasslands are areas primarily consisting of prairie. Like National Forests, National Grasslands may be open for hunting, grazing, mineral extraction, recreation and other uses. Various National Grasslands are typically administered in conjunction with nearby National Forests. All but three National Grasslands are on or at the edge of the Great Plains. Those three are in southeastern Idaho, northeastern California, and central Oregon
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National Landscape Conservation System
National Conservation Lands, formerly known as the National Landscape Conservation System, is a 35-million-acre (140,000 km2) collection of lands in 873 federally recognized areas considered to be the crown jewels of the American West. These lands represent 10% of the 258 million acres (1,040,000 km2) managed by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM). The BLM is the largest federal public land manager and is responsible for over 40% of all the federal public land in the nation. The other major federal public land managers include the US Forest Service
US Forest Service
(USFS), National Park Service
National Park Service
(NPS), and the US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS). Over the years, the Bureau of Land Management
Bureau of Land Management
has had to adjust its approach to public land management to fit the changing needs of the nation
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National Conservation Area
National Conservation Area
National Conservation Area
is a designation for certain protected areas in the United States
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Wilderness Area
A wilderness area is a region where the land is in a natural state; where impacts from human activities are minimal—that is, as a wilderness. It might also be called a wild or natural area. Especially in wealthier, industrialized nations, it has a specific legal meaning as well: as land where development is prohibited by law. Many nations have designated Wilderness
Wilderness
Areas, including Australia, Canada, New Zealand, South Africa
South Africa
and the United States. The WILD Foundation states that wilderness areas have two dimensions: they must be biologically intact and legally protected
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Wilderness Study Area
A wilderness study area (WSA) contains undeveloped United States federal land retaining its primeval character and influence, without permanent improvements or human habitation, and managed to preserve its natural conditions. WSAs are not included in the National Wilderness
Wilderness
Preservation System until the United States
United States
Congress passes wilderness legislation. On Bureau of Land Management
Bureau of Land Management
lands, a WSA is a roadless area that has been inventoried (but not designated by Congress) and found to have wilderness characteristics as described in Section 603 of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 and Section 2(c) of the Wilderness Act
Wilderness Act
of 1964
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National Scenic Trail
National Scenic Trail
Trail
is a designation for protected areas in the United States
United States
that consist of trails of particular natural beauty. National Scenic Trails were authorized under the National Trails System Act of 1968 (Public Law 90-543) along with National Historic Trails and National Recreation Trails
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National Park System
The National Park Service
National Park Service
(NPS) is an agency of the United States federal government that manages all national parks, many national monuments, and other conservation and historical properties with various title designations.[1] It was created on August 25, 1916, by Congress through the National Park Service
National Park Service
Organic Act[2] and is an agency of the United States Department of the Interior
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National Historic Trail
National Historic Trail
Trail
is a designation for a protected area in the United States
United States
containing historic trails and surrounding areas. They are part of the National Trails System. National Historic Trails were authorized under the National Parks and Recreation Act of 1978 (Public Law 95-625),[1] amending the National Trails System Act of 1968 (Public Law 90-543), which had introduced National Scenic Trails and National Recreation Trails. National Scenic Trails and National Historic Trails may only be designated by an act of Congress. National Historic Trails are designated to protect the remains of significant overland or water routes to reflect the history of the nation. Most of them are scenic highway routes and are not hiking trails, although they provide opportunities for hiking and other outdoor activities along their routes
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