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Prishtina
Pristina[1] (Albanian: Prishtina or Prishtinë, IPA: [pɾiʃtinə] ( listen)) or Priština (Serbian Cyrillic: Приштина), is the capital and largest city of Kosovo.[a] It is the administrative center of the homonymous municipality and district.[1] The city has a majority Albanian population, alongside other smaller communities. With a municipal population of around 200,000 inhabitants, Pristina
Pristina
is the second-largest Albanian-speaking city in the world (after Tirana
Tirana
in Albania).[2] Geographically, it is located in the north-eastern part of Kosovo
Kosovo
close to the Goljak
Goljak
mountains
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Albanian Language
Latin
Latin
(Albanian alphabet) Albanian Braille Greek (Arvanitika)Official statusOfficial language in Albania  Kosovo[a]  Macedonia (partly)[2]Recognised minority language in Italy  Montenegro  Serbia  Croatia  RomaniaRegulated by Officially by the Social Sciences and Albanological Section of the Academy of Sciences of AlbaniaLanguage codesISO 639-1 sqISO 639-2 alb (B) sqi (T)ISO 639-3 sqi – inclusive code Individual codes: aae – Arbëresh aat – Arvanitika aln – Gheg als – ToskGlottolog alba1267[3]Linguasphere 55-AAA-aaa to 55-AAA-ahe (25 varieties) Albanian dialects
Albanian dialects
(The map does not indicate where the language is majority or minority).This article contains IPA phonetic symbols
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Dardanian Kingdom
The Dardani
Dardani
(/ˈdɑːrdənaɪ/; Ancient Greek: Δαρδάνιοι, Δάρδανοι; Latin: Dardani), or Dardanians (Δαρδανίωνες) were a tribe which occupied the region that took its name from them of Dardania,[1][2] at the Thraco-Illyrian contact zone; their identification as either an Illyrian or Thracian tribe is uncertain.[3][4] Their territory itself was not considered part of Illyria[5] by Strabo
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Goljak
Goljak
Goljak
(Albanian: Gollak, Serbian: Гољак) is a mountainous region in the eastern part of Kosovo,[a], bordering the Lab region to the west. The cities of Pristina
Pristina
and Gjilan
Gjilan
in Kosovo, and Sijarinska Banja in Serbia
Serbia
are located by the mountains. The highest peak Velja glava has an elevation of 1,181 m (3,875 ft) above sea level. Annotations[edit]^ Kosovo
Kosovo
is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo
Kosovo
and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the Brussels Agreement
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Belgrade
Belgrader (en) Beograđanin (sr)Time zone CET (UTC+1) • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)Postal code 11000Area code(s) +381(0)11 ISO 3166 code RS-00Car plates BGWebsite www.beograd.rs Belgrade
Belgrade
(/ˈbɛlɡreɪd/ BEL-grayd; Serbian: Beograd / Београд, meaning "White city", Serbian pronunciation: [beǒɡrad] ( listen); names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of Serbia. It is located at the confluence of the Sava
Sava
and Danube
Danube
rivers, where the Pannonian Plain meets the Balkans.[6] The urban area of the City of Belgrade
Belgrade
has a population of 1.23 million, while nearly 1.7 million people live within its administrative limits.[5] One of the most important prehistoric cultures of Europe, the Vinča culture, evolved within the Belgrade
Belgrade
area in the 6th millennium BC
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Podgorica
Podgorica
Podgorica
(/ˈpɒdɡɒrɪtsə/ POD-gorr-ih-tsə;[2] Montenegrin Cyrillic: Подгорица, pronounced [pǒdɡoritsa], lit. "[area] below Gorica [name of a hillock overlooking the city]") is the capital and largest city of Montenegro. The city was also called Titograd (Montenegrin Cyrillic: Титоград, [tîtoɡraːd]) between 1946 and 1992 when Montenegro
Montenegro
was part of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY), in honour of Josip Broz Tito. Podgorica's favourable position at the confluence of the Ribnica and Morača
Morača
rivers and the meeting point of the fertile Zeta Plain
Zeta Plain
and Bjelopavlići Valley
Bjelopavlići Valley
has encouraged settlement
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Paleolithic Age
The Paleolithic
Paleolithic
or Palaeolithic /ˌpæliːəˈlɪθɪk/ is a period in human prehistory distinguished by the original development of stone tools that covers c. 95% of human technological prehistory.[1] It extends from the earliest known use of stone tools by hominins c. 3.3 million years ago, to the end of the Pleistocene
Pleistocene
c. 11,650 cal BP.[2] The Paleolithic
Paleolithic
is followed in Europe by the Mesolithic, although the date of the transition varies geographically by several thousand years. During the Paleolithic, hominins grouped together in small societies such as bands, and subsisted by gathering plants and fishing, hunting or scavenging wild animals.[3] The Paleolithic
Paleolithic
is characterized by the use of knapped stone tools, although at the time humans also used wood and bone tools
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Vinča Culture
The Vinča
Vinča
culture, also known as Turdaș culture or Turdaș-Vinča culture, is a Neolithic
Neolithic
archaeological culture in Serbia, Europe
Europe
and smaller parts of Romania
Romania
(particularly Transylvania), dated to the period 5700–4500 BC.[1][2] Named for its type site, Vinča-Belo Brdo, a large tell settlement discovered by Serbian archaeologist Miloje Vasić
Miloje Vasić
in 1908, it represents the material remains of a prehistoric society mainly distinguished by its settlement pattern and ritual behaviour. Farming technology first introduced to the region during the First Temperate Neolithic
Neolithic
was developed further by the Vinča
Vinča
culture, fuelling a population boom and producing some of the largest settlements in prehistoric Europe
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Illyrians
Pontic SteppeDomestication of the horse Kurgan Kurgan
Kurgan
culture Steppe culturesBug-Dniester Sredny Stog Dnieper-Donets Samara Khvalynsk YamnaMikhaylovka cultureCaucasusMaykopEast-AsiaAfanasevoEastern EuropeUsatovo Cernavodă CucuteniNorthern EuropeCorded wareBaden Middle DnieperBronze AgePontic SteppeChariot Yamna Catacomb Multi-cordoned ware Poltavka SrubnaNorthern/Eastern SteppeAbashevo culture Andronovo SintashtaEuropeGlobular Amphora Corded ware Beaker Unetice Trzciniec Nordic Bronze Age Terramare Tumulus
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Romans
Demographically, the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
was an ordinary premodern state. It had high infant mortality, a low marriage age, and high fertility within marriage. Perhaps half of Roman subjects died by the age of 5. Of those still alive at age 10, half would die by the age of 50. Roman women could expect to bear on average 6 to 9 children. At its peak, after the Antonine Plague
Antonine Plague
of the 160s CE, it had a population of about 60–70 million and a population density of about 16 persons per square kilometer. In contrast to the European societies of the classical and medieval periods, Rome
Rome
had unusually high urbanization rates. During the 2nd century CE, the city of Rome
Rome
had more than one million inhabitants
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Classical Antiquity
Classical antiquity
Classical antiquity
(also the classical era, classical period or classical age) is the long period of cultural history centered on the Mediterranean
Mediterranean
Sea, comprising the interlocking civilizations of ancient Greece and ancient Rome, collectively known as the Greco-Roman world. It is the period in which Greek and Roman society flourished and wielded great influence throughout Europe, North Africa
North Africa
and Western Asia. Conventionally, it is taken to begin with the earliest-recorded Epic Greek poetry of Homer
Homer
(8th–7th century BC), and continues through the emergence of Christianity
Christianity
and the decline of the Roman Empire (5th century AD)
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Bardyllis
Bardylis
Bardylis
(also Bardyllis /bɑːrˈdɪlɪs/; Greek: Βάρδυλις; c. 448 – c. 358 BC) was a king of the Dardanian Kingdom
Dardanian Kingdom
and probably its founder.[1] During his reign, Bardylis
Bardylis
was able to make the Dardanians one of the most powerful Illyrian states of that time. Under his leadership the Dardanians defeated the Macedonians and Molossians
Molossians
several times and his state reigned over Upper Macedonia and Lynkestis. He also led raids against Epirus
Epirus
but his troops were quickly expelled from that region. According to ancient sources, Bardylis
Bardylis
lived to over 90 years implying that he died around 358 BC
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Ulpiana
Coordinates: 42°35′47″N 21°10′30″E / 42.596281°N 21.175025°E / 42.596281; 21.175025 "Justiniana Secunda" redirects here. For other uses, see Justiniana. Main article: Roman Period Sites in Kosovo Ulpiana[1][2] was an ancient Roman[3] city located in what is today Kosovo.[a] It was also named Justiniana Secunda (Latin: Iustiniana Secunda).[4] Ulpiana
Ulpiana
is situated in the municipality of Lipljan
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Tirana
Tirana
Tirana
(/tɪˈrɑːnə/ ( listen) — Albanian pronunciation: [tiˈɾana]; Albanian: Tiranë; Gheg Albanian: Tirona) is the capital and most populous city of the Republic of Albania. The city is also the capital of the surrounding county of Tirana, one of 12 constituent counties of the country. By air, it is 501 kilometres (311 miles) north of Athens, 613 kilometres (381 miles) southeast of Rome, 153 kilometres (95 miles) southwest of Skopje
Skopje
and 131 kilometres (81 miles) south of Podgorica. Tirana
Tirana
was founded as a city in 1614, but the region that today corresponds to the city territory has been continuously inhabited since the Bronze Age. As most of Albania, the area was populated by several Illyrian tribes, but had no importance within Illyria. Indeed, it was annexed by Rome
Rome
and became an integral part of the Roman Empire following the Illyrian Wars
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Balkan Peninsula
The Balkans, or the Balkan Peninsula, is a geographic area in southeastern Europe
Europe
with various and disputed definitions.[1][2] The region takes its name from the Balkan Mountains
Balkan Mountains
that stretch from the Serbian-Bulgarian border to the Black Sea. The Balkan Peninsula
Peninsula
is bordered by the Adriatic Sea
Adriatic Sea
on the northwest, the Ionian Sea
Ionian Sea
on the southwest, the Aegean Sea
Aegean Sea
in the south and southeast, and the Black Sea
Black Sea
on the east and northeast. The northern border of the peninsula is variously defined
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Serbia In The Middle Ages
The medieval history of Serbia
Serbia
begins in the 6th century with the Slavic invasion of the Balkans, and lasts until the Ottoman occupation of 1540.Contents1 Early Middle Ages1.1 Slavic settlement 1.2 De Administrando Imperio
De Administrando Imperio
on the Serbs 1.3 First Serbian
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