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Princess Wilhelmine Of Baden
Princess Wilhelmine of Baden
Princess Wilhelmine of Baden
(21 September 1788 – 27 January 1836), was by birth Princess of Baden and by marriage Grand Duchess consort of Hesse and the Rhine. She was the youngest daughter of Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden and Amalia of Hesse-Darmstadt.Contents1 Life 2 Issue 3 Titles and styles 4 Ancestry 5 SourcesLife[edit] In Karlsruhe
Karlsruhe
on 19 June 1804, Wilhelmine married the then Hereditary Prince Louis of Hesse-Darmstadt. The union proved to be unhappy due to Louis' affairs, and they separated after the birth of their three older children. In 1820 she acquired the Heiligenberg Castle, where she met her chamberlain Baron August von Senarclens de Grancy, with whom she maintained a longtime affair; her last four children, including Alexander and Marie, were believed to have been fathered by Senarclens de Grancy, although they were recognized by Grand Duke Louis II as his own
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List Of Hessian Consorts
This is a list of the Landgravine, Electress and Grand Duchess of Hesse, the consorts of the Landgrave of Hesse and its successor states; and finally of the Electors and Grand Dukes of Hesse.Contents1 Hesse1.1 Landgravine of Hesse (1264–1567) 1.2 Lower Hesse (Kassel) 1.3 Upper Hesse (Marburg) 1.4 Landgravine of Hesse (1500–1567)2 Hesse-Kassel2.1 Landgravine of Hesse-Kassel (1567–1803) 2.2 Landgravine of Hesse-Rotenburg (1627–1834) 2.3 Landgravine of Hesse-Eschwege (1627–1667) 2.4 Landgravine of Hesse-Rheinfels (1627–1658) 2.5 Landgravine of Hesse-Wanfried (1676–1755) 2.6 Landgravine of Hesse-Philippsthal (1663–1866) 2.7 Landgravine of Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld (1721–1866)3 Hesse-Marburg3.1 Landgravines of Hesse-Marburg (1567–1604)4 Hesse-Rheinfels4.1 Landgravines of Hesse-Rheinfels (1567–1583)5 Hesse-Darmstadt5.1 Landgravine of Hesse-Darmstadt (1567–1806) 5.2 Landgravine of Hesse-But
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Landgravine Louise Of Hesse-Darmstadt (1761–1829)
Louise Henriette Karoline of Hesse-Darmstadt (15 February 1761 – 24 October 1829), was the first Grand Duchess of Hesse and by Rhine by marriage. Life[edit] Louise was a daughter of Prince George William of Hesse-Darmstadt (1722–1782) from his marriage to Maria Luise Albertine of Leiningen-Falkenburg-Dagsburg (1729–1818), daughter of Count Christian Karl Reinhard of Leiningen-Dachsburg-Falkenburg-Heidesheim. The princess was in 1770 in the entourage of Marie Antoinette, as they traveled to France for her marriage. Louise exchanged letters with the French queen until 1792. Louise married on 19 February 1777 in Darmstadt, her cousin the then hereditary prince Louis I of Hesse-Darmstadt (1753–1830). Her husband ruled Hesse-Darmstadt from 1790 as Landgrave Louis X and from 1806 as Ludwig I, Grand Duke of Hesse and the Rhine. Louise spent the summer months since 1783 in the State Park Fürstenlager, and died there in 1829. Here provided charity to the population Auerbach
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Charles Frederick, Grand Duke Of Baden
Charles Frederick (22 November 1728 – 10 June 1811[1]) was Margrave, Elector and later Grand Duke of Baden (initially only Margrave of Baden-Durlach) from 1738 until his death.Contents1 Biography 2 Marriages and children 3 Ancestry 4 References 5 Further readingBiography[edit] Born at Karlsruhe, he was the son of Hereditary Prince Frederick of Baden-Durlach
Baden-Durlach
and Amalia of Nassau-Dietz
Amalia of Nassau-Dietz
(13 October 1710 – 17 September 1777), the daughter of Johan Willem Friso of Nassau-Dietz. He succeeded his grandfather as Margrave of Baden-Durlach
Baden-Durlach
in 1738 and ruled personally from 1746 until 1771, when he inherited Baden-Baden from the Bernhard Line. Upon inheriting the latter margraviate, the original land of Baden was reunited
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Princess Amalia Of Nassau-Dietz
Princess Amalia of Nassau-Dietz
Princess Amalia of Nassau-Dietz
(Anna Charlotte Amalie; 23 October [O.S. 13 October] 1710 – 18 September 1777) was the wife of Frederick, Hereditary Prince of Baden-Durlach, and mother of Charles Frederick, the first Grand Duke of Baden. Life[edit] Anna Charlotte Amalia was the only daughter of Johan Willem Friso of Nassau-Dietz (after 1702 Prince of Orange) and his wife, Landgravine Marie Louise of Hesse-Kassel. She grew up in Friesland
Friesland
and spoke West Frisian herself. After her marriage to Friedrich of Baden- Durlach
Durlach
in 1727 she moved to Durlach. During her pregnancies, Amalia tyrannized her servants, and because of the princess's many tantrums, rumors circulated at the court of Durlach
Durlach
that she was mentally ill. Friedrich died on 26 March 1732, shortly after the birth of their second child
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Louis VIII, Landgrave Of Hesse-Darmstadt
Louis VIII (German: Ludwig) (5 April 1691 – 17 October 1768) was the Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
from 1739 to 1768. He was the son of Ernest Louis, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
and Margravine Dorothea Charlotte of Brandenburg-Ansbach.Contents1 Life 2 Issue 3 Ancestors 4 External links 5 SourcesLife[edit]A deer hunt near Darmstadt. Painting by Georg Adam Eger 1755In 1717, he was married to Countess Charlotte Christine Magdalene Johanna of Hanau
Hanau
and he received Hanau-Lichtenberg as an addition to his dominions. Because of his passion for hunting, he is known as the "Hunting Landgrave" (German: Jagdlandgraf)
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Landgravine Karoline Luise Of Hesse-Darmstadt
Caroline Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt (11 July 1723 – 8 April 1783), was a consort of Baden, a dilettante artist, scientist, collector and salonist.Contents1 Biography 2 Issue 3 Titles, styles, honours and arms3.1 Titles and styles4 Ancestry 5 SourcesBiography[edit] The daughter of Louis VIII of Hesse-Darmstadt and Charlotte Christine Magdalene Johanna of Hanau, she married on January 28, 1751 to Charles Frederick, Margrave of Baden. She is described as learned, spoke five languages, corresponded with Voltaire and made Karlsruhe to a cultural centre in Germany where she counted Johann Gottfried von Herder, Johann Caspar Lavater, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock, Christoph Willibald Gluck and Christoph Martin Wieland among her guests. She was a member of Markgräflich Baden court orchestra and the Danish Academy of Fine Arts, draw, painted in water colours and had a laboratory set up in the Karlsruhe palace
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Countess Charlotte Of Hanau-Lichtenberg
Charlotte, Countess of Hanau-Lichtenberg, full name: Countess Charlotte Christine Magdalene Johanna of Hanau-Lichtenberg (2 May 1700, Bouxwiller – 1 July 1726, Darmstadt) was the wife of landgrave Louis VIII of Hesse-Darmstadt.Contents1 Biography1.1 The Heiress 1.2 Marriage 1.3 Death 1.4 The inheritance2 Ancestors 3 References 4 FootnotesBiography[edit] The Heiress[edit] Charlotte was the only surviving child of the last Count of Hanau, Johann Reinhard III, and the Countess Dorothea Friederike of Brandenburg-Ansbach. Thus, she was the sole heir of the County of Hanau. Marriage[edit]Her husband: Landgrave Louis VIIIHer son, Louis IXThe first man to ask her hand in marriage, was the crown prince and later Landgrave William VIII of Hesse-Kassel.[1] Had this marriage taken place, the county of Hanau would have remained united
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Louis IX, Landgrave Of Hesse-Darmstadt
Louis IX of Hesse- Darmstadt
Darmstadt
(German: Ludwig) (15 December 1719 – 6 April 1790) was the Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
from 1768 - 1790. He was a son of Louis VIII, Landgrave
Landgrave
of Hesse-Darmstadt, and Charlotte of Hanau-Lichtenberg and Müntzenberg. He was born in Darmstadt
Darmstadt
on 15 December 1719. On 12 August 1741, Louis married Caroline of Zweibrücken, daughter of Christian III, Duke of Zweibrücken
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Christian III, Count Palatine Of Zweibrücken
Christian III, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld (Strassburg, 7 November 1674 – Zweibrücken, 3 February 1735) was a German nobleman. He was a member of the House of Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld, a cadet branch of the House of Wittelsbach. He was the son of Christian II of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld and Katharina Agathe, Countess of Rappoltstein. He was Duke and Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld from 1717 to 1731. In 1731, he inherited the sovereign duchy of Palatinate- Zweibrücken
Zweibrücken
and thus became Count Palatine and Duke of Zweibrücken. He was also Count of Rappoltstein from 1699 until his death.Contents1 Life 2 Marriage and issue 3 Ancestry 4 References 5 External linksLife[edit] Christian was born in Strasbourg
Strasbourg
in 1674
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Countess Palatine Caroline Of Zweibrücken
Caroline of the Palatinate- Zweibrücken
Zweibrücken
(Henriette Caroline Christiane Louise; 9 March 1721 – 30 March 1774) was Landgravine of Hesse- Darmstadt
Darmstadt
by marriage to Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt. She was famed as one of the most learned women of her time and known as The Great Landgräfin.Contents1 Biography 2 Issue 3 Ancestry 4 Literature 5 References 6 External linksBiography[edit] Henriette Caroline was the daughter of Christian III, Duke of Zweibrücken
Zweibrücken
and his wife Caroline of Nassau-Saarbrücken. She married on 12 August 1741 in Zweibrücken, Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt. The marriage was arranged and unhappy: Caroline was interested in music and literature, while her consort was interested in military matters, and she lived separated from him at Buchsweiler. She founded a factory to ease the states economy
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Caroline Of Nassau-Saarbrücken
Countess Caroline of Nassau-Saarbrücken
Nassau-Saarbrücken
(12 August 1704 – 25 March 1774) was Countess Palatine of Zweibrücken by marriage. Biography[edit] She was the daughter of Count Louis Crato of Nassau-Saarbrücken
Nassau-Saarbrücken
(died 1713) and Countess Philippine Henriette of Hohenlohe (1679–1751). On 21 September 1719, at the age of 15, she married her 44-year-old godfather, Christian III of Zweibrücken. The wedding took place at Castle Lorenzen in Nassau
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German Monarchy
The Monarchy of Germany
Germany
(the German Monarchy) was the system of government in which a hereditary monarch was the sovereign of the German Empire
German Empire
from 1871 to 1918.Contents1 History 2 List of Ge
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Grand Duchess Of Hesse And By Rhine
This is a list of the Landgravine, Electress and Grand Duchess of Hesse, the consorts of the Landgrave of Hesse and its successor states; and finally of the Electors and Grand Dukes of Hesse.Contents1 Hesse1.1 Landgravine of Hesse (1264–1567) 1.2 Lower Hesse (Kassel) 1.3 Upper Hesse (Marburg) 1.4 Landgravine of Hesse (1500–1567)2 Hesse-Kassel2.1 Landgravine of Hesse-Kassel (1567–1803) 2.2 Landgravine of Hesse-Rotenburg (1627–1834) 2.3 Landgravine of Hesse-Eschwege (1627–1667) 2.4 Landgravine of Hesse-Rheinfels (1627–1658) 2.5 Landgravine of Hesse-Wanfried (1676–1755) 2.6 Landgravine of Hesse-Philippsthal (1663–1866) 2.7 Landgravine of Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld (1721–1866)3 Hesse-Marburg3.1 Landgravines of Hesse-Marburg (1567–1604)4 Hesse-Rheinfels4.1 Landgravines of Hesse-Rheinfels (1567–1583)5 Hesse-Darmstadt5.1 Landgravine of Hesse-Darmstadt (1567–1806) 5.2 Landgravine of Hesse-But
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Prince Philip, Duke Of Edinburgh
Second World WarBattle of Crete Battle of Cape Matapan Allied invasion of Sicily Operation Dragoon Operation Robson Operation Lentil Battle of OkinawaAwards Mentioned in dispatches Croix de Guerre with Palm Greek War CrossRoyal family of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and the other Commonwealth realmsHM The Queen HRH The Duke
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Mathilde Caroline Of Bavaria
Princess Mathilde Caroline of Bavaria (German: Mathilde Karoline Friederike Wilhelmine Charlotte von Bayern) (Augsburg, August 30, 1813 – Darmstadt, May 25, 1862) was the second child and eldest daughter of Ludwig I of Bavaria and Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen. Marriage[edit] On 26 December 1833 in Munich, Mathilde married The Hereditary Grand Duke Ludwig of Hesse and by Rhine (1806–1877), eldest son of Louis II, Grand Duke of Hesse and Wilhelmine of Baden. Ludwig succeeded his father as Grand Duke Ludwig III in 1848. The marriage was childless. Honours[edit] Spain : 567th Dame of the Order of Queen Maria Luisa - .Ancestry[edit]Ancestors of Princess Mathilde Caroline of Bavaria16. Christian III, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken8. Frederick Michael, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken17. Countess Caroline of Nassau-Saarbrücken4. Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria18. Joseph Charles, Hereditary Prince of Sulzbach9. Countess Palatine Maria Franziska of Sulzbach19
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