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Princess Marie Of Baden (1782–1808)
Marie of Baden (Marie Elisabeth Wilhelmine; 7 September 1782 – 8 December 1808) was a Duchess consort of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
and Brunswick-Oels. She was married to Frederick William, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, and was the daughter of Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden, and Landgravine Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt.Contents1 Biography 2 Family 3 Ancestry 4 NotesBiography[edit] Marie was born in Karlsruhe. At the time of the war against France, she stayed at Prenzlau. In 1806, her father-in-law fled from the troops of Napoleon
Napoleon
to Altona, where he died of the wounds he sustained in the war against France. Marie and her mother-in-law, Princess Augusta of Great Britain, came to see him at his sick-bed, but when the French army headed toward Hamburg, they were advised by the British ambassador to flee, and left shortly before his death
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Charles III William, Margrave Of Baden-Durlach
Charles III William (German: Karl III. Wilhelm von Baden-Durlach; Durlach, 27 January [O.S. 17 January] 1679[1] – 12 May 1738, Karlsruhe) was Margrave
Margrave
of Baden- Durlach
Durlach
between 1709 and 1738. He was the son of Margrave
Margrave
Frederick Magnus of Baden- Durlach
Durlach
and Augusta Maria of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp. In 1715, he established Karlsruhe
Karlsruhe
(Charles' repose), where he built his residence. Karlsruhe has since grown to a large city
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Landgravine Marie Louise Of Hesse-Kassel
Marie Louise of Hesse- Kassel
Kassel
(7 February 1688 – 9 April 1765) was a Dutch regent, Princess of Orange
Princess of Orange
by marriage to John William Friso, Prince of Orange, and regent of the Netherlands
Netherlands
during the minority of her son and her grandson. She was a daughter of Charles I, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel, and Maria Amalia of Courland. She and her husband are the most recent common ancestors all currently reigning monarchs in Europe. Marie Louise is notable for having served as regent for two periods in Dutch history: during the reigns of her young son, William IV, Prince of Orange from 1711 and 1730, and of her young grandson, William V, Prince of Orange, from 1759 to 1765
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Puerperal Fever
Postpartum
Postpartum
infections, also known as childbed fever and puerperal fever, are any bacterial infections of the female reproductive tract following childbirth or miscarriage.[1] Signs and symptoms usually include a fever greater than 38.0 °C (100.4 °F), chills, lower abdominal pain, and possibly bad-smelling vaginal discharge.[1] It usually occurs after the first 24 hours and within the first ten days following delivery.[5] The most common infection is that of the uterus and surrounding tissues known as puerperal sepsis or postpartum metritis.[1] Risk factors include Cesarean sectio
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Karlsruhe
Karlsruhe
Karlsruhe
(German pronunciation: [ˈkaɐ̯lsˌʁuːə] ( listen); formerly Carlsruhe[citation needed]) is the second-largest city in the state of Baden-Württemberg, in southwest Germany, near the French-German border. It has a population of 307,755. The city is the seat of the two highest courts in Germany: the Federal Constitutional Court and the Federal Court of Justice
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Friedrich, Hereditary Prince Of Baden-Durlach
Frederick, Hereditary Prince of Baden-Durlach (7 October 1703 – 26 March 1732) was a German hereditary prince of the Margraviate of Baden-Durlach. Frederick was the son of Charles III William, Margrave of Baden-Durlach, and Magdalena Wilhelmine of Württemberg (7 November 1677 - 30 October 1742), the daughter of William Louis, Duke of Württemberg. He became heir apparent when his elder brother Charles Magnus died in 1712. However, he died before his father did and therefore never came to government in Durlach. He served in the imperial army. In 1724, he was appointed colonel, in 1728, he was promoted to major general. Marriage and descendants[edit] On 3 July 1727, Frederick married Amalia of Nassau-Dietz (born 13 October 1710, died 17 September 1777), the daughter of John William Friso, Prince of Orange
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Magdalena Wilhelmine Of Württemberg
Württemberg
Württemberg
is a historical German territory. Together with Baden
Baden
and Hohenzollern, two other historical territories, it now forms the Federal State of Baden-Württemberg
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Charles Frederick, Grand Duke Of Baden
Charles Frederick (22 November 1728 – 10 June 1811[1]) was Margrave, Elector and later Grand Duke of Baden (initially only Margrave of Baden-Durlach) from 1738 until his death.Contents1 Biography 2 Marriages and children 3 Ancestry 4 References 5 Further readingBiography[edit] Born at Karlsruhe, he was the son of Hereditary Prince Frederick of Baden-Durlach
Baden-Durlach
and Amalia of Nassau-Dietz
Amalia of Nassau-Dietz
(13 October 1710 – 17 September 1777), the daughter of Johan Willem Friso of Nassau-Dietz. He succeeded his grandfather as Margrave of Baden-Durlach
Baden-Durlach
in 1738 and ruled personally from 1746 until 1771, when he inherited Baden-Baden from the Bernhard Line. Upon inheriting the latter margraviate, the original land of Baden was reunited
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John William Friso, Prince Of Orange
John William Friso, Prince of Orange-Nassau (Dutch: Johan Willem Friso van Oranje-Nassau; 14 August 1687 – 14 July 1711) became the titular Prince of Orange
Prince of Orange
in 1702. He was stadtholder of Friesland
Friesland
until his death by drowning in the Hollands Diep
Hollands Diep
in 1711. Friso and his wife, Marie Louise, are the most recent common ancestors of all European monarchs occupying the throne today.Contents1 Background 2 Succession 3 Military career and death 4 Marriage and issue 5 Ancestry 6 ReferencesBackground[edit] He was the son of Henry Casimir II, Prince of Nassau-Dietz, and Princess Henriëtte Amalia of Anhalt- Dessau
Dessau
who were both first cousins of William III
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Princess Amalia Of Nassau-Dietz
Princess Amalia of Nassau-Dietz
Princess Amalia of Nassau-Dietz
(Anna Charlotte Amalie; 23 October [O.S. 13 October] 1710 – 18 September 1777) was the wife of Frederick, Hereditary Prince of Baden-Durlach, and mother of Charles Frederick, the first Grand Duke of Baden. Life[edit] Anna Charlotte Amalia was the only daughter of Johan Willem Friso of Nassau-Dietz (after 1702 Prince of Orange) and his wife, Landgravine Marie Louise of Hesse-Kassel. She grew up in Friesland
Friesland
and spoke West Frisian herself. After her marriage to Friedrich of Baden- Durlach
Durlach
in 1727 she moved to Durlach. During her pregnancies, Amalia tyrannized her servants, and because of the princess's many tantrums, rumors circulated at the court of Durlach
Durlach
that she was mentally ill. Friedrich died on 26 March 1732, shortly after the birth of their second child
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Ernest Louis, Landgrave Of Hesse-Darmstadt
Ernest Louis of Hesse-Darmstadt (German: Ernst Ludwig) (15 December 1667 – 12 September 1739) was Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
from 1678 to 1739. His parents were Landgrave
Landgrave
Louis VI of Hesse-Darmstadt and Elisabeth Dorothea of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
Elisabeth Dorothea of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
(1640–1709). Ernest Louis's desire to emulate the French court under Louis XIV ran his country into debt. Among those patronized in this cultural milieu were the Baroque
Baroque
composer Christoph Graupner
Christoph Graupner
and the gambist Ernst Christian Hesse; also bringing into his service architect Louis Remy de la Fosse for his extensive building program
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Louis Crato, Count Of Nassau-Saarbrücken
Louis Crato, Count of Nassau- Saarbrücken
Saarbrücken
(German: Ludwig Krafft, Graf von Nassau-Saarbrücken; 28 March 1663, Saarbrücken
Saarbrücken
– 14 February 1713 in Saarbrücken) was the son of Count Gustav Adolph of Nassau- Saarbrücken
Saarbrücken
and Clara Eleanor, Countess of Hohenlohe-Neuenstein. He was educated at Neuenstein with his uncle, Count Wolfgang Julius of Hohenlohe-Neuenstein, and later in Tübingen. His father was at the time a prisoner of war in France. On his father's death in 1677, he inherited the counties of Saarbrücken
Saarbrücken
and Saarwerden. He could not take up the administration of his territories, because they were occupied by the French. It was probably the search for adventure and the lack of opportunities that led him to enter the French service. He reached the rank of lieutenant general there
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Louis VIII, Landgrave Of Hesse-Darmstadt
Louis VIII (German: Ludwig) (5 April 1691 – 17 October 1768) was the Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
from 1739 to 1768. He was the son of Ernest Louis, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
and Margravine Dorothea Charlotte of Brandenburg-Ansbach.Contents1 Life 2 Issue 3 Ancestors 4 External links 5 SourcesLife[edit]A deer hunt near Darmstadt. Painting by Georg Adam Eger 1755In 1717, he was married to Countess Charlotte Christine Magdalene Johanna of Hanau
Hanau
and he received Hanau-Lichtenberg as an addition to his dominions. Because of his passion for hunting, he is known as the "Hunting Landgrave" (German: Jagdlandgraf)
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Dorothea Charlotte Of Brandenburg-Ansbach
Dorothea Charlotte of Brandenburg- Ansbach
Ansbach
(28 November 1661 – 15 November 1705) was a German noblewomen, and by her marriage to Ernest Louis, Landgravine consort of Hesse-Darmstadt. The marriage took place on 1 December 1687.Contents1 Life 2 Issue 3 Ancestors 4 ReferencesLife[edit] Dorothea Charlotte was a daughter of the Albert II, Margrave of Brandenburg- Ansbach
Ansbach
(1620–1667), from his second marriage to Sophia Margaret of Oettingen-Oettingen (1634–1664), daughter of Joachim Ernest of Oettingen-Oettingen. On 1 December 1687 she married Ernest Louis, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt. He was under the guardianship of his mother, Elisabeth Dorothea of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
Elisabeth Dorothea of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
until 1688. Dorothea Charlotte was a pietist and exerted some influence upon the affairs of state in favour of the pietists in the first years of her marriage
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Landgravine Karoline Luise Of Hesse-Darmstadt
Caroline Louise of Hesse- Darmstadt
Darmstadt
(11 July 1723 – 8 April 1783), was a consort of Baden, a dilettante artist, scientist, collector and salonist.Contents1 Biography 2 Issue 3 Titles, styles, honours and arms3.1 Titles and styles4 Ancestry 5 SourcesBiography[edit] The daughter of Louis VIII of Hesse- Darmstadt
Darmstadt
and Charlotte Christine Magdalene Johanna of Hanau, she married on January 28, 1751 to Charles Frederick, Margrave of Baden. She is described as learned, spoke five languages, corresponded with Voltaire
Voltaire
and made Karlsruhe to a cultural centre in Germany where she counted Johann Gottfried von Herder, Johann Caspar Lavater, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock, Christoph Willibald Gluck and Christoph Martin Wieland
Christoph Martin Wieland
among her guests
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Johann Reinhard III Of Hanau-Lichtenberg
Johann Reinhard III of Hanau-Lichtenberg
Hanau-Lichtenberg
(31 July 1665 in Bischofsheim am hohen Steg (now called Rheinbischofsheim) – 28 March 1736 in Schloss Philippsruhe, Hanau) was the last of the counts of Hanau-Lichtenberg. He reigned from 1680 to 1736. From 1712 to 1736, he also reigned the County of Hanau-Münzenberg.Contents1 Childhood and Youth 2 Reigning Hanau2.1 Regency3 Policy3.1 Culture4 Inheritance 5 Death 6 Marriage and issue 7 Ancestors 8 Sources and references 9 FootnotesChildhood and Youth[edit] Johann Reinhard III was the son of Johann Reinhard II of Hanau-Lichtenberg
Hanau-Lichtenberg
and Anna Magdalena, Countess Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld. He was baptized on 1 August 1665. He was educated together with his older brother Philipp Reinhard, initially in Strasbourg. In 1678, they moved to Babenhausen, where their mother lived at the time
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