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Princess Alexandrine Of Baden
Princess Alexandrine of Baden
Baden
(Alexandrine Luise Amalie Friederike Elisabeth Sophie; 6 December 1820 – 20 December 1904) was the Duchess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha as the wife of Ernest II. She was the eldest child of Leopold, Grand Duke of Baden, and his wife Princess Sophie of Sweden.Contents1 Marriage1.1 Background 1.2 Succession and childlessness 1.3 Affairs2 Later life 3 Titles and styles 4 Ancestry 5 References 6 Sources 7 External linksMarriage[edit] Background[edit] Before he ascended the throne, Alexander II of Russia
Alexander II of Russia
was sent to Baden
Baden
in order to present himself as a suitor for Alexandrine's hand in marriage.[1] Alexandrine already regarded herself as his betrothed, as all the preliminary negotiations had taken place
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Karlsruhe
Karlsruhe
Karlsruhe
(German pronunciation: [ˈkaɐ̯lsˌʁuːə] ( listen); formerly Carlsruhe[citation needed]) is the second-largest city in the state of Baden-Württemberg, in southwest Germany, near the French-German border. It has a population of 307,755. The city is the seat of the two highest courts in Germany: the Federal Constitutional Court and the Federal Court of Justice
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Frederick V Of Denmark
Frederick V (Danish and Norwegian: Frederik; 31 March 1723 – 14 January 1766) was king of Denmark–Norway
Denmark–Norway
and Duke of Schleswig-Holstein
Schleswig-Holstein
from 1746 until his death. He was the son of Christian VI of Denmark
Christian VI of Denmark
and Sophia Magdalene of Brandenburg-Kulmbach.Contents1 Early years1.1 First marriage 1.2 Masonry2 Reign2.1 Second marriage 2.2 Death and burial3 Legacy3.1 Succession crisis 3.2 In fiction4 Full title 5 Issue 6 Ancestry 7 References 8 External linksEarly years[edit]Frederick as a child wearing the sash of the Order of the ElephantFrederick was born on 31 March 1723 at Copenhagen
Copenhagen
Castle. He was the grandson of King Frederick IV of Denmark
Frederick IV of Denmark
and the son of Crown Prince Christian and Sophia Magdalene of Brandenburg-Kulmbach
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Charles Frederick, Grand Duke Of Baden
Charles Frederick (22 November 1728 – 10 June 1811[1]) was Margrave, Elector and later Grand Duke of Baden (initially only Margrave of Baden-Durlach) from 1738 until his death.Contents1 Biography 2 Marriages and children 3 Ancestry 4 References 5 Further readingBiography[edit] Born at Karlsruhe, he was the son of Hereditary Prince Frederick of Baden-Durlach
Baden-Durlach
and Amalia of Nassau-Dietz
Amalia of Nassau-Dietz
(13 October 1710 – 17 September 1777), the daughter of Johan Willem Friso of Nassau-Dietz. He succeeded his grandfather as Margrave of Baden-Durlach
Baden-Durlach
in 1738 and ruled personally from 1746 until 1771, when he inherited Baden-Baden from the Bernhard Line. Upon inheriting the latter margraviate, the original land of Baden was reunited
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John William Friso, Prince Of Orange
John William Friso, Prince of Orange-Nassau (Dutch: Johan Willem Friso van Oranje-Nassau; 14 August 1687 – 14 July 1711) became the titular Prince of Orange
Prince of Orange
in 1702. He was stadtholder of Friesland
Friesland
until his death by drowning in the Hollands Diep
Hollands Diep
in 1711. Friso and his wife, Marie Louise, are the most recent common ancestors of all European monarchs occupying the throne today.Contents1 Background 2 Succession 3 Military career and death 4 Marriage and issue 5 Ancestry 6 ReferencesBackground[edit] He was the son of Henry Casimir II, Prince of Nassau-Dietz, and Princess Henriëtte Amalia of Anhalt- Dessau
Dessau
who were both first cousins of William III
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Princess Amalia Of Nassau-Dietz
Princess Amalia of Nassau-Dietz
Princess Amalia of Nassau-Dietz
(Anna Charlotte Amalie; 23 October [O.S. 13 October] 1710 – 18 September 1777) was the wife of Frederick, Hereditary Prince of Baden-Durlach, and mother of Charles Frederick, the first Grand Duke of Baden. Life[edit] Anna Charlotte Amalia was the only daughter of Johan Willem Friso of Nassau-Dietz (after 1702 Prince of Orange) and his wife, Landgravine Marie Louise of Hesse-Kassel. She grew up in Friesland
Friesland
and spoke West Frisian herself. After her marriage to Friedrich of Baden- Durlach
Durlach
in 1727 she moved to Durlach. During her pregnancies, Amalia tyrannized her servants, and because of the princess's many tantrums, rumors circulated at the court of Durlach
Durlach
that she was mentally ill. Friedrich died on 26 March 1732, shortly after the birth of their second child
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Landgravine Marie Louise Of Hesse-Kassel
Marie Louise of Hesse- Kassel
Kassel
(7 February 1688 – 9 April 1765) was a Dutch regent, Princess of Orange
Princess of Orange
by marriage to John William Friso, Prince of Orange, and regent of the Netherlands
Netherlands
during the minority of her son and her grandson. She was a daughter of Charles I, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel, and Maria Amalia of Courland. She and her husband are the most recent common ancestors all currently reigning monarchs in Europe. Marie Louise is notable for having served as regent for two periods in Dutch history: during the reigns of her young son, William IV, Prince of Orange from 1711 and 1730, and of her young grandson, William V, Prince of Orange, from 1759 to 1765
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Louise Caroline Of Hochberg
Louise Caroline von Hochberg, born Geyer von Geyersberg, from 1787 Baroness von Hochberg, from 1796 Countess of Hochberg (26 May 1768 in Karlsruhe – 23 June 1820, Karlsruhe) was the morganatic second wife of the Margrave and later Grand Duke Charles Frederick of Baden. Her descendants eventually ascended the grandducal throne and reigned until 1918.Contents1 Origin 2 Marriage to Margrave Charles Frederick 3 Sons' inheritance 4 Kaspar Hauser 5 Offspring 6 See also 7 References and notes 8 External linksOrigin[edit] Louise Caroline Geyer von Geyersberg was the daughter of Lieutenant Colonel Ludwig Heinrich Philip Geyer von Geyersberg (1729-1772) and his wife, Countess Maximiliana Hedwiger von Sponeck.[1] The latter was the niece-in-law of Leopold Eberhard, Duke of Württemberg-Montbéliard
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Adolf Frederick Of Sweden
Adolf Frederick or Adolph Frederick (Swedish: Adolf Fredrik, German: Adolf Friedrich; 14 May 1710 – 12 February 1771) was King of Sweden
Sweden
from 1751 until his death. He was the son of Christian August of Holstein-Gottorp, Prince of Eutin, and Albertina Frederica of Baden-Durlach. The first king from the House of Holstein-Gottorp, Adolf Frederick was a weak monarch, instated as first in line of the throne following the parliamentary government's failure to reconquer the Baltic provinces in 1741–43. Aside from a few attempts, supported by pro-absolutist factions among the nobility, to reclaim the absolute monarchy held by previous monarchs, he remained a mere constitutional figurehead until his death, by popular belief attributed to a heavy consumption of semlas. His reign saw an extended period of internal peace, although the finances stagnated following failed mercantilist doctrines pursued by the Hat administration
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Gustav III Of Sweden
Gustav III (24 January [O.S. 13 January] 1746 – 29 March 1792)note on dates was King of Sweden
Sweden
from 1771 until his assassination in 1792
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Louisa Ulrika Of Prussia
Louisa Ulrika of Prussia
Louisa Ulrika of Prussia
(Swedish: Lovisa Ulrika; German: Luise Ulrike) (24 July 1720 – 16 July 1782) was Queen of Sweden
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Gustav IV Adolf Of Sweden
Gustav IV Adolf or Gustav IV Adolph[1] (1 November 1778 – 7 February 1837) was King of Sweden
Sweden
from 1792 until his abdication in 1809. He was also the last Swedish ruler of Finland. The occupation of Finland
Finland
in 1808-09 by Russian forces was the immediate cause of Gustav's violent overthrow by officers of his own army. Following his abdication on 29 March 1809, an Instrument of Government was hastily written, which severely circumscribed the powers of the monarchy. The "Instrument" was adopted on 6 June 1809, a date which is celebrated to this day as the National Day of Sweden. It remained in force until replaced in 1974
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Sophia Magdalena Of Denmark
Sophia Magdalena of Denmark
Sophia Magdalena of Denmark
(Danish: Sofie Magdalene; 3 July 1746 – 21 August 1813) was Queen of Sweden as the spouse of King Gustav III.Contents1 Early life 2 Crown Princess 3 Queen3.1 Succession issues 3.2 The succession scandal 3.3 Queen Dowager4 In popular culture 5 Titles and styles 6 Ancestry 7 Inline references 8 Bibliographic referencesEarly life[edit] Princess Sofie Magdalene was born on 3 July 1746 at Christiansborg Palace in Copenhagen
Copenhagen
as the eldest surviving child of King Frederick V of Denmark and his first consort, the former Princess Louise of Great Britain
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Charles III William, Margrave Of Baden-Durlach
Charles III William (German: Karl III. Wilhelm von Baden-Durlach; Durlach, 27 January [O.S. 17 January] 1679[1] – 12 May 1738, Karlsruhe) was Margrave
Margrave
of Baden- Durlach
Durlach
between 1709 and 1738. He was the son of Margrave
Margrave
Frederick Magnus of Baden- Durlach
Durlach
and Augusta Maria of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp. In 1715, he established Karlsruhe
Karlsruhe
(Charles' repose), where he built his residence. Karlsruhe has since grown to a large city
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Louise Of Great Britain
Louise of Great Britain
Louise of Great Britain
(originally Louisa; 18 December 1724 – 19 December 1751) was Queen of Denmark
Denmark
and Norway from 1746 until her death, as the first wife of King Frederick V. She was the youngest surviving daughter of King George II of Great Britain
George II of Great Britain
and Caroline of Ansbach.Contents1 Early years1.1 Crown Princess2 Queenship2.1 Early death3 Issue 4 Ancestry 5 References 6 External linksEarly years[edit] Princess Louise was born as the fifth daughter and youngest child of the then Prince and Princess of Wales, on 7 December 1724, at Leicester House, London
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Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince Of Baden
Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden
Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden
(February 14, 1755 – December 16, 1801) was heir apparent of the Margraviate
Margraviate
of Baden
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