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Princess Alexandrine Of Baden
PRINCESS ALEXANDRINE OF BADEN (Alexandrine Luise Amalie Friederike Elisabeth Sophie; 6 December 1820 – 20 December 1904) was the Duchess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha as the wife of Ernest II . She was born the eldest child of Leopold, Grand Duke of Baden and his wife Princess Sophie of Sweden . CONTENTS* 1 Marriage * 1.1 Background * 1.2 Succession and childlessness * 1.3 Affairs * 2 Later life * 3 Titles, styles, honours and arms * 3.1 Titles and styles * 4 Ancestry * 5 References * 6 Sources * 7 External links MARRIAGEBACKGROUNDBefore he ascended the throne, Alexander II of Russia
Alexander II of Russia
was sent to Baden
Baden
in order to present himself as a suitor for Alexandrine's hand in marriage. Alexandrine already regarded herself as his betrothed, as all the preliminary negotiations had taken place
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Adolf Frederick Of Sweden
ADOLF FREDERICK or ADOLPH FREDERICK (Swedish : Adolf Fredrik, German : Adolf Friedrich; 14 May 1710 – 12 February 1771) was King of Sweden from 1751 until his death. He was the son of Christian August of Holstein-Gottorp, Prince of Eutin , and Albertina Frederica of Baden-Durlach . The first king from the House of Holstein- Gottorp , Adolf Frederick was a weak monarch, instated as first in line of the throne following the parliamentary government's failure to reconquer the Baltic provinces in 1741–43. Aside from a few attempts, supported by pro-absolutist factions among the nobility, to reclaim the absolute monarchy held by previous monarchs, he remained a mere constitutional figurehead until his death, by popular belief attributed to a heavy consumption of semlas . His reign saw an extended period of internal peace, although the finances stagnated following failed mercantilist doctrines pursued by the Hat administration
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Louise Caroline Of Hochberg
LOUISE CAROLINE VON HOCHBERG, born Geyer von Geyersberg, from 1787 Baroness von Hochberg, from 1796 Countess of Hochberg (26 May 1768 in Karlsruhe – 23 June 1820, Karlsruhe) was the morganatic second wife of the Margrave and later Grand Duke Charles Frederick of Baden. Her descendants eventually ascended the grandducal throne and reigned until 1918. CONTENTS * 1 Origin * 2 Marriage to Margrave Charles Frederick * 3 Sons\' inheritance * 4 Kaspar Hauser * 5 Offspring * 6 See also * 7 References and notes * 8 External links ORIGINLouise Caroline Geyer von Geyersberg was the daughter of Lieutenant Colonel Ludwig Heinrich Philip Geyer von Geyersberg (1729-1772) and his wife, Countess Maximiliana Hedwiger von Sponeck. The latter was the niece-in-law of Leopold Eberhard, Duke of Württemberg-Montbéliard
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Gustav III Of Sweden
GUSTAV III (24 January 1746 – 29 March 1792 Note on dates ) was King of Sweden from 1771 until his assassination in 1792. He was the eldest son of King Adolf Frederick of Sweden and Queen Louise Ulrika (a sister of King Frederick the Great of Prussia ), and a first cousin of Empress Catherine the Great of Russia by reason of their common descent from Christian August of Holstein-Gottorp, Prince of Eutin , and his wife Albertina Frederica of Baden-Durlach . Gustav was a vocal opponent of what he saw as the abuse of political privileges seized by the nobility since the death of King Charles XII
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Louisa Ulrika Of Prussia
LOUISA ULRIKA OF PRUSSIA (Swedish : Lovisa Ulrika; German : Luise Ulrike) (24 July 1720 – 16 July 1782) was Queen of Sweden between 1751 and 1771 by her marriage to King Adolf Frederick , and queen mother during the reign of King Gustav III . CONTENTS * 1 Background * 2 Crown Princess * 3 Queen * 4 Queen Dowager * 5 Children * 6 Ancestry * 7 Notes * 8 References BACKGROUNDLouisa Ulrika was born in Berlin as the daughter of Frederick William I of Prussia and his wife Sophia Dorothea of Hanover , and was thus a younger sister of both Wilhelmine of Bayreuth and Frederick the Great . She was given the Swedish name Ulrika because Queen Ulrika Eleonora of Sweden had been her god mother . She exchanged letters with her godmother, and it was thought that she would marry a future son by Ulrika Eleonora, as Ulrika Eleonora herself had once been considered as a consort for Louisa Ulrika's father
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Gustav IV Adolf Of Sweden
GUSTAV IV ADOLF or Gustav IV Adolph (1 November 1778 – 7 February 1837) was King of Sweden from 1792 until his abdication in 1809. He was also the last Swedish ruler of Finland . The occupation of Finland in 1808-09 by Russian forces was the immediate cause of Gustav's violent overthrow by officers of his own army. Following his abdication on 29 March 1809, an Instrument of Government was hastily written, which severely circumscribed the powers of the monarchy. The "Instrument" was adopted on 6 June 1809, a date which is celebrated to this day as the National Day of Sweden . It remained in force until replaced in 1974. The crown (now with strictly limited powers) passed to Gustav's uncle, Charles XIII , who had no children; this want of heirs set into motion the quest for a successor, who was found the following year in the person of Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte , the first monarch of the present ruling family
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Landgravine Marie Louise Of Hesse-Kassel
LANDGRAVINE MARIE LOUISE OF HESSE-KASSEL (7 February 1688 – 9 April 1765) was a daughter of Charles I, Landgrave of Hesse- Kassel , and Maria Amalia of Courland . By her marriage to John William Friso, Prince of Orange , she became PRINCESS CONSORT OF ORANGE, a title last held by Mary II of England . Like her husband, she is an ancestor of all currently reigning monarchs in Europe. Marie Louise is notable for having served as Regent for two periods in Dutch history: during the reigns of her young son, William IV, Prince of Orange , and of her young grandson, William V, Prince of Orange . She was often fondly referred to as MARIJKE MEU (Aunt Mary) by her Dutch subjects
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Princess Amalia Of Nassau-Dietz
PRINCESS AMALIA OF NASSAU-DIETZ (Anna Charlotte Amalie; 23 October 1710 – 18 September 1777) was the wife of Frederick, Hereditary Prince of Baden- Durlach , and mother of Charles Frederick , the first Grand Duke of Baden . LIFEAnna Charlotte Amalia was the only daughter of Johan Willem Friso of Nassau-Dietz (after 1702 Prince of Orange ) and his wife, Landgravine Marie Louise of Hesse-Kassel . She grew up in Friesland and spoke West Frisian herself. After her marriage to Friedrich of Baden- Durlach in 1727 she moved to Durlach . During her pregnancies, Amalia tyrannized her servants, and because of the princess's many tantrums, rumors circulated at the court of Durlach that she was mentally ill. Friedrich died on 26 March 1732, shortly after the birth of their second child
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Frederick, Hereditary Prince Of Baden-Durlach
FREDERICK, HEREDITARY PRINCE OF BADEN-DURLACH (7 October 1703 – 26 March 1732) was a German hereditary prince of the Margraviate of Baden-Durlach . Frederick was the son of Charles III William, Margrave of Baden-Durlach , and Magdalena Wilhelmine of Württemberg (7 November 1677 - 30 October 1742), the daughter of William Louis, Duke of Württemberg . He became heir apparent when his elder brother Charles Magnus died in 1712. However, he died before his father did and therefore never came to government in Durlach. He served in the imperial army. In 1724, he was appointed colonel, in 1728, he was promoted to major general. MARRIAGE AND DESCENDANTSOn 3 July 1727, Frederick married Amalia of Nassau-Dietz (born 13 October 1710, died 17 September 1777), the daughter of John William Friso, Prince of Orange
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Magdalena Wilhelmine Of Württemberg
MAGDALENA WILHELMINE OF WüRTTEMBERG (7 November 1677, Stuttgart – 30 October 1742, Karlsburg Castle , Durlach ) was a margravine of Baden . She had a place in the regency during the minority of her grandson in 1738-42. She was the daughter of Duke William Louis of Württemberg and Magdalena Sibylla of Hesse-Darmstadt . In order to strengthen the ties between Baden and Württemberg , she married on 27 June 1697 the Hereditary Prince of Baden and later Margrave Charles William of Baden- Durlach . As Magdalena Wilhelmine had a big nose and blemishes, she did not meet the ideals of beauty held by Karl Wilhelm, who loved beautiful women. After she bore him a son and heir, the couple separated
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Charles Frederick, Grand Duke Of Baden
CHARLES FREDERICK, 1ST GRAND DUKE OF BADEN (22 November 1728 – 10 June 1811 ) was Margrave , Elector and later Grand Duke of Baden (initially only Margrave of Baden-Durlach) from 1738 until his death. CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Marriages and children * 3 Ancestry * 4 References * 5 Further reading BIOGRAPHYBorn at Karlsruhe , he was the son of Hereditary Prince Frederick of Baden-Durlach and Amalia of Nassau-Dietz (13 October 1710 – 17 September 1777), the daughter of Johan Willem Friso of Nassau-Dietz . He succeeded his grandfather as Margrave of Baden-Durlach in 1738 and ruled personally from 1746 until 1771, when he inherited Baden-Baden from the Bernhard Line. Upon inheriting the latter margraviate, the original land of Baden was reunited
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John William Friso, Prince Of Orange
JOHN WILLIAM FRISO, PRINCE OF ORANGE-NASSAU (Dutch : Johan Willem Friso van Oranje-Nassau; 14 August 1687 – 14 July 1711) became the titular Prince of Orange in 1702. He was stadtholder of Friesland until his death by drowning in the Hollands Diep in 1711. Friso and his wife, Marie Louise , are ancestors of all European monarchs occupying the throne today . CONTENTS * 1 Background * 2 Succession * 3 Military career and death * 4 Marriage and issue * 5 Ancestry * 6 References BACKGROUNDHe was the son of Henry Casimir II, Prince of Nassau-Dietz , and Princess Henriëtte Amalia of Anhalt- Dessau who were both first cousins of William III . As such, he was a member of the House of Nassau (the branch of Nassau-Dietz ), and through the testamentary dispositions of William III became the progenitor of the new line of the House of Orange-Nassau
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Frederick V Of Denmark
FREDERICK V (Danish and Norwegian : Frederik; 31 March 1723 – 14 January 1766) was king of Denmark
Denmark
- Norway
Norway
and Duke of Schleswig-Holstein
Schleswig-Holstein
from 1746 until his death. He was the son of Christian VI of Denmark
Christian VI of Denmark
and Sophia Magdalene of Brandenburg-Kulmbach . CONTENTS* 1 Early years * 1.1 First marriage * 1.2 Masonry * 2 Reign * 2.1 Second marriage * 2.2 Death and burial * 3 Legacy * 3.1 Succession crisis * 3.2 In fiction * 4 Full title * 5 Issue * 6 Ancestry * 7 References * 8 External links EARLY YEARS Frederick as a child wearing the sash of the Order of the Elephant Frederick was born on 31 March 1723 at Copenhagen
Copenhagen
Castle
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Sophia Magdalena Of Denmark
SOPHIA MAGDALENA OF DENMARK (Danish : Sofie Magdalene; 3 July 1746 – 21 August 1813) was Queen of Sweden as the spouse of King Gustav III . Both were inexperienced and needed help in consummating their marriage. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Crown Princess * 3 Queen * 3.1 Succession issues * 3.2 The succession scandal * 3.3 Queen Dowager * 4 In popular culture * 5 Titles and styles * 6 Ancestry * 7 Inline references * 8 Bibliographic references EARLY LIFEPrincess Sofie Magdalene was born on 3 July 1746 at Christiansborg Palace in Copenhagen as the eldest surviving child of King Frederick V of Denmark and his first consort, the former Princess Louise of Great Britain . She was the heir presumptive to the throne of Denmark from the death of her elder brother in 1747 until the birth of her second brother in 1749, and retained her status as next in line to the Danish throne after her brother until her marriage
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The Washington Post
THE WASHINGTON POST is an American daily newspaper . It is the most widely circulated newspaper published in Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
, and was founded on December 6, 1877, making it the area's oldest extant newspaper. In 2017, it adopted the slogan "Democracy Dies in Darkness". Located in the capital city of the United States, the newspaper has a particular emphasis on national politics. Daily editions are printed for the District of Columbia
District of Columbia
, Maryland
Maryland
, and Virginia
Virginia
. The newspaper is published as a broadsheet , with photographs printed both in color and in black and white. The newspaper has won 47 Pulitzer Prizes . This includes six separate Pulitzers awarded in 2008 , the second-highest number ever awarded to a single newspaper in one year, second only to The New York Times
The New York Times
' seven awards in 2002
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Countess Palatine Caroline Of Zweibrücken
CAROLINE OF THE PALATINATE-ZWEIBRüCKEN (Henriette Caroline Christiane Louise; 9 March 1721 – 30 March 1774) was Landgravine of Hesse- Darmstadt by marriage to Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt . She was famed as one of the most learned women of her time and known as THE GREAT LANDGRäFIN. CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Issue * 3 Ancestry * 4 Literature * 5 References * 6 External links BIOGRAPHYHenriette Caroline was the daughter of Christian III, Duke of Zweibrücken and his wife Caroline of Nassau-Saarbrücken . She married on 12 August 1741 in Zweibrücken , Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse- Darmstadt . The marriage was arranged and unhappy: Caroline was interested in music and literature, while her consort was interested in military matters, and she lived separated from him at Buchsweiler . She founded a factory to ease the states economy
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