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Prince
A PRINCE is a male ruler or member of a monarch's or former monarch's family. Prince
Prince
is also a title of nobility , often hereditary , in some European states . The feminine equivalent is a princess . The English word derives, via the French word prince, from the Latin
Latin
noun princeps , from primus (first) + capio (to seize), meaning "the chief, most distinguished, ruler , prince"
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Hereditary Title
HEREDITARY TITLES, in a general sense, are titles of nobility, positions or styles that are hereditary and thus tend or are bound to remain in particular families. Though both monarchs and nobles usually inherit their titles, the mechanisms often differ, even in the same country. The British crown has been heritable by women since the medieval era (in the absence of brothers), while the vast majority of hereditary noble titles granted by British sovereigns are not heritable by daughters. CONTENTS * 1 Gender preference * 2 Examples * 3 Coparcenary * 4 See also * 5 Notes * 6 External links GENDER PREFERENCEOften a hereditary title is inherited only by the legitimate, eldest son of the original grantee or that son's male heir according to masculine primogeniture . In some countries and some families, titles descended to all children of the grantee equally, as well as to all of that grantee's remoter descendants, male and female
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English Language
ENGLISH is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now the third most widespread native language in the world, after Standard Chinese
Standard Chinese
and Spanish , as well as the most widely spoken Germanic language . Named after the Angles
Angles
, one of the Germanic tribes that migrated to Great Britain
Great Britain
, it ultimately derives its name from the Anglia (Angeln) peninsula in the Baltic Sea
Baltic Sea
. It is closely related to the other West Germanic languages
Germanic languages
of Frisian , Low German/Low Saxon , German , Dutch , and Afrikaans
Afrikaans
. The English vocabulary has been significantly influenced by French (a Romance language ), Norse (a North Germanic language ), and by Latin
Latin

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Catiline
LUCIUS SERGIUS CATILINA, known in English as CATILINE (/ˈkætəlaɪn/ ; 108–62 BC), was a Roman Senator of the 1st century BC best known for the second Catilinarian conspiracy , an attempt to overthrow the Roman Republic
Roman Republic
and, in particular, the power of the aristocratic Senate . He is also known for several acquittals in court, including one for the charge of adultery with a Vestal Virgin . CONTENTS* 1 Life * 1.1 Family background * 1.2 Life before the conspiracy * 1.3 First Catilinarian conspiracy * 1.4 Intervening years * 1.5 Second Catilinarian conspiracy * 1.6 Death * 2 Legacy * 3 Fiction * 4 See also * 5 Notes * 6 References * 7 External links LIFEFAMILY BACKGROUND Catiline
Catiline
was born in 108 BC to one of the oldest patrician families in Rome, gens Sergia
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Cadet (genealogy)
In genealogy , a CADET is a younger son , as opposed to the firstborn heir . Compare puisne . ETYMOLOGYThe word is recorded in English since 1634, originally for a young son, identical to the French , which is itself derived from the Gascon Occitan
Occitan
(spoken in Gascony
Gascony
in southwest France) capdet "captain, chief", in turn from the Late Latin
Late Latin
capitellum, the diminutive of Latin caput "head" (hence also chief). Younger sons from Gascon families apparently were commonly sent to the French court to serve as officers; as a rule non-heirs from the European nobility sought careers in the military or the clergy. USAGEAs an adjective, "cadet" is used to signify a junior branch of a family. Thus, the Orléans line was a cadet branch of the Bourbon family
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French Language
FRENCH (le français ( listen ) or la langue française ) is a Romance language
Romance language
of the Indo-European family . It descended from the Vulgar Latin of the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
, as did all Romance languages. French has evolved from Gallo-Romance , the spoken Latin
Latin
in Gaul
Gaul
, and more specifically in Northern Gaul. Its closest relatives are the other langues d\'oïl —languages historically spoken in northern France
France
and in southern Belgium
Belgium
, which French ( Francien ) has largely supplanted
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State (polity)
In terms of a political entity , a STATE is any politically organized community living under a single system of government . States may or may not be sovereign . For instance, federated states are members of a federal union , and may have only partial sovereignty, but are, nonetheless, states. Some states are subject to external sovereignty or hegemony , in which ultimate sovereignty lies in another state. States that are sovereign are known as sovereign states . The term "state" can also refer to the secular branches of government within a state, often as a manner of contrasting them with churches and civilian institutions . Speakers of American English
American English
often use the terms state and government as synonyms , with both words referring to an organized political group that exercises authority over a particular territory. Many human societies have been governed by states for millennia, but others have been stateless societies
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Principate
The PRINCIPATE is the name sometimes given to the first period of the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
from the beginning of the reign of Augustus
Augustus
in about 30 BC to the Crisis of the Third Century in 284 AD, after which it evolved into the so-called Dominate
Dominate
. The Principate
Principate
is characterised by the reign of a single emperor (princeps) and an effort on the part of the early emperors, at least, to preserve the illusion of the formal continuance, in some aspects, of the Roman Republic
Roman Republic

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Dominate
The DOMINATE or LATE ROMAN EMPIRE was the "despotic " later phase of imperial government, following the earlier period known as the " Principate
Principate
", in the ancient Roman Empire
Roman Empire
. It has traditionally been considered to begin with the commencement of the reign of Diocletian in AD 284, following the Third Century Crisis of AD 235–284, and to end in the west with the collapse of the Western Empire in AD 476, while in the east its end is disputed, as either occurring at the close of the reign of Justinian I
Justinian I
(AD 565) or of Heraclius
Heraclius
(AD 641). In form, the Dominate
Dominate
is considered to have been more authoritarian, less collegiate and more bureaucratic than the Principate
Principate
from which it emerged
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Latin
LATIN (Latin: lingua latīna, IPA: ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages
Indo-European languages
. The Latin alphabet is derived from the Etruscan and Greek alphabets , and ultimately from the Phoenician alphabet
Phoenician alphabet
. Latin
Latin
was originally spoken in Latium
Latium
, in the Italian Peninsula
Italian Peninsula
. Through the power of the Roman Republic
Roman Republic
, it became the dominant language, initially in Italy and subsequently throughout the Roman Empire . Vulgar Latin developed into the Romance languages
Romance languages
, such as Italian , Portuguese , Spanish , French , and Romanian
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Emperor Augustus
AUGUSTUS (Latin : Imperātor Caesar Dīvī Fīlius Augustus
Augustus
; 23 September 63 BC – 19 August 14 AD) was the founder of the Roman Principate
Principate
and considered the first Roman emperor
Roman emperor
, controlling the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
from 27 BC until his death in AD 14. He was born GAIUS OCTAVIUS into an old and wealthy equestrian branch of the plebeian gens Octavia . His maternal great-uncle Julius Caesar
Julius Caesar
was assassinated in 44 BC, and Octavius was named in Caesar's will as his adopted son and heir, then known as OCTAVIANUS (Anglicized as OCTAVIAN). He, Mark Antony , and Marcus Lepidus formed the Second Triumvirate
Second Triumvirate
to defeat the assassins of Caesar
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Europe
EUROPE is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere
Northern Hemisphere
and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere
Eastern Hemisphere
. It is bordered by the Arctic
Arctic
Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia
Eurasia
. Since around 1850, Europe
Europe
is most commonly considered as separated from Asia
Asia
by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus
Caucasus
Mountains , the Ural River , the Caspian and Black Seas, and the waterways of the Turkish Straits . Though the term "continent" implies physical geography defines it, the land border is somewhat arbitrary and has moved since its first conception in classical antiquity
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Roman Senate
The ROMAN SENATE ( Latin
Latin
: Senatus Romanus; Italian : Senato Romano) was a political institution in ancient Rome
Rome
. It was one of the most enduring institutions in Roman history, being established in the first days of the city (traditionally founded in 753 BC). It survived the overthrow of the kings in 509 BC, the fall of the Roman Republic
Roman Republic
in the 1st century BC, the division of the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
in 395 AD, the fall of the Western Roman Empire
Roman Empire
in 476 AD, and the barbarian rule of Rome
Rome
in the 5th, 6th, and 7th centuries. During the days of the kingdom , it was little more than an advisory council to the king. The last king of Rome
Rome
, Lucius Tarquinius Superbus , was overthrown following a coup d\'état led by Lucius Junius Brutus , who founded the Republic
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Roman Senate
The ROMAN SENATE ( Latin
Latin
: Senatus Romanus; Italian : Senato Romano) was a political institution in ancient Rome
Rome
. It was one of the most enduring institutions in Roman history, being established in the first days of the city (traditionally founded in 753 BC). It survived the overthrow of the kings in 509 BC, the fall of the Roman Republic
Roman Republic
in the 1st century BC, the division of the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
in 395 AD, the fall of the Western Roman Empire
Roman Empire
in 476 AD, and the barbarian rule of Rome
Rome
in the 5th, 6th, and 7th centuries. During the days of the kingdom , it was little more than an advisory council to the king. The last king of Rome
Rome
, Lucius Tarquinius Superbus , was overthrown following a coup d\'état led by Lucius Junius Brutus , who founded the Republic
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Roman Republic
The ROMAN REPUBLIC ( Latin
Latin
: Res publica Romana; Classical Latin: ) was the era of ancient Roman civilization beginning with the overthrow of the Roman Kingdom , traditionally dated to 509 BC, and ending in 27 BC with the establishment of the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
. It was during this period that Rome's control expanded from the city\'s immediate surroundings to hegemony over the entire Mediterranean
Mediterranean
world . Roman government was headed by two consuls , elected annually by the citizens and advised by a senate composed of appointed magistrates. As Roman society was very hierarchical by modern standards, the evolution of the Roman government was heavily influenced by the struggle between the patricians , Rome's land-holding aristocracy, who traced their ancestry to the founding of Rome
Rome
, and the plebeians , the far more numerous citizen-commoners
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Baronet
A BARONET (/ˈbærənɪt/ or /ˈbærəˌnɛt/ ; abbreviated BART or BT ) or the rare female equivalent, a BARONETESS (/ˈbærənɪtɪs/ , /ˈbærənɪtɛs/ , or /ˌbærəˈnɛtɛs/ ; abbreviation "Btss"), is the holder of a baronetcy, a hereditary title awarded by the British Crown. The practice of awarding baronetcies was originally introduced in England in the 14th century and was used by James I of England in 1611 as a means of raising funds. A baronetcy is the only British hereditary honour that is not a peerage , with the exception of the Anglo-Irish
Anglo-Irish
Black Knight
Knight
, White Knight
Knight
and Green Knight
Knight
(of which only the Green Knight
Knight
is extant)
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