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Prefecture-level City
Provinces -------------------------Autonomous regions ------------------------- Special administrative regions Sub-provincial level Sub-provincial cities -------------------------Sub-provincial autonomous prefectures ------------------------- Sub-provincial city districts Prefectural level (2nd) Prefectural cities -------------------------Autonomous prefectures -------------------------Leagues -------------------------Prefectures (abolishing) Sub-prefectural-level Sub-prefectural cities -------------------------Provincial-controlled cities -------------------------Provincial-controlled counties ---
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Simplified Chinese Characters
SIMPLIFIED CHINESE CHARACTERS (简化字; _jiǎnhuàzì_) are standardized Chinese characters prescribed in the _Table of General Standard Chinese Characters _ for use in mainland China . Along with traditional Chinese characters , it is one of the two standard character sets of the contemporary Chinese written language . The government of the People\'s Republic of China in mainland China has promoted them for use in printing since the 1950s and 1960s in an attempt to increase literacy. They are officially used in the People's Republic of China and Singapore . Traditional Chinese characters are currently used in Hong Kong , Macau , and the Republic of China ( Taiwan )
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Traditional Chinese Characters
TRADITIONAL CHINESE CHARACTERS (traditional Chinese: 正體字/繁體字; simplified Chinese : 正体字/繁体字; Pinyin : Zhèngtǐzì/Fántĭzì) are Chinese characters
Chinese characters
in any character set that does not contain newly created characters or character substitutions performed after 1946. They are most commonly the characters in the standardized character sets of Taiwan
Taiwan
, of Hong Kong and Macau
Macau
or in the Kangxi Dictionary
Kangxi Dictionary

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Standard Chinese
STANDARD CHINESE, also known as MODERN STANDARD MANDARIN, STANDARD MANDARIN, or simply MANDARIN, is a standard variety of Chinese that is the sole official language of both China
China
and Taiwan
Taiwan
, and also one of the four official languages of Singapore
Singapore
. Its pronunciation is based on the Beijing dialect , its vocabulary on the Mandarin dialects , and its grammar is based on written vernacular Chinese . Like other varieties of Chinese, Standard Chinese
Standard Chinese
is a tonal language with topic-prominent organization and subject–verb–object word order. It has more initial consonants but fewer vowels, final consonants and tones than southern varieties. Standard Chinese
Standard Chinese
is an analytic language , though with many compound words
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Hanyu Pinyin
PINYIN, or HàNYǔ PīNYīN, is the official romanization system for Standard Chinese in mainland China , Malaysia , Singapore , and Taiwan . It is often used to teach Standard Chinese, which is normally written using Chinese characters . The system includes four diacritics denoting tones . Pinyin without tone marks is used to spell Chinese names and words in languages written with the Latin alphabet , and also in certain computer input methods to enter Chinese characters. The pinyin system was developed in the 1950s by many linguists, including Zhou Youguang , based on earlier forms of romanization of Chinese . It was published by the Chinese government in 1958 and revised several times. The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) adopted pinyin as an international standard in 1982, followed by the United Nations in 1986
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Hakka Chinese
79-AAA-g > 79-AAA-ga (+ 79-AAA-gb transition to 79-AAA-h) THIS ARTICLE CONTAINS IPA PHONETIC SYMBOLS. Without proper rendering support , you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode
Unicode
characters. For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help:IPA . THIS ARTICLE CONTAINS CHINESE TEXT
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Cantonese
CANTONESE, or STANDARD CANTONESE, is a variety of the Chinese language spoken within the city of Canton (Guangzhou) and its vicinity in southeastern China. It is the traditional prestige variety of Yue , one of the major subdivisions of Chinese. In mainland China , it is the main _lingua franca _ of the province of Guangdong and some neighbouring areas such as Guangxi , being the majority language of the Pearl River Delta . It is the dominant and official language of Hong Kong and Macau . Cantonese is also widely spoken amongst overseas Chinese in Southeast Asia (most notably in Vietnam and Malaysia , as well as in Singapore and Cambodia to a lesser extent) and throughout the Western world
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Jyutping
JYUTPING (Chinese : 粵拼; Jyutping: _Jyut6ping3_; Cantonese pronunciation: ) is a romanisation system for Cantonese
Cantonese
developed by the Linguistic Society of Hong Kong (LSHK), an academic group, in 1993. Its formal name is _THE LINGUISTIC SOCIETY OF HONG KONG CANTONESE ROMANISATION SCHEME_. The LSHK promotes the use of this romanisation system. The name _Jyutping_ (itself the Jyutping
Jyutping
romanisation of its Chinese name, 粵拼) is a contraction consisting of the first Chinese characters of the terms _Jyut6jyu5_ (粵語, meaning "Cantonese speech") and _ping3jam1_ (拼音 "phonetic alphabet")
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Huangshi
HUANGSHI (simplified Chinese : 黄石; traditional Chinese : 黃石; pinyin : Huángshí) is a prefecture-level city in southeastern Hubei province, People's Republic of China. Its population was 2,429,318 inhabitants at the 2010 census; 1,601,687 of whom lived in the built-up (or metro) area made up of 4 urban districts plus the city of Daye
Daye
, now being part of the agglomeration. CONTENTS * 1 Geography and climate * 2 Administration * 3 Demographics * 4 Economy * 5 Transportation * 6 Tourism * 7 Notable residents * 8 References * 9 External links GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE Huangshi
Huangshi
is located in southeastern Hubei
Hubei
province, along the southwestern bank of one of the major bends in the Yangtze River
Yangtze River
. It is located 100 kilometres (62 mi) south-east of Wuhan, and borders Jiangxi
Jiangxi
province to the south
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Yangxin County, Hubei
YANGXIN COUNTY (simplified Chinese : 阳新县; traditional Chinese : 陽新縣; pinyin : Yángxīn Xiàn) is a county within the prefecture-level city of Huangshi in southeastern Hubei
Hubei
province, People's Republic of China. The county is mostly rural, but more prosperous than its neighbor, Tongshan County. According to the Fifth Population Census of China (2000), the county's population was 949,100, making for the population density of 341 people per square kilometer. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Geography * 3 Transportation * 4 References * 5 External links HISTORY Bronze Nao. Shang Dynasty. Unearthed from Liurongshan Village, Baisha Town. Yangxin has 7 neolithic sites and 8 Shang-Zhou Danasties sites. In 201 B.C.E. the county was built as Xiazhi (下雉), the name "Yangxin" first appeared during Jin Dynasty . From the Southern and Northern Dyansties, it became a noted tea producing area in Hubei
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Xianning
XIANNING (simplified Chinese : 咸宁; traditional Chinese : 咸寧; pinyin : Xiánníng) is a prefecture-level city in southeastern Hubei province, People's Republic of China, bordering Jiangxi
Jiangxi
to the southeast and Hunan
Hunan
to the southwest. It is known as the "City of Osmanthus ". CONTENTS * 1 Geography and climate * 2 History * 3 Administration * 4 Demographics * 5 Economy * 5.1 Transportation * 6 Tourism * 7 Sister city * 8 References * 9 External links GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE Xianning
Xianning
is located in southeastern Hubei
Hubei
province, just south of Wuhan
Wuhan
, between the southern bank of the Yangtze River
Yangtze River
in the north and the Mufu Mountains in the south. It borders Jiangxi
Jiangxi
to the southeast and Hunan
Hunan
to the southwest
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Administrative Divisions Of China
Provinces -------------------------Autonomous regions ------------------------- Special administrative regions Sub-provincial level Sub-provincial cities -------------------------Sub-provincial autonomous prefectures ------------------------- Sub-provincial city districts Prefectural level (2nd) Prefectural cities -------------------------Autonomous prefectures -------------------------Leagues -------------------------Prefectures (abolishing) Sub-prefectural-level Sub-prefectural cities -------------------------Provincial-controlled cities -------------------------Provincial-controlled counties ---
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Provinces Of China
Provinces -------------------------Autonomous regions ------------------------- Special administrative regions Sub-provincial level Sub-provincial cities -------------------------Sub-provincial autonomous prefectures ------------------------- Sub-provincial city districts Prefectural level (2nd) Prefectural cities -------------------------Autonomous prefectures -------------------------Leagues -------------------------Prefectures (abolishing) Sub-prefectural-level Sub-prefectural cities -------------------------Provincial-controlled cities -------------------------Provincial-controlled counties ------------------------- Provincial-controlled districts County level (3rd) Counties -------------------------Autonomous cou
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Direct-controlled Municipalities Of China
A MUNICIPALITY is usually a single urban administrative division having corporate status and powers of self-government or jurisdiction as granted by national and state laws to which it is subordinate. It is to be distinguished from the county , which may encompass rural territory or numerous small communities such as towns , villages and hamlets . The term _municipality_ may also mean the governing or ruling body of a given municipality. A municipality is a general-purpose administrative subdivision, as opposed to a special-purpose district . The term is derived from French _municipalité_ and Latin _municipalis_
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Autonomous Regions Of China
Provinces -------------------------Autonomous regions ------------------------- Special administrative regions Sub-provincial level Sub-provincial cities -------------------------Sub-provincial autonomous prefectures ------------------------- Sub-provincial city districts Prefectural level (2nd) Prefectural cities -------------------------Autonomous prefectures -------------------------Leagues -------------------------Prefectures (abolishing) Sub-prefectural-level Sub-prefectural cities -------------------------Provincial-controlled cities -------------------------Provincial-controlled counties ------------------------- Provincial-controlled districts County level (3rd) Counties -------------------------Autonomous cou
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Special Administrative Regions Of China
The SPECIAL ADMINISTRATIVE REGIONS (SAR) are one type of provincial-level administrative divisions of China directly under Central People\'s Government , which enjoys the highest degree of autonomy , and no or less interference by either Central Government or the Chinese Communist Party . The legal basis for the establishment of SARs, unlike the administrative divisions of Mainland China, is provided for by Article 31, rather than Article 30, of the Constitution of the People\'s Republic of China of 1982. Article 31 reads: "The state may establish special administrative regions when necessary. The systems to be instituted in special administrative regions shall be prescribed by law enacted by the National People's Congress in the light of the specific conditions"
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