HOME TheInfoList.com
Providing Lists of Related Topics to Help You Find Great Stuff
[::MainTopicLength::#1500] [::ListTopicLength::#1500] [::ListLength::#15] [::ListAdRepeat::#3]

Prefecture-level City
Provinces -------------------------Autonomous regions ------------------------- Special administrative regions Sub-provincial level Sub-provincial cities -------------------------Sub-provincial autonomous prefectures ------------------------- Sub-provincial city districts Prefectural level (2nd) Prefectural cities -------------------------Autonomous prefectures -------------------------Leagues -------------------------Prefectures (abolishing) Sub-prefectural-level Sub-prefectural cities -------------------------Provincial-controlled cities -------------------------Provincial-controlled counties ------------------------- Provincial-controlled districts County level (3rd) Counties -------------------------Autonomous counties ------------------------- County-level cities -------------------------Districts Ethnic districts -------------------------Banners Autonomous banners -----------------------
[...More...]

"Prefecture-level City" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Simplified Chinese Characters
SIMPLIFIED CHINESE CHARACTERS (简化字; _jiǎnhuàzì_) are standardized Chinese characters prescribed in the _Table of General Standard Chinese Characters _ for use in mainland China . Along with traditional Chinese characters , it is one of the two standard character sets of the contemporary Chinese written language . The government of the People\'s Republic of China in mainland China has promoted them for use in printing since the 1950s and 1960s in an attempt to increase literacy. They are officially used in the People's Republic of China and Singapore . Traditional Chinese characters are currently used in Hong Kong , Macau , and the Republic of China ( Taiwan ). While traditional characters can still be read and understood by many mainland Chinese and the Chinese community in Malaysia and Singapore, these groups generally retain their use of Simplified characters. Overseas Chinese communities generally tend to use traditional characters. Simplified Chinese characters may be referred to by their official name above or colloquially (简体字; _ jiǎntǐzì _). The latter refers to simplifications of character "structure" or "body", character forms that have existed for thousands of years alongside regular, more complicated forms
[...More...]

"Simplified Chinese Characters" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Traditional Chinese Characters
TRADITIONAL CHINESE CHARACTERS (traditional Chinese: 正體字/繁體字; simplified Chinese : 正体字/繁体字; Pinyin : Zhèngtǐzì/Fántĭzì) are Chinese characters
Chinese characters
in any character set that does not contain newly created characters or character substitutions performed after 1946. They are most commonly the characters in the standardized character sets of Taiwan
Taiwan
, of Hong Kong and Macau
Macau
or in the Kangxi Dictionary
Kangxi Dictionary
. The modern shapes of traditional Chinese characters
Chinese characters
first appeared with the emergence of the clerical script during the Han Dynasty
Han Dynasty
, and have been more or less stable since the 5th century (during the Southern and Northern Dynasties .) The retronym "traditional Chinese" is used to contrast traditional characters with Simplified Chinese characters
Chinese characters
, a standardized character set introduced by the government of the People\'s Republic of China
China
on Mainland China
Mainland China
in the 1950s
[...More...]

"Traditional Chinese Characters" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Standard Chinese
STANDARD CHINESE, also known as MODERN STANDARD MANDARIN, STANDARD MANDARIN, or simply MANDARIN, is a standard variety of Chinese that is the sole official language of both China
China
and Taiwan
Taiwan
, and also one of the four official languages of Singapore
Singapore
. Its pronunciation is based on the Beijing dialect , its vocabulary on the Mandarin dialects , and its grammar is based on written vernacular Chinese . Like other varieties of Chinese, Standard Chinese
Standard Chinese
is a tonal language with topic-prominent organization and subject–verb–object word order. It has more initial consonants but fewer vowels, final consonants and tones than southern varieties. Standard Chinese
Standard Chinese
is an analytic language , though with many compound words . There exist two standardised forms of the language, namely PUTONGHUA in Mainland China
China
and GUOYU in Taiwan. Aside from a number of differences in pronunciation and vocabulary, Putonghua is written using simplified Chinese characters
Chinese characters
(plus Hanyu Pinyin romanization for teaching), while Guoyu is written using traditional Chinese characters (plus Bopomofo for teaching). There are many characters that are identical between the two systems
[...More...]

"Standard Chinese" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Hanyu Pinyin
PINYIN, or HàNYǔ PīNYīN, is the official romanization system for Standard Chinese in mainland China , Malaysia , Singapore , and Taiwan . It is often used to teach Standard Chinese, which is normally written using Chinese characters . The system includes four diacritics denoting tones . Pinyin without tone marks is used to spell Chinese names and words in languages written with the Latin alphabet , and also in certain computer input methods to enter Chinese characters. The pinyin system was developed in the 1950s by many linguists, including Zhou Youguang , based on earlier forms of romanization of Chinese . It was published by the Chinese government in 1958 and revised several times. The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) adopted pinyin as an international standard in 1982, followed by the United Nations in 1986. The system was adopted as the official standard in Taiwan in 2009, where it is used for romanization alone (in part to make areas more English-friendly) rather than for educational and computer-input purposes. The word _Hànyǔ_ (simplified Chinese : 汉语; traditional Chinese : 漢語) means the spoken language of the Han people . _Pīnyīn_ (拼音) literally means "spelled sounds"
[...More...]

"Hanyu Pinyin" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Hakka Chinese
79-AAA-g > 79-AAA-ga (+ 79-AAA-gb transition to 79-AAA-h) THIS ARTICLE CONTAINS IPA PHONETIC SYMBOLS. Without proper rendering support , you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode
Unicode
characters. For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help:IPA . THIS ARTICLE CONTAINS CHINESE TEXT. Without proper rendering support , you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Chinese characters . Hakka TRADITIONAL CHINESE 客家話 SIMPLIFIED CHINESE 客家话 HAKKA Hak-kâ-fa or Hak-kâ-va TRANSCRIPTIONS STANDARD MANDARIN HANYU PINYIN Kèjiāhuà WU ROMANIZATION Kah-ka-ho GAN ROMANIZATION Khak-ka-ua HAKKA ROMANIZATION Hak-kâ-fa or Hak-kâ-va YUE: CANTONESE YALE ROMANIZATION haak gā wá JYUTPING haak3 gaa1 waa2 SOUTHERN MIN HOKKIEN POJ Kheh-oē (客話)HAKKA /ˈhækə/ , also rendered KEJIA, is one of the major groups of varieties of Chinese , spoken natively by the Hakka people throughout in southern China
China
, Taiwan
Taiwan
, Hong Kong
Hong Kong
and throughout the diaspora areas of East Asia
East Asia
, Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia
, and in overseas Chinese around the world
[...More...]

"Hakka Chinese" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Cantonese
CANTONESE, or STANDARD CANTONESE, is a variety of the Chinese language spoken within the city of Canton (Guangzhou) and its vicinity in southeastern China. It is the traditional prestige variety of Yue , one of the major subdivisions of Chinese. In mainland China , it is the main _lingua franca _ of the province of Guangdong and some neighbouring areas such as Guangxi , being the majority language of the Pearl River Delta . It is the dominant and official language of Hong Kong and Macau . Cantonese is also widely spoken amongst overseas Chinese in Southeast Asia (most notably in Vietnam and Malaysia , as well as in Singapore and Cambodia to a lesser extent) and throughout the Western world . While the term _Cantonese_ refers narrowly to the prestige variety , it is often used in a broader sense for the entire Yue subdivision of Chinese, including related but largely mutually unintelligible languages such as Taishanese . When Cantonese and the closely-related Yuehai dialects are classified together, there are about 80 million total speakers. Cantonese is viewed as vital part of the cultural identity for its native speakers across large swathes of southeastern China , Hong Kong and Macau
[...More...]

"Cantonese" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Jyutping
JYUTPING (Chinese : 粵拼; Jyutping: _Jyut6ping3_; Cantonese pronunciation: ) is a romanisation system for Cantonese
Cantonese
developed by the Linguistic Society of Hong Kong (LSHK), an academic group, in 1993. Its formal name is _THE LINGUISTIC SOCIETY OF HONG KONG CANTONESE ROMANISATION SCHEME_. The LSHK promotes the use of this romanisation system. The name _Jyutping_ (itself the Jyutping
Jyutping
romanisation of its Chinese name, 粵拼) is a contraction consisting of the first Chinese characters of the terms _Jyut6jyu5_ (粵語, meaning "Cantonese speech") and _ping3jam1_ (拼音 "phonetic alphabet")
[...More...]

"Jyutping" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Huangshi
HUANGSHI (simplified Chinese : 黄石; traditional Chinese : 黃石; pinyin : Huángshí) is a prefecture-level city in southeastern Hubei province, People's Republic of China. Its population was 2,429,318 inhabitants at the 2010 census; 1,601,687 of whom lived in the built-up (or metro) area made up of 4 urban districts plus the city of Daye
Daye
, now being part of the agglomeration. CONTENTS * 1 Geography and climate * 2 Administration * 3 Demographics * 4 Economy * 5 Transportation * 6 Tourism * 7 Notable residents * 8 References * 9 External links GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE Huangshi
Huangshi
is located in southeastern Hubei
Hubei
province, along the southwestern bank of one of the major bends in the Yangtze River
Yangtze River
. It is located 100 kilometres (62 mi) south-east of Wuhan, and borders Jiangxi
Jiangxi
province to the south. Its area was reported by the local government as 4,583 square kilometres (1,770 sq mi); elsewhere, the number of 4,630 square kilometres (1,790 sq mi) was given. The terrain is mostly small mountains and hills. The tallest mountain is 7 Summit Mountain with an elevation of 860 metres (2,820 ft) above sea level . Huangshi
Huangshi
is also located in a major lake district between Hunan's Dongting Lake and Jiangxi's Poyang lake and has dozens of large lakes. Huangshi's climate is sub-temperate
[...More...]

"Huangshi" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Yangxin County, Hubei
YANGXIN COUNTY (simplified Chinese : 阳新县; traditional Chinese : 陽新縣; pinyin : Yángxīn Xiàn) is a county within the prefecture-level city of Huangshi in southeastern Hubei
Hubei
province, People's Republic of China. The county is mostly rural, but more prosperous than its neighbor, Tongshan County. According to the Fifth Population Census of China (2000), the county's population was 949,100, making for the population density of 341 people per square kilometer. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Geography * 3 Transportation * 4 References * 5 External links HISTORY Bronze Nao. Shang Dynasty. Unearthed from Liurongshan Village, Baisha Town. Yangxin has 7 neolithic sites and 8 Shang-Zhou Danasties sites. In 201 B.C.E. the county was built as Xiazhi (下雉), the name "Yangxin" first appeared during Jin Dynasty . From the Southern and Northern Dyansties, it became a noted tea producing area in Hubei. It became Xingguo Army (兴国军) in Song Dyansty. During this period, Confucian schools was first introduced into Xingguo. In Yuan Dynasty
Yuan Dynasty
, it was called Xingguo Road, and has the biggist silver production among all roads in Hubei. In Qing Dynasty Yangxin area became Xingguo Perfecture. In the late Qing Dynasty, it served as the headquarter for the west march of Taiping Heavenly Kingdom
[...More...]

"Yangxin County, Hubei" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Xianning
XIANNING (simplified Chinese : 咸宁; traditional Chinese : 咸寧; pinyin : Xiánníng) is a prefecture-level city in southeastern Hubei province, People's Republic of China, bordering Jiangxi
Jiangxi
to the southeast and Hunan
Hunan
to the southwest. It is known as the "City of Osmanthus ". CONTENTS * 1 Geography and climate * 2 History * 3 Administration * 4 Demographics * 5 Economy * 5.1 Transportation * 6 Tourism * 7 Sister city * 8 References * 9 External links GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE Xianning
Xianning
is located in southeastern Hubei
Hubei
province, just south of Wuhan
Wuhan
, between the southern bank of the Yangtze River
Yangtze River
in the north and the Mufu Mountains in the south. It borders Jiangxi
Jiangxi
to the southeast and Hunan
Hunan
to the southwest. It is called Hubei's southern gateway. Xianning
Xianning
is hilly and mountainous (especially in its southern part), with some flatlands (mostly in the north) and lakes. Its area is 1,501 square kilometres (580 sq mi), 56% of which is forested. Xianning's climate is temperate /continental. Average annual temperature is 17 °C and precipitation is 1,400 millimetres (55 in). HISTORY Xianning
Xianning
was under the jurisdiction of Nanjun County during the Qin dynasty
[...More...]

"Xianning" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Administrative Divisions Of China
Provinces -------------------------Autonomous regions ------------------------- Special administrative regions Sub-provincial level Sub-provincial cities -------------------------Sub-provincial autonomous prefectures ------------------------- Sub-provincial city districts Prefectural level (2nd) Prefectural cities -------------------------Autonomous prefectures -------------------------Leagues -------------------------Prefectures (abolishing) Sub-prefectural-level Sub-prefectural cities -------------------------Provincial-controlled cities -------------------------Provincial-controlled counties ------------------------- Provincial-controlled districts County level (3rd) Counties -------------------------Autonomous counties -------------------------County-level cities -------------------------Districts Ethnic districts -------------------------Banners Autonomous banners ------------------------- Shennon
[...More...]

"Administrative Divisions Of China" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Provinces Of China
Provinces -------------------------Autonomous regions ------------------------- Special administrative regions Sub-provincial level Sub-provincial cities -------------------------Sub-provincial autonomous prefectures ------------------------- Sub-provincial city districts Prefectural level (2nd) Prefectural cities -------------------------Autonomous prefectures -------------------------Leagues -------------------------Prefectures (abolishing) Sub-prefectural-level Sub-prefectural cities -------------------------Provincial-controlled cities -------------------------Provincial-controlled counties ------------------------- Provincial-controlled districts County level (3rd) Counties -------------------------Autonomous counties -------------------------County-level cities -------------------------Districts Ethnic districts -------------------------Banners Autonomous banners ------------------------- Shennongjia Forestry District -------------------------
[...More...]

"Provinces Of China" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Direct-controlled Municipalities Of China
A MUNICIPALITY is usually a single urban administrative division having corporate status and powers of self-government or jurisdiction as granted by national and state laws to which it is subordinate. It is to be distinguished from the county , which may encompass rural territory or numerous small communities such as towns , villages and hamlets . The term _municipality_ may also mean the governing or ruling body of a given municipality. A municipality is a general-purpose administrative subdivision, as opposed to a special-purpose district . The term is derived from French _municipalité_ and Latin _municipalis_. The English word _municipality_ derives from the Latin social contract _municipium _ (derived from a word meaning "duty holders"), referring to the Latin communities that supplied Rome with troops in exchange for their own incorporation into the Roman state (granting Roman citizenship to the inhabitants) while permitting the communities to retain their own local governments (a limited autonomy). A municipality can be any political jurisdiction from a sovereign state, such as the Principality of Monaco , to a small village, such as West Hampton Dunes, New York
[...More...]

"Direct-controlled Municipalities Of China" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Autonomous Regions Of China
Provinces -------------------------Autonomous regions ------------------------- Special administrative regions Sub-provincial level Sub-provincial cities -------------------------Sub-provincial autonomous prefectures ------------------------- Sub-provincial city districts Prefectural level (2nd) Prefectural cities -------------------------Autonomous prefectures -------------------------Leagues -------------------------Prefectures (abolishing) Sub-prefectural-level Sub-prefectural cities -------------------------Provincial-controlled cities -------------------------Provincial-controlled counties ------------------------- Provincial-controlled districts County level (3rd) Counties -------------------------Autonomous counties -------------------------County-level cities -------------------------Districts Ethnic districts -------------------------Banners Autonomous banners ------------------------- Shennongjia Forestry District -------------------------
[...More...]

"Autonomous Regions Of China" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Special Administrative Regions Of China
The SPECIAL ADMINISTRATIVE REGIONS (SAR) are one type of provincial-level administrative divisions of China directly under Central People\'s Government , which enjoys the highest degree of autonomy , and no or less interference by either Central Government or the Chinese Communist Party . The legal basis for the establishment of SARs, unlike the administrative divisions of Mainland China, is provided for by Article 31, rather than Article 30, of the Constitution of the People\'s Republic of China of 1982. Article 31 reads: "The state may establish special administrative regions when necessary. The systems to be instituted in special administrative regions shall be prescribed by law enacted by the National People's Congress in the light of the specific conditions". At present, there are two SARs established according to the Constitution, namely the Hong Kong SAR and the Macau SAR , former British and Portuguese dependencies respectively, transferred to China in 1997 and 1999 pursuant to the Sino-British Joint Declaration of 1984 and the Sino-Portuguese Joint Declaration of 1987 respectively
[...More...]

"Special Administrative Regions Of China" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo