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Postal Code Of China
POSTAL CODES IN THE PEOPLE\\'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA (simplified Chinese : 邮政编码(邮编); traditional Chinese : 郵政編碼(郵編); pinyin : yóuzhèng biānmǎ (yóubiān)) are postal codes used by China
China
Post for the delivery of letters and goods within mainland China
China
. China
China
Post uses a six-digit all-numerical system with four tiers: the first tier, composed of the first two digits, show the province , province-equivalent municipality , or autonomous region ; the second tier, composed of the third digit, shows the postal zone within the province, municipality or autonomous region; the fourth digit serves as the third tier, which shows the postal office within prefectures or prefecture-level cities ; the last two digits are the fourth tier, which indicates the specific mailing area for delivery. Although Hong Kong
Hong Kong
and Macau
Macau
each have their own individual postal systems, they were assigned postal codes by China
China
Post. The postal code for Hong Kong
Hong Kong
is 999077, and Macau
Macau
999078. However, due to the geographical limitations and different political systems, the postal codes are not in use as China
China
Post does not operate in these territories
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Postal Code
A POSTAL CODE (also known locally in various English-speaking countries throughout the world as a POSTCODE, POST CODE, EIRCODE, PIN CODE or ZIP CODE) is a series of letters or digits or both, sometimes including spaces or punctuation, included in a postal address for the purpose of sorting mail . In February 2005, 117 of the 190 member countries of the Universal Postal Union had postal code systems. Although postal codes are usually assigned to geographical areas, special codes are sometimes assigned to individual addresses or to institutions that receive large volumes of mail, such as government agencies and large commercial companies. One example is the French CEDEX system
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China
CHINA, officially the PEOPLE\'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA (PRC), is a unitary sovereign state in East Asia and the world\'s most populous country , with a population of over 1.381 billion . Covering approximately 9.6 million square kilometres (3.7 million square miles), it is the world's second-largest state by land area and third- or fourth-largest by total area . Governed by the Communist Party of China , it exercises jurisdiction over 22 provinces , five autonomous regions , four direct-controlled municipalities (Beijing, Tianjin , Shanghai , and Chongqing ) and the Special Administrative Regions Hong Kong and Macau , also claiming sovereignty over Taiwan . China is a great power and a major regional power within Asia, and has been characterized as a potential superpower . China emerged as one of the world's earliest civilizations in the fertile basin of the Yellow River in the North China Plain . For millennia, China's political system was based on hereditary monarchies, or dynasties , beginning with the semi-legendary Xia dynasty . Since then, China has then expanded, fractured, and re-unified numerous times
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Simplified Chinese Characters
SIMPLIFIED CHINESE CHARACTERS (简化字; _jiǎnhuàzì_) are standardized Chinese characters prescribed in the _Table of General Standard Chinese Characters _ for use in mainland China . Along with traditional Chinese characters , it is one of the two standard character sets of the contemporary Chinese written language . The government of the People\'s Republic of China in mainland China has promoted them for use in printing since the 1950s and 1960s in an attempt to increase literacy. They are officially used in the People's Republic of China and Singapore . Traditional Chinese characters are currently used in Hong Kong , Macau , and the Republic of China ( Taiwan ). While traditional characters can still be read and understood by many mainland Chinese and the Chinese community in Malaysia and Singapore, these groups generally retain their use of Simplified characters. Overseas Chinese communities generally tend to use traditional characters. Simplified Chinese characters may be referred to by their official name above or colloquially (简体字; _ jiǎntǐzì _). The latter refers to simplifications of character "structure" or "body", character forms that have existed for thousands of years alongside regular, more complicated forms
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Traditional Chinese Characters
TRADITIONAL CHINESE CHARACTERS (traditional Chinese: 正體字/繁體字; simplified Chinese : 正体字/繁体字; Pinyin : Zhèngtǐzì/Fántĭzì) are Chinese characters
Chinese characters
in any character set that does not contain newly created characters or character substitutions performed after 1946. They are most commonly the characters in the standardized character sets of Taiwan
Taiwan
, of Hong Kong and Macau
Macau
or in the Kangxi Dictionary
Kangxi Dictionary
. The modern shapes of traditional Chinese characters
Chinese characters
first appeared with the emergence of the clerical script during the Han Dynasty
Han Dynasty
, and have been more or less stable since the 5th century (during the Southern and Northern Dynasties .) The retronym "traditional Chinese" is used to contrast traditional characters with Simplified Chinese characters
Chinese characters
, a standardized character set introduced by the government of the People\'s Republic of China
China
on Mainland China
Mainland China
in the 1950s
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Pinyin
PINYIN, or HàNYǔ PīNYīN, is the official romanization system for Standard Chinese
Standard Chinese
in mainland China
China
, Malaysia
Malaysia
, Singapore
Singapore
, and Taiwan . It is often used to teach Standard Chinese, which is normally written using Chinese characters
Chinese characters
. The system includes four diacritics denoting tones . Pinyin
Pinyin
without tone marks is used to spell Chinese names and words in languages written with the Latin alphabet
Latin alphabet
, and also in certain computer input methods to enter Chinese characters. The pinyin system was developed in the 1950s by many linguists, including Zhou Youguang
Zhou Youguang
, based on earlier forms of romanization of Chinese . It was published by the Chinese government
Chinese government
in 1958 and revised several times. The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) adopted pinyin as an international standard in 1982, followed by the United Nations
United Nations
in 1986. The system was adopted as the official standard in Taiwan
Taiwan
in 2009, where it is used for romanization alone (in part to make areas more English-friendly) rather than for educational and computer-input purposes
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China Post
CHINA POST, full name CHINA POST GROUP CORPORATION is the state-owned enterprise operating the official postal service of China
China
, which provides the service in mainland China
China
, excluding its special administrative regions , Hong Kong
Hong Kong
and Macau
Macau
, which have their own postal service independent to the mainland's. The Corporation officially shares its office with the sub-ministry-level government agency State Post Bureau which regulates the national postal industry theoretically including the Corporation. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Organizational structure * 3 Operations * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links HISTORY Main article: Postage stamps and postal history of China
China
The postal service in China
China
can be dated back to the Shang Dynasty
Shang Dynasty
. The Customs Post Office of the Qing Empire was established in 1878 by Robert Hart at the suggestion of the foreign powers, with branch offices in five major trading cities. On 20 March 1896, the Customs Post Office became the Great Qing Post, which in 1911 became independent of the customs service. The Great Qing Post became the Chunghwa Post in 1912
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Mainland China
MAINLAND CHINA, also known as the CHINESE MAINLAND, is the geopolitical as well as geographical area under the direct jurisdiction of the People\'s Republic of China
China
(PRC). It generally includes Hainan
Hainan
island and excludes the special administrative regions of Hong Kong
Hong Kong
and Macau
Macau
, even though both are partially on the geographic mainland (continental landmass). The term "mainland China" was coined by the Kuomintang (KMT Party) after receiving control of Taiwan
Taiwan
from Japan
Japan
after World War II
World War II
. By 1949, the KMT-led Republic of China
China
(ROC) government was defeated in the Chinese Civil War and fled to the island of Taiwan
Taiwan
where the KMT pledged to "retake the Mainland". The KMT considers both sides of the Taiwan Strait
Taiwan Strait
(including Taiwan), as one nation , whereas Taiwan's Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) considers only mainland China
China
as China, and Taiwan
Taiwan
as a separate entity and country
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Provinces Of China
Provinces -------------------------Autonomous regions ------------------------- Special administrative regions Sub-provincial level Sub-provincial cities -------------------------Sub-provincial autonomous prefectures ------------------------- Sub-provincial city districts Prefectural level (2nd) Prefectural cities -------------------------Autonomous prefectures -------------------------Leagues -------------------------Prefectures (abolishing) Sub-prefectural-level Sub-prefectural cities -------------------------Provincial-controlled cities -------------------------Provincial-controlled counties ------------------------- Provincial-controlled districts County level (3rd) Counties -------------------------Autonomous counties -------------------------County-level cities -------------------------Districts Ethnic districts -------------------------Banners Autonomous banners ------------------------- Shennongjia Forestry District -------------------------
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Direct-controlled Municipalities Of China
A MUNICIPALITY is usually a single urban administrative division having corporate status and powers of self-government or jurisdiction as granted by national and state laws to which it is subordinate. It is to be distinguished from the county , which may encompass rural territory or numerous small communities such as towns , villages and hamlets . The term _municipality_ may also mean the governing or ruling body of a given municipality. A municipality is a general-purpose administrative subdivision, as opposed to a special-purpose district . The term is derived from French _municipalité_ and Latin _municipalis_. The English word _municipality_ derives from the Latin social contract _municipium _ (derived from a word meaning "duty holders"), referring to the Latin communities that supplied Rome with troops in exchange for their own incorporation into the Roman state (granting Roman citizenship to the inhabitants) while permitting the communities to retain their own local governments (a limited autonomy). A municipality can be any political jurisdiction from a sovereign state, such as the Principality of Monaco , to a small village, such as West Hampton Dunes, New York
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Autonomous Regions Of China
Provinces -------------------------Autonomous regions ------------------------- Special administrative regions Sub-provincial level Sub-provincial cities -------------------------Sub-provincial autonomous prefectures ------------------------- Sub-provincial city districts Prefectural level (2nd) Prefectural cities -------------------------Autonomous prefectures -------------------------Leagues -------------------------Prefectures (abolishing) Sub-prefectural-level Sub-prefectural cities -------------------------Provincial-controlled cities -------------------------Provincial-controlled counties ------------------------- Provincial-controlled districts County level (3rd) Counties -------------------------Autonomous counties -------------------------County-level cities -------------------------Districts Ethnic districts -------------------------Banners Autonomous banners ------------------------- Shennongjia Forestry District -------------------------
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Prefectures Of The People's Republic Of China
Provinces -------------------------Autonomous regions ------------------------- Special
Special
administrative regions Sub-provincial level Sub-provincial cities -------------------------Sub-provincial autonomous prefectures ------------------------- Sub-provincial city districts Prefectural level (2nd) Prefectural cities ------------------------- Autonomous prefectures -------------------------Leagues -------------------------Prefectures (abolishing) Sub-prefectural-level Sub-prefectural cities -------------------------Provincial-controlled cities -------------------------Provincial-controlled counties ------------------------- Provincial-controlled districts County level (3rd) Counties -------------------------Autonomous counties -------------------------County-level cities -------------------------Districts
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Prefecture-level City
Provinces -------------------------Autonomous regions ------------------------- Special administrative regions Sub-provincial level Sub-provincial cities -------------------------Sub-provincial autonomous prefectures ------------------------- Sub-provincial city districts Prefectural level (2nd) Prefectural cities -------------------------Autonomous prefectures -------------------------Leagues -------------------------Prefectures (abolishing) Sub-prefectural-level Sub-prefectural cities -------------------------Provincial-controlled cities -------------------------Provincial-controlled counties ------------------------- Provincial-controlled districts County level (3rd) Counties -------------------------Autonomous counties ------------------------- County-level cities -------------------------Districts Ethnic districts -------------------------Banners Autonomous banners -----------------------
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Hong Kong
HONG KONG, officially the HONG KONG SPECIAL ADMINISTRATIVE REGION OF THE PEOPLE\'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA, is an autonomous territory on the Pearl River Delta of China. It has an area of 1,104 km2 and shares its northern border with the Guangdong Province of Mainland China . With around 7.2 million Hongkongers of various nationalities, Hong Kong is the world\'s fourth most densely populated country or territory . Hong Kong used to be a British colony with the perpetual cession of Hong Kong Island from the Qing Empire after the First Opium War (1839–42). The colony expanded to the Kowloon Peninsula in 1860 and acquired a 99-year lease of the New Territories from 1898. Hong Kong was later occupied by Japan during the Second World War until British control resumed in 1945. The Sino-British Joint Declaration signed between the United Kingdom and China in 1984 paved way for the transfer of sovereignty of Hong Kong in 1997, when it became a special administrative region (SAR) of the Peoples Republic of China with a high degree of autonomy. Under the principle of "one country, two systems ", Hong Kong maintains a separate political and economic system from China
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Macau
MACAU (/məˈkaʊ/ ( listen ); 澳門; 澳门; literally: "Bay Gate"), also spelled MACAO, is an autonomous region on the western side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia
East Asia
. Macau
Macau
is bordered by the city of Zhuhai
Zhuhai
in Mainland China
China
to the north and the Pearl River Delta to the east and south. Hong Kong
Hong Kong
lies about 64 kilometres (40 mi) to its east across the Delta. With a population of 650,900 living in an area of 30.5 km2 (11.8 sq mi), it is the most densely populated region in the world. A former Portuguese colony, it was returned to Chinese sovereignty on 20 December 1999. Macau
Macau
was administered by the Portuguese Empire and its inheritor states from the mid-16th century until late 1999, when it constituted the last remaining European colony in Asia. Portuguese traders first settled in Macau
Macau
in the 1550s. In 1557, Macau
Macau
was leased to Portugal from Ming China
China
as a trading port. The Portuguese Empire administered the city under Chinese authority and sovereignty until 1887, when Macau, through a mutual agreement between the two countries, became a colony. Sovereignty over Macau
Macau
was transferred back to China
China
on 20 December 1999
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Hongkong Post
HONGKONG POST (Chinese : 香港郵政) is a government department of Hong Kong
Hong Kong
responsible for postal services , though operated as a trading fund . Founded in 1841, it was known as Postal Department or Post Office (Chinese : 郵政署) before the handover of Hong Kong
Hong Kong
in 1997. It is sub-member of the Universal Postal Union
Universal Postal Union
since 1877, and is a separate entity from China Post
China Post
. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Postal history * 3 Post offices * 4 Post boxes * 4.1 Controversy * 5 Services * 5.1 Post * 5.2 Philately * 5.3 Other * 6 Incidents * 7 Achievements * 8 Postage rate * 9 Gallery * 10 See also * 11 References * 11.1 Citations * 11.2 Sources * 12 External links HISTORY General Post Office circa 1911. Merchants traded in Hong Kong
Hong Kong
on the two sides of Victoria Harbour
Victoria Harbour
as early as before the British possession in 1842. They complained about the absence of proper postal services and therefore the Postal Department was established. The department was founded on 28 August 1841, but the first post office (known as 書信館 at that time), situated near the current site of St. John\'s Cathedral , opened on 12 November 1841
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