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Portolá Expedition
The Portolá expedition
Portolá expedition
was the first recorded Spanish (or any European) land entry and exploration of the present-day state of California, in 1769–1770, that led to the founding of Alta California.Contents1 Background 2 Gaspar de Portolá
Gaspar de Portolá
i Rovira 3 Decision to send expedition 4 Expedition4.1 Baja California
California
to San Diego4.1.1 Two groups by sea 4.1.2 Two groups by land 4.1.3 Arrival in San Diego4.2 San Diego to San Francisco, flummoxed at Monterey (1769)4.2.1 Earthquakes around future Los Angeles 4.2.2 Monterey Bay
Monterey Bay
hidden in plain sight 4.2.3 Rounding San Francisco Bay 4.2.4 Return trip4.3 Take 2: San Diego to Monterey (1770)5 Interactions with Native Americans 6 Legacy 7 See also 8 Notes and references 9 Further reading 10 External linksBackground[edit]This section needs additional citations for verification
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California
Native languages as of 2007English 57.4%[2] Spanish 28.5%[3] Chinese 2.8%[3] Filipino 2.2%[3]Demonym CalifornianCapital SacramentoLargest city Los AngelesLargest metro Greater Los Angeles
Los Angeles
AreaArea Ranked 3rd • Total 163,696 sq mi (423,970 km2) • Width 250 miles (400 km) • Length 770 miles (1,240 km) • % water 4.7 • Latitude 32°32′ N to 42° N • Longitude 114°8′ W to 124
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Flagship
A flagship is a vessel used by the commanding officer of a group of naval ships, characteristically a flag officer entitled by custom to fly a distinguishing flag. Used more loosely, it is the lead ship in a fleet of vessels, typically the first, largest, fastest, most heavily armed, or best known. Over the years, the term "flagship" has become a metaphor used in industries such as broadcasting, automobiles, airlines, and retailing to refer to their highest profile or most expensive products and locations.Contents1 Naval use 2 Flagship
Flagship
as metaphor2.1 Colleges and universities in the United States 2.2 Retailing 2.3 Broadcasting 2.4 Automobiles 2.5 Conservation3 ReferencesNaval use[edit] In common naval use, the term flagship is fundamentally a temporary designation; the flagship is wherever the admiral's flag is being flown
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Alaska
Coordinates: 64°N 150°W / 64°N 150°W / 64; -150[1]State of AlaskaFlag SealNickname(s): The Last FrontierMotto(s): North to the FutureState song(s): "Alaska's Flag"Official language English, Inupiat, Central Siberian Yupik, Central Alaskan Yup'ik, Alutiiq, Aleut, Dena'ina, Deg Xinag, Holikachuk, Koyukon, Upper Kuskokwim, Gwich'in, Lower Tanana, Upper Tanana, Tanacross, Hän, Ahtna, Eyak, Tlingit, Haida, Coast TsimshianSpoken languages English 86.3% Alaska Native languages 5.2% Tagalog 3.4% Spanish 2.9% Others 2.2%Demonym AlaskanCapital JuneauLargest city AnchorageArea Ranked 1st • Total 663,268 sq mi (1,717,856 km2) • Width 2,261 miles (3,639 km
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Galleon
Galleons were large, multi-decked sailing ships used as armed cargo carriers primarily by European states from the 16th to 18th centuries during the age of sail and were the principal fleet units drafted for use as warships until the Anglo-Dutch Wars
Anglo-Dutch Wars
of the mid-1600s
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San Blas, Nayarit
San Blas is both a municipality and municipal seat located on the Pacific coast
Pacific coast
of Mexico
Mexico
in Nayarit.Contents1 City 2 Municipality 3 History3.1 Yaqui
Yaqui
deportations4 Climate 5 Recreation and tourism 6 Economy 7 References 8 External linksCity[edit] San Blas is a port and a popular tourist destination, located about 160 kilometres (99 mi) north of Puerto Vallarta, and 64 kilometres (40 mi) west of the state capital Tepic. The town has a population of 8,707.[1] Municipality[edit] The municipality had a population of 37,478 in 2005.[1] The Islas Marías, site of an infamous prison colony, are part of the municipality. History[edit]This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed
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Juan José Pérez Hernández
Juan José Pérez Hernández (born Joan Perés[1] ca. 1725 – November 3, 1775), often simply Juan Pérez, was an 18th-century Spanish explorer. He was the first European to sight, examine, name, and record the islands near present-day British Columbia, Canada. Born in Palma de Mallorca, Spain, he first served as a piloto in western Spanish colonial North America on Manila galleons en route to and from the Philippines
Philippines
in the Spanish East Indies. In 1768, he was assigned to the Pacific port of San Blas, in the Viceroyalty of New Spain (present day Mexico), and acquired the rank of ensign (alférez).Contents1 1774 expedition 2 1775 expedition 3 Legacy 4 See also 5 Notes 6 External links1774 expedition[edit] Confident of their territorial claims, the Spanish Empire did not explore or settle the northwest coast of North America in the 250 years after being claimed for the crown by Vasco Núñez de Balboa
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Palma, Majorca
Palma[2] (/ˈpɑːlmə/ or /ˈpɑːmə/, Catalan: [ˈpalmə], Spanish: [ˈpalma]), often called Palma de Mallorca, is the capital and largest city of the autonomous community of the Balearic Islands in Spain.[3] It is situated on the south coast of Majorca
Majorca
on the Bay of Palma. The Cabrera Archipelago, though widely separated from Palma proper, is administratively considered part of the municipality
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Gulf Of California
The Gulf of California
Gulf of California
(also known as the Sea of Cortez, Sea of Cortés or Vermilion Sea; locally known in the Spanish language
Spanish language
as Mar de Cortés or Mar Bermejo or Golfo de California) is a marginal sea of the Pacific Ocean
Pacific Ocean
that separates the Baja California Peninsula
Baja California Peninsula
from the Mexican mainland. It is bordered by the states of Baja California, Baja California
Baja California
Sur, Sonora, and Sinaloa
Sinaloa
with a coastline of approximately 4,000 km (2,500 mi). Rivers which flow into the Gulf of California
Gulf of California
include the Colorado, Fuerte, Mayo, Sinaloa, Sonora, and the Yaqui
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La Paz, Baja California Sur
La Paz
La Paz
(pronounced [la ˈpas] ( listen), Peace) is the capital city of the Mexican state of Baja California Sur
Baja California Sur
and an important regional commercial center. The city had a 2015 census population of 244,219 inhabitants,[1] making it the most populous city in the state. Its metropolitan population is somewhat larger because of the surrounding towns, such as El Centenario, Chametla and San Pedro. It is in La Paz
La Paz
Municipality, which is the fourth-largest municipality in Mexico
Mexico
in geographical size and reported a population of 290,286 inhabitants on a land area of 20,275 km2 (7,828 sq mi).[2] The population of La Paz
La Paz
has grown greatly since the 2000's. The growth is largely because the city has one of the highest standards of living and quality of life in Mexico
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Free Company Of Volunteers Of Catalonia
Guadalajara
Guadalajara
(1772–1800) El Perote (1800–1815)CommandersNotable commandersPere d'Alberní Pere FagesThe Free Company of Volunteers of Catalonia
Catalonia
(Spanish:
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Dragoon
Dragoons originally were a class of mounted infantry, who used horses for mobility but dismounted to fight on foot
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Cabo San Lucas
Cabo San Lucas
Cabo San Lucas
(Spanish pronunciation: [ˈkaβo san ˈlukas], Cape Saint Luke), commonly called Cabo in English, is a resort city at the southern tip of the Baja California Peninsula, in the Mexican state of Baja California Sur. As of 2015, the population of the city was 81,111 inhabitants.[3] Cabo San Lucas
Cabo San Lucas
together with San José del Cabo is known as Los Cabos. Together they form a metropolitan area of 305,983 inhabitants.[3] Cabo has been rated as one of Mexico's top 5 tourist destinations;[4] it is known for its beaches, scuba diving locations, balnearios, the sea arch El Arco de Cabo San Lucas, and marine life
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Saint Joseph
19 March – Saint Joseph, Husband of Mary (Western Christianity), 1 May – St Joseph the Worker (Roman Catholic Church), The Sunday after the Nativity of the Lord (Eastern Christianity)Attributes Carpenter's square or tools, the infant Jesus, staff with lily blossoms, two turtle doves, rod of spikenard.Patronage Catholic Church, unborn children, fathers, immigrants, workers, employment, explorer, pilgrims, traveller, carpenters, realtors, against doubt and hesitation, and of a happy death, Canada, Croatia, Korea, Indonesia, Zapotlan, Vietnam, Tagbilaran City, Bohol, Mandaue City, Cebu, Philippines, and many others.Part of a series onJosephology of the Catholic Church Saint Joseph
Saint Joseph
(c. 1640) by Guido Reni.General articlesSaint Joseph Holy FamilymarriageSaint Joseph's dreams Saint Joseph's DayPrayers and devotionsPrayer Novena Chaplet Scapular CordOrganisationsSisters of St. Joseph Josephite Fathers Oblates of St
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Misión La Purísima Concepción De Cadegomó
Mission La Purísima, was founded west of Loreto in Baja California Sur, by the Jesuit
Jesuit
missionary Nicolás Tamaral in 1720 and financed by the Marqués de Villapuente de la Peña and his wife the Marquesa de las Torres de Rada. By 1735 it had been moved to a new location at the Cochimí ranchería known as Cadegomó, meaning "arroyo of the carrizos", about 30 kilometers south of the original site. The mission was abandoned in 1822. In the early twentieth century, the church was still in use, but by the start of the following century only a few traces of structures remained. References[edit]Vernon, Edward W. 2002. Las Misiones Antiguas: The Spanish Missions of Baja California
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Arriero
A muleteer, or more informally a muleskinner[1] (Spanish: arriero; Catalan: traginer) is a person who transports goods using pack animals, especially mules. In South America, muleskinners transport coffee, maize (corn), cork, wheat and myriad other items. They remain common in the Paisa Region
Paisa Region
(Antioquia and the Colombian Coffee-Growers Axis) of Colombia. In California, muleteers work out of pack stations. In Europe, there are still muleteers in the south of Portugal
Portugal
and the southwest of Spain, in the cork producing area
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