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Portofino
PORTOFINO (Italian pronunciation: ; Ligurian : Portofin) is an Italian fishing village and holiday resort famous for its picturesque harbour and historical association with celebrity and artistic visitors. It is a comune located in the Metropolitan City of Genoa on the Italian Riviera . The town is clustered around its small harbour, and is known for the colourfully painted buildings that line the shore. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Amisani promenade * 3 Main sights * 4 In popular culture * 5 Notable residents * 6 Twin towns * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links HISTORY Pliny the Elder
Pliny the Elder
(AD 23 – AD 79) referred to PORTUS DELPHINI (Port of the Dolphin) as on the Ligurian coast between Genoa
Genoa
and the Gulf of Tigullio (it)
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Republic Of Florence
A REPUBLIC (Latin : res publica ) is a form of government in which the country is considered a "public matter" – not the private concern or property of the rulers – and where offices of state are elected or appointed, rather than inherited. It is a form of government under which the head of state is not a monarch . In American English, the definition of a republic can also refer specifically to a government in which elected individuals represent the citizen body, known elsewhere as a representative democracy (a democratic republic ), and exercise power according to the rule of law (a constitutional republic). As of 2017 , 159 of the world's 206 sovereign states use the word "republic" as part of their official names; not all of these are republics in the sense of having elected governments, nor do all nations with elected governments use the word "republic" in their names
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Charles VI Of France
CHARLES VI (3 December 1368 – 21 October 1422), called THE BELOVED (French : le Bien-Aimé) and THE MAD (French : le Fol or le Fou), was King of France
France
from 1380 to his death. He was a member of the House of Valois . Charles VI was only 11 when he inherited the throne in the midst of the Hundred Years\' War . The government was entrusted to his four uncles: Philip the Bold
Philip the Bold
, Duke of Burgundy; John, Duke of Berry
John, Duke of Berry
; Louis I, Duke of Anjou
Louis I, Duke of Anjou
; and Louis II, Duke of Bourbon . Although the royal age of majority was fixed at 14, the dukes maintained their grip on Charles until he took power at the age of 21
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Fieschi Family
The FIESCHI were a noble merchant family from Genoa , Italy , from whom descend the Fieschi Ravaschieri Princes of Belmonte . The Fieschi family exercised great influence in the Guelf (papal party) politics in medieval Italy. They had close ties with the Angevin kings of Sicily . Later they also established links with French kings. The Fieschi family produced two popes and 72 cardinals. They held the fief of Lavagna under the Holy Roman Emperors . As Counts of Lavagna the Fieschi represented the Emperor of the West in Liguria from the earliest years of the 11th century. In 1010 the investiture of the Fieschi took place at Genoa : the family were created Counts of Lavagna and Imperial Vicars General (i.e. Viceroys) of the whole of Tuscany and of the coast of Genoa
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Merchant Navy
A MERCHANT NAVY or MERCHANT MARINE is the fleet of merchant vessels that are registered in a specific country . On merchant vessels, Seafarers of various ranks and sometimes members of maritime trade unions are required by the International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers (STCW) to carry Merchant Mariner\'s Documents . King George V bestowed the title of the "Merchant Navy" on the British merchant shipping fleets following their service in the First World War ; since then a number of other nations have also adopted use of that title or the similar "Merchant Marine." The following is a partial list of the merchant navies or merchant marines of various countries. In many countries the fleet's proper name is simply the capitalized version of the common noun ("Merchant Navy")
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Harbor
A HARBOR or HARBOUR (see spelling differences ), or HAVEN, is a body of water where ships, boats and barges seek shelter from stormy weather, or are stored for future use. The term "harbor", referring primarily to a sheltered body of water, is often used interchangeably with "port ", which is a man-made facility built for loading and unloading vessels and dropping off and picking up passengers. Ports usually include one or more harbors. Alexandria Port
Port
is an example of a port with two harbors. Harbors can be natural or artificial. An artificial harbor can have deliberately constructed breakwaters , sea walls , or jettys , or they can be constructed by dredging , which requires maintenance by further periodic dredging
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Genoese Dialect
GENOESE (Zeneize) is a dialect of the Ligurian language spoken in Genoa
Genoa
(the principal city of the Liguria
Liguria
region in Northern Italy
Italy
). Ligurian is listed by Ethnologue as a language in its own right, of the Romance branch, and not to be confused with the ancient Ligurian language . Like the languages of Lombardy
Lombardy
, Piedmont
Piedmont
, and surrounding regions, it is Gallo-Italic . The language is far from dying out. While most remaining speakers of it are elderly, many young people still speak the language. Further, there are several associations dedicated to keeping the language alive, like "O Castello" in Chiavari
Chiavari
and "A Compagna" in Genoa
Genoa

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Pliny The Elder
PLINY THE ELDER (born GAIUS PLINIUS SECUNDUS, AD 23 – 79) was a Roman author , naturalist and natural philosopher , a naval and army commander of the early Roman Empire
Roman Empire
, and friend of the emperor Vespasian
Vespasian
. Spending most of his spare time studying, writing, and investigating natural and geographic phenomena in the field, Pliny wrote the encyclopedic Naturalis Historia (Natural History), which became an editorial model for encyclopedias . His nephew, Pliny the Younger , wrote of him in a letter to the historian Tacitus : For my part I deem those blessed to whom, by favour of the gods, it has been granted either to do what is worth writing of, or to write what is worth reading; above measure blessed those on whom both gifts have been conferred. In the latter number will be my uncle, by virtue of his own and of your compositions
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Republic Of Genoa
The REPUBLIC OF GENOA (Ligurian : Repúbrica de Zêna /re\'pybrika \'de \'ze:na/ , Latin
Latin
: Res Publica Ianuensis, Italian : Repubblica di Genova) was an independent state from 1005 to 1797 in Liguria
Liguria
on the northwestern Italian coast, incorporating Corsica
Corsica
from 1347 to 1768, and numerous other territories throughout the Mediterranean. It began when Genoa
Genoa
became a self-governing commune within the Regnum Italicum , and ended when it was conquered by the French First Republic
Republic
under Napoleon
Napoleon
and replaced with the Ligurian Republic . Corsica
Corsica
was ceded to France
France
in the Treaty of Versailles of 1768
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Spinola Family
The HOUSE OF SPINOLA, or SPINOLA FAMILY, was a leading Italian political family centered in Genoa . Their influence was at its greatest extent in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. Guido Spinola was one of the first important members of the family. He served as Consul of Genoa in 1102. The Spinola were generally Ghibellines and in league with the Doria Family . The next Spinola to come to prominence after Guido was Oberto . In 1266 Oberto lead the Genoese fleets in a victory against the Venetians . In 1271 he joined forces with Oberto Doria to drive the foreign Podestà of Genoa from power and reform the government. They managed to have the Podestà removed and replaced by two captains of the people, elected for 22 years, with Oberto Spinola and Oberto Doria being the first two elected to this office. How long Oberto Spinola remained as Captain of the people is not clear. However, Tommaso Spinola was a leading admiral in the Genoese war with Pisa
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Adorno Family
The ADORNO family was a patrician family in Genoa , Italy , of the Ghibelline party, several of whom were Doges of the republic. The first of these, Gabriele Adorno , is also the tenor role in Giuseppe Verdi 's opera Simon Boccanegra . CONTENTS* 1 Principal members * 1.1 Doges * 2 Castles and palaces of the Adornos * 3 See also PRINCIPAL MEMBERSDOGES * Gabriele Adorno (1320–1398) * Antoniotto Adorno (1340–1398) * Giorgio Adorno (1350 – 1430) * Raffaele Adorno (1375 – 1458) * Barnaba Adorno (1385 – 1459) * Prospero Adorno (1428 – 1486) * Agostino Adorno (1488-1499) * Antoniotto II Adorno (c
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Fishing
FISHING is the activity of trying to catch fish . Fish
Fish
are normally caught in the wild . Techniques for catching fish include hand gathering , spearing , netting , angling and trapping . Fishing
Fishing
may include catching aquatic animals other than fish, such as molluscs , cephalopods , crustaceans , and echinoderms . The term is not normally applied to catching farmed fish , or to aquatic mammals , such as whales where the term whaling is more appropriate. According to United Nations
United Nations
FAO
FAO
statistics, the total number of commercial fishermen and fish farmers is estimated to be 38 million. Fisheries
Fisheries
and aquaculture provide direct and indirect employment to over 500 million people in developing countries
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En Plein Air
EN PLEIN AIR (French pronunciation: ​ , French for outdoors, or PLEIN AIR PAINTING) is the act of painting outdoors. This method contrasts with studio painting or academic rules that might create a predetermined look. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Equipment and challenges * 3 Advocates * 4 Notable "plein air" artists * 5 Images * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links HISTORY Claude Monet
Claude Monet
Painting
Painting
by the Edge of a Wood (1885) by John Singer Sargent . Oil on canvas. 54.0 × 64.8 cm. Tate Gallery
Tate Gallery
, London. Artists have long painted outdoors, but in the mid-19th century, working in natural light became particularly important to the Barbizon school , Hudson River School
Hudson River School
, and Impressionists . The Newlyn School in England is considered another major proponent of the technique in the latter 19th century
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Scuba Diving
SCUBA DIVING is a form of underwater diving where the diver uses a self-contained underwater breathing apparatus (scuba) which is completely independent of surface supply, to breathe underwater . Scuba divers carry their own source of breathing gas , usually compressed air , allowing them greater independence and freedom of movement than surface-supplied divers , and longer underwater endurance than breath-hold divers. Open circuit scuba systems discharge the breathing gas into the environment as it is exhaled, and consist of one or more diving cylinders containing breathing gas at high pressure which is supplied to the diver through a regulator . They may include additional cylinders for decompression gas or emergency breathing gas. Closed-circuit or semi-closed circuit rebreather scuba systems allow recycling of exhaled gases
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Tourism
TOURISM is travel for pleasure or business; also the theory and practice of touring, the business of attracting, accommodating, and entertaining tourists, and the business of operating tours. Tourism may be international, or within the traveller's country. The World Tourism
Tourism
Organization defines tourism more generally, in terms which go "beyond the common perception of tourism as being limited to holiday activity only", as people "traveling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes". Tourism
Tourism
can be domestic or international, and international tourism has both incoming and outgoing implications on a country's balance of payments . Today, tourism is a major source of income for many countries, and affects the economy of both the source and host countries, in some cases being of vital importance
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Northern Europe
NORTHERN EUROPE refers geographically to the northern part of Europe , or in a narrower sense, to the cultural grouping of the Nordic countries , Baltic countries , and sometimes also the British Isles
British Isles
, especially Scotland
Scotland
. Greenland
Greenland
, which is geographically part of North America
North America
, forms one of the Nordic countries
Nordic countries
(and is politically part of the Kingdom of Denmark ) and therefore may be included in Northern Europe
Europe
by some definitions
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