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Pope
The POPE ( Latin
Latin
: papa from Greek : πάππας pappas, a child's word for "father"), also known as the PONTIFF, is the Bishop
Bishop
of Rome , and therefore ex officio the leader of the worldwide Catholic Church . The primacy of the Roman bishop is largely derived from his role as the apostolic successor to Saint Peter , to whom Jesus
Jesus
is supposed to have given the keys of Heaven
Heaven
and the powers of "binding and loosing", naming him as the "rock" upon which the church would be built. The Pope
Pope
is also head of state of Vatican City
Vatican City
, a sovereign city-state entirely enclaved within Rome. The current pope is Francis , who was elected on 13 March 2013, succeeding Benedict XVI . The office of the pope is the PAPACY
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Catholic Tradition
SACRED TRADITION or HOLY TRADITION is a theological term used in some Christian traditions , primarily those claiming apostolic succession such as the Catholic , Eastern Orthodox , Oriental Orthodox , Assyrian , and Anglican traditions, to refer to the foundation of the doctrinal and spiritual authority of the Christian Church
Christian Church
and of the scriptures . The word "tradition" is taken from the Latin
Latin
trado, tradere meaning "to hand over, to deliver, to bequeath". The teachings of Jesus Christ and the holy Apostles are preserved in writing in the Scriptures
Scriptures
as well as word of mouth and are handed on. This perpetual handing-on of the Tradition is called a living Tradition; it is the faithful and constant transmission of the teachings of the Apostles from one generation to the next
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Chancellor (ecclesiastical)
CHANCELLOR is an ecclesiastical title used by several quite distinct officials of some Christian churches . * In some churches, the CHANCELLOR of a diocese is a lawyer who represents the church in legal matters. In the Church of England
Church of England
, the office technically combines that of Official Principal (who presides over, and represents the bishop in, the consistory court ) with that of Vicar General
Vicar General
(who acts as the bishop’s deputy in non-judicial legal and administrative affairs)
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Coarb
A COARB, from the Old Irish comarbae (Modern Irish COMHARBA), meaning "heir" or "successor", was a distinctive office of the later medieval church among the Gaels of Ireland and Scotland. In this period coarb appears interchangeable with "erenach ", denoting the episcopally nominated lay guardian of a parish church and headman of the family in hereditary occupation of church lands. The coarb, however, often had charge of a church which had held comparatively high rank in pre‐Norman Ireland, or one still possessed of relatively extensive termon lands. Also as per this article "..
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Brother (Catholic)
A religious BROTHER is a member of a Christian religious institute or religious order who commits himself to following Christ in consecrated life of the Church, usually by the vows of poverty, chastity and obedience. He is a layman , in the sense of not being ordained as a deacon or priest, and usually lives in a religious community and works in a ministry appropriate to his capabilities. A brother might practice any secular occupation. The term "brother" is used as he is expected to be as a brother to others. Brothers are members of a variety of religious communities, which may be contemplative, monastic, or apostolic in character. Some religious institutes are composed only of brothers; others are so-called "mixed" communities that are made up of brothers and clerics (priests or ministers, and seminarians). It is also common in many Christian groups to refer to other members as "brother" or "sister"
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Suffragan Bishop
A SUFFRAGAN BISHOP is a bishop subordinate to a metropolitan bishop or diocesan bishop . They may be assigned to an area which does not have a cathedral of its own. CONTENTS* 1 Anglican
Anglican
Communion * 1.1 England * 1.1.1 History * 1.1.2 Today * 1.1.2.1 Area bishops * 1.1.2.2 Suffragan bishops * 1.2 Wales
Wales
* 1.3 Ireland * 1.4 United States * 1.5 Acting bishops * 2 Roman Catholic Church
Roman Catholic Church
* 3 See also * 4 References ANGLICAN COMMUNIONIn the Anglican
Anglican
churches, the term applies to a bishop who is an assistant to a diocesan bishop . For example, the Bishop
Bishop
of Jarrow is a suffragan to the diocesan Bishop
Bishop
of Durham . Suffragan bishops in the Anglican
Anglican
Communion are nearly identical in their role to auxiliary bishops in the Roman Catholic Church
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Moderator Of The Curia
A MODERATOR OF THE CURIA , under the authority of the bishop of a diocese in the Catholic Church
Catholic Church
, coordinates the exercise of the administrative duties and oversees those who hold offices and minister in diocesan administration. He must be a priest. The office has been variously described as equivalent to a chief operating officer (COO). Although the office was first included in the 1983 Code of Canon Law , the concept is much older. The bishop is not required to appoint a moderator of the curia and may exercise the office himself or delegate its functions to others. Usually, the vicar general , or one of them, is appointed to this office. The moderator of the curia is bound with the bishop to the general principle "that diocesan structures should always be at the service of the good of souls and that administrative demands should not take precedence over the care of persons
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Definitor
A DEFINITOR is, in Latin, he who defines. In the Catholic Church
Catholic Church
, however, this is a title with different specific uses. There are secular definitors, who have a limited amount of oversight over a part of a diocese . There are also definitors in religious orders who generally provide counsel and assistance to the superiors general and provincial superiors of their order. SECULAR DEFINITORSIn a deanery or vicarate forane, which is a grouping of several neighboring parishes within a diocese , a definitor is either the second (and unique) highest office, immediately below the dean or vicar forane and his deputy, or is the priest in charge of any of a number of even smaller districts within the deanery, called definitio. They oversee the ecclesiastical property and generally assist the dean, under the ordinary authority of the bishop . Alternative titles for this position are chamberlain or treasurer
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Chaplain
A CHAPLAIN is a cleric (such as a minister , priest , pastor , rabbi , or imam ), or a lay representative of a religious tradition, attached to a secular institution such as a hospital , prison , military unit, school, business, police department, fire department, university , or private chapel . Though originally the word "chaplain" referred to representatives of the Christian
Christian
faith, it is now also applied to people of other religions or philosophical traditions–such as the case of chaplains serving with military forces and an increasing number of chaplaincies at American universities. In recent times, many lay people have received professional training in chaplaincy and are now appointed as chaplains in schools, hospitals, companies, universities, prisons and elsewhere to work alongside, or instead of, official members of the clergy
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Consecrator
CONSECRATOR is a term used in the Roman Catholic Church
Catholic Church
to designate a bishop who ordains a priest to the episcopal state. The term is also used in Eastern Rite Churches and in Anglican
Anglican
communities. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Validity * 3 Co-Consecrators * 4 See also * 5 References HISTORYThe church has always sought to assemble as many bishops as possible for the election and consecration of new bishops. Although due to difficulties in travel, timing, and frequency of consecrations, this was reduced to the requirement that all comprovincial (of the same province) bishops participate
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Territorial Abbey
A TERRITORIAL ABBEY (or TERRITORIAL ABBACY) is a particular church of the Catholic Church
Catholic Church
comprising defined territory which is not part of a diocese but surrounds an abbey or monastery whose abbot or superior functions as ordinary for all Catholics and parishes in the territory. Such an abbot is called a TERRITORIAL ABBOT or ABBOT NULLIUS DIœCESEOS (abbreviated ABBOT NULLIUS and Latin for "abbot of no diocese"). A territorial abbot thus differs from an ordinary abbot, who exercises authority only within the monastery's walls or to monks or canons who have taken their vows there. A territorial abbot is equivalent to a bishop in Catholic canon law . While most belong to the Latin rite
Latin rite
, and usually to the Benedictine or Cistercian Orders, there are Eastern Catholic territorial abbeys - most notably the Italo-Greek Abbey
Abbey
of Grottaferrata
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Military Ordinariate
A MILITARY ORDINARIATE is an ecclesiastical jurisdiction of the Roman Catholic Church
Catholic Church
, of the Latin or an Eastern Church, responsible for the pastoral care of Catholics serving in the armed forces of a nation. Until 1986, they were called "military vicariates" and had a status similar to that of apostolic vicariates , which are headed by a bishop who receives his authority by delegation from the Pope
Pope
. The apostolic constitution Spirituali militum curae of 21 April 1986 raised their status, declaring that the bishop who heads one of them is an "ordinary", holding authority by virtue of his office, and not by delegation from another person in authority. It likened the military vicariates to dioceses . Each of them is headed by a bishop , who may have the personal rank of archbishop
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Auditor (ecclesiastical)
In ecclesiastical terminology, an AUDITOR (from a Latin word meaning "hearer") is a person given authority to hear cases in an ecclesiastical court
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Papal Majordomo
The PAPAL MAJORDOMO or chief steward of the household of the pope is one of the three (formerly four) palatine prelates (prelati palatini), concerning whom particulars have been given in the article maestro di camera . He belongs also to the four "prelati di fiocchetto ", so called because they have the right to ornament the harness of their horses with violet and peacock-coloured feathers. The four prelates di fiocchetto are the Governor of Rome in his quality of Vice-Chamberlain, the Auditor and the Treasurer of the Apostolic chamber, and the Majordomo. In the "Introitus et Exitus Cameræ Apostolicæ" of the Vatican Archives, which begins with the year 1295, the officials of the Apostolic Household were given in regular order according to their stipends. Although even at this date there undoubtedly existed a supreme steward of the papal palace, the name and duties attached to the office of a majordomo were not strictly defined until later
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Consultor
Corpus Juris Canonici * Decretist * Regulæ Juris * Decretals of Gregory IX * Decretalist * Decretum Gratiani
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Diocesan Bishop
A DIOCESAN BISHOP, within various religious denominations, is a bishop (or archbishop ) in pastoral charge of a(n arch)diocese (his (arch)bishopric), as opposed to a titular bishop or archbishop, whose see is only nominal, not pastoral. In relation to other bishops, a diocesan bishop may be a suffragan , a metropolitan (if he is an archbishop) or a primate , and may also hold various positions such as cardinal or patriarch . Titular (arch)bishops, on the other hand, may be assistant bishops , coadjutor bishops , auxiliary bishops , nuncios or similar papal diplomats, officials of the Roman Curia , etc., and likewise may also hold other positions such as cardinal
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