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Pope
The POPE ( Latin : _papa_ from Greek : πάππας _pappas_, a child's word for "father"), also known as the PONTIFF, is the Bishop of Rome , and therefore ex officio the leader of the worldwide Catholic Church . The primacy of the Roman bishop is largely derived from his role as the apostolic successor to Saint Peter , to whom Jesus is supposed to have given the keys of Heaven and the powers of "binding and loosing", naming him as the "rock" upon which the church would be built. The Pope is also head of state of Vatican City , a sovereign city-state entirely enclaved within Rome. The current pope is Francis , who was elected on 13 March 2013, succeeding Benedict XVI . The office of the pope is the PAPACY. His ecclesiastical jurisdiction , the Diocese of Rome , is often called "the Holy See " or "the Apostolic See ", the latter name being based on the belief that the Bishop of Rome is the apostolic successor to Saint Peter. The pope is considered one of the world's most powerful people because of his diplomatic and cultural influence. The papacy is one of the most enduring institutions in the world and has had a prominent part in world history . The popes in ancient times helped in the spread of Christianity and the resolution of various doctrinal disputes
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Pope (other)
POPE is a religious title traditionally accorded to the head of the Catholic Church , as well as to some other religious figures. Pope
Pope
can also be used as a surname or a place name. Contrary to popular belief, Pope
Pope
does not always denote Catholic
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Pope Francis
POPE FRANCIS ( Latin : _Franciscus_; Italian : _Francesco_; Spanish : _Francisco_; born JORGE MARIO BERGOGLIO, 17 December 1936) is the 266th and current Pope of the Roman Catholic Church , a title he holds _ex officio _ as Bishop of Rome , and sovereign of Vatican City . He chose Francis as his papal name in honor of Saint Francis of Assisi . Francis is the first Jesuit pope, the first from the Americas, the first from the Southern Hemisphere and the first Pope from outside Europe since the Syrian Gregory III , who reigned in the 8th century. Born in Buenos Aires , Argentina, Bergoglio worked briefly as a chemical technologist and nightclub bouncer before beginning seminary studies. He was ordained a Catholic priest in 1969, and from 1973 to 1979 was Argentina's provincial superior of the Society of Jesus . He became the Archbishop of Buenos Aires in 1998 and was created a cardinal in 2001 by Pope John Paul II . He led the Argentine Church during the December 2001 riots in Argentina , and the administrations of Néstor Kirchner and Cristina Fernández de Kirchner considered him a political rival
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List Of Popes
This chronological LIST OF POPES corresponds to that given in the Annuario Pontificio
Annuario Pontificio
under the heading "I Sommi Pontefici Romani" (The Supreme Pontiffs of Rome), excluding those that are explicitly indicated as antipopes . Published every year by the Roman Curia , the Annuario Pontificio
Annuario Pontificio
attaches no consecutive numbers to the popes, stating that it is impossible to decide which side represented at various times the legitimate succession, in particular regarding Pope Leo VIII , Pope
Pope
Benedict V and some mid-11th-century popes. The 2001 edition of the Annuario Pontificio
Annuario Pontificio
introduced "almost 200 corrections to its existing biographies of the popes, from St Peter to John Paul II". The corrections concerned dates, especially in the first two centuries, birthplaces and the family name of one pope. The term pope ( Latin
Latin
: papa "father") is used in several Churches to denote their high spiritual leaders (for example Coptic Pope
Pope
). This title in English usage usually refers to the head of the Catholic Church. The Catholic pope uses various titles by tradition, including Summus Pontifex , Pontifex Maximus , and Servus servorum Dei
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Diocese Of Rome
The DIOCESE OF ROME (Latin : _Dioecesis Urbis seu Romana_, Italian : _Diocesi di Roma_) is a diocese of the Catholic Church in Rome . The Bishop of Rome is the Pope , the Supreme Pontiff and leader of the Catholic Church. As the Holy See , the papacy is a sovereign entity with diplomatic relations, and civil jurisdiction over the Vatican City State within Rome. The Diocese of Rome is the metropolitan diocese of the PROVINCE OF ROME, an ecclesiastical province in the Episcopal Conference of Italy . The Catholic Church teaches that the first Bishop of Rome was Saint Peter in the first century; the incumbent since 13 March 2013 is Pope Francis . Historically, many Rome-born people, as well as those born on the Italian Peninsula (but not in Rome) have served as Bishops of Rome. Since 1900, however, there has been only one Rome-born Bishop of Rome, Pius XII (1939–1958). In addition, non-Italians have served as Bishops of Rome since John Paul II was elected Pope in 1978
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Style (manner Of Address)
A STYLE OF OFFICE or HONORIFIC is an official or legally recognized title . A style, by tradition or law , precedes a reference to a person who holds a post or political office , and is sometimes used to refer to the office itself. An honorific can also be awarded to an individual in a personal capacity. Such styles are particularly associated with monarchies , where they may be used by a wife of an office holder or of a prince of the blood, for the duration of their marriage . They are also almost universally used for presidents in republics and in many countries for members of legislative bodies , higher-ranking judges and senior constitutional office holders. Leading religious figures also have styles
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His Holiness
HIS HOLINESS is a style and form of address (in the variant form YOUR HOLINESS) for some supreme religious leaders, originally and most notably the Pope . CHRISTIANITY_His Holiness_ (Latin : _Sanctitas_) is the official style used to address the Roman Catholic Pope . In the Eastern Orthodox Church , the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople has the title of _His All-Holiness_ (abbreviation HAH). In February 2013, the Holy See announced that former Pope Benedict XVI would retain the style "His Holiness" after resigning and becoming Pope Emeritus . The term is sometimes abbreviated to "HH" or "H.H." when confusion with "His/Her Highness" is unlikely. The associated form of address is "Your Holiness". It is also used for certain other Eastern Patriarchs, notably those who head a church or rite which recognizes neither Rome's nor Constantinople's primacy, such as any Catholicos of the East . OTHER RELIGIONSThe English language honorific "His Holiness", and as female version "Her Holiness", has commonly been used for religious leaders from other traditions, including Buddhism (notably for the Dalai Lama ), Shinto in Ahmadiyya Islam for the Caliph and in Dawoodi Bohra sect of Ismaili Shia for esteemed office of Da\'i Al-Mutlaq , Syedna
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Archbasilica Of St. John Lateran
The PAPAL ARCHBASILICA OF ST. JOHN IN LATERAN (Italian : Arcibasilica Papale di San Giovanni in Laterano), commonly known as ST. JOHN LATERAN ARCHBASILICA, ST. JOHN LATERAN BASILICA, ST. JOHN LATERAN, or simply THE LATERAN BASILICA, is the cathedral church of Rome
Rome
, Italy and therefore houses the cathedra , or ecclesiastical seat, of the Roman Pontiff (Pope). It is the oldest of and has precedence among the four papal major basilicas , all of which are in Rome, because it is the oldest church in the West and houses the cathedra of the Roman Pontiff. It has the title of ecumenical mother church of the Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
faithful. The current archpriest is Angelo De Donatis , Cardinal Vicar General for the Diocese
Diocese
of Rome. The President of the French Republic , currently Emmanuel Macron , is ex officio the "first and only honorary canon " of the archbasilica, a title that the heads of state of France have possessed since King Henry IV . The large Latin inscription on the façade reads: Clemens XII Pont Max Anno V Christo Salvatori In Hon SS Ioan Bapt et Evang; which is a highly abbreviated inscription which translates to: " Pope
Pope
Clement XII , in the fifth year , dedicated this building to Christ the Savior, in honor of Saints John the Baptist and John the Evangelist"
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Saint Peter
SAINT PETER (Syriac/ Aramaic : ܫܸܡܥܘܿܢ ܟܹ݁ܐܦ݂ܵܐ, _Shemayon Keppa_, Hebrew : שמעון בר יונה‎‎ _Shim'on bar Yona_, Greek : Πέτρος _Petros_, Latin : _Petrus_; r. AD 30; d. between AD 64 and 68 ), also known as SIMON PETER, SIMEON, or SIMōN pronunciation (help ·info ), according to the New Testament , was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ , leaders of the early Christian Great Church . Hippolytus of Rome , a 3rd-century theologian , gave him the title of " Apostle of the Apostles ". According to Catholic teaching , Peter was ordained by Jesus in the "Rock of My Church " dialogue in Matthew 16:18. He is traditionally counted as the first Bishop of Rome ‍—‌or pope ‍—‌and also by Eastern Christian tradition as the first Patriarch of Antioch . The ancient Christian churches all venerate Peter as a major saint and as the founder of the Church of Antioch and the Roman Church , but differ in their attitudes regarding the authority of his present-day successors. The New Testament indicates that Peter's father's name was John (or _Jonah_ or _Jona_) and was from the village of Bethsaida in the province of Galilee or Gaulanitis . His brother Andrew was also an apostle
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Catholic Tradition
SACRED TRADITION or HOLY TRADITION is a theological term used in some Christian traditions , primarily those claiming apostolic succession such as the Catholic , Eastern Orthodox , Oriental Orthodox , Assyrian , and Anglican traditions, to refer to the foundation of the doctrinal and spiritual authority of the Christian Church and of the scriptures . The word "tradition" is taken from the Latin _trado, tradere_ meaning "to hand over, to deliver, to bequeath". The teachings of Jesus Christ and the holy Apostles are preserved in writing in the Scriptures as well as word of mouth and are handed on. This perpetual handing-on of the Tradition is called a living Tradition; it is the faithful and constant transmission of the teachings of the Apostles from one generation to the next. This "includes everything which contributes towards the sanctity of life and increase in faith of the People of God; and so the Church, in her teaching, life and worship , perpetuates and hands on to all generations all that she herself is, all that she believes." The Deposit of Faith (Latin: _fidei depositum_) refers to the entirety of Divine revelation
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Timeline Of The Catholic Church
As the oldest form of Christianity, along with the ancient Orthodox Church , the non-Chalcedonian or Oriental Churches and the Church of the East , the history of the Roman Catholic Church
Catholic Church
is integral to the history of Christianity
Christianity
as a whole. This article covers a period of just under two thousand years. Over time, schisms have disrupted the unity of Christianity. The major divisions occurred in c.144 with Marcionism , 318 with Arianism , 1054 to 1449 (see East–West Schism
East–West Schism
) during which time the Orthodox Churches of the East parted ways with the Western Church over doctrinal issues (see the filioque ) and papal primacy , and in 1517 with the Protestant Reformation
Protestant Reformation
. The Roman Catholic Church
Catholic Church
has been the driving force behind some of the major events of world history including the Christianization of Western and Central Europe
Central Europe
and Latin America , the spreading of literacy and the foundation of the universities, hospitals, the Western tradition of monasticism , the development of art and music, literature, architecture, contributions to the scientific method , just war theory and trial by jury
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Hierarchy Of The Catholic Church
The HIERARCHY OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH consists of its bishops , priests , and deacons . In the ecclesiological sense of the term, "hierarchy" strictly means the "holy ordering" of the Church, the Body of Christ, so to respect the diversity of gifts and ministries necessary for genuine unity. (1 Cor 12) In canonical and general usage, it refers to those who exercise authority within a Christian church. In the Catholic Church , authority rests chiefly with the bishops, while priests and deacons serve as their assistants, co-workers or helpers. Accordingly, "hierarchy of the Catholic Church" is also used to refer to the bishops alone. As of 31 December 2014, the Catholic Church consisted of 2,998 dioceses or equivalent jurisdictions, each overseen by a bishop. Dioceses are divided into individual communities called parishes , each staffed by one or more priest, deacon, or lay ecclesial minister . Ordinarily, care of a parish is entrusted to a priest, though there are exceptions. Approximately 22% of all parishes do not have a resident pastor, and 3,485 parishes worldwide are entrusted to a deacon or lay ecclesial minister. All clergy, including deacons, priests, and bishops, may preach , teach, baptize , witness marriages , and conduct funeral liturgies
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Order Of Precedence In The Catholic Church
Argentina Australia Bangladesh Barbados Brazil Canada Alberta British Columbia Manitoba New Brunswick Nova Scotia Ontario Prince Edward Island Quebec Saskatchewan Yukon China Hong Kong Macau Denmark Finland France Germany Holy See India Indonesia Israel Italy Jamaica Malaysia Johor Kedah Kelantan Malacca Negeri Sembilan Pahang Penang Perak Perlis Sabah Sarawak Selangor Terengganu Malta New Zealand Nepal Norway Pakistan _ Poland Poland-Lithuania (hist.) _ Portugal Philippines Romania Russia South Africa Spain Sri Lanka Singapore Sweden Switzerland Thailand Turkey United Kingdom England and Wales Scotland Northern Ireland United States * v * t * e The ORDER OF PRECEDENCE IN THE CATHOLIC CHURCH is contingent upon the organisation of its hierarchy , including of jurisdictions , orders , and honorary titles . This article gives the order in force in 1911, as indicated in the _ Catholic Encyclopedia _, with which is mixed in other material for which no evidence is provided. The order of precedence was actually not of the Catholic Church but really of the Papal court of the Holy See . Nevertheless, it is generally followed throughout the Catholic Church
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Cardinal (Catholic Church)
A CARDINAL ( Latin
Latin
: Sanctae Romanae Ecclesiae cardinalis, literally Cardinal of the Holy Roman Church) is a senior ecclesiastical leader, considered a Prince of the Church , and usually (now always for those created when still within the voting age-range) an ordained bishop of the Roman Catholic Church . The cardinals of the Church are collectively known as the College of Cardinals . The duties of the cardinals include attending the meetings of the College and making themselves available individually or in groups to the Pope
Pope
as requested. Most have additional duties, such as leading a diocese or archdiocese or managing a department of the Roman Curia . A cardinal's primary duty is electing the bishop of Rome
Rome
when the see becomes vacant. During the sede vacante (the period between a pope's death or resignation and the election of his successor), the day-to-day governance of the Holy See is in the hands of the College of Cardinals. The right to enter the conclave of cardinals where the pope is elected is limited to those who have not reached the age of 80 years by the day the vacancy occurs. In 1059, the right of electing the pope was reserved to the principal clergy of Rome
Rome
and the bishops of the seven suburbicarian sees
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Cardinal-nephew
A CARDINAL-NEPHEW (Latin : _cardinalis nepos_; Italian : _cardinale nipote_; Spanish : _valido de su tío_; French : _prince de fortune_) is a cardinal elevated by a pope who is that cardinal's uncle, or, more generally, his relative. The practice of creating cardinal-nephews originated in the Middle Ages , and reached its apex during the 16th and 17th centuries. The word _nepotism _ originally referred specifically to this practice, when it appeared in the English language about 1669. From the middle of the Avignon Papacy (1309–1377) until Pope Innocent XII 's anti-nepotism bull (a papal charter), _ Romanum decet pontificem _ (1692), a pope without a cardinal-nephew was the exception to the rule. Every Renaissance pope who created cardinals appointed a relative to the College of Cardinals , and the nephew was the most common choice, although one of Alexander VI 's creations was his own son. The institution of the cardinal-nephew evolved over seven centuries, tracking developments in the history of the papacy and the styles of individual Popes. From 1566 until 1692, a cardinal-nephew held the curial office of the SUPERINTENDENT OF THE ECCLESIASTICAL STATE, known as the CARDINAL NEPHEW, and thus the terms are sometimes used interchangeably
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Cardinal Protector
Since the thirteenth century it has been customary at Rome to confide to some particular Cardinal a special solicitude in the Roman Curia for the interests of a given religious order or institute, confraternity, church, college, city, nation etcetera. Such a person is known as a CARDINAL PROTECTOR. He was its representative or orator when it sought a favor or a privilege, defended it when unjustly accused, and besought the aid of the Holy See
Holy See
when its rights, property or interests were violated or imperiled. CONTENTS * 1 Antecedents * 2 Titular churches * 3 Church history * 4 Roman curia * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 Sources ANTECEDENTS _See also Protector (title) _ In ancient Rome a similar relationship had existed between the client (_cliens_) and his _patronus_ (hence 'patron'); as Rome's power grew, a still closer analogy is visible between the Roman institution and the modern ecclesiastical protectorate. Nearly every provincial city had its _patronus_, or procurator , in imperial Rome, usually a Roman patrician or eques , and such persons were held in high esteem. Thus Cicero
Cicero
was patronus of Dyrrachium (later Durazzo, now Durrës) and of Capua , in which Campanian city a gilded statue was raised to him
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