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Polynesian People
The Polynesian people consist of various ethnic groups that speak Polynesian languages, a branch of the Oceanic languages, and inhabit Polynesia. The native Polynesian people of New Zealand
New Zealand
and Hawaii
Hawaii
are minorities in their homelands.Contents1 Origins 2 People 3 Physical characteristics 4 See also 5 References 6 External linksOrigins[edit] See also: Austronesian peoples
Austronesian peoples
and Polynesia
Polynesia
§ History of the Polynesian peopleThe Polynesian spread of colonization of the Pacific throughout the so-called Polynesian Triangle.Polynesian warrior canoesPolynesians, including Samoans, Tongans, Niueans, Cook Islands
Cook Islands
Māori, Tahitian Mā'ohi, Hawaiian Māoli, Marquesans and New Zealand
New Zealand
Māori, are a subset of the Austronesian peoples
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United States
Coordinates: 40°N 100°W / 40°N 100°W / 40; -100 United States
United States
of America Flag Coat of arms Motto: "In God
God
We Trust"[1][a] .mw-parser-ou
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New Guinea
New Guinea
New Guinea
(Tok Pisin: Niugini; Dutch: Nieuw-Guinea; German: Neuguinea; Indonesian: Papua or, historically, Irian) is a large island off the continent of Australia. It is the world's second-largest island, after Greenland, covering a land area of 785,753 km2 (303,381 sq mi), and the largest wholly or partly within the Southern Hemisphere
Southern Hemisphere
and Oceania. The eastern half of the island is the major land mass of the independent state of Papua New Guinea
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Māori People
A people is a plurality of persons considered as a whole, as is the case with an ethnic group or nation. Collectively, for example, the contemporary Frisians
Frisians
and Danes
Danes
are two related Germanic peoples, while various Middle Eastern ethnic groups are often linguistically categorized as Semitic peoples.Contents1 In politics 2 In law 3 See also 4 ReferencesIn politics Main article: Commoner Liberty Leading the People
Liberty Leading the People
by Eugène DelacroixVarious states govern, or claim to govern, in the name of the people. Both the Roman Republic
Roman Republic
and the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
used the Latin
Latin
term Senatus Populusque Romanus, (the Senate and People
People
of Rome)
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Maritime Southeast Asia
Maritime Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia
is the maritime region of Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia
(as opposed to mainland Southeast Asia), and comprises the countries of Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, and East Timor.[1] Maritime Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia
is sometimes also referred to as Island Southeast Asia, Insular Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia
or Oceanic Southeast Asia. The 16th-century term "East Indies", and the later 19th-century term "Malay Archipelago" are also used to refer to maritime Southeast Asia. In Indonesia
Indonesia
and Malaysia, the Old Javanese term "Nusantara" is also sometimes used as a synonym for Maritime Southeast Asia. The term, however, is nationalistic and has shifting boundaries
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Madagascar
Madagascar
Madagascar
(/ˌmædəˈɡæskər/; Malagasy: Madagasikara), officially the Republic of Madagascar
Madagascar
(Malagasy: Repoblikan'i Madagasikara [republiˈkʲan madaɡasˈkʲarə̥]; French: République de Madagascar), and previously known as the Malagasy Republic, is an island country in the Indian Ocean, off the coast of East Africa. The nation comprises the island of Madagascar
Madagascar
(the fourth-largest island in the world), and numerous smaller peripheral islands. Following the prehistoric breakup of the supercontinent Gondwana, Madagascar
Madagascar
split from the Indian peninsula
Indian peninsula
around 88 million years ago, allowing native plants and animals to evolve in relative isolation. Consequently, Madagascar
Madagascar
is a biodiversity hotspot; over 90% of its wildlife is found nowhere else on Earth
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Taiwanese Aborigines
RecognizedAmis Atayal Bunun Hla'alua Kavalan Kanakanavu Paiwan Puyuma Rukai Saisiyat Sakizaya Seediq Tao Thao Tsou TrukuLocally RecognizedMakatao Siraya TaivoanUnrecognizedBabuza Basay Hoanya Ketagalan Luilang Pazeh/Kaxabu Papora Qauqaut Taokas Trobiawanv t eTaiwanese aborigines, also known as Formosan people, Austronesian Taiwanese[3][4] or Gaoshan,[1] are the indigenous peoples of Taiwan, who number more than 530,000 and constitute nearly 2.3% of the country's population
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DNA Evidence
Evidence, broadly construed, is anything presented in support of an assertion.[1] This support may be strong or weak. The strongest type of evidence is that which provides direct proof of the truth of an assertion. At the other extreme is evidence that is merely consistent with an assertion but does not rule out other, contradictory assertions, as in circumstantial evidence. In law, rules of evidence govern the types of evidence that are admissible in a legal proceeding. Types of legal evidence include testimony, documentary evidence,[2] and physical evidence.[3] The parts of a legal case which are not in controversy are known, in general, as the "facts of the case." Beyond any facts that are undisputed, a judge or jury is usually tasked with being a trier of fact for the other issues of a case. Evidence
Evidence
and rules are used to decide questions of fact that are disputed, some of which may be determined by the legal burden of proof relevant to the case
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Philippines
Coordinates: 13°N 122°E / 13°N 122°E / 13; 122 Republic
Republic
of the Philippines Republika ng PilipinasFlagCoat of armsMotto:  "Maka-Diyos, Maka-Tao, Makakalikasan at Makabansa"[1] "For God, People, Nature, and Country"Anthem: Lupang Hinirang Chosen LandGreat SealDakilang Sagisag ng Pilipinas  (Tagalog) Great Seal of the PhilippinesCapital Manilaa 14°35′N 120°58′E / 14.583°N 120.967°E / 14.583; 120.967Largest city
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Indonesia
Coordinates: 5°S 120°E / 5°S 120°E / -5; 120 Republic
Republic
of IndonesiaRepublik Indonesia  (Indonesian) Flag National emblem Motto:  Bhinneka Tunggal Ika
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Bird's Head
The Bird's Head Peninsula
Bird's Head Peninsula
(Indonesian: Kepala Burung, Dutch: Vogelkop) or Doberai Peninsula is a large peninsula that makes up the northwest portion of the island of New Guinea
New Guinea
and the major part of the Province of West Papua, Indonesia. The other edge is on the Bird's Tail Peninsula.Contents1 Location and geography 2 Flora and fauna 3 Culture 4 ReferencesLocation and geography[edit] The Bird's Head Peninsula
Bird's Head Peninsula
forms the northwestern end of the island of New Guinea. To the east is Cenderawasih Bay
Cenderawasih Bay
and to the south Bintuni Bay. To the west, across the Dampier Strait is Waigeo
Waigeo
island of Raja Ampat, and Batanta
Batanta
island lies just off the northwest tip
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Island Melanesia
Island Melanesia
Melanesia
is a sub-region of Melanesia
Melanesia
in Oceania. It is located east of mainland New Guinea
New Guinea
island, from the Bismarck Archipelago to New Caledonia.[1] See also[edit]Compare Near Oceania.References[edit]^ Steadman, 2006. Extinction & biogeography of tropical Pacific birdsThis article about a place in Oceania
Oceania
is a stub
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Tongans
This article is about the demographic features of the population of Tonga, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population. Demographics
Demographics
of Tonga, Data of FAO, year 2005; Number of inhabitants in thousandsAlmost two-thirds of the population live on its main island, Tongatapu. Although an increasing number of Tongans have moved into the only urban and commercial center, Nukuʻalofa, where European and indigenous cultural and living patterns have blended, village life and kinship ties continue to be important throughout the country. Everyday life is heavily influenced by Polynesian traditions and especially by the Christian faith; for example, all commerce and entertainment activities cease from midnight Saturday until midnight Sunday, and the constitution declares the Sabbath to be sacred, forever
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Holocene
The Holocene
Holocene
( /ˈhɒləˌsiːn, ˈhoʊ-/)[2][3] is the current geological epoch. It began after the Pleistocene[4], approximately 11,650 cal years before present.[5] The Holocene
Holocene
is part of the Quaternary
Quaternary
period. Its name comes from the Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
words ὅλος (holos, whole or entire) and καινός (kainos, new), meaning "entirely recent".[6] It has been identified with the current warm period, known as MIS 1, and is considered by some to be an interglacial period. The Holocene
Holocene
encompasses the growth and impacts of the human species worldwide, including all its written history, development of major civilizations, and overall significant transition toward urban living in the present
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Sundaland
Sundaland
Sundaland
(also called the Sundaic region) is a biogeographical region of Southeastern Asia
Asia
corresponding to a larger landmass that was exposed throughout the last 2.6 million years during periods when sea levels were lower
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Mitochondrial DNA
Human mitochondrial DNA
Human mitochondrial DNA
with the 37 genes on their respective H- and L-strands. Electron microscopy reveals mitochondrial DNA
DNA
in discrete foci. Bars: 200 nm. (A) Cytoplasmic section after immunogold labelling with anti-DNA; gold particles marking mt DNA
DNA
are found near the mitochondrial membrane (black dots in upper right). (B) Whole mount view of cytoplasm after extraction with CSK buffer and immunogold labelling with anti-DNA; mt DNA
DNA
(marked by gold particles) resists extraction. From Iborra et al., 2004.[2] Mitochondrial DNA
DNA
(mt DNA
DNA
or mDNA)[3] is the DNA
DNA
located in mitochondria, cellular organelles within eukaryotic cells that convert chemical energy from food into a form that cells can use, adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
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