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Politics Of The Philippines
Elections are administered by an independent Commission on Elections every three years starting 1992. Held every second Monday of May, the winners in the elections take office on the following June 30. Local government is produced by local government units from the provinces, cities, municipalities and barangays. While the most regions do not have political power, and exist merely for administration purposes, autonomous regions have expanded powers more than the other local government units. While local government units enjoy autonomy, much of their budget is derived from allocations from the national government, putting their true autonomy in doubt. CONTENTS * 1 Legislature * 2 Executive * 3 Judiciary * 4 Elections * 5 Local government * 6 History * 6.1 Pre-Spanish era * 6.2 Spanish era * 6.3 American era * 6.4 Independent era * 6.5 Post-People Power era * 7 See also * 8 References LEGISLATURE The Batasang Pambansa Complex is the seat of the House of Representatives. The Senate shares its building with the Government Service Insurance System . Congress is a bicameral legislature. The upper house , the Senate , is composed of 24 senators elected via the plurality-at-large voting with the country as one at-large "district." The senators elect amongst themselves a Senate President
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Commission On Elections (Philippines)
------------------------- * SENATE * Senate President Aquilino Pimentel III ------------------------- * HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES * Speaker Pantaleon Alvarez * Districts * Party-list representation -------------------------* Local legislatures * ARMM Regional Legislative Assembly * Provinces * Cities * Municipalities * Barangays Executive * PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES * Rodrigo Duterte * VICE PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES * Leni Robredo ------------------------- * Cabinet * Executive departments * Local government Judiciary * SUPREME COURT * Chief Justice
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Local Government Units
Independent city -------------------------Independent municipality ------------------------- Municipalities and comp. cities Municipality -------------------------Component city ------------------------- Barangays Barangay ------------------------- Sub-barangay Poblacion ------------------------- Sitio ------------------------- Purok ------------------------- Other National government administrative regions -------------------------Island groups -------------------------Judicial regions -------------------------Legislative districts ------------------------- Metropolitan areas ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION CODES (ISO ) (FIPS ) * v * t * e The PHILIPPINES has four main classes of elected administrative divisions, often lumped together as local government units (LGUs). They are, from the highest to the lowest division: * Autonomous regions * Provinces (lalawigan, probinsiya) and independent cities (lungsod, siyudad/ciudad, dakbayan, lakanbalen) * Municipalities (bayan, balen, bungto, banwa, ili) and component cities (lungsod, siyudad/ciudad, dakbayan, dakbanwa, lakanbalen) * Barangays (also known as barrio)Beyond the above divisions, there other divisions that are frequently mentioned but differ in significant ways. Specifically, they do not have separate governments or independent budgets
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Batasang Pambansa Complex
The _BATASANG PAMBANSA_ COMPLEX is the headquarters of the House of Representatives of the Philippines
Philippines
. It is located at Batasan Road , Batasan Hills , Quezon City
Quezon City
. The complex was initially the home of the _ Batasang Pambansa
Batasang Pambansa
_, the former parliament of the Philippines
Philippines
which was established as an interim assembly in 1978 and finally as an official body in 1984. Under the 1973 constitution , it replaced the bicameral Congress of the Philippines
Philippines
established under the 1935 Commonwealth constitution. When the bicameral Congress was restored in 1987, the complex was set aside as the home of the House of Representatives. The Main Building of the complex is often referred to as the _Batasang Pambansa_
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Government Service Insurance System
The GOVERNMENT SERVICE INSURANCE SYSTEM (Filipino : Paseguruhan ng mga Naglilingkod sa Pamahalaan, abbreviated as GSIS) is a government-owned and controlled corporation (GOCC) of the Philippines . Created by Commonwealth Act No. 186 passed on November 14, 1936, the GSIS is mandated to provide and administer the following social security benefits for government employees: compulsory life insurance, optional life insurance , retirement benefits, disability benefits for work-related contingencies and death benefits. In addition, the GSIS is entrusted with the administration of the General Insurance Fund by virtue of RA656 of the Property Insurance Law. It provides insurance coverage to assets and properties which have government insurable interests. It is not possible for non-government employees, self-employed or non-working persons to become members of the GSIS. Instead, they are covered by the Social Security System (SSS)
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Congress Of The Philippines
------------------------- * SENATE * Senate President Aquilino Pimentel III ------------------------- * HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES * Speaker Pantaleon Alvarez * Districts * Party-list representation -------------------------* Local legislatures * ARMM Regional Legislative Assembly * Provinces * Cities * Municipalities * Barangays Executive * PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES * Rodrigo Duterte _ * VICE PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES * Leni Robredo ------------------------- * Cabinet * Executive departments * Local government Judiciary * SUPREME COURT * Chief Justice
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Bicameral
A BICAMERAL legislature is one in which the legislators are divided into two separate assemblies , chambers or houses. BICAMERALISM is distinguished from unicameralism , in which all of the members deliberate and vote as a single group, and from some legislatures which have three or more separate assemblies, chambers or houses. As of 2015, somewhat less than half of the world's national legislatures are bicameral. Often, the members of the two chambers are elected or selected using different methods, which vary from country to country. This can often lead to the two chambers having very different compositions of members. Enactment of primary legislation often requires a concurrent majority – the approval of a majority of members in each of the chambers of the legislature. When this is the case, the legislature may be called an example of perfect bicameralism . However, in many Westminster system parliaments, the house to which the executive is responsible can overrule the other house and may be regarded as an example of imperfect bicameralism . Some legislatures lie in between these two positions, with one house only able to overrule the other under certain circumstances
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Upper House
An UPPER HOUSE, sometimes called a Senate , is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature (or one of three chambers of a tricameral legislature ), the other chamber being the lower house . The house formally designated as the upper house is usually smaller, and often has more restricted power, than the lower house. Examples of upper houses in countries include the UK's House of Lords , Canada's Senate , India's Rajya Sabha , Russia's Federation Council , Ireland's Seanad , Germany's Bundesrat and the United States Senate . A legislature composed of only one house (and which therefore has neither an upper house nor a lower house) is described as unicameral . CONTENTS * 1 Possible specific characteristics * 2 Powers * 2.1 Parliamentary systems * 2.2 Presidential systems * 3 Institutional structure * 4 Abolition * 5 Titles of upper houses * 5.1 Common terms * 5.2 Unique titles * 6 Notes and references POSSIBLE SPECIFIC CHARACTERISTICSAn upper house is usually different from the lower house in at least one of the following respects: POWERS: * In a parliamentary system , it often has much less power than the lower house
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Senate Of The Philippines
------------------------- * SENATE * Senate President Aquilino Pimentel III ------------------------- * HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES * Speaker Pantaleon Alvarez * Districts * Party-list representation -------------------------* Local legislatures * ARMM Regional Legislative Assembly * Provinces * Cities * Municipalities * Barangays Executive * PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES * Rodrigo Duterte _ * VICE PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES * Leni Robredo ------------------------- * Cabinet * Execu
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Plurality-at-large Voting
PLURALITY-AT-LARGE VOTING, also known as BLOCK VOTE or MULTIPLE NON-TRANSFERABLE VOTE (MNTV), is a non-proportional voting system for electing several representatives from a single multimember electoral district using a series of check boxes and tallying votes similar to a plurality election . Although multiple winners are elected simultaneously, block voting is not a system for obtaining proportional representation ; instead, the usual result is that the largest single group wins every seat by electing a slate of candidates, resulting in a landslide . Even if the term "at-large " describes elections for representative members of a governing body who are elected or appointed to represent the whole membership of the body, this system can be used by a country divided in some multi-member electoral districts , but in this last case the system is commonly referred to as BLOCK VOTING or the BLOC VOTE. This system is usually based on a single round of vote, but it can sometimes appear in a runoff (two-round) version , as in some local elections in France , where candidates who do not receive an absolute majority must compete in a second round. Here it can be better called as MAJORITY-AT-LARGE VOTING. The term bloc voting sometimes means simple plurality election in multimember districts. In such a system, each party introduces a list of candidates and the party winning a plurality of votes wins all the seats
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At-large
AT-LARGE is a designation for members of a governing body who are elected or appointed to represent the whole membership of the body (for example, a city, state or province, nation, club or association), rather than a subset of that membership. At-large voting is in contrast to voting by electoral districts . If an at-large election is called to choose a single candidate, a single-winner voting system must necessarily be used. If a group of seats must be covered, many electoral systems can be possible, from proportional representation methods (such as party-list proportional representation , or PR-STV ) to block voting . CONTENTS * 1 Canada * 2 Israel * 3 Netherlands * 4 Philippines * 5 United States * 5.1 States with at-large congressional districts * 5.2 Former at-large congressional districts * 5.3 Non-voting at-large congressional districts * 5.4 Former non-voting at-large congressional districts * 5.5 States with both at-large seats and geographically defined districts * 5.6 Local elections * 6 See also * 7 Further reading * 8 References * 9 External links CANADAA number of municipalities in Canada elect part or all of their city councils at-large
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President Of The Senate Of The Philippines
------------------------- * SENATE * Senate President Aquilino Pimentel III ------------------------- * HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES * Speaker Pantaleon Alvarez * Districts * Party-list representation -------------------------* Local legislatures * ARMM Regional Legislative Assembly * Provinces * Cities * Municipalities * Barangays Executive * PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES * Rodrigo Duterte _ * VICE PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES * Leni Robredo ------------------------- * Cabinet * Executive departments * Local government Judiciary * SUPREME COURT * Chief Justice
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Lower House
A LOWER HOUSE is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature , the other chamber being the upper house . Inside the Australian House of Representatives Despite its official position "below" the upper house, in many legislatures worldwide, the lower house has come to wield more power. A legislature composed of only one house is described as unicameral . CONTENTS * 1 Common attributes * 2 Titles of lower houses * 2.1 Common names * 2.2 Unique Names * 3 See also * 4 References COMMON ATTRIBUTESIn comparison with the upper house, lower houses frequently display certain characteristics: Powers * In a parliamentary system : * Much more power, usually based on restrictions against the upper house. * Able to override the upper house in some ways. * Can vote a motion of no confidence against the government. * Exceptions are Australia, where the Senate has considerable power approximate to that of the House of Representatives, and Italy, where the Senate has exactly the same powers as the Chamber of Deputies.* In a presidential system : * Somewhat less power, as the upper house alone gives advice and consent to some executives decisions (e..g
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House Of Representatives Of The Philippines
Since July 25, 2016 * _Vacant_ * Pia Cayetano (Nacionalista ) * Gwendolyn Garcia ( PDP-Laban ) * Mylene Garcia-Albano ( PDP-Laban ) * Sharon Garin (AAMBIS-OWA Partylist) Since August 15, 2016 MAJORITY FLOOR LEADER Rodolfo Fariñas (Nacionalista ) Since July 25, 2016 MINORITY FLOOR LEADER Danilo E. Suarez (Lakas ) Since July 27, 2016 STRUCTURE SEATS 297 representatives 238 from geographical districts 59 party-list representatives POLITICAL GROUPS * PDP-Laban (123) * NPC (33) * Liberal (27) * NUP (20) * Nacionalista (19) * Lakas (5) * UNA (3) * LDP (1) * CDP (1) * Local parties (3) * Independent (1) * Sectoral (57) * Vacant (4) COMMITTEES 58 standing committees and 14 special committees LENGTH OF TERM 3 years AUTHORITY Article VI, Constitution of the Philippines ELECTIONS VOTING SYSTEM Parallel voting LAST ELECTION May 9, 2016 NEXT ELECTION May 13, 2019 REDISTRICTING Districts are redistricted by Congress after each census (has never been done since 1987) By statute (most frequent method)
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Sectoral Representation In The House Of Representatives Of The Philippines
------------------------- * SENATE * Senate President Aquilino Pimentel III ------------------------- * HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES * Speaker Pantaleon Alvarez * Districts * Party-list representation-------------------------* Local legislatures * ARMM Regional Legislative Assembly * Provinces * Cities * Municipalities * Barangays Executive * PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES * Rodrigo Duterte _ * VICE PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES * Leni Robredo ------------------------- * Cabinet * Executive departments * Local government Judiciary * SUPREME COURT * Chief Justice
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Legislative Districts Of The Philippines
The LEGISLATIVE DISTRICTS OF THE PHILIPPINES are the divisions of the Philippines
Philippines
' provinces and cities for representation in the House of Representatives . The first composition of legislative districts was enshrined in the Ordinance appended to the Constitution . Changes in the composition of legislative districts were later added as new provinces and cities were created, and the composition was modified through laws enacted by Congress . Apportionment on local legislatures is also possible. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Senatorial districts * 3 Representative districts * 4 Local districts * 5 See also * 6 References HISTORYRepresentation to the legislature traces its origin to the Spanish era, when the Philippines
Philippines
was granted very limited representation to the Spanish Cortes . During the American period, when the Philippine Bill of 1902 was enacted, the first Philippine Assembly was established as the lower house and the then-existing Philippine Commission as the upper house. Representation in the assembly was apportioned among the provinces with respect to their population, provided that no province shall have less than one member. In 1916, the Philippine Legislature was reconstituted with a Senate as the upper house and the Assembly retained as the lower house
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