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Pol Pot
Pol Pot
Pol Pot
(/pɒl pɒt/, US: /poʊl/; Khmer: ប៉ុល ពត; 19 May 1925 – 15 April 1998[1][2]) was a Cambodian revolutionary and politician who served as the Prime Minister of Democratic Kampuchea from 1976 to 1979. Ideologically a Marxist-Leninist and Khmer nationalist, he led the Khmer Rouge[4] group from 1963 until 1997. From 1963 to 1981, he served as the General Secretary of the Communist Party of Kampuchea. Born Saloth Sar (Khmer: សាឡុត ស) to a prosperous farmer in Prek Sbauv, French Cambodia, Pol Pot
Pol Pot
was educated at some of Cambodia's elite schools. In the 1940s he moved to Paris, France, where he joined the French Communist Party
French Communist Party
and adopted Marxism-Leninism, particularly as it was presented in the writings of Joseph Stalin
Joseph Stalin
and Mao Zedong
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Chinese Language
Legend:  Countries where Chinese is a primary, administrative or native language   Countries with more than 5,000,000 Chinese speakers   Countries with more than 1,000,000 Chinese speakers   Countries with more than 500,000 Chinese speakers   Countries with more than 100,000 Chinese speakers   Major Chinese-speaking settlements This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode
Unicode
characters
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General Officer
A general officer is an officer of high rank in the army, and in some nations' air forces or marines.[1] The term "general" is used in two ways: as the generic title for all grades of general officer and as a specific rank. It originates in the 16th century, as a shortening of captain general, which rank was taken from Middle French capitaine général. The adjective general had been affixed to officer designations since the late medieval period to indicate relative superiority or an extended jurisdiction. Today, the title of "General" is known in some countries as a four-star rank. However different countries use different systems of stars for senior ranks
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American English
American English
American English
(AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US[note 1]), sometimes called United States
United States
English or U.S. English,[5][6] is the set of varieties of the English language native to the United States.[7] American English
American English
is considered to be the world's most influential form of English.[8][9][10][11][12] English is the most widely spoken language in the United States
United States
and is the de facto common language used by the federal and state governments, to the extent that all laws and compulsory education presume English as the primary language
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Khmer Language
Khmer /kmɛər/[4] or Cambodian (natively ភាសាខ្មែរ [pʰiːəsaː kʰmaːe], or more formally ខេមរភាសា [kʰeɛmaʔraʔ pʰiːəsaː]) is the language of the Khmer people
Khmer people
and the official language of Cambodia. With approximately 16 million speakers, it is the second most widely spoken Austroasiatic language (after Vietnamese). Khmer has been influenced considerably by Sanskrit and Pali, especially in the royal and religious registers, through Hinduism
Hinduism
and Buddhism
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Paris
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once. Paris
Paris
(French pronunciation: ​[paʁi] ( listen)) is the capital and most populous city in France, with an administrative-limits area of 105 square kilometres (41 square miles) and an official population of 2,206,488 (2015).[5] The city is a commune and department, and the heart of the 12,012-square-kilometre (4
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French Communist Party
Former partiesCambodiaKPK KPRPIndonesia Korea Malaya and SingaporeMarxist–Leninist Revolutionary FactionPhilippines Saudi Arabia Sarawak Taiwan ThailandEuropeAlbania Armenia AustriaKPÖ PdA KIAzerbaijan Belarus BelgiumPvdA/PTB KP PCBosnia and Herzegovina BulgariaKPB SKBCroatia Cyprus Czech Republic DenmarkDKP KPiD APKEstonia Finland FrancePCF PCOF PRCFGeorgia GermanyKPD DKP MLPDGreeceΚΚΕ ΚΟΕ ΑΚΟΑ AnasintaxiHungary IrelandCPI WPIItalyPC PRC PMLI CPLatvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Moldova Netherlands NorwayNKP MLGRPoland Portugal Romania RussiaKR CPRF CPSJ PDP RCWP-CPSU RMP RULFSan Marino Serbia Slovakia SpainPCE PCC PCPE PCE (M-L)SwedenKP SKPSwitzerland TurkeyDHKP/C EMEP HTKP KDH/L KKP TKP MKP MLKP TDKP TKEP TKEP/L TKIP TKP/MLUkraine
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Joseph Stalin
Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin[b] (born Ioseb Besarionis dze Jughashvili;[a] 18 December [O.S. 6] 1878[1] – 5 March 1953) was a Georgian revolutionary and Soviet politician who led the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
from the mid–1920s until 1953 as General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
(1922–1953) and Premier (1941–1953). Initially presiding over a collective leadership as first among equals, by the 1930s he was the country's de facto dictator. A communist ideologically committed to the Leninist interpretation of Marxism, Stalin formalised these ideas as Marxism–Leninism, while his own policies are known as Stalinism. Born to a poor family in Gori in the Russian Empire
Russian Empire
(now Georgia), Stalin joined the Marxist Russian Social Democratic Labour Party
Russian Social Democratic Labour Party
as a youth
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North Vietnam
North Vietnam, officially the Democratic Republic
Republic
of Vietnam
Vietnam
(DRV) (Vietnamese: Việt Nam Dân Chủ Cộng Hòa), was a country in Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia
from 1945 to 1976. Vietnamese revolutionary leader Hồ Chí Minh
Hồ Chí Minh
declared independence from French Indochina
French Indochina
on 2 September 1945 and announced the creation of the Democratic Republic
Republic
of Vietnam. France reasserted its colonial dominance and a war ensued between France and the Viet Minh, led by President Ho Chi Minh. The Viet Minh
Viet Minh
("League for the Independence of Vietnam") was a coalition of nationalist groups, mostly led by communists
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Viet Cong
The Việt Cộng (Vietnamese: [vîət kə̂wŋmˀ] ( listen)), also known as the National Liberation Front, was a mass political organization in South Vietnam and Cambodia
Cambodia
with its own army – the People's Liberation Armed Forces of South Vietnam
South Vietnam
(PLAF) – that fought against the United States and South Vietnamese governments during the Vietnam
Vietnam
War, eventually emerging on the winning side. It had both guerrilla and regular army units, as well as a network of cadres who organized peasants in the territory it controlled. Many soldiers were recruited in South Vietnam, but others were attached to the People's Army of Vietnam
Vietnam
(PAVN), the regular North Vietnamese army. During the war, communists and anti-war activists insisted the Việt Cộng was an insurgency indigenous to the South, while the U.S
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Hanoi
Hanoi
Hanoi
(UK: /(ˌ)hæ-, həˈnɔɪ/ ha-, hə-NOY or US: /hɑː-/ hah-NOY; Vietnamese: Hà Nội
Hà Nội
[hàː nôjˀ] (listen)) is the capital of Vietnam. It covers an area of 3,328.9 square kilometres (1,285 sq mi). With an estimated population of 7.7 million as of 2018, it is the second largest city in Vietnam. The metropolitan area, encompassing nine additional neighbouring provinces, has an estimated population of 16 million. Located in the central area of the Red River Delta, Hanoi
Hanoi
is the commercial, cultural, and educational centre of Northern Vietnam
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Vorn Vet
Vorn Vet (1934–1978) born Pen Thuok, was a deputy prime minister for the economy of Democratic Kampuchea. He was murdered at the S-21 security camp in 1978.This article about a Cambodian politician is a stub
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Beijing
Beijing
Beijing
(/beɪˈdʒɪŋ/;[9] Mandarin: [pèi.tɕíŋ] ( listen)), formerly romanized as Peking,[10] is the capital of the People's Republic of China, the world's second most populous city proper, and most populous capital city
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Agrarian Socialism
Agrarian socialism
Agrarian socialism
is a political ideology which combines an agrarian way of life with a socialist economic system.Contents1 Description 2 The Russian "populist" tradition and the Socialist
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Collective Farming
Collective
Collective
farming and communal farming are various types of "agricultural production in which multiple farmers run their holdings as a joint enterprise".[1] That type of collective is often an agricultural cooperative in which member-owners jointly engage in farming activities. The process by which farmland is aggregated is called collectivization. In some countries (including the Soviet Union, the Eastern Bloc
Eastern Bloc
countries, China
China
and Vietnam), there have been state-run and cooperative-run variants
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Coalition Government Of Democratic Kampuchea
The Coalition Government of Democratic Kampuchea
Democratic Kampuchea
(CGDK, Khmer: រដ្ឋាភិបាលចំរុះកម្ពុជាប្រជាធិបតេយ្យ, Odthaphibeal Chamrouh Kampouchea Brachathibtey); renamed to the National Government of Cambodia
Cambodia
(NGC, រដ្ឋាភិបាលជាតិនៃកម្ពុជា, Rodthaphibeal Cheate nei Kampouchea) from 1990, was a coalition government in exile composed of three Cambodian political factions: Prince Norodom Sihanouk's Funcinpec
Funcinpec
party, the Party of Democratic Kampuchea (often referred to as the Khmer Rouge) and the Khmer People's National Liberation Front (KPNLF) formed in 1982, broadening the de facto deposed Democratic Kampuchea
Democratic Kampuchea
regime
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