HOME TheInfoList.com
Providing Lists of Related Topics to Help You Find Great Stuff
[::MainTopicLength::#1500] [::ListTopicLength::#1000] [::ListLength::#15] [::ListAdRepeat::#3]

Plato
PLATO (/ˈpleɪtoʊ/ ; Greek : Πλάτων _Plátōn_, pronounced in Classical Attic ; 428/427 or 424/423 – 348/347 BC) was a philosopher in Classical Greece and the founder of the Academy in Athens , the first institution of higher learning in the Western world . He is widely considered the most pivotal figure in the development of philosophy, especially the Western tradition . Unlike nearly all of his philosophical contemporaries , Plato's entire work is believed to have survived intact for over 2,400 years. Others believe that the oldest extant manuscript dates to around AD 895, 1100 years after Plato's death. This makes it difficult to know exactly what Plato wrote. Along with his teacher, Socrates , and his most famous student, Aristotle , Plato laid the very foundations of Western philosophy and science
[...More...]

"Plato" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Plato (other)
PLATO (428/427 or 424/423 – 348/347 BCE) was a Greek philosopher. PLATO may also refer to: CONTENTS * 1 People * 2 Places * 3 Science and technology * 4 Other uses * 5 See also PEOPLE * Plato
Plato
(comic poet) (fl. 420–391 BCE) * Plato
Plato
of Bactria (2nd century BCE), Greco-Bactrian king * Plato
Plato
(exarch) (fl
[...More...]

"Plato (other)" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Platon (other)
PLATON may refer to: PEOPLE * Plato
Plato
(Plátōn), the Greek philosopher; * Plato
Plato
(2nd century BCE), Greco-Bactrian king; * Plato
Plato
(fl
[...More...]

"Platon (other)" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Silanion
SILANION (Greek : Σιλανίων, gen. Σιλανίωνος) was the best-known of the Greek portrait-sculptors working during the fourth century BC. His floruit is given by Pliny (Naturalis Historia , 34.51) as the 113th Olympiad
Olympiad
, that is, around 328–325 BC; the tradition recorded by Pliny was that Silanion
Silanion
had no famous teacher. Of two of his known works, however, his idealized portrait head of Plato
Plato
was commissioned by Mithridates of Persia for the Academy of Athens
Athens
, c. 370 BC, Of it and of an idealized portrait head of Sappho , later copies survive, if the number of surviving copies can be correlated to the fame of the commissions. Both are of simple ideal type, the Sappho
Sappho
not strictly a portrait, since Sappho
Sappho
(sixth century BC) lived before the age of portraiture
[...More...]

"Silanion" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Classical Athens
The city of ATHENS ( Ancient Greek : Ἀθῆναι, _Athênai_, modern pronunciation _Athínai_) during the classical period of Ancient Greece (508–322 BC) was the major urban center of the notable polis (city-state ) of the same name, located in Attica , Greece , leading the Delian League in the Peloponnesian War against Sparta and the Peloponnesian League . Athenian democracy was established in 508 BC under Cleisthenes following the tyranny of Isagoras . This system remained remarkably stable, and with a few brief interruptions remained in place for 180 years, until 322 BC (aftermath of Lamian War ). The peak of Athenian hegemony was achieved in the 440s to 430s BC, known as the Age of Pericles
[...More...]

"Classical Athens" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Apology (Plato)
The APOLOGY OF SOCRATES (Greek : Ἀπολογία Σωκράτους, Apologia Sokratous, Latin : Apologia Socratis), by Plato
Plato
, is the Socratic dialogue
Socratic dialogue
that presents the speech of legal self-defence, which Socrates
Socrates
presented at his trial for impiety and corruption , in 399 BC. Specifically, the Apology of Socrates
Socrates
is a defence against the charges of “corrupting the young” and “not believing in the gods in whom the city believes, but in other daimonia that are novel” to Athens (24b)
[...More...]

"Apology (Plato)" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Phaedo
_PHæDO_ or _PHAEDO_ (/ˈfiːdoʊ/ ; Greek : Φαίδων, _Phaidōn_, Greek pronunciation: ), also known to ancient readers as _On The Soul_, is one of the best-known dialogues of Plato
Plato
's middle period, along with the _Republic _ and the _Symposium _. The _Phaedo_, which depicts the death of Socrates
Socrates
, is also Plato's fourth and last dialogue to detail the philosopher's final days, following _Euthyphro _, _Apology _, and _ Crito
Crito
_. In the dialogue, Socrates
Socrates
discusses the nature of the afterlife on his last day before being executed by drinking hemlock . Socrates
Socrates
has been imprisoned and sentenced to death by an Athenian jury for not believing in the gods of the state (though some scholars think it was more for his support of "philosopher kings" as opposed to democracy) and for corrupting the youth of the city
[...More...]

"Phaedo" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Symposium (Plato)
The SYMPOSIUM ( Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
: Συμπόσιον) is a philosophical text by Plato
Plato
dated c. 385–370 BC. It depicts a friendly contest of extemporaneous speeches given by a group of notable men attending a banquet. The men include the philosopher Socrates
Socrates
, the general and political figure Alcibiades
Alcibiades
, and the comic playwright Aristophanes
Aristophanes
. The speeches are to be given in praise of Eros
Eros
, who is the god of love and desire, and the son of Aphrodite. In the Symposium
Symposium
Eros
Eros
is recognized as erotic love, and as a phenomenon that is capable of inspiring courage, valor, great deeds and works, and vanquishing man’s natural fear of death. It is seen as transcending its earthy origins, and attaining spiritual heights
[...More...]

"Symposium (Plato)" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Republic (Plato)
The REPUBLIC (Greek : Πολιτεία, Politeia ; Latin
Latin
: Res Publica ) is a Socratic dialogue
Socratic dialogue
, written by Plato
Plato
around 380 BC, concerning justice (δικαιοσύνη), the order and character of the just city-state and the just man. It is Plato's best-known work, and has proven to be one of the world's most influential works of philosophy and political theory , both intellectually and historically. In the book's dialogue, Socrates
Socrates
discusses the meaning of justice and whether or not the just man is happier than the unjust man with various Athenians and foreigners. They consider the natures of existing regimes and then propose a series of different, hypothetical cities in comparison. This culminates in the discussion of Kallipolis (Καλλίπολις), a hypothetical city-state ruled by a philosopher king
[...More...]

"Republic (Plato)" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Ancient Philosophy
This page lists some links to ANCIENT PHILOSOPHY. In Western philosophy , the spread of Christianity in the Roman Empire marked the ending of Hellenistic philosophy and ushered in the beginnings of Medieval philosophy , whereas in Eastern philosophy , the spread of Islam through the Arab Empire marked the end of Old Iranian philosophy and ushered in the beginnings of early Islamic philosophy
[...More...]

"Ancient Philosophy" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Platonism
PLATONISM, rendered as a proper noun , is the philosophy of Plato or the name of other philosophical systems considered closely derived from it. In narrower usage, PLATONISM, rendered as a common noun (with a lower case "p" subject to sentence case ), refers to the philosophy that affirms the existence of abstract objects , which are asserted to "exist" in a "third realm" distinct both from the sensible external world and from the internal world of consciousness, and is the opposite of nominalism . Lower case "platonists" need not accept any of the doctrines of Plato. In a narrower sense, the term might indicate the doctrine of Platonic realism . The central concept of Platonism, a distinction essential to the Theory of Forms , is the distinction between the reality which is perceptible but unintelligible, and the reality which is imperceptible but intelligible
[...More...]

"Platonism" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Rhetoric
RHETORIC is the art of discourse , wherein a writer or speaker strives to inform, persuade or motivate particular audiences in specific situations. As a subject of formal study and a productive civic practice, rhetoric has played a central role in the European tradition. Its best known definition comes from Aristotle
Aristotle
, who considers it a counterpart of both logic and politics, and calls it "the faculty of observing in any given case the available means of persuasion ." Rhetoric
Rhetoric
typically provides heuristics for understanding, discovering, and developing arguments for particular situations, such as Aristotle's three persuasive audience appeals, logos , pathos , and ethos . The five canons of rhetoric, which trace the traditional tasks in designing a persuasive speech, were first codified in classical Rome: invention , arrangement , style , memory , and delivery
[...More...]

"Rhetoric" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Art
ART is a diverse range of human activities in creating visual, auditory or performing artifacts (artworks ), expressing the author's imaginative or technical skill, intended to be appreciated for their beauty or emotional power. In their most general form these activities include the production of works of art, the criticism of art, the study of the history of art, and the aesthetic dissemination of art. The oldest documented forms of art are visual arts , which include creation of images or objects in fields including today painting, sculpture, printmaking , photography, and other visual media. Architecture is often included as one of the visual arts; however, like the decorative arts , or advertising, it involves the creation of objects where the practical considerations of use are essential—in a way that they usually are not in a painting, for example
[...More...]

"Art" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Literature
LITERATURE, in its broadest sense, is any single body of written works . More restrictively, literature is writing that is considered to be an art form, or any single writing deemed to have artistic or intellectual value, often due to deploying language in ways that differ from ordinary usage. Its Latin root _literatura_/_litteratura_ (derived itself from _littera_: _letter_ or _handwriting_) was used to refer to all written accounts, though contemporary definitions extend the term to include texts that are spoken or sung (oral literature ). The concept has changed meaning over time: nowadays it can broaden to have non-written verbal art forms, and thus it is difficult to agree on its origin, which can be paired with that of language or writing itself. Developments in print technology have allowed an evergrowing distribution and proliferation of written works, culminating in electronic literature
[...More...]

"Literature" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Epistemology
Related concepts and fundamentals: * Agnosticism * Epistemology * Presupposition * Probability
Probability
* v * t * e EPISTEMOLOGY (/ᵻˌpɪstᵻˈmɒlədʒi/ (_ listen ); from Greek ἐπιστήμη, epistēmē_, meaning 'knowledge', and λόγος_, logos _, meaning 'logical discourse') is the branch of philosophy concerned with the theory of knowledge . Epistemology
Epistemology
studies the nature of knowledge, justification, and the rationality of belief. Much of the debate in epistemology centers on four areas: (1) the philosophical analysis of the nature of knowledge and how it relates to such concepts as truth , belief , and justification , (2) various problems of skepticism , (3) the sources and scope of knowledge and justified belief, and (4) the criteria for knowledge and justification. The term 'Epistemology' was first used by Scottish philosopher James Frederick Ferrier in 1854
[...More...]

"Epistemology" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo
.