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Pinchas Menachem Alter
PINCHAS MENACHEM ALTER ( Hebrew
Hebrew
: פינחס מנחם אלתר‬, June 9, 1926 – March 7, 1996), also known as the PNEI MENACHEM ( Hebrew
Hebrew
פני מנחם after the works he authored, was the seventh Rebbe
Rebbe
of the Hasidic dynasty of Ger , a position he held from 1992 until his death in 1996. CONTENTS * 1 Early years * 2 Succession as rebbe * 3 Death and burial * 4 Rebbes of Ger * 5 References EARLY YEARSPinchas Menachem was born in Falenica , near Warsaw
Warsaw
, Poland
Poland

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Ashkenazic Judaism
ASHKENAZI JEWS, also known as ASHKENAZIC JEWS or simply ASHKENAZIM ( Hebrew
Hebrew
: אַשְׁכְּנַזִּים‬, Ashkenazi Hebrew pronunciation: , singular: , Modern Hebrew: ; also יְהוּדֵי אַשְׁכְּנַז‬ Y'hudey Ashkenaz), are a Jewish diaspora population who coalesced as a distinct community in the Holy Roman Empire around the end of the first millennium . The traditional diaspora language of Ashkenazi Jews
Jews
is Yiddish
Yiddish
(a Germanic language which incorporates several dialects), with Hebrew used only as a sacred language until relatively recently . Throughout their time in Europe, Ashkenazim have made many important contributions to philosophy, scholarship, literature, art, music and science. Ashkenazim originate from the Jews
Jews
who settled along the Rhine River , in Western Germany
Germany
and Northern France
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Elazar Shach
ELAZAR MENACHEM MAN SHACH (Hebrew : אלעזר מנחם מן שך‎) Elazar Shach
Elazar Shach
(January 1, 1899 O.S. – November 2, 2001) was a leading Lithuanian-Jewish Haredi rabbi in Bnei Brak , Israel
Israel
. He also served as one of three co-deans of the Ponevezh Yeshiva in Bnei Brak along with Rabbis Shmuel Rozovsky and Dovid Povarsky . Due to his differences with the Hasidic leadership of the Agudat Yisrael in 1984 he allied with Rabbi
Rabbi
Ovadia Yosef who had founded the Shas
Shas
party
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Rapprochement
In international relations , a RAPPROCHEMENT, which comes from the French word rapprocher ("to bring together"), is a re-establishment of cordial relations, as between two countries. In the political scene of an individual country, rapprochement means the bringing together of diverse political factions as, for example, during metapolitefsi in Greece
Greece
. Other examples of its use are the mending of relations between the United States
United States
under Richard Nixon
Richard Nixon
and the People\'s Republic of China from 1972 onwards. Additionally, the period known as détente , or "relaxation", between the United States
United States
and the Soviet Union during the 1970s was a time of rapprochement. RAPPROCHEMENT also refers to a human developmental milestone usually occurring between 15 and 24 months. The child moves away from and then returns to the mother for reassurance (Mahler)
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Knesset
GOVERNMENT (66) * Likud
Likud
(30) * Kulanu (10) * The Jewish Home (8) * Shas
Shas
(7) * UTJ (6) * Yisrael Beiteinu
Yisrael Beiteinu
(5)OPPOSITION (54) * Zionist Union (24) * Labor (19)* Hatnuah
Hatnuah
(5) * Green Movement (1)* Joint List (13) * Hadash (5) * Balad (3) * Ra\'am (3) * Ta\'al (2) * Yesh Atid (11) * Meretz (5) * Independent (1 ) ELECTIONS VOTING SYSTEM Party-list proportional representation
Party-list proportional representation
D\'Hondt method LAST ELECTION 17 March 2015 NEXT ELECTION 2019 or earlier MEETING PLACE Knesset, Jerusalem
Jerusalem
, Israel
Israel
WEBSITE www.knesset.gov.ilThe KNESSET (Hebrew : הַכְּנֶסֶת‎ ( listen ); lit
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Talmud
—— Tannaitic —— * Mishnah
Mishnah
* Tosefta
Tosefta
—— Amoraic ( Gemara
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Haredi Judaism
HAREDI JUDAISM (Hebrew : חֲרֵדִי‎ Ḥaredi, IPA: ; also spelled Charedi, plural Charedim) is a broad spectrum of groups within Orthodox Judaism , all characterized by a rejection of modern secular culture. Its members are often referred to as STRICTLY ORTHODOX or ULTRA-ORTHODOX in English. The term "ultra-Orthodox", however, is considered pejorative by many of its adherents. Haredim regard themselves as the most religiously authentic group of Jews, although this claim is contested by other streams. Haredi
Haredi
Judaism coalesced in response to the sweeping changes brought upon the Jews
Jews
in the modern era: emancipation, enlightenment, the Haskalah movement derived from enlightenment, acculturation, secularization, religious reform in all its forms from mild to extreme, the rise of the Jewish national movements , etc
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Degel HaTorah
DEGEL HATORAH (Hebrew : דגל התורה‎, lit. Banner of the Torah
Torah
) is an Ashkenazi Haredi political party in Israel
Israel
. For much of its existence, it has been allied with Agudat Yisrael
Agudat Yisrael
under the name United Torah
Torah
Judaism . CONTENTS * 1 Ideology * 2 History * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links IDEOLOGYDegel Ha Torah
Torah
represents the "Lithuanian wing" of the non-Hasidic Haredim (known by some as " Mitnagdim "), as opposed to the Hasidic -dominated Agudat Yisrael
Agudat Yisrael
party. Sometimes, the parties compete against each other; at other times, they join forces within a political alliance called United Torah
Torah
Judaism (UTJ) (Yahadut HaTorah in Hebrew)
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United Torah Judaism
UNITED TORAH JUDAISM (Hebrew : יַהֲדוּת הַתּוֹרָה הַמְאוּחֶדֶת‎, Transliterated : Yahadut HaTora HaMeuhedet; UTJ) is an alliance of Degel HaTorah and Agudat Israel
Israel
, two small Israeli Haredi
Haredi
(Ultra-Orthodox) political parties in the Knesset . It was first formed in 1992. The two parties have not always agreed with each other about policy matters. However, over the years, they have co-operated and united as a voting bloc in order to win the maximum number of seats in the Knesset , since many extra votes can be wasted if election thresholds are not attained under Israel's proportional representation parliamentary system. When UTJ joined Ariel Sharon 's coalition in 2004, it split into its two constituent factions of Degel HaTorah and Agudat Israel
Israel

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Library Of Congress Control Number
The LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CONTROL NUMBER (LCCN) is a serially based system of numbering cataloging records in the Library of Congress in the United States. It has nothing to do with the contents of any book, and should not be confused with Library of Congress Classification . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Format * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links HISTORYThe LCCN numbering system has been in use since 1898, at which time the acronym LCCN originally stood for Library of Congress Card Number. It has also been called the Library of Congress Catalog Card Number, among other names. The Library of Congress prepared cards of bibliographic information for their library catalog and would sell duplicate sets of the cards to other libraries for use in their catalogs. This is known as centralized cataloging. Each set of cards was given a serial number to help identify it
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Special
SPECIAL or SPECIALS may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Music * 2 Film and television * 3 Other uses * 4 See also MUSIC * Special (album) , a 1992 album by Vesta Williams * "Special" (Garbage song) , 1998 * "Special" (Mew song) , 2005 * "Special" (Stephen Lynch song) , 2000 * The Specials
The Specials
, a British band * "Special", a song by Violent Femmes on The Blind Leading the Naked * "Special", a song on
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Judaism
JUDAISM (from Latin : Iudaismus, derived from Greek Ἰουδαϊσμός, originally from Hebrew יהודה‎, Yehudah, "Judah "; in Hebrew: יהדות‎, Yahadut, the distinctive characteristics of the Judean ethnos ) is an ancient monotheistic Abrahamic religion
Abrahamic religion
, with the Torah
Torah
as its foundational text (part of the larger text known as the Tanakh
Tanakh
or Hebrew Bible
Hebrew Bible
), and supplemental oral tradition represented by later texts such as the Midrash
Midrash
and the Talmud . It encompasses the religion , philosophy , culture and way of life of the Jewish people . Judaism
Judaism
is considered by religious Jews
Jews
to be the expression of the covenantal relationship that God
God
established with the Children of Israel
Israel

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Ami (magazine)
AMI (Hebrew : עמי‎‎, "My people") is an international news magazine that caters to the Jewish community. It is published weekly in New York and Israel
Israel
. The magazine was launched by the husband -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em; list-style-type: decimal;"> * ^ Adlerstein, Yitzchok (February 28, 2011). "Reading, Writing, and a New Periodical for the Jewish Home". Cross-currents. Retrieved March 16, 2013. * ^ Berger, Zackery Sholem (August 8, 2012). "Haredi Women\'s Lit Explodes". Tablet Magazine. Retrieved March 16, 2013. * ^ Magazine, Ami (April 7, 2017). "In this week\'s mega double issue of Ami: Ami\'s White House Correspondent, @JakeTurx, sits down for a one-on-one with @PressSec Sean Spicer". twitter.com. Retrieved September 11, 2017. * ^ Frankfurter, Rabbi Yitzchok (March 15, 2017). "Between The President and The Press / A one-on-one with former White House Press Secretary Ari Fleischer". amimagazine.org
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Proportional Representation
PROPORTIONAL REPRESENTATION (PR) characterizes electoral systems by which divisions in an electorate are reflected proportionately in the elected body. If n% of the electorate support a particular political party , then roughly n% of seats will be won by that party. The essence of such systems is that all votes contribute to the result: not just a plurality , or a bare majority , of them. Proportional representation requires the use of multiple-member voting districts (also called super-districts); it is not possible using single-member districts alone. In fact, the most proportional representation is achieved when just one super-district is used. The two most widely used families of PR electoral systems are party list PR and single transferable vote (STV). Mixed member proportional representation (MMP), also known as the Additional Member System , is a hybrid Mixed Electoral System that uses party list PR as its proportional component
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Rosh Yeshiva
ROSH YESHIVA (Hebrew : ראש ישיבה‎; pl . Heb . rashei yeshiva; pl. Yeshivish : rosh yeshivahs) is the title given to the dean of a Talmudical academy (yeshiva). It is a compound word of the Hebrew words rosh ("head") and yeshiva (a school of religious Jewish education). The rosh yeshiva is required to have a comprehensive knowledge of the Talmud
Talmud
and the ability to analyse and present new perspectives, called chidushim (novellae) verbally and often in print. CONTENTS * 1 Role * 2 History * 3 General role * 4 Rosh yeshiva dynasties * 5 Famous rosh yeshivas * 6 Current rosh yeshivas * 7 Role of mashgiach ruchani ROLEThe primary role of the rosh yeshiva is not simply to be the dean, but is generally to say the highest-level lecture in the yeshiva, which is usually a program of at least two years
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Agudat Israel Of Israel
AGUDAT YISRAEL (Hebrew : אֲגוּדָּת יִשְׂרָאֵל‬, lit. Union of Israel, also transliterated Agudath Israel, or Agudas Yisroel) is an ultra-Orthodox Jewish political party in Israel. It began as a political party repre