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Pietism
PIETISM (/ˈpaɪᵻtɪsm/ , from the word piety ) was an influential movement in Lutheranism that combined its emphasis on Biblical doctrine with the Reformed emphasis on individual piety and living a vigorous Christian life. Although the movement was active exclusively within Lutheranism, it had a tremendous impact on Protestantism
Protestantism
worldwide, particularly in North America and Europe. Pietism
Pietism
originated in modern Germany
Germany
in the late 17th century with the work of Philipp Spener , a Lutheran theologian whose emphasis on personal transformation through spiritual rebirth and renewal, individual devotion and piety laid the foundations for the movement. Although Spener did not directly advocate the quietistic, legalistic and semi-separatist practices of Pietism, they were more or less involved in the positions he assumed or the practices which he encouraged
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Sola Gratia
SOLA GRATIA ( Latin
Latin
: by grace alone) is one of the Five solae propounded to summarise the Reformers' basic beliefs during the Protestant Reformation
Protestant Reformation
. Protestant reformers believed that this emphasis was in contradistinction to the teaching of the Catholic Church , though it had explicitly affirmed the doctrine of sola gratia in the year 529 at the Council of Orange , which condemned the Pelagian heresy . As a response to this misunderstanding, Catholic doctrine was further clarified in the Council of Trent
Council of Trent
. This Council explained that salvation is made possible only by grace, and that the faith and works of men are secondary means that have their origins in and are sustained by grace
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Homosexuality And Lutheranism
LUTHERAN VIEWPOINTS CONCERNING HOMOSEXUALITY are diverse because there is no one worldwide body which represents all Lutherans. The Lutheran World Federation , a worldwide 'communion of churches' and the largest global body of Lutherans, contains member churches on both sides of the issue. Thus far, the communion of the LWF has not been impaired by the variety of approaches
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Anointing Of The Sick
ANOINTING OF THE SICK, known also by other names, is a form of religious anointing or "unction" (an older term with the same meaning) for the benefit of a sick person. It is practiced by many Christian churches and denominations . Anointing of the sick was a customary practice in many civilizations, including among the ancient Greeks and early Jewish communities. The use of oil for healing purposes is referred to in the writings of Hippocrates . Anointing of the sick should be distinguished from other religious anointings that occur in relation to other sacraments , in particular baptism , confirmation and ordination , and also in the coronation of a monarch
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Athanasian Creed
The ATHANASIAN CREED, also known as PSEUDO-ATHANASIAN CREED or QUICUNQUE VULT (also QUICUMQUE VULT), is a Christian statement of belief focused on Trinitarian doctrine and Christology . The Latin name of the creed, Quicunque vult, is taken from the opening words , "Whosoever wishes". The creed has been used by Christian churches since the sixth century. It is the first creed in which the equality of the three persons of the Trinity
Trinity
is explicitly stated. It differs from the Nicene-Constantinopolitan and Apostles\' Creeds in the inclusion of anathemas , or condemnations of those who disagree with the creed (like the original Nicene Creed
Creed
)
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Baptism (Lutheran Church)
BAPTISM (from the Greek noun βάπτισμα baptisma; see below ) is a Christian sacrament of admission and adoption , almost invariably with the use of water, into the Christian Church generally. The canonical Gospels report that Jesus was baptized —a historical event to which a high degree of certainty can be assigned. Baptism has been called a holy sacrament and an ordinance of Jesus Christ. In some denominations, baptism is also called christening, but for others the word "christening" is reserved for the baptism of infants . Baptism has also given its name to the Baptist churches and denominations . The usual form of baptism among the earliest Christians was for the candidate to be immersed , either totally (submerged completely under the water) or partially (standing or kneeling in water while water was poured on him or her)
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Nicene Creed
The NICENE CREED (Greek : Σύμβολον τῆς Νικαίας or, τῆς πίστεως, Latin
Latin
: Symbolum Nicaenum) is a Symbol of faith widely used in Christian liturgy . It is called Nicene /ˈnaɪsiːn/ because it was originally adopted in the city of Nicaea (present day İznik
İznik
, Turkey) by the First Council of Nicaea in 325. In 381, it was amended at the First Council of Constantinople
First Council of Constantinople
, and the amended form is referred to as the Nicene or the NICENO-CONSTANTINOPOLITAN CREED. The Oriental Orthodox and Assyrian churches use this profession of faith with the verbs in the original plural ("we believe") form, but the Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches convert those verbs to the singular ("I believe"). The Anglican and many Protestant denominations generally use the singular form, but sometimes use the plural
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Luther Rose
The LUTHER SEAL or LUTHER ROSE is a widely recognized symbol for Lutheranism
Lutheranism
. It was the seal that was designed for Martin Luther
Martin Luther
at the behest of John Frederick of Saxony in 1530, while Luther was staying at the Coburg Fortress
Coburg Fortress
during the Diet of Augsburg
Diet of Augsburg
. Lazarus Spengler , to whom Luther wrote his interpretation below, sent Luther a drawing of this seal. Luther saw it as a compendium or expression of his theology and faith , which he used to authorize his correspondence. Luther informed Philipp Melanchthon on September 15, 1530, that the Prince had personally visited him in the Coburg fortress and presented him with a signet ring , presumably displaying the seal
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Theology Of The Cross
The THEOLOGY OF THE CROSS ( Latin
Latin
: Theologia Crucis) or STAUROLOGY (from Greek stauros : cross, and -logy : "the study of") is a term coined by the theologian Martin Luther
Martin Luther
to refer to theology that posits the cross as the only source of knowledge concerning who God is and how God saves. It is contrasted with the Theology of Glory (theologia gloriae), which places greater emphasis on human abilities and human reason . CONTENTS * 1 Catholic understanding * 2 As defined by Luther * 2.1 Theses * 2.2 Tenets * 3 See also * 4 Notes * 5 References * 6 External links CATHOLIC UNDERSTANDINGParagraph 2015 of the CCC describes the way of perfection as passing by WAY OF THE CROSS. There is no holiness without renunciation and spiritual battle. Spiritual progress entails the ascesis and mortification that gradually leads to living in the peace and joy of the beatitudes
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Laestadianism
LAESTADIANISM is a conservative Lutheran
Lutheran
revival movement started in Lapland in the middle of the 19th century. Named after Swedish state church administrator and temperance movement leader Lars Levi Laestadius , it is strongly marked by both pietistic and Moravian influences. It is the biggest revivalist movement in the Nordic countries . It has members mainly in Finland
Finland
, North America
North America
, Norway , Russia
Russia
and Sweden
Sweden
. There are also smaller congregations in Africa, South America and Central Europe. In addition Laestadians have missionaries in 23 countries. The number of Laestadians worldwide is estimated to be between 144,000 and 219,000. Lars Levi Laestadius (1800–61) Family tree of laestadianism in world. Does not include defunct groups. Family tree of laestadianism in Finland and Karelia
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Luther's Marian Theology
LUTHER\'S MARIAN THEOLOGY is derived from his views of Mary , the mother of Jesus. It was developed out of the deep Christian Marian devotion on which he was reared, and it was subsequently clarified as part of his mature Christocentric theology and piety. Lutherans
Lutherans
hold Mary in high esteem. Martin Luther
Martin Luther
dogmatically asserted what he considered firmly established biblical doctrines like the divine motherhood of Mary while adhering to pious opinions of the Immaculate Conception and the perpetual virginity of Mary along with the caveat that all doctrine and piety should exalt and not diminish the person and work of Jesus
Jesus
Christ. By the end of Luther's theological development, his emphasis was always placed on Mary as merely a receiver of God's love and favor
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Gnesio-Lutherans
"GNESIO-LUTHERANS" (from Greek γνήσιος : genuine, authentic) is a modern name for a theological party in the Lutheran Church , in opposition to the Philippists after the death of Martin Luther
Martin Luther
and before the Formula of Concord
Formula of Concord
. In their own day they were called FLACIANS by their opponents and simply Lutherans by themselves. Later Flacian became to mean an adherent of Matthias Flacius
Matthias Flacius
' view of original sin, rejected by the Formula of Concord
Formula of Concord
. In a broader meaning, the term Gnesio-Lutheran is associated mostly with the defense of the doctrine of Real Presence
Real Presence

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Lutheranism By Region
Lutheranism
Lutheranism
is present throughout various regions of the world. With an estimated 74.2 million adherents, it constitutes one of the largest Protestant
Protestant
branches
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International Lutheran Council
The INTERNATIONAL LUTHERAN COUNCIL is a worldwide association of confessional Lutheran denominations. It is to be distinguished from the Lutheran World Federation and the Confessional Evangelical Lutheran Conference . The member church bodies of the ILC are not required to be in church-fellowship with one another, though many of them are. The organization was constituted in 1993 at a council held in Antigua, Guatemala , although it traces its roots back to theological conferences held in many locations during the 1950s and 1960s
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Confessional Evangelical Lutheran Conference
The CONFESSIONAL EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN CONFERENCE (CELC) is an international conference of Confessional Lutheran national churches. The CELC is headquartered in Waukesha, Wisconsin. Founded in 1993 with thirteen church bodies as members, the Conference has grown to twenty members today. Plenary sessions are held every three years. To date there have been seven plenary meetings (1993, 1996, 1999, 2002, 2005, 2008, 2011), with regional meetings held in the intervening years. The organization rejects the 1999 Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justification signed between the Lutheran World Federation and the Catholic Church
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Lutheran World Federation
The LUTHERAN WORLD FEDERATION (LWF; German : Lutherischer Weltbund) is a global communion of national and regional Lutheran churches headquartered in the Ecumenical Centre in Geneva , Switzerland . The federation was founded in the Swedish city of Lund in the aftermath of the Second World War in 1947 to coordinate the activities of the many differing Lutheran churches. Since 1984, the member churches are in pulpit and altar fellowship, with common doctrine as the basis of membership and mission activity. The LWF now has 145 member church bodies in 89 countries representing over 74 million Lutherans. The LWF acts on behalf of its member churches in areas of common interest such as ecumenical and interfaith relations , theology , humanitarian assistance , human rights , communication, and the various aspects of mission and development work
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