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Phnom Penh
PHNOM PENH (/pəˈnɔːm ˈpɛn/ or /ˈnɒm ˈpɛn/ ; Khmer : ភ្នំពេញ, Khmer pronunciation: ), formerly known as KRONG CHAKTOMUK (Khmer : ក្រុងចតុមុខ), is the capital and most populous city of the Southeastern Asian country of Cambodia
Cambodia
. Located on the banks of the Tonlé Sap
Tonlé Sap
and Mekong River , Phnom Penh has been the national capital since French colonization of Cambodia
Cambodia
, and has grown to become the nation's center of economic and industrial activities, as well as the center of security, politics, cultural heritage , and diplomacy of Cambodia. Once known as the "Pearl of Asia," it was considered one of the loveliest French-built cities in Indochina
Indochina
in the 1920s. Phnom Penh, along with Siem Reap and Sihanoukville , are significant global and domestic tourist destinations for Cambodia
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Time Zone
A TIME ZONE is a region of the globe that observes a uniform standard time for legal, commercial, and social purposes. Time
Time
zones tend to follow the boundaries of countries and their subdivisions because it is convenient for areas in close commercial or other communication to keep the same time. Most of the time zones on land are offset from Coordinated Universal Time
Time
(UTC) by a whole number of hours ( UTC−12 to UTC+14), but a few zones are offset by 30 or 45 minutes (for example Newfoundland Standard Time
Time
is UTC−03:30, Nepal
Nepal
Standard Time
Time
is UTC+05:45, and Indian Standard Time is UTC+05:30). Some higher latitude and temperate zone countries use daylight saving time for part of the year, typically by adjusting local clock time by an hour. Many land time zones are skewed toward the west of the corresponding nautical time zones
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Demonym
A DEMONYM (/ˈdɛmənɪm/ ; δῆμος dẽmos "people, tribe", ὄνομα ónoma "name") is a word that identifies residents or natives of a particular place, which is derived from the name of that particular place. It is a neologism (i.e., a recently minted term); previously GENTILIC was recorded in English dictionaries, e.g., the Oxford English Dictionary and Chambers Twentieth Century Dictionary. Examples of demonyms include a Pakistani for a person from Pakistan
Pakistan
, Swahili for a person of the Swahili coast , the colloquial Kiwi for a person from New Zealand
New Zealand
, and a Cochabambino for a person from the city of Cochabamba . Demonyms do not always clearly distinguish place of origin or ethnicity from place of residence or citizenship, and many demonyms overlap with the ethnonym for the ethnically dominant group of a region
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Indochina
INDOCHINA, originally INDO-CHINA, is a geographical term originating in the early nineteenth century and referring to the continental portion of the region now known as Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia
. The name refers to the lands historically within the cultural influence of India
India
and China
China
, and physically bound by the Indian Subcontinent
Indian Subcontinent
in the west and China
China
in the north. It corresponds to the present-day areas of Myanmar
Myanmar
, Thailand
Thailand
, Laos
Laos
, Cambodia
Cambodia
, Vietnam
Vietnam
, and (variably) peninsular Malaysia
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UTC+7
UTC+07:00 is an identifier for a time offset from UTC of +07:00. In ISO 8601 the associated time would be written as 2017-11-12T03:27:35+07:00
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Buddha
GAUTAMA BUDDHA (c. 563 BCE/480 BCE – c. 483 BCE/400 BCE), also known as SIDDHāRTHA GAUTAMA , SHAKYAMUNI BUDDHA , or simply the BUDDHA, after the title of Buddha , was an ascetic (śramaṇa ) and sage , on whose teachings Buddhism was founded. He is believed to have lived and taught mostly in the eastern part of ancient India sometime between the sixth and fourth centuries BCE . Gautama taught a Middle Way between sensual indulgence and the severe asceticism found in the śramaṇa movement common in his region. He later taught throughout other regions of eastern India
India
such as Magadha and Kosala
Kosala
. Gautama is the primary figure in Buddhism. He is recognized by Buddhists as an enlightened teacher who attained full Buddhahood , and shared his insights to help sentient beings end rebirth and suffering
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Indra
INDRA (/ˈɪndrə/ , Sanskrit : इन्द्र) is a Vedic deity in Hinduism
Hinduism
, a guardian deity in Buddhism
Buddhism
, and the king of first heaven called Saudharmakalpa in Jainism
Jainism
. His mythologies and powers are similar, though not identical to those of the Indo-European deities such as Zeus
Zeus
, Jupiter , Perun
Perun
, Thor
Thor
, and Odin
Odin
(Wotan) . In the Vedas, Indra
Indra
is the king of Svarga (Heaven) and the Devas . He is the god of lightning, thunder, storms, rains and river flows. Indra
Indra
is the most referred to deity in the Rigveda. He is celebrated for his powers, and the one who kills the great symbolic evil named Vritra
Vritra
who obstructs human prosperity and happiness
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Angkor Thom
ANGKOR THOM (Khmer : អង្គរធំ; literally: "Great City"), located in present-day Cambodia
Cambodia
, was the last and most enduring capital city of the Khmer empire
Khmer empire
. It was established in the late twelfth century by King Jayavarman VII
Jayavarman VII
. :378–382 :170 It covers an area of 9 km², within which are located several monuments from earlier eras as well as those established by Jayavarman and his successors. At the centre of the city is Jayavarman's state temple, the Bayon , with the other major sites clustered around the Victory Square immediately to the north. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Style * 3 The site * 4 Gallery * 5 In popular culture * 6 References * 7 External links HISTORY Bas-relief at Bayon. Angkor
Angkor
Thom was established as the capital of Jayavarman VII's empire, and was the centre of his massive building programme
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Replacement Character
SPECIALS is a short Unicode
Unicode
block allocated at the very end of the Basic Multilingual Plane
Basic Multilingual Plane
, at U+FFF0–FFFF. Of these 16 code points, five are assigned as of Unicode
Unicode
10.0: * U+FFF9 INTERLINEAR ANNOTATION ANCHOR, marks start of annotated text * U+FFFA INTERLINEAR ANNOTATION SEPARATOR, marks start of annotating character(s) * U+FFFB INTERLINEAR ANNOTATION TERMINATOR, marks end of annotation block * U+FFFC  OBJECT REPLACEMENT CHARACTER, placeholder in the text for another unspecified object, for example in a compound document . * U+FFFD � REPLACEMENT CHARACTER used to replace an unknown, unrecognized or unrepresentable character * U+FFFE not a character. * U+FFFF not a character.FFFE and FFFF are not unassigned in the usual sense, but guaranteed not to be a Unicode
Unicode
character at all
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Municipal Council
A MUNICIPAL COUNCIL is the local government of a municipality . Specifically the term may refer to the institutions of various countries that may be translated by this term. In English, it may refer to what are also called city councils and town councils . CONTENTS* 1 France * 1.1 See also * 2 India * 3 Jordan * 4 Moldova
Moldova
* 5 Norway
Norway
* 6 Taiwan * 7 See also * 8 References FRANCE For more details on this topic, see City council
City council
(France) . Despite enormous differences in populations, each of the communes of the French Republic possesses a mayor (French : maire) and a municipal council (French : conseil municipal), which manage the commune from the mairie (city hall ), with exactly the same powers no matter the size of the commune and council
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Siam
Coordinates : 15°24′N 101°18′E / 15.4°N 101.3°E / 15.4; 101.3 Kingdom of Thailand ราชอาณาจักรไทย (Thai ) Ratcha-anachak Thai Flag Emblem ANTHEM: Phleng Chat Thai (English: "Thai National Anthem") ROYAL ANTHEM : Sansoen Phra Barami (English: "Glorify His prestige") Location of Thailand
Thailand
(
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Portuguese People
5,000,000 (eligible for Portuguese citizenship) 45,000,000 (Portuguese ancestry) UNITED STATES 1,471,549 (Portuguese ancestry) VENEZUELA 1,300,000 (Portuguese ancestry) FRANCE 1,243,419 (Portuguese ancestry) CANADA 429,850 (Portuguese ancestry) SOUTH AFRICA 300,000 ANGOLA 300,000 SWITZERLAND 265,000 GERMANY 170,000 UNITED KINGDOM 140,000 SPAIN 126,651 LUXEMBOURG 96,500 GUYANA 50,000 (Portuguese ancestry) AUSTRALIA 46,519 MOZAMBIQUE 40,413 ARGENTINA 40,100 BELGIUM 38,000 CAPE VERDE (PORTUGUESE ANCESTRY) 22,318 COLOMBIA 836 TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO 800 30,822 ASIA 30,000 REST OF THE AMERICAS 24,776 REST OF AFRICA 8,965 LANGUAGES Languages of
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Pretender
A PRETENDER is one who maintains a claim that he is entitled to a position of honour or rank, which may be occupied by an incumbent (usually more recognised), or whose powers may currently be exercised by another person or authority. Most often, it refers to a former monarch, or descendant thereof, whose throne is occupied or claimed by a rival or has been abolished . The term "claimant" is sometimes preferred, but the term "pretend" in itself is not pejorative in this context. The original meaning of the English word pretend comes from the French word prétendre (and before that, the Latin praetendo meaning "to stretch out before" ), and originally meant "to put forward, to profess or claim". A pretender was, therefore, simply one who put forward or professed a claim to a title or, in modern terms, a claimant. Only later did the word acquire its modern sense of professing or claiming falsely
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Sisowath Quay
The portion in front of the palace was used for watching boat races during the Water Festival
Water Festival
. The Foreign Correspondents\' Club of Cambodia
Cambodia
is located in this district. The quay is a 3km strip filled with vendors, locals, tourists and are lined with hotels, restaurants, bars, cafes and shops
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Aleurites Moluccanus
Aleurites javanicus Gand. Aleurites moluccana Aleurites pentaphyllus Wall. ex Langeron Aleurites remyi Sherff Aleurites trilobus J.R.Forst. the seed inside has a very hard seed coat and a high oil content, which allows its use as a candle (see below), hence its name. CONTENTS * 1 Uses * 2 Toxicity * 3 Mythology * 4 Gallery * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links USES Women in East Timor
East Timor
are preparing candlenut sticks to illuminate a local festival The nut is often used cooked in Indonesian and Malaysian cuisine , where it is called kemiri in Indonesian or buah keras in Malay . On the island of Java in Indonesia
Indonesia
, it is used to make a thick sauce that is eaten with vegetables and rice
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Buddhist
BUDDHISM ( /ˈbʊdɪzəm/ or /ˈbuːdɪzəm/ ) is a religion and dharma that encompasses a variety of traditions , beliefs and spiritual practices largely based on teachings attributed to the Buddha
Buddha
. Buddhism
Buddhism
originated in Ancient India
Ancient India
sometime between the 6th and 4th centuries BCE, from where it spread through much of Asia
Asia
, whereafter it declined in India
India
during the Middle Ages. Two major extant branches of Buddhism
Buddhism
are generally recognized by scholars: Theravada ( Pali
Pali
: "The School of the Elders") and Mahayana ( Sanskrit
Sanskrit
: "The Great Vehicle"). Buddhism
Buddhism
is the world\'s fourth-largest religion , with over 500 million followers or 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists
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