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Philippe Sarde
PHILIPPE SARDE (born 21 June 1948) is a French film composer. Considered among the most versatile and talented French film composers of his generation, Sarde has scored over two hundred films, film shorts, and television mini-series. He received an Academy Award nomination for Tess (1979), and twelve César Award
César Award
nominations, winning for Barocco (1976) and The Judge and the Assassin (1976). In 1993, Sarde received the Joseph Plateau Music Award . CONTENTS * 1 Life and career * 2 Selected filmography * 3 Awards and nominations * 4 References * 5 External links LIFE AND CAREER Philippe Sarde was born 21 June 1948 in Neuilly-sur-Seine , Hauts-de-Seine , Île-de-France, France. His mother, Andrée Gabriel, was a singer in the Paris Opera. Through his mother's encouragement, he became interested in music from the early age of three. When he was four years old, he conducted a brief section of Carmen at the Paris Opera. At the age of five, he began experimenting with sound recording and made his first short films. Sarde loved both music and film, and had trouble deciding on his career direction. Sarde entered the Paris Conservatory, where he studied harmony, counterpoint, fugue, and composition under Noël Gallon
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Hauts-de-Seine
HAUTS-DE-SEINE (French: ; literally " Seine Heights") is a department of France . It is part of the Métropole du Grand Paris and of the Île-de- France region, and covers the western inner suburbs of Paris . It is small and densely populated and contains the modern office, theatre, and shopping complex known as _ La Défense _. CONTENTS * 1 Geography * 2 Administration * 3 History * 4 Economy * 5 Politics * 6 Demographics * 6.1 Place of birth of residents * 7 Tourism * 8 References * 9 External links GEOGRAPHYHauts-de- Seine and two other small départements, Seine-Saint-Denis and Val-de-Marne , form a ring around Paris, known as the _Petite Couronne _ (i.e. "little crown") and are together with the City of Paris included in the Greater Paris since January 1, 2016
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Île-de-France (region)
ÎLE-DE-FRANCE (English: /ˌiːl dəˈfrɑːns/ , French : ( listen ), "Island of France"), also known as the région parisienne ("PARISIAN REGION"; see Etymology ), is one of the 18 regions of France
France
, and includes the city of Paris. It covers 12,012 square kilometers (4 638 square miles), and has its own regional council and president. It has a population of 12,005,077 as of January 2014, equivalent to 18.2% of the population of France. The region is made up of eight administrative departments : Paris
Paris
, Essonne
Essonne
, Hauts-de-Seine , Seine-Saint-Denis , Seine-et-Marne , Val-de-Marne , Val-d\'Oise and Yvelines . Created as the "District of the Paris
Paris
Region" in 1961, it was renamed after the historic province of Île-de- France
France
in 1976 when its administrative status was aligned with the other French administrative regions created in 1972. Residents are sometimes referred to as "Franciliens", an administrative word created in the 1980s. The GDP of the region in 2012 was €612,300,000,000 (or US$788,000,000 at market exchange rates ). It has the highest per-capita GDP among regions in France, and the third-highest of regions in the European Union. In 2014, thirty companies from the Fortune Global 500 had their headquarters in the Paris
Paris
region
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France
FRANCE (locally ), officially the FRENCH REPUBLIC (_République française_ ), is a country with territory status in western Europe and several overseas regions and territories . The European, or metropolitan, area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea , and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean . The republic also includes French Guiana on the South American continent and several islands in the Atlantic , Pacific and Indian oceans. The country's 18 integral regions (5 of which are situated overseas) span a combined area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) which, as of January 2017, has a total population of almost 67 million people. France is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris , the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. Other major urban centres include Marseille , Lyon , Lille , Nice , Toulouse and Bordeaux . During the Iron Age , what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls , a Celtic people. The area was annexed in 51 BC by Rome , which held Gaul until 486, when the Germanic Franks conquered the region and formed the Kingdom of France
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Film Score
A FILM SCORE (also sometimes called BACKGROUND SCORE, BACKGROUND MUSIC, MOVIE SOUNDTRACK, FILM MUSIC or INCIDENTAL MUSIC) is original music written specifically to accompany a film. The score forms part of the film's soundtrack , which also usually includes dialogue and sound effects , and comprises a number of orchestral, instrumental, or choral pieces called cues , which are timed to begin and end at specific points during the film in order to enhance the dramatic narrative and the emotional impact of the scene in question. Scores are written by one or more composers , under the guidance of, or in collaboration with, the film's director or producer and are then usually performed by an ensemble of musicians – most often comprising an orchestra or band, instrumental soloists, and choir or vocalists – and recorded by a sound engineer . Film scores encompass an enormous variety of styles of music, depending on the nature of the films they accompany. The majority of scores are orchestral works rooted in Western classical music , but many scores are also influenced by jazz , rock , pop , blues , new-age and ambient music , and a wide range of ethnic and world music styles. Since the 1950s, a growing number of scores have also included electronic elements as part of the score, and many scores written today feature a hybrid of orchestral and electronic instruments
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Composer
A COMPOSER ( Latin _compōnō_; literally "one who puts together") is a person who creates or writes music , which can be vocal music (for a singer or choir ), instrumental music (e.g., for solo piano , string quartet , wind quintet or orchestra ) or music which combines both instruments and voices (e.g., opera or art song , which is a singer accompanied by a pianist). The core meaning of the term refers to individuals who have contributed to the tradition of Western classical music through creation of works expressed in written musical notation (e.g., sheet music scores). Many composers are also skilled performers, either as singers, instrumentalists , or conductors . Examples of composers who are also well known for their ability as performers include J. S. Bach (an organist ), Mozart (violin and piano ), and Beethoven , Liszt and Chopin (all skilled pianists). Involvement in practical music-making provides a composer with insight into the diverse musical elements needed for a good piece of music and it can give them practical guidance with their compositions. In broader usage, "composer" can designate people who participate in other musical traditions who create music, as well as those who create music by means other than written notation: for example, Blues or folk singers and guitarists who create songs through improvisation and recording and popular music writers of musical theatre songs and arrangements
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Academy Award
_Spotlight _ BEST PICTURE_Moonlight _The ACADEMY AWARDS, now known officially as THE OSCARS, is a set of twenty-four awards for artistic and technical merit in the American film industry, given annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), to recognize excellence in cinematic achievements as assessed by the Academy's voting membership. The various category winners are awarded a copy of a golden statuette, officially called the "Academy Award of Merit", which has become commonly known by its nickname "Oscar". The awards, first presented in 1929 at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel , are overseen by AMPAS. The awards ceremony was first broadcast on radio in 1930 and televised for the first time in 1953. It is now seen live in more than 200 countries and can be streamed live online. The Academy Awards ceremony is the oldest worldwide entertainment awards ceremony. Its equivalents – the Emmy Awards for television, the Tony Awards for theater, and the Grammy Awards for music and recording – are modeled after the Academy Awards. The 89th Academy Awards ceremony, honoring the best films of 2016 , were held on February 26, 2017, at the Dolby Theatre , in Los Angeles , California
California
. The ceremony was hosted by Jimmy Kimmel and was broadcast on ABC . A total of 3,048 Oscars have been awarded from the inception of the award through the 89th
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Tess (film)
TESS is a 1979 drama film directed by Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
, an adaptation of Thomas Hardy 's 1891 novel Tess of the d\'Urbervilles . The screenplay was written by Gérard Brach , John Brownjohn , and Roman Polanski. The film received positive critical reviews upon release and was nominated for six Academy Awards including Best Picture , winning three for Best Cinematography , Best Art Direction and Best Costume Design . CONTENTS * 1 Plot * 2 Cast * 3 Production * 4 Music * 5 Alternate versions * 6 Release * 6.1 Critical reception * 7 Accolades * 8 References * 9 External links PLOTThe story takes place in Thomas Hardy\'s Wessex during the Victorian period . The events of the story are set in motion when a clergyman , Parson Tringham, has a chance conversation with John Durbeyfield, a simple farmer. Tringham is a local historian, and in the course of his research he has discovered the "Durbeyfields" are descended from the d'Urbervilles, a noble family whose lineage extends to the time of William the Conqueror . The family lost its land and prestige when the male heirs died out . The parson thinks Durbeyfield might like to know his origins as a passing historical curiosity. Durbeyfield soon becomes fixated upon the idea of using his noble lineage to better his family's fortunes
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César Award
The CéSAR AWARD is the national film award of France
France
. It is delivered in the Nuit des César ceremony and was first awarded in 1976. The nominations are selected by the members of twelve categories of filmmaking professionals and supported by the French Ministry of Culture . The nationally televised award ceremony is held in the Théâtre du Châtelet
Théâtre du Châtelet
in Paris each year in February. It is an initiative from the Académie des Arts et Techniques du Cinéma which was founded in 1975. The César Award
César Award
is considered the highest film honor in France, the French film industry's equivalent to the Molière Award for theatre, and the Victoires de la Musique for music. In cinema, it is the French equivalent of the Academy Award
Academy Award
in the United States and the BAFTA Awards in the United Kingdom. The award was created by Georges Cravenne , who was also the creator of the Molière Award for theatre. The name of the award comes from the sculptor César Baldaccini (1921–1998) who created it. The 42nd César Awards
42nd César Awards
ceremony took place on 24 February 2017. Elle , directed by Paul Verhoeven
Paul Verhoeven
, won the award for Best Film
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Barocco
BAROCCO is a 1976 French romantic thriller film, directed by André Téchiné . The film stars Isabelle Adjani , Gérard Depardieu and Marie-France Pisier . Identity, redemption and resurrection are the themes of the film. The plot follows a young woman who convinces her boxer boyfriend to accept a bribe to tell a lie that discredits a local politician. When the boyfriend is murdered, she is racked with guilt until she meets the killer and plans to remake him into the image of her slain lover. The film won three César Awards : Best Actress in a Supporting Role, Best Cinematography and Best Music. The film had a total of 678,734 admissions in France. CONTENTS * 1 Plot * 2 Cast * 3 Title * 4 Production * 5 Analysis * 6 DVD release * 7 Awards and nominations * 8 Notes * 9 References * 10 External links PLOTIn a French speaking port in Northern Europe, Laure, an aimless young woman, goes to see her boyfriend, Samson, a washed up boxer. While posing for photographs, that are going to illustrate an interview for a newspaper, Samson is offered to take a huge amount of money if he lies, confessing in the interview to have an homosexual relationship with a politician, who is a candidate in an oncoming election. The smearing campaign has been hatched by political rivals involved with gang members. Samson is hesitant, but Laure pushes him to take the offer. The money would allow them to have a better future somewhere else
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The Judge And The Assassin
THE JUDGE AND THE ASSASSIN (French : LE JUGE ET L\'ASSASSIN) is a 1976 French drama film directed by Bertrand Tavernier . The film won two César Awards in 1977. It is based on the life of mass murderer Joseph Vacher . CONTENTS * 1 Selected cast * 2 See also * 3 References * 4 External links SELECTED CAST * Philippe Noiret as Judge Rousseau * Michel Galabru as Sgt. Joseph Bouvier * Isabelle Huppert as Rose * Jean-Claude Brialy as Villedieu, Attorney * Renée Faure as Mme
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Joseph Plateau Awards
A JOSEPH PLATEAU AWARD was an accolade presented by the Flanders International Film Festival Ghent , first awarded in 1985. The awards were given in several categories to honor cinematic achievements in the film industry . They were restricted to Belgian cinema and Belgian producers, directors, and actors. The name of the award comes from the physicist Joseph Plateau (1801–1883). They were considered to be the Belgian equivalent to the Academy Awards of the United States. In 2001, the awards ceremony was held in conjunction with the Flanders International Film Festival Ghent , which initially co-founded the event. The last award ceremony was held on March 7, 2006 in Ghent . Since then, the Flemish Film Awards and the Magritte Awards were established in 2010 and 2011, respectively. SEE ALSO * Cinema of Belgium * Flanders International Film Festival Ghent REFERENCES * ^ "Joseph Plateau Awards" (PDF). Flanders International Film Festival Ghent . p. 8. Retrieved February 19, 2012. * ^ "Vlaamse Filmprijzen" (in Dutch). Filmfestival Oostende. Retrieved January 28, 2012. * ^ "Le cinéma belge était à l’honneur lors de la Première édition des Magritte du cinéma belge francophone". Moniteur du film (in French). Archived from the original on December 5, 2012. Retrieved January 9, 2012
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Neuilly-sur-Seine
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 _Population without double counting _: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once. NEUILLY-SUR-SEINE (French pronunciation: ​ ) is a French _commune _ just west of Paris , in the department of Hauts-de-Seine . A suburb of Paris, Neuilly is immediately adjacent to the city and directly extends it. The area is composed of mostly wealthy, select residential neighbourhoods, and many corporate headquarters are located there. This is one of the wealthiest suburbs of Paris. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Main sights * 3 Transport * 4 Economy * 5 Education * 6 Famous residents * 7 Twin towns * 8 See also * 9 References * 10 External links HISTORYOriginally, Neuilly was a small hamlet under the jurisdiction of Villiers, a larger settlement mentioned in medieval sources as early as 832 and now absorbed by the commune of Levallois-Perret . It was not until 1222 that the little settlement of Neuilly, established on the banks of the Seine , was mentioned for the first time in a charter of the Abbey of Saint-Denis : the name was recorded in Medieval Latin as _Portus de Lulliaco_, meaning "Port of Lulliacum". In 1224 another charter of Saint-Denis recorded the name as _Lugniacum_
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Noël Gallon
NOëL GALLON (11 September 1891 – 26 December 1966) was a French composer and music educator . His compositional output includes several choral works and vocal art songs, 10 preludes , a Toccata for piano , a Sonata for flute and bassoon , a Fantasy for piano and orchestra , an Orchestral Suite, and the lyrical drama Paysans et Soldats (1911). Born in Paris, Gallon was the younger brother of composer Jean Gallon with whom he studied harmony at the Paris Conservatoire . In 1910 he won the Prix de Rome with the cantata Acis et Galathée. In 1920 he joined the faculty of the conservatoire as a professor of solfège . He began teaching counterpoint at the school in 1926. His many notable students include such well-known composers as Claude Arrieu , Tony Aubin , Jocelyne Binet , Gerd Boder , Paul Bonneau , Pierre Dervaux , Maurice Duruflé
Maurice Duruflé
, Henri Dutilleux , Ulvi Cemal Erkin
Ulvi Cemal Erkin
, Lukas Foss
Lukas Foss
, Jean Hubeau , Paul Kuentz , Paule Maurice , Xian Xinghai , Olivier Messiaen , Pedro Ipuche Riva , and René Saorgin . See: List of music students by teacher: G to J# Noël Gallon
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Vladimir Cosma
VLADIMIR COSMA (born 13 April 1940) is a Romanian-born French composer, conductor and violinist. He was born into a family of musicians. His father, Teodor Cosma, was a pianist and conductor, his mother a writer-composer, his uncle, Edgar Cosma, composer and conductor, and one of his grandmothers, pianist, a student of the renowned Ferruccio Busoni . CONTENTS * 1 Career * 2 Works * 2.1 Film soundtracks * 2.1.1 1960s * 2.1.2 1970s * 2.1.3 1980s * 2.1.4 1990s * 2.1.5 2000s * 2.2 Operas and stage works * 2.3 Symphonic works based on film soundtracks * 2.4 Works for soloists and orchestra * 2.5 Vocal, Choral and symphonic * 2.6 Military and Concert Band music with or without soloists * 2.7 Chamber music, Pianoforte reductions * 2.8 Pianoforte music * 2.9 Vocal music and songs * 3 Awards * 4 References * 5 External links CAREERAfter receiving first prizes for violin and composition at the Bucharest Conservatoire of Music, he arrived in Paris in 1963 and continued his studies at the Conservatoire national supérieur de musique de Paris , working with Nadia Boulanger . As well as for classical music, he discovered early on a passion for jazz, film music and all forms of popular music. From 1964 he made a number of international tours as a concert violinist and began to devote himself more and more to composing
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Claude Sautet
CLAUDE SAUTET (23 February 1924 – 22 July 2000) was a French author and film director. CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Filmography (Director) * 3 Filmography (Writer) * 4 Filmography (other) * 5 References * 6 External links BIOGRAPHYBorn in Montrouge , Hauts-de-Seine, France, Sautet first studied painting and sculpture before attending a film university in Paris where he began his career and later became a television producer. He filmed his first movie, Bonjour Sourire, in 1955. He earned international attention with Les Choses de la Vie (1969), which he wrote and directed, like the rest of his later films. It was shown in competition at the 1970 Cannes Festival, where it was well received. The film also revived the career of Romy Schneider ; she acted in several of Sautet's later films. In Max et les Ferrailleurs (1971) she played a prostitute, while in César et Rosalie (1972) she portrayed a married woman who copes with the reappearance of an old flame. Vincent, Paul, François, et les Autres (1974) is one of Sautet's most acclaimed films. Four middle-class men meet in the country every weekend mainly to discuss their lives. The film featured a cast of major stars of French cinema: Michel Piccoli , Yves Montand
Yves Montand
, Gérard Depardieu , and Stéphane Audran . He achieved even further critical success with Mado (1976)
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