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Philip K. Dick
PHILIP KINDRED DICK (December 16, 1928 – March 2, 1982) was an American writer notable for publishing works of science fiction . Dick explored philosophical, social, and political themes in novels with plots dominated by monopolistic corporations, authoritarian governments , alternate universes , and altered states of consciousness . His work reflected his personal interest in metaphysics and theology , and often drew upon his life experiences in addressing the nature of reality , identity , drug abuse , schizophrenia , and transcendental experiences. Born in Illinois
Illinois
before moving to California, Dick began publishing science fiction stories in the 1950s, initially finding little commercial success. His 1962 alternate history novel The Man in the High Castle earned Dick early acclaim, including a Hugo Award
Hugo Award
for Best Novel
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Chicago
CHICAGO (/ʃᵻˈkɑːɡoʊ/ ( listen ) or /ʃᵻˈkɔːɡoʊ/ ), officially the CITY OF CHICAGO, is the third-most populous city in the United States . With over 2.7 million residents, it is also the most populous city in both the state of Illinois and the Midwestern United States . It is the county seat of Cook County . The Chicago metropolitan area , often referred to as Chicagoland, has nearly 10 million people and is the third-largest in the U.S. Chicago has also been called a global architecture capital. In terms of wealth and economy, Chicago is considered one of the most important business centers in the world. Chicago was incorporated as a city in 1837, near a portage between the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River watershed , and grew rapidly in the mid-nineteenth century
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Illinois
ILLINOIS (/ˌɪlᵻˈnɔɪ/ (_ listen ) IL-i-NOY_ , /ˌɪləˈnɔɪ/ ) is a state in the Midwestern region of the United States , achieving statehood in 1818. Illinois is the 5th-most populous state and 25th-largest state in terms of land area , and is noted as a microcosm of the entire country. The word "Illinois" comes from a French rendering of a native Algonquin word. With Chicago in the northeast on Lake Michigan , small industrial cities and great agricultural productivity in central and northern Illinois, and natural resources like coal, timber, and petroleum in the south, Illinois has a diverse economic base and is a major transportation hub . The Port of Chicago connects the state to other global ports from the Great Lakes , via the Saint Lawrence Seaway , to the Atlantic Ocean, as well as the Great Lakes to the Mississippi River , via the Illinois Waterway
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Santa Ana, California
SANTA ANA /ˌsæntə ˈænə/ (Spanish for " Saint Anne ") is the county seat and second most populous city in Orange County , California
California
. The United States
United States
Census
Census
Bureau estimated its 2011 population at 329,427, making Santa Ana the 57th most-populous city in the United States
United States
. Santa Ana is located in Southern California
California
, adjacent to the Santa Ana River , about 10 miles (16 km) away from the California
California
coast. Founded in 1869, the city is part of the Greater Los Angeles Area , the second largest metropolitan area in the United States
United States
with almost 18 million residents in 2010
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Science Fiction
SCIENCE FICTION (often shortened to SF, SCI-FI or SCIFI) is a genre of speculative fiction , typically dealing with imaginative concepts such as futuristic science and technology , space travel , time travel , faster than light travel , parallel universes , and extraterrestrial life . Science
Science
fiction often explores the potential consequences of scientific and other innovations , and has been called a "literature of ideas". It usually avoids the supernatural , and unlike the related genre of fantasy , historically, science-fiction stories were intended to have a grounding in science-based fact or theory at the time the story was created, but this connection is now limited to hard science fiction
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Paranoid Fiction
PARANOID FICTION is a term sometimes used to describe works of literature that explores the subjective nature of reality and how it can be manipulated by forces in power. These forces can be external, such as a totalitarian government, or they can be internal, such as a character's mental illness or refusal to accept the harshness of the world he or she is in. Unlike speculative fiction , paranoid fiction is written in a way so as to imply that the story may only be a delusion of the characters, instead of treating it as an alternate history or an in-fiction universe . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Characteristics * 3 Authors * 4 Films * 5 References HISTORYThe elements of paranoid fiction can be seen in works dating as far back as the late 19th and early 20th century
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Philosophical Fiction
PHILOSOPHICAL FICTION refers to the class of works of fiction which devote a significant portion of their content to the sort of questions normally addressed in discursive philosophy . These might include the function and role of society, the purpose of life , ethics or morals, the role of art in human lives, and the role of experience or reason in the development of knowledge. Philosophical fiction works would include the so-called novel of ideas, including some science fiction , utopian and dystopian fiction , and the Bildungsroman . CONTENTS * 1 Prominent philosophical fiction * 2 See also * 3 References * 4 External links PROMINENT PHILOSOPHICAL FICTION This is only a list of some major philosophical fiction. For all philosophical novels, see Category:Philosophical novels . There is no universally accepted definition of philosophical fiction, but a sampling of notable works can help to outline its history
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Postmodernism
POSTMODERNISM describes a broad movement that developed in the mid- to late 20th century across philosophy , the arts , architecture and criticism which marked a departure from modernism . While encompassing a broad range of ideas, postmodernism is typically defined by an attitude of skepticism , irony or distrust toward grand narratives , ideologies and various tenets of universalism , including objective notions of reason , human nature , social progress , moral universalism , absolute truth , and objective reality . Instead, it asserts to varying degrees that claims to knowledge and truth are products of social, historical or political discourses or interpretations, and are therefore contextual or socially constructed. Accordingly, postmodern thought is broadly characterized by tendencies to epistemological and moral relativism , pluralism , irreverence and self-referentiality
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Ubik
UBIK (/ˈjuːbɪk/ EW-bik ) is a 1969 science fiction novel by American writer Philip K. Dick . It is one of Dick's most acclaimed novels. It was chosen by Time magazine as one of the 100 greatest novels since 1923. In his review for Time, critic Lev Grossman described it as "a deeply unsettling existential horror story, a nightmare you'll never be sure you've woken up from." CONTENTS * 1 Plot * 2 Interpretation * 3 Adaptations * 3.1 Videogame * 3.2 Attempts to produce a Ubik
Ubik
film * 3.2.1 Original attempt - Gorin * 3.2.2 Screenplay publications * 3.2.3 Optioning in the 2000s - Pallotta and Celluloid Dreams * 3.2.4 Production in 2010s - Gondry * 3.3 Audiobook * 3.4 Music * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 Further reading * 7 External links PLOTThe novel is set in the year 1992, by when humanity has colonized the Moon and psychic powers are common
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Do Androids Dream Of Electric Sheep?
DO ANDROIDS DREAM OF ELECTRIC SHEEP? (retitled BLADE RUNNER: DO ANDROIDS DREAM OF ELECTRIC SHEEP? in some later printings) is a science fiction novel by American writer Philip K. Dick
Philip K. Dick
, first published in 1968. The novel is set in a post-apocalyptic San Francisco, where Earth's life has been greatly damaged by nuclear global war . Most animal species are endangered or extinct from extreme radiation poisoning , so that owning an animal is now a sign of status and empathy, an attitude encouraged towards animals. The book served as the primary basis for the 1982 film Blade Runner . The main plot follows Rick Deckard , a bounty hunter who is faced with killing ("retiring") six escaped Nexus-6 model androids , while a secondary plot follows John Isidore, a man of sub-par IQ who aids the fugitive androids. In connection with Deckard's mission, the novel explores the issue of what it is to be human
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The Man In The High Castle
THE MAN IN THE HIGH CASTLE (1962) is an alternative history novel by American writer Philip K. Dick . Set in 1962, fifteen years after an alternative ending to World War II
World War II
, the novel concerns intrigues between the victorious Axis Powers —primarily, Imperial Japan and Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
—as they rule over the former United States, as well as daily life under the resulting totalitarian rule. The Man in the High Castle won the Hugo Award for Best Novel in 1963 and the Tähtivaeltaja Award in 1993. Beginning in 2015, the book was adapted as a multi-season TV series . Reported inspirations include Ward Moore 's alternative Civil War history, Bring the Jubilee (1953), various classic World War II histories, and the I Ching
I Ching
(referred to in the novel)
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A Scanner Darkly
A SCANNER DARKLY is a science fiction novel by American writer Philip K. Dick , published in 1977. The semi-autobiographical story is set in a dystopian Orange County, California
Orange County, California
, in the then-future of June 1994, and includes an extensive portrayal of drug culture and drug use (both recreational and abusive ). The novel is one of Dick's best-known works and served as the basis for a 2006 film of the same name, directed by Richard Linklater
Richard Linklater
. CONTENTS * 1 Plot summary * 2 Autobiographical nature * 3 Background and publication * 4 Adaptations * 4.1 Film * 4.2 Audiobook * 5 References * 6 Sources * 7 External links PLOT SUMMARYThe protagonist is Bob Arctor, member of a household of drug users, who is also living a parallel life as Agent Fred, an undercover police agent assigned to spy on Arctor's household
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Flow My Tears, The Policeman Said
FLOW MY TEARS, THE POLICEMAN SAID is a 1974 science fiction novel by American writer Philip K. Dick
Philip K. Dick
. The story follows a genetically enhanced pop singer and television star who wakes up in a world where he has never existed. The novel is set in a futuristic dystopia , where the United States has become a police state in the aftermath of a Second Civil War. It was nominated for a Nebula Award in 1974 and a Hugo Award in 1975, and was awarded the John W. Campbell Memorial Award for Best Science Fiction Novel in 1975. CONTENTS * 1 Plot summary * 2 Reception * 3 Title * 4 Author\'s interpretation * 5 Adaptations * 5.1 Stage * 5.2 Film * 6 References * 7 External links PLOT SUMMARYThe novel is set in a dystopian version of 1988, following a Second Civil War which led to the collapse of the United States' democratic institutions
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VALIS Trilogy
The VALIS TRILOGY is a set of science fiction /philosophical novels by author Philip K. Dick which include VALIS (1978), The Divine Invasion (1980), and The Transmigration of Timothy Archer (1982). Dick's first novel about the VALIS concept originally titled "VALISystem A" (written 1976), was published as Radio Free Albemuth after Dick's death in 1982. BACKGROUNDIn February and March 1974, Dick experienced a series of visions and other inexplicable perceptual and cognitive phenomena. For the rest of his life, Dick explored the philosophical implications and hypothesized about the origins of the experience, in a journal which eventually ran to hundreds of thousands of words. This work became known as the Exegesis, selections of which were published as The Exegesis of Philip K. Dick
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Second Variety
"SECOND VARIETY" is a science fiction short story by American writer Philip K. Dick , first published in Space Science Fiction magazine, in May 1953. A nuclear war between the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
and the West has reduced much of the world to a barren wasteland. The war continues, however, among the scattered remains of humanity. The Western forces have developed "claws", which are autonomous self-replicating robots to fight on their side. It is one of Dick's many stories in which nuclear war has rendered the Earth's surface uninhabitable. The story was adapted into the movie Screamers in 1995. The short story "Jon's World" written in 1954 revisited the claw-infested world of "Second Variety"
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Monopoly
A MONOPOLY (from Greek μόνος _mónos_ and πωλεῖν _pōleîn_ ) exists when a specific person or enterprise is the only supplier of a particular commodity. This contrasts with a monopsony which relates to a single entity's control of a market to purchase a good or service, and with oligopoly which consists of a few sellers dominating a market). Monopolies are thus characterized by a lack of economic competition to produce the good or service , a lack of viable substitute goods , and the possibility of a high monopoly price well above the seller's marginal cost that leads to a high monopoly profit . The verb _monopolise_ or _monopolize_ refers to the _process_ by which a company gains the ability to raise prices or exclude competitors. In economics, a monopoly is a single seller. In law, a monopoly is a business entity that has significant market power, that is, the power to charge overly high prices