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Philharmonia Orchestra
The PHILHARMONIA ORCHESTRA is a British orchestra based in London. It was founded in 1945 by Walter Legge , a classical music record producer for EMI . Since 1995, the orchestra has been based in the Royal Festival Hall . The Philharmonia also has residencies at De Montfort Hall , Leicester , the Corn Exchange, Bedford , and The Anvil, Basingstoke . Esa-Pekka Salonen has been the orchestra's principal conductor and artistic advisor since 2008. Helen Sprott is the orchestra's current managing director, The Philharmonia Orchestra performs more than 160 concerts a year and tours widely, and also records music for films and computer games. Since its inception in 1945, the Philharmonia has commissioned more than 100 compositions from composers that include Sir Harrison Birtwistle, Sir Peter Maxwell Davies, Mark-Anthony Turnage and James MacMillan. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Early decades * 1.2 Recent decades * 2 Recordings * 3 Other activities * 4 Principal Conductors * 5 References * 6 External links HISTORYEARLY DECADESThe orchestra was founded in 1945 by Walter Legge . As Legge was a recording producer for EMI , it was believed that the orchestra was primarily formed for recording purposes, but that was not Legge's intention
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Philharmonia (moth)
PHILHARMONIA is a genus of moth in the family Lecithoceridae . SPECIES * Philharmonia adusta Park, 2000 * Philharmonia basinigra Wang & Wang, 2015 * Philharmonia calypsa Wu, 1994 * Philharmonia eurysia Wu, 2000 * Philharmonia filiale Gozmány, 2002 * Philharmonia insigna Wu "> * ^ Kyu-Tek Park; John B. Heppner; Yang-Seop Bae (2013). "Two new species of Lecithoceridae (Lepidoptera, Gelechioidea), with a revised check list of the family in Taiwan". ZooKeys . 263: 47–57. doi :10.3897/zookeys.263.3781 . This article on a moth of the Lecithoceridae family is a stub . You can help by expanding it . * v * t * e Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Philharmonia_(moth) additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
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Orchestra
An ORCHESTRA (/ˈɔːrkᵻstrə/ or US : /ˈɔːrˌkɛstrə/ ; Italian: ) is a large instrumental ensemble typical of classical music , which mixes instruments from different families, including bowed string instruments such as violin , viola , cello and double bass , as well as brass , woodwinds , and percussion instruments , each grouped in sections. Other instruments such as the piano and celesta may sometimes appear in a fifth keyboard section or may stand alone, as may the concert harp and, for performances of some modern compositions, electronic instruments . The term _orchestra_ derives from the Greek ὀρχήστρα (_orchestra_), the name for the area in front of a stage in ancient Greek theatre reserved for the Greek chorus . A full-size orchestra may sometimes be called a _symphony orchestra_ or _philharmonic orchestra_. The actual number of musicians employed in a given performance may vary from seventy to over one hundred musicians, depending on the work being played and the size of the venue. The term _chamber orchestra_ (and sometimes _concert orchestra_) usually refers to smaller-sized ensembles of about fifty musicians or fewer
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London
LONDON /ˈlʌndən/ ( listen ) is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom . Standing on the River Thames in the south east of the island of Great Britain , London has been a major settlement for two millennia. It was founded by the Romans , who named it _ Londinium _. London's ancient core, the City of London
City of London
, largely retains its 1.12-square-mile (2.9 km2) medieval boundaries. Since at least the 19th century, "London" has also referred to the metropolis around this core, historically split between Middlesex , Essex , Surrey , Kent , and Hertfordshire , which today largely makes up Greater London
Greater London
, a region governed by the Mayor of London and the London Assembly . London is a leading global city in the arts, commerce, education, entertainment, fashion, finance, healthcare, media, professional services, research and development, tourism, and transportation. It is crowned as the world's largest financial centre and has the fifth- or sixth-largest metropolitan area GDP in the world . London is a world cultural capital. It is the world's most-visited city as measured by international arrivals and has the world\'s largest city airport system measured by passenger traffic
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England
ENGLAND is a country that is part of the United Kingdom . It shares land borders with Scotland to the north and Wales to the west. The Irish Sea lies northwest of England and the Celtic Sea lies to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain (which lies in the North Atlantic ) in its centre and south; and includes over 100 smaller islands such as the Isles of Scilly , and the Isle of Wight . The area now called England was first inhabited by modern humans during the Upper Palaeolithic period, but takes its name from the Angles , one of the Germanic tribes who settled during the 5th and 6th centuries. England became a unified state in the 10th century, and since the Age of Discovery , which began during the 15th century, has had a significant cultural and legal impact on the wider world. The English language , the Anglican Church , and English law – the basis for the common law legal systems of many other countries around the world – developed in England, and the country's parliamentary system of government has been widely adopted by other nations
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United Kingdom
The UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND, commonly known as the UNITED KINGDOM (UK) or BRITAIN, is a sovereign country in western Europe. Lying off the north-western coast of the European mainland , the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
includes the island of Great Britain
Great Britain
, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland
Ireland
and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
is the only part of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
that shares a land border with another sovereign state‍—‌the Republic of Ireland
Ireland
. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
, with the North Sea to its east, the English Channel to its south and the Celtic Sea to its south-south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world . The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain
Great Britain
and Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres (93,600 sq mi), the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world and the 11th-largest in Europe
Europe
. It is also the 21st-most populous country , with an estimated 65.1 million inhabitants
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Royal Festival Hall
The ROYAL FESTIVAL HALL is a 2,500-seat concert, dance and talks venue within Southbank Centre
Southbank Centre
in London
London
. It is situated on the South Bank of the River Thames
River Thames
, not far from Hungerford Bridge , in the London
London
Borough of Lambeth . It is a Grade I listed building , the first post-war building to become so protected (in 1981). The London Philharmonic Orchestra , the Philharmonia Orchestra and the Orchestra of the Age of Enlightenment are resident in the hall. The hall was built as part of the Festival of Britain
Festival of Britain
for London County Council , and was officially opened on 3 May 1951. When the LCC's successor, the Greater London
London
Council , was abolished in 1986, the Festival Hall was taken over by the Arts Council , and managed together with the Queen Elizabeth Hall and Purcell Room
Purcell Room
(opened 1967) and the Hayward Gallery (1968), eventually becoming an independent arts organisation, now known as the Southbank Centre
Southbank Centre
, in April 1998. The complex includes several reception rooms, bars and restaurants, and the Clore Ballroom , accommodating up to 440 for a seated dinner
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Esa-Pekka Salonen
ESA-PEKKA SALONEN ( pronunciation (help ·info ): ; born June 30, 1958) is a Finnish orchestral conductor and composer . He is currently Principal Conductor and Artistic Advisor of the Philharmonia Orchestra in London
London
, Conductor Laureate of the Los Angeles Philharmonic
Los Angeles Philharmonic
, Composer-In-Residence at the New York Philharmonic , Artistic Director and cofounder of the Baltic Sea Festival, and Artist in Association at the Finnish National Opera
Finnish National Opera
and Ballet
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Walter Legge
HARRY WALTER LEGGE (1 June 1906 – 22 March 1979) was an influential English classical record producer, most notably for EMI . His recordings include many sets later regarded as classics and reissued by EMI as "Great Recordings of the Century". He worked in the recording industry from 1927, combining this with the post of junior music critic of The Manchester Guardian . He was assistant to Sir Thomas Beecham at the Royal Opera House , Covent Garden , and in World War II played a role in bringing music to the armed forces and civilians. After the war, Legge founded the Philharmonia Orchestra and worked for EMI as a recording producer. In the 1960s he quarrelled with EMI and resigned. He attempted to disband the Philharmonia in 1964, but it continued as an independent body without him. After this he had no permanent job, and confined himself to giving masterclasses with, and supervising the recordings of, his second wife, Elisabeth Schwarzkopf . CONTENTS* 1 Life * 1.1 Early years * 1.2 EMI and the Philharmonia * 1.3 Last years * 2 Musical legacy * 3 Notes * 4 References * 5 External links LIFEEARLY YEARSLegge was born in Shepherds Bush , London, where his father was a tailor. He was educated at the Latymer Upper School in Hammersmith. He excelled in Latin and French, but received no musical training. He left school at 16 and had no further formal education
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EMI
BROKEN UP: EMI Music Publishing
EMI Music Publishing
acquired by consortium led by: * Sony/ATV Music Publishing and comprising Sony Corporation of America * The Estate of Michael Jackson
Michael Jackson
* Mubadala Development Company PJSC * Jynwel Capital Limited
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De Montfort Hall
DE MONTFORT HALL is a music and performance venue located in Leicester , England . It is situated adjacent to Victoria Park and is named after Simon de Montfort , Earl of Leicester . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Notable events * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links HISTORYThe Hall was built by the Corporation of Leicester in the early 20th century, and was finished in 1913 costing £21,000. The architect was Shirley Harrison (1876–1961) son of Stockdale Harrison , architect of Vaughan College . Its indoor auditorium seating capacity is approximately 2000, and the hall contains a restored pipe organ believed to be the only surviving example of a large concert organ constructed by the Leicester organ builders, Stephen Taylor "> * ^ City CouncilHistory of De Montfort Hall * ^ Public sculpture of Leicestershire and Rutland - Page 370 Terry Cavanagh, Alison Yarrington - 2000 "-1922) An architect, he designed Leicester's Town Hall, 1873-6 (designs shown at the Royal Academy, London, ... The practice was continued after his death by his sons, James Stockdale Harrison (1874-1952) and Shirley Harrison (1876-1961)" * ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-leicestershire-26454301 * ^ Country life: Volume 194 2000 In the film, Lord Attenborough has re-enacted that precise moment, even down to the detail of the lecture taking place in Leicester (Grey Owl's lecture tours included many of Britain's major cities)
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Leicester
Coordinates : 52°38′N 1°8′W / 52.633°N 1.133°W / 52.633; -1.133 Leicester City of Leicester City and unitary authority area Leicester landmarks: (clockwise from top-left) Jewry Wall , National Space Centre , Arch of Remembrance , Central Leicester , Curve theatre , Leicester Cathedral and Guildhall , Welford Road Stadium , Leicester Market
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Corn Exchange, Bedford
BEDFORD CORN EXCHANGE is located on St Paul's Square in the Castle area of Bedford , Bedfordshire , England. CONTENTS * 1 History of the Corn Exchange * 2 Today * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links HISTORY OF THE CORN EXCHANGEThe building (constructed in 1874) was designed to be a concert venue and meeting space, as well as a place of business . The basement contained offices, cloakrooms, kitchen, hall keepers room and dining rooms. The build took two years and the total cost was £9,000. It replaced the 'Floral Hall' building across St Paul's Square which had been constructed in 1849. The BBC Symphony Orchestra used the Corn Exchange between September 1941 and July 1945 for public concerts which were broadcast to the nation. The BBC Music and Religious Departments moved to Bedford when it became too dangerous for them to be based in London or their wartime home, Bristol . Around 400 musicians, staff and engineers moved to the town during World War Two. In 1944, the BBC Proms came to Bedford. Since their birth they had been performed in The Queen\'s Hall in London which was destroyed by bombs on 10 May 1941. They moved to the Royal Albert Hall until that too became in danger and they transferred to the Corn Exchange for the rest of the 1944 season
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The Anvil, Basingstoke
THE ANVIL is a concert hall and a performing arts centre in the town of Basingstoke in Hampshire , UK . Built on a site originally set aside for the third phase of Basingstoke's shopping centre, The Anvil was built to tackle what was then seen as a 'cultural desert' in the Basingstoke area. The aim of the project was to raise the profile of the Borough and to establish it as a major regional centre with a range of first class facilities. Twenty years since its opening, it is still not exactly clear how effectively these aims have been fulfilled, but the Hall seems quite popular within the local area. The building's name reflects its unusual shape, particularly when seen from the western approach as it vaguely resembles the horn end of a traditional blacksmith 's anvil . It has also been likened to the bow of a ship. The hall plays host to a variety of touring productions, stand up comedians, live bands, opera, and most famously classical music. The hall is designed to be multi purpose, and has multiple stage formats that fit shows according to their needs, plus a removable proscenium to cater for more theatrical performances that require more than a standard 'black box' stage, notably opera and pantomime. The auditorium has adjustable seating and some of the finest acoustics of any concert hall in Europe. The acoustic design was by Richard Cowell of Arup Acoustics
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Thomas Beecham
SIR THOMAS BEECHAM, 2ND BARONET, CH (29 April 1879 – 8 March 1961) was an English conductor and impresario best known for his association with the London Philharmonic and the Royal Philharmonic orchestras. He was also closely associated with the Liverpool Philharmonic and Hallé orchestras. From the early 20th century until his death, Beecham was a major influence on the musical life of Britain and, according to the BBC , was Britain's first international conductor. Born to a rich industrial family, Beecham began his career as a conductor in 1899. He used his access to the family fortune to finance opera from the 1910s until the start of the Second World War, staging seasons at Covent Garden , Drury Lane and His Majesty\'s Theatre with international stars, his own orchestra and a wide repertoire. Among the works he introduced to England were Richard Strauss 's _Elektra _, _Salome _ and _ Der Rosenkavalier _ and three operas by Frederick Delius . Together with his younger colleague Malcolm Sargent , Beecham founded the London Philharmonic, and he conducted its first performance at the Queen\'s Hall in 1932. In the 1940s he worked for three years in the United States where he was music director of the Seattle Symphony and conducted at the Metropolitan Opera . After his return to Britain, he founded the Royal Philharmonic in 1946 and conducted it until his death in 1961
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Royal Opera House
The ROYAL OPERA HOUSE is an opera house and major performing arts venue in Covent Garden , central London . The large building is often referred to as simply "COVENT GARDEN", after a previous use of the site of the opera house's original construction in 1732. It is the home of The Royal Opera , The Royal Ballet , and the Orchestra of the Royal Opera House. Originally called the THEATRE ROYAL, it served primarily as a playhouse for the first hundred years of its history. In 1734, the first ballet was presented. A year later, Handel 's first season of operas began. Many of his operas and oratorios were specifically written for Covent Garden and had their premieres there. The current building is the third theatre on the site following disastrous fires in 1808 and 1856. The façade, foyer , and auditorium date from 1858, but almost every other element of the present complex dates from an extensive reconstruction in the 1990s. The main auditorium seats 2,256 people, making it the third largest in London, and consists of four tiers of boxes and balconies and the amphitheatre gallery. The proscenium is 12.20 m wide and 14.80 m high. The main auditorium is a Grade I listed building
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