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Philharmonia Orchestra
The PHILHARMONIA ORCHESTRA is a British orchestra based in London. It was founded in 1945 by Walter Legge , a classical music record producer for EMI . Since 1995, the orchestra has been based in the Royal Festival Hall
Royal Festival Hall
. The Philharmonia also has residencies at De Montfort Hall , Leicester , the Corn Exchange, Bedford
Corn Exchange, Bedford
, and The Anvil, Basingstoke . Esa-Pekka Salonen
Esa-Pekka Salonen
has been the orchestra's principal conductor and artistic advisor since 2008
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Symphony No. 3 (Mahler)
The SYMPHONY NO. 3 by Gustav Mahler
Gustav Mahler
was written between 1893 and 1896. It is his longest piece and is the longest symphony in the standard repertoire, with a typical performance lasting around 90 to 105 minutes. It was voted the tenth-greatest symphony of all time in a survey of conductors carried out by the BBC
BBC
Music Magazine. CONTENTS * 1 Structure * 2 Instrumentation * 3 Text * 3.1 Fourth movement * 3.2 Fifth movement * 4 Tonality * 5 Performance * 6 Premieres * 7 Media * 8 References * 9 Further reading * 10 External links STRUCTUREIn its final form, the work has six movements, grouped into two Parts: * Kräftig
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CBS Records International
CBS
CBS
RECORDS INTERNATIONAL, simply CBS
CBS
in logo, was the international arm of the Columbia Records
Columbia Records
unit of Columbia Broadcasting System, Inc. ( CBS
CBS
) that was formed in 1961 and launched in 1962. Previously Columbia Records
Columbia Records
had been using other record companies to distribute Columbia recordings outside North America
North America
, such as Philips Records and its subsidiary Fontana (now associated with Universal Music Group ) in Europe
Europe
. CONTENTS * 1 Formation * 2 Columbia trademark ownership issues * 3 Expansion * 4 Sale to Sony * 5 Presidents of CBS
CBS
Records International * 6 References FORMATIONIn 1960, CBS
CBS
acquired its Australian distributor since 1956, the AUSTRALIAN RECORD COMPANY, and with it its flagship label Coronet Records
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Gustav Mahler
GUSTAV MAHLER (German: ; 7 July 1860, Kaliště in Bohemia
Bohemia
, now Czech Republic
Czech Republic
– 18 May 1911, Vienna
Vienna
in Austria-Hungary
Austria-Hungary
) was an Austrian late-Romantic composer, and one of the leading conductors of his generation. As a composer he acted as a bridge between the 19th century Austro-German tradition and the modernism of the early 20th century. While in his lifetime his status as a conductor was established beyond question, his own music gained wide popularity only after periods of relative neglect which included a ban on its performance in much of Europe during the Nazi era . After 1945 his compositions were rediscovered and championed by a new generation of listeners; Mahler then became one of the most frequently performed and recorded of all composers, a position he has sustained into the 21st century
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Lorin Maazel
LORIN VARENCOVE MAAZEL (March 6, 1930 – July 13, 2014) was an American conductor , violinist and composer . Making his debut at the conducting podium at the age of eight, he embarked on his career in earnest in 1953, establishing a reputation in European concert halls by 1960 but, by comparison, his career in the U.S. progressed far more slowly. However, he would later be appointed music director of the Cleveland Orchestra
Cleveland Orchestra
, Orchestre National de France , Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra , Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra , and the New York Philharmonic , among other posts. Maazel was well-regarded in baton technique and possessed a photographic memory for scores. Described as mercurial and forbidding in rehearsal, he mellowed in old age
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Indian Summer
INDIAN SUMMER is a period of unseasonably warm, dry weather that sometimes occurs in autumn in the Northern Hemisphere
Northern Hemisphere
. The US National Weather Service defines this as weather conditions that are sunny and clear with above normal temperatures, occurring late-September to mid-November. It is usually described as occurring after a killing frost . CONTENTS * 1 Etymology and usage * 2 Similar phenomena * 3 In media * 3.1 Comics * 3.2 Music * 3.3 Movies * 3.4 Poetry * 3.5 Sports * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links ETYMOLOGY AND USAGELate-19th century Boston lexicographer Albert Matthews made an exhaustive search of early American literature in an attempt to discover who coined the expression. The earliest reference he found dated from 1778, but from the context it was clearly already in widespread use. William R
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Philharmonia (moth)
PHILHARMONIA is a genus of moth in the family Lecithoceridae . SPECIES * Philharmonia adusta Park, 2000 * Philharmonia basinigra Wang & Wang, 2015 * Philharmonia calypsa Wu, 1994 * Philharmonia eurysia Wu, 2000 * Philharmonia filiale Gozmány, 2002 * Philharmonia insigna Wu "> * ^ Kyu-Tek Park; John B. Heppner; Yang-Seop Bae (2013). "Two new species of Lecithoceridae (Lepidoptera, Gelechioidea), with a revised check list of the family in Taiwan". ZooKeys
ZooKeys
. 263: 47–57. doi :10.3897/zookeys.263.3781 . This article on a moth of the Lecithoceridae family is a stub . You can help by expanding it
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Deutsche Grammophon
DEUTSCHE GRAMMOPHON is a German classical music record label that was the precursor of corporation called PolyGram . It is now part of Universal Music Group (UMG ) since its merger with the UMG family of labels in 1999. It is the oldest surviving established record company . HISTORY Record of Emile Berliner's Deutsche Grammophon
Deutsche Grammophon
Gesellschaft. DEUTSCHE GRAMMOPHON GESELLSCHAFT was founded in 1898 by German-born United States
United States
citizen Emile Berliner
Emile Berliner
as the German branch of his Berliner Gramophone
Berliner Gramophone
Company. Berliner sent his nephew Joseph Sanders from America to set up operations. Based in the city of Hanover
Hanover
(the founder's birthplace), the company was an affiliate of the U.S
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Naxos Records
NAXOS RECORDS is a record label specializing in classical music . Through a number of imprints, Naxos also releases genres including Chinese music
Chinese music
, jazz , world music , and early rock "> It is also one of the largest distributors of independent classical record labels in the world. Since 2009 the company has distributed blu-ray discs , streaming web radio and podcasts . The company allows members of subscribing Public Libraries and Music Schools such as Hong Kong Public Libraries , Auckland Libraries , and Wellington City Libraries free streaming of Naxos classical and jazz collections. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Business model * 3 Distribution and Naxos Global Logistics * 4 Recognition * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links HISTORYThe company originally was known for its budget pricing of discs, with simpler artwork and design than most other labels
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Brahms
JOHANNES BRAHMS (German: ; 7 May 1833 – 3 April 1897) was a German composer and pianist of the Romantic period . Born in Hamburg
Hamburg
into a Lutheran family, Brahms spent much of his professional life in Vienna , Austria. His reputation and status as a composer is such that he is sometimes grouped with Johann Sebastian Bach
Johann Sebastian Bach
and Ludwig van Beethoven as one of the " Three Bs " of music, a comment originally made by the nineteenth-century conductor Hans von Bülow . Brahms composed for symphony orchestra, chamber ensembles, piano, organ, and voice and chorus. A virtuoso pianist, he premiered many of his own works. He worked with some of the leading performers of his time, including the pianist Clara Schumann
Clara Schumann
and the violinist Joseph Joachim (the three were close friends). Many of his works have become staples of the modern concert repertoire
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Elgar
SIR EDWARD WILLIAM ELGAR, 1ST BARONET OM GCVO (2 June 1857 – 23 February 1934) was an English composer, many of whose works have entered the British and international classical concert repertoire. Among his best-known compositions are orchestral works including the Enigma Variations , the Pomp and Circumstance Marches , concertos for violin and cello , and two symphonies . He also composed choral works, including The Dream of Gerontius
The Dream of Gerontius
, chamber music and songs. He was appointed Master of the King\'s Musick in 1924. Although Elgar is often regarded as a typically English composer, most of his musical influences were not from England but from continental Europe. He felt himself to be an outsider, not only musically, but socially
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Yehudi Menuhin
YEHUDI MENUHIN, BARON MENUHIN, OM KBE (22 April 1916 – 12 March 1999) was an American-born violinist and conductor who spent most of his performing career in Britain. He is widely considered one of the greatest violinists of the 20th century. CONTENTS * 1 Early life and career * 2 World War II
World War II
musician * 3 World interactions * 4 Later career * 5 Personal life * 5.1 Interest in yoga * 6 Violins * 7 Styles of address, awards, and honours * 7.1 Styles of address * 7.2 Awards and honours * 8 Cultural references * 9 Bibliography * 10 Films * 11 References * 12 External links EARLY LIFE AND CAREER Menuhin with Bruno Walter (1931) Yehudi Menuhin
Yehudi Menuhin
was born in New York City to a family of Belorussian Jews . Through his father Moshe , a former rabbinical student and anti-Zionist , he was descended from a distinguished rabbinical dynasty
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Violin Concerto No. 1 (Bartók)
Béla Bartók 's VIOLIN CONCERTO NO. 1, Sz. . 36, BB 48a was written in the years 1907–1908, but only published in 1956, after the composer's death, as "Violin Concerto
Concerto
No. 1, Op. posth." It was premiered on 30 May 1958 in Basel
Basel
, Switzerland. CONTENTS * 1 Background * 2 Structure * 3 References * 4 External links BACKGROUNDThe concerto was dedicated, as was Othmar Schoeck
Othmar Schoeck
's concerto for the same instrument, to the violinist Stefi Geyer , with whom Bartók was in love. Geyer could not reciprocate Bartók's feelings and rejected the concerto. It was revived after both Bartók and Geyer had died. Geyer's copy of the manuscript was bequeathed to Paul Sacher to be performed by him and Hansheinz Schneeberger . The concerto was later championed by David Oistrakh
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Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
PYOTR ILYICH TCHAIKOVSKY (/ˈpjoʊtər ɪˈljɪtʃ tʃaɪˈkɒfski/ ; Russian : Пётр Ильи́ч Чайко́вский; 25 April/7 May 1840 – 25 October/6 November 1893), often anglicized as PETER ILYICH TCHAIKOVSKY, was a Russian composer of the romantic period, some of whose works are among the most popular music in the classical repertoire. He was the first Russian composer whose music made a lasting impression internationally, bolstered by his appearances as a guest conductor in Europe and the United States. Tchaikovsky was honored in 1884, by Emperor Alexander III , and awarded a lifetime pension. Although musically precocious, Tchaikovsky was educated for a career as a civil servant . There was scant opportunity for a musical career in Russia at that time and no system of public music education
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Béla Bartók
BéLA VIKTOR JáNOS BARTóK (/ˈbɑːrtɒk, -toʊk/ ; Hungarian pronunciation: ; 25 March 1881 – 26 September 1945) was a Hungarian composer, pianist and an ethnomusicologist. He is considered one of the most important composers of the 20th century; he and Liszt are regarded as Hungary's greatest composers (Gillies 2001 ). Through his collection and analytical study of folk music , he was one of the founders of comparative musicology, which later became ethnomusicology
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Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
The BERLIN PHILHARMONIC (German: BERLINER PHILHARMONIKER), is an orchestra based in Berlin
Berlin
, Germany
Germany
and is consistently ranked as one of the best orchestras in the world. In 2006, ten European media outlets voted the